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Activities: 780
Chemicals w/Activities: 214
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
1 RAFFINOSE Bulb -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
4 CIS-N-PROPYLSULPHINOTHIOIC-ACID-S-1-PROPENYLESTER Bulb -- -- *
7 GLUTATHIONE Bulb -- -- Ueda, Y., Taubuku, T., Miyajima, R. 1994. Composition of Sulfur-Containing Components in Onion and Their Flavor Characters. Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 58(1): 108-110.
7 FUMARIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
3 CADMIUM Bulb 0.005 0.38 *
3 DIPHENYLAMINE Plant -- 500.0 Karawy, M. S., Ehayyal, A. S. E., Farrag, N. M., Ayad, M. M. 1986. Screening of Diphenylamine as an Antihyperglycaemic Agent in Certain Edible Plant Organs. Acta. Pharm. Hung, 56: 55-58.
26 DIALLYL-DISULFIDE Essential Oil -- -- Schultz, O. E., Mohrmann, H. L. 1965. Analysis of Constituents of Garlic Allium sativum. II. Gas Chromatography of Garlic Oil. Pharmazie, 20(7): 441-447.
2 ARSENIC Bulb 0.002 0.076 *
2 5-OCTYL-CYCLOPENTA-1,3-DIONE Bulb -- -- *
4 SPIRAEOSIDE Bulb 10000.0 11300.0 *
2 PROPIONALDEHYDE Leaf -- -- Burtsev, A. F., Pashchenko, T. W., Rik, G. R. 1974. Mass-Spectrometric Analysis of Volatile Phytonocide Substances of Cucumber and Common Onion Leaves. Fiziol Biokhim Kul't Rast, 6: 516-.
75 KAEMPFEROL Bulb -- 2.0 *
1 PYRUVIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- 1034.0 Morgan, E. J. 1946. Pyruvic Acid in the Juice of Onion (Allium cepa). Nature (London), 157: 512.
1 QUINIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
2 METHANOL Bulb -- -- *
4 CIS-METHYLSULPHINOTHIOIC-ACID-S-1-PROPENYLESTER Bulb -- -- *
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Thomas, D. J., Parkin, K. L. 1994. Quantification of Alk(en)yl-L-Cysteine Sulfoxides and Related Amino Acids in Alliums by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography. J. Agr. Food Chem., 42(8): 1632-1638.
8 FRUCTOSE Bulb -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
4 SPIRAEOSIDE Epidermis -- -- Ito, Y., Ono, M., Masuoka, C., Yahara, S., Nohara, T. 1995. Hyaluronidase Inhibitors of Onion (Allium cepa L.) Skin. Kyushu Tokai Daigaku Nogakubu Kiyo, 14: 43-48.
3 DI-N-PROPYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- Wilkens, W. F. 1962. The Isolation and Identification of the Lachrymogenic Compound of Onion. Diss. Abstr. Int. B, 22: 3978.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.