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Activities: 780
Chemicals w/Activities: 214
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
11 LITHIUM Bulb 0.152 0.324 *
1 PYRUVIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Malkki, Y., Nikkila, O. E., Aalto, M. 1978. The Composition and Aroma of Onions and Influencing Factors. J. Sci. Agr. Soc. Finland, 50: 103-.
87 RUTIN Bulb -- 14000.0 *
13 MUFA Bulb 230.0 2230.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
5 GLUTAMINE Bulb -- -- *
15 LUTEIN Bulb -- 0.02 Granado, F., Olmedilla, B., Blanco, I., Rojas-Hidalgo, E. 1992. Carotenoid Composition in Raw and Cooked Spanish Vegetables. J. Agr. Food Chem., 40(11): 2135-2140.
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed -- -- Kintia, P. K., Degtiaryova, L. P., Balashova, N. N., Shvets, S. A. 1987. Sterols and Steroidal Glycosides of Bulb Onion Seeds. Fecs. Int. Conf. Chem. Biotechol. Biol. Act. Nat. Prod., (Proc.) 3rd: 166-170.
61 FERULIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
2 PROPIONALDEHYDE Bulb -- -- Wilkens, W. F. 1964. Isolation and Identification of the Lachrymogenic Compound of Onion. Cornell Univ., Agr. Expt. Sta. Mem. No., 385: 31 pp.
28 DIALLYL-TRISULFIDE Essential Oil -- -- Schultz, O. E., Mohrmann, H. L. 1965. Analysis of Constituents of Garlic Allium sativum. II. Gas Chromatography of Garlic Oil. Pharmazie, 20(7): 441-447.
12 STIGMASTEROL Bulb -- 40.0 *
9 OXALIC-ACID Bulb -- 10.0 *
16 ACETIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Wilkens, W. F. 1964. Isolation and Identification of the Lachrymogenic Compound of Onion. Cornell Univ., Agr. Expt. Sta. Mem. No., 385: 31 pp.
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
28 ADENOSINE Bulb -- -- *
7 GLUCOSE Bulb -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
2 DIMETHYL-DISULFIDE Essential Oil -- -- Jirovetz, L., Koch, H. P., Jager, W., Remberg, G. 1992. Investigations of German Onion Oil by GC-FID, GC-MS and GC-FTIR. Pharmazie, 47(6): 455-456.
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.