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Activities: 780
Chemicals w/Activities: 214
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
1 1-(METHYLSULFINYL)-PROPYL-METHYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- *
5 24-METHYLENE-CYCLOARTANOL Bulb -- -- Itoh, T., Tamura, T., Mitsuhashi, T., Matsumoto, T. 1977. Sterols of Liliaceae. Phytochemistry, 16: 140-141.
2 5-HEXYL-CYCLOPENTA-1,3-DIONE Bulb -- -- *
2 5-OCTYL-CYCLOPENTA-1,3-DIONE Bulb -- -- *
3 ABSCISSIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
16 ACETIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Wilkens, W. F. 1964. Isolation and Identification of the Lachrymogenic Compound of Onion. Cornell Univ., Agr. Expt. Sta. Mem. No., 385: 31 pp.
28 ADENOSINE Bulb -- -- *
3 ALANINE Bulb 330.0 8597.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
67 ALLICIN Bulb -- -- *
21 ALLIIN Essential Oil -- -- Bekdairova, K. Z., Klyshev, L. K. 1982. Garlic Essential Oil and its Quantitative Analysis. Izv Akad Nauk Kaz Ssr Ser Biol, 1: 6-11.
21 ALLIIN Bulb -- -- *
2 ALLYL-METHYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- Wealth of India.
3 ALLYL-PROPYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- *
3 ALLYL-PROPYL-DISULFIDE Essential Oil -- -- Wilcox, B. F., Joseph, P. K., Augusti, K. T. 1984. Effects of Allylpropyl Disulphide Isolated from Allium cepa Linn. on High-Fat Fed Rats. Indian J. Biochem. Biophys., 21(3): 214-216.
2 ALLYLMETHYLSULFIDE Bulb -- -- Wealth of India.
10 ALPHA-AMYRIN Bulb -- -- Smocziewiczowa, A., Nitschke, D. 1978. Study of Saponins and Sapogenins in Onions. Zesz Nauk Akad Ekon Poznaniu Ser, 1(73): 40-43.
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Ustunes, L., Claeys, M., Laekeman, G., Herman, A.G., Vlietinck, A.J., Ozer, A. 1985. Isolation and Identification of Two Isomeric Trihydroxy Octadecenoic Acids with Prostaglandin E-Like Activity from Onion Bulbs(Allium cepa). Prostaglandins, 29(5):847-865
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Bulb 0.4 30.0 1.0 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Seed Oil -- -- Grujic-Injac, B., Basarevic-Dinic, L., Lajsic, S., Stefanovic, D. 1985. Chemical Analysis of Seed Oil of the Onion (Allium cepa). Hrana Ishrana, 25: 167-169 (Inst Ishr Vet Fak Belgrade, Yugoslavia)
5 ALUMINUM Bulb 0.3 385.0 1.0 *
30 ANTHOCYANINS Bulb -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
14 ARGININE Bulb 1580.0 17222.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 ARSENIC Bulb 0.002 0.076 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf 390.0 5000.0 0.02 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
2 ASPARAGINE Bulb -- -- *
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Bulb 640.0 6967.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
20 BENZYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE Bulb -- -- Dorsch, W., Adam, O., Weber, J., Ziegeltrum, T. 1985. Antiasthmatic Effects of Onion Extracts - Detection of Benzyl- and Other Isothiocyanates (Mustard Oils) as Antiasthmatic Compounds of Plant Origin. Eur. J. Pharmacol., 107(1): 17-24.
53 BETA-CAROTENE Leaf 12.0 158.0 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
53 BETA-CAROTENE Flower -- 28.0 -0.19 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Bulb -- 52.0 1.0 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Bulb 120.0 510.0 -1.0 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed -- -- Kintia, P. K., Degtiaryova, L. P., Balashova, N. N., Shvets, S. A. 1987. Sterols and Steroidal Glycosides of Bulb Onion Seeds. Fecs. Int. Conf. Chem. Biotechol. Biol. Act. Nat. Prod., (Proc.) 3rd: 166-170.
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed Oil -- -- Grujic-Injac, B., Basarevic-Dinic, L., Lajsic, S., Stefanovic, D. 1985. Chemical Analysis of Seed Oil of the Onion (Allium cepa). Hrana Ishrana, 25: 167-169 (Inst Ishr Vet Fak Belgrade, Yugoslavia)
4 BORON Bulb 1.0 45.0 1.0 *
3 CADMIUM Bulb 0.005 0.38 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Root -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
28 CALCIUM Leaf 420.0 5385.0 -0.89 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
28 CALCIUM Bulb 200.0 3008.0 0.12 *
4 CALCIUM-OXALATE Bulb -- -- Walter-Levy, L., Strauss, R. 1954. Inorganic Deposits in Plants. C. R. Acad. Sci., 239: 897-.
2 CAMPESTEROL Bulb 10.0 50.0 -1.0 *
2 CAMPESTEROL Seed -- -- Kintia, P. K., Degtiaryova, L. P., Balashova, N. N., Shvets, S. A. 1987. Sterols and Steroidal Glycosides of Bulb Onion Seeds. Fecs. Int. Conf. Chem. Biotechol. Biol. Act. Nat. Prod., (Proc.) 3rd: 166-170.
22 CATECHOL Bulb -- -- Link, K. P., Walker, J. C. 1933. The Isolation of Catechol from Pigmented Onion Scales and its Significance in Relation to Disease Resistance in Onions. J. Biol. Chem., 100: 379-383.
1 CHOLESTEROL Bulb -- -- *
1 CHOLESTEROL Seed -- -- Kintia, P. K., Degtiaryova, L. P., Balashova, N. N., Shvets, S. A. 1987. Sterols and Steroidal Glycosides of Bulb Onion Seeds. Fecs. Int. Conf. Chem. Biotechol. Biol. Act. Nat. Prod., (Proc.) 3rd: 166-170.
20 CHOLINE Bulb -- 830.0 Dakshinamurti, K. 1955. Choline Content of South Indian Foods. Curr. Sci., 24: 194-195.
24 CHROMIUM Seed -- 4.8 0.02 *
24 CHROMIUM Bulb 0.057 4.0 1.0 *
4 CIS-METHYLSULPHINOTHIOIC-ACID-S-1-PROPENYLESTER Bulb -- -- *
4 CIS-N-PROPYLSULPHINOTHIOIC-ACID-S-1-PROPENYLESTER Bulb -- -- *
23 CITRIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Soldatenkov, S. V., Mazurova, T. A., Ranteleev, A. N. 1960. Organic Acids of Onion and Spinach. Trudy Petergof Biol. Inst., Leningrad Gosudarst Univ Im AA Zhdanova, 18: 55-61.
23 CITRIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Soldatenkov, S. V., Mazurova, T. A., Ranteleev, A. N. 1960. Organic Acids of Onion and Spinach. Trudy Petergof Biol. Inst., Leningrad Gosudarst Univ Im AA Zhdanova, 18: 55-61.
2 COBALT Seed -- 2.5 -0.1 *
2 COBALT Bulb 0.001 0.2 -1.0 *
12 COPPER Seed -- 18.2 0.31 *
12 COPPER Bulb 0.3 11.0 0.11 *
3 CYCLOALLIIN Bulb -- -- *
7 CYCLOARTENOL Bulb -- -- Itoh, T., Tamura, T., Mitsuhashi, T., Matsumoto, T. 1977. Sterols of Liliaceae. Phytochemistry, 16: 140-141.
3 CYCLOEUCALENOL Bulb -- -- Itoh, T., Tamura, T., Mitsuhashi, T., Matsumoto, T. 1977. Sterols of Liliaceae. Phytochemistry, 16: 140-141.
13 CYSTEINE Bulb -- -- Ueda, Y., Taubuku, T., Miyajima, R. 1994. Composition of Sulfur-Containing Components in Onion and Their Flavor Characters. Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 58(1): 108-110.
2 CYSTINE Bulb 210.0 2289.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 DI-N-PROPYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- Wilkens, W. F. 1962. The Isolation and Identification of the Lachrymogenic Compound of Onion. Diss. Abstr. Int. B, 22: 3978.
26 DIALLYL-DISULFIDE Essential Oil -- -- Schultz, O. E., Mohrmann, H. L. 1965. Analysis of Constituents of Garlic Allium sativum. II. Gas Chromatography of Garlic Oil. Pharmazie, 20(7): 441-447.
25 DIALLYL-SULFIDE Essential Oil -- -- Schultz, O. E., Mohrmann, H. L. 1965. Analysis of Constituents of Garlic Allium sativum. II. Gas Chromatography of Garlic Oil. Pharmazie, 20(7): 441-447.
28 DIALLYL-TRISULFIDE Essential Oil -- -- Schultz, O. E., Mohrmann, H. L. 1965. Analysis of Constituents of Garlic Allium sativum. II. Gas Chromatography of Garlic Oil. Pharmazie, 20(7): 441-447.
2 DIMETHYL-DISULFIDE Essential Oil -- -- Jirovetz, L., Koch, H. P., Jager, W., Remberg, G. 1992. Investigations of German Onion Oil by GC-FID, GC-MS and GC-FTIR. Pharmazie, 47(6): 455-456.
2 DIMETHYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- *
2 DIMETHYL-SULFIDE Essential Oil -- -- Schultz, O. E., Mohrmann, H. L. 1965. Analysis of Constituents of Garlic Allium sativum. II. Gas Chromatography of Garlic Oil. Pharmazie, 20(7): 441-447.
3 DIPHENYLAMINE Plant -- 500.0 Karawy, M. S., Ehayyal, A. S. E., Farrag, N. M., Ayad, M. M. 1986. Screening of Diphenylamine as an Antihyperglycaemic Agent in Certain Edible Plant Organs. Acta. Pharm. Hung, 56: 55-58.
3 DIPHENYLAMINE Bulb -- 23000.0 *
4 DIPROPYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- *
3 ENDOLYSIN Leaf -- 0.3 -1.0 LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
3 ENDOLYSIN Bulb -- 0.033 -1.0 LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
24 ETHANOL Bulb -- -- *
1 ETHYLENE Bulb -- -- LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
61 FERULIC-ACID Root -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
61 FERULIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
61 FERULIC-ACID Bulb -- 0.5 -1.0 *
15 FIBER Leaf 11000.0 141000.0 -0.25 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 FIBER Bulb 4400.0 126000.0 1.0 *
8 FRUCTOSE Leaf -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
8 FRUCTOSE Bulb -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
7 FUMARIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
7 GLUCOSE Bulb -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
7 GLUCOSE Leaf -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Thomas, D. J., Parkin, K. L. 1994. Quantification of Alk(en)yl-L-Cysteine Sulfoxides and Related Amino Acids in Alliums by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography. J. Agr. Food Chem., 42(8): 1632-1638.
5 GLUTAMINE Bulb -- -- *
7 GLUTATHIONE Bulb -- -- Ueda, Y., Taubuku, T., Miyajima, R. 1994. Composition of Sulfur-Containing Components in Onion and Their Flavor Characters. Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 58(1): 108-110.
12 GLYCINE Bulb 490.0 5341.0 1.0 *
4 GLYCOLIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Balansard, J., Arnoux, M. 1951. A Study of the Hepato-Renaldiuretics. III. The Active Principle of Onion Juice. Med. Trop. (Marseille), 11: 632-634.
7 HISTIDINE Bulb 190.0 2071.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
6 IRON Seed -- 235.0 0.39 *
6 IRON Leaf 34.0 436.0 0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
6 IRON Bulb 2.0 135.0 0.78 *
3 ISOLEUCINE Bulb 420.0 4578.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Bulb -- -- Kiviranta, J., Huovinen, K., Hiltunen, R. 1986. Variation of Flavonoids in Allium cepa. Planta Medica, 6: 517-518.
11 ISORHAMNETIN Bulb -- -- Park, Y. K., Lee, C. Y. 1996. Identification of Isorhamnetin 4'-Glucoside in Onions. J. Agric. Food Chem., 44(1): 34-36.
1 ISORHAMNETIN-3-GLUCOSIDE Bulb -- -- *
75 KAEMPFEROL Bulb -- 2.0 *
2 LEUCINE Bulb 410.0 4469.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed Oil 575000.0 590600.0 0.78 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed 103500.0 106200.0 -0.01 Wealth of India.
11 LITHIUM Bulb 0.152 0.324 *
15 LUTEIN Bulb -- 0.02 Granado, F., Olmedilla, B., Blanco, I., Rojas-Hidalgo, E. 1992. Carotenoid Composition in Raw and Cooked Spanish Vegetables. J. Agr. Food Chem., 40(11): 2135-2140.
4 LYSINE Bulb 560.0 6104.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
65 MAGNESIUM Bulb 76.0 1230.0 0.73 *
15 MALIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Soldatenkov, S. V., Mazurova, T. A., Ranteleev, A. N. 1960. Organic Acids of Onion and Spinach. Trudy Petergof Biol. Inst., Leningrad Gosudarst Univ Im AA Zhdanova, 18: 55-61.
15 MALIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Soldatenkov, S. V., Mazurova, T. A., Ranteleev, A. N. 1960. Organic Acids of Onion and Spinach. Trudy Petergof Biol. Inst., Leningrad Gosudarst Univ Im AA Zhdanova, 18: 55-61.
14 MANGANESE Seed -- 19.4 -0.43 *
14 MANGANESE Bulb 1.0 38.0 1.4 *
23 MELATONIN Bulb -- -- Hattori, A., et. al. 1995. Identification of Melatonin in Plants and its Effects on Plasma Melatonin Levels and Binding to Melatonin Receptors in Vertebrates. Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int., 35(3): 627-634.
1 MERCURY Bulb -- 0.001 -1.0 *
2 METHANOL Leaf -- -- Burtsev, A. F., Pashchenko, T. W., Rik, G. R. 1974. Mass-Spectrometric Analysis of Volatile Phytonocide Substances of Cucumber and Common Onion Leaves. Fiziol Biokhim Kul't Rast, 6: 516-.
2 METHANOL Bulb -- -- *
15 METHIONINE Bulb 100.0 1090.0 -1.0 *
2 MOLYBDENUM Bulb 0.1 2.3 1.0 *
13 MUFA Bulb 230.0 2230.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 MURAMIDASE Leaf -- 0.3 LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
3 MURAMIDASE Bulb -- 0.033 -1.0 LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Bulb 10.0 100.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- Reddy, P. N., Azeemoddin, G., Rao, S. D. T. 1989. Processing and Analysis of Onionseed (Allium cepa) and its Fixed Oil. J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 66(3): 365.
1 N-PROPYL-MERCAPTAN Bulb -- -- Nishimura, H., Mizutani, J. 1975. Effect of Gamma-Irradiation on Development of Lachrymator of Onion. Agic. Biol. Chem., 39: 2245-.
4 N-PROPYLSULPHINOTHIOIC-ACID-S-N-PROPYLESTER Bulb -- -- *
39 NIACIN Leaf 7.0 90.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
39 NIACIN Bulb 1.0 75.0 1.0 *
3 NICKEL Seed 0.03 4.0 -0.14 *
3 NICKEL Bulb 0.05 2.5 1.0 *
64 OLEANOLIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed Oil 260000.0 292900.0 -0.15 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Bulb 230.0 2230.0 1.0 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed -- 46800.0 -0.59 Wealth of India.
9 OXALIC-ACID Bulb -- 10.0 *
9 OXALIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Gad, S. S., Esmat El-Zalaki, M., Hohamed, M. S., Mohasseb, S. Z. 1982. Oxalate Content of Some Leafy Vegetables and Dry Legumes Consumed Widely in Egypt. Food Chem., 8(3): 169-177. (Coll. Agric. Alexandria Univ. Ale.)
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Root -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
16 P-CYMENE Fruit Juice -- -- Schmidt, N. E., et. al. 1996. Rapid Extraction Method of Quantitating the Lachrymatory Factor of Onion Using Gas Chromatography. J. Agric. Food Chem., 44(9): 2690-2693.
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Bulb -- 107.0 1.0 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed -- 13140.0 -0.43 Wealth of India.
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed Oil -- 73000.0 -0.72 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Bulb 240.0 2325.0 -1.0 *
11 PANTOTHENIC-ACID Bulb 1.0 16.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
24 PECTIN Bulb -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
7 PHENYLALANINE Bulb 300.0 3270.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 PHLOROGLUCINOL Bulb -- 100.0 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf 310.0 5513.0 0.1 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Bulb 275.0 4038.0 -1.0 *
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Bulb 150.0 1455.0 1.0 *
14 POTASSIUM Bulb 1514.0 22164.0 1.0 *
2 PROPIONALDEHYDE Leaf -- -- Burtsev, A. F., Pashchenko, T. W., Rik, G. R. 1974. Mass-Spectrometric Analysis of Volatile Phytonocide Substances of Cucumber and Common Onion Leaves. Fiziol Biokhim Kul't Rast, 6: 516-.
2 PROPIONALDEHYDE Bulb -- -- Wilkens, W. F. 1964. Isolation and Identification of the Lachrymogenic Compound of Onion. Cornell Univ., Agr. Expt. Sta. Mem. No., 385: 31 pp.
2 PROSTAGLANDIN-A-1 Bulb -- 1.0 *
2 PROSTAGLANDIN-E-1 Bulb -- -- Ustunes, L., Claeys, M., Laekeman, G., Herman, A.G., Vlietinck, A.J., Ozer, A. 1985. Isolation and Identification of Two Isomeric Trihydroxy Octadecenoic Acids with Prostaglandin E-Like Activity from Onion Bulbs(Allium cepa). Prostaglandins, 29(5):847-865
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Bulb 4500.0 17540.0 *
4 PUFA Bulb 620.0 6005.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
12 PYROCATECHOL Bulb -- -- Hermann, K. 1958. Flavonols and Phenols of the Onion (Allium cepa). Arch. Pharm. (Weinheim), 291: 238-247.
1 PYRUVIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Malkki, Y., Nikkila, O. E., Aalto, M. 1978. The Composition and Aroma of Onions and Influencing Factors. J. Sci. Agr. Soc. Finland, 50: 103-.
1 PYRUVIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- 1034.0 Morgan, E. J. 1946. Pyruvic Acid in the Juice of Onion (Allium cepa). Nature (London), 157: 512.
1 PYRUVIC-ACID Fruit -- 1034.0 *
176 QUERCETIN Bulb -- 48100.0 1.0 *
2 QUERCETIN-3,4'-DIGLUCOSIDE Bulb -- -- *
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Bulb -- 40.0 Abstract (See species file)
1 QUINIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
1 RAFFINOSE Leaf -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
1 RAFFINOSE Bulb -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
15 RIBOFLAVIN Bulb 0.4 15.0 1.0 *
87 RUTIN Bulb -- 14000.0 *
2 S-METHYL-CYSTEINE-SULFOXIDE Bulb -- -- Kumari, K., Augusti, K. T. 1995. Antidiabetic Effects of S-Methylcysteine Sulphoxide on Alloxan Diabetes. Planta Medica, 61(1): 72-74.
7 SALICYLATES Bulb 1.0 20.0 1.0 *
5 SAPONINS Bulb -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
60 SELENIUM Bulb 0.001 0.003 -1.0 *
1 SERINE Bulb 350.0 3815.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 SILICON Bulb 1.0 75.0 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
3 SILVER Bulb 0.038 0.054 *
9 SINAPIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
9 SINAPIC-ACID Root -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
9 SINAPIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
1 SODIUM Bulb 8.0 2052.0 1.41 *
4 SPIRAEOSIDE Bulb 10000.0 11300.0 *
4 SPIRAEOSIDE Epidermis -- -- Ito, Y., Ono, M., Masuoka, C., Yahara, S., Nohara, T. 1995. Hyaluronidase Inhibitors of Onion (Allium cepa L.) Skin. Kyushu Tokai Daigaku Nogakubu Kiyo, 14: 43-48.
8 STEARIC-ACID Bulb 20.0 195.0 *
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed -- 6300.0 -0.43 Wealth of India.
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed Oil -- 35000.0 -0.65 *
12 STIGMASTEROL Bulb -- 40.0 *
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed -- -- Kintia, P. K., Degtiaryova, L. P., Balashova, N. N., Shvets, S. A. 1987. Sterols and Steroidal Glycosides of Bulb Onion Seeds. Fecs. Int. Conf. Chem. Biotechol. Biol. Act. Nat. Prod., (Proc.) 3rd: 166-170.
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed Oil -- -- Grujic-Injac, B., Basarevic-Dinic, L., Lajsic, S., Stefanovic, D. 1985. Chemical Analysis of Seed Oil of the Onion (Allium cepa). Hrana Ishrana, 25: 167-169 (Inst Ishr Vet Fak Belgrade, Yugoslavia)
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Soldatenkov, S. V., Mazurova, T. A., Ranteleev, A. N. 1960. Organic Acids of Onion and Spinach. Trudy Petergof Biol. Inst., Leningrad Gosudarst Univ Im AA Zhdanova, 18: 55-61.
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Soldatenkov, S. V., Mazurova, T. A., Ranteleev, A. N. 1960. Organic Acids of Onion and Spinach. Trudy Petergof Biol. Inst., Leningrad Gosudarst Univ Im AA Zhdanova, 18: 55-61.
14 SUCROSE Leaf -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
14 SUCROSE Bulb -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
14 SULFUR Bulb 80.0 4075.0 -1.0 *
6 TARTARIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
31 THIAMIN Leaf 0.5 6.4 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
31 THIAMIN Bulb 0.3 6.0 -1.0 *
4 THREONINE Bulb 280.0 3052.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 TRANS-5-ETHYL-4,6,7-TRITHIA-2-DECENE-4-S-OXIDE Bulb -- -- *
4 TRANS-METHYLSULPHINOTHIOIC-ACID-S-1-PROPENYLESTER Bulb -- -- *
4 TRANS-N-PROPYLSULPHINOTHIOIC-ACID-S-1-PROPENYLESTER Bulb -- -- *
4 TRANS-TRANS-5-ETHYL-4,6,7-TRITHIA-2,8-DECADIENE-4-S-OXIDE Bulb -- -- *
15 TRIGONELLINE Seed -- 13.0 -0.47 Evans, L. S., Tramontano, W. A. 1984. Trigonelline and Promotion of Cell Arrest in G2 of Various Legumes. Phytochemistry, 23(9): 1837-1840.
29 TRYPTOPHAN Bulb 170.0 1853.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 TULIPOSIDE-A Root -- -- Slob, A., Jekel, B., De Jong, B., Schlatmann, E. 1975. On the Occurrence of Tuliposides in the Liliiflorae. Phytochemistry, 14: 1997-2005.
8 TYROSINE Bulb 290.0 3161.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 VALINE Bulb 270.0 2943.0 -1.0 *
24 VANILLIC-ACID Bulb -- 258.0 1.0 *
10 XYLITOL Bulb -- -- Counsell, J. N., Roberton, D. J. 1976. Xylitol-A Sweetener Which is Kind to the Teeth. Food Process Ind., 45(54): 24-26.
3 XYLOSE Bulb -- -- Sinha, A. 1959. Chemical Examination of Allium cepa. I. Glycosidic and Sugar Fractions. Indian J. Appl. Chem., 22: 89-91.
5 ZEAXANTHIN Bulb -- -- Granado, F., Olmedilla, B., Blanco, I., Rojas-Hidalgo, E. 1992. Carotenoid Composition in Raw and Cooked Spanish Vegetables. J. Agr. Food Chem., 40(11): 2135-2140.
77 ZINC Seed -- 34.0 -0.32 *
77 ZINC Bulb 2.0 53.0 1.41 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.