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All Chemicals: 452
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
0 ZIRCONIUM Bulb 0.76 1.0 *
77 ZINC Seed -- 34.0 -0.32 *
77 ZINC Bulb 2.0 53.0 1.41 *
5 ZEAXANTHIN Bulb -- -- Granado, F., Olmedilla, B., Blanco, I., Rojas-Hidalgo, E. 1992. Carotenoid Composition in Raw and Cooked Spanish Vegetables. J. Agr. Food Chem., 40(11): 2135-2140.
3 XYLOSE Bulb -- -- Sinha, A. 1959. Chemical Examination of Allium cepa. I. Glycosidic and Sugar Fractions. Indian J. Appl. Chem., 22: 89-91.
10 XYLITOL Bulb -- -- Counsell, J. N., Roberton, D. J. 1976. Xylitol-A Sweetener Which is Kind to the Teeth. Food Process Ind., 45(54): 24-26.
0 WATER Leaf -- 922000.0 0.57 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 WATER Bulb 866000.0 918000.0 0.78 *
0 VIT-B-6 Bulb 1.0 18.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
24 VANILLIC-ACID Bulb -- 258.0 1.0 *
3 VALINE Bulb 270.0 2943.0 -1.0 *
8 TYROSINE Bulb 290.0 3161.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 TULIPOSIDE-B Root -- -- Slob, A., Jekel, B., De Jong, B., Schlatmann, E. 1975. On the Occurrence of Tuliposides in the Liliiflorae. Phytochemistry, 14: 1997-2005.
1 TULIPOSIDE-A Root -- -- Slob, A., Jekel, B., De Jong, B., Schlatmann, E. 1975. On the Occurrence of Tuliposides in the Liliiflorae. Phytochemistry, 14: 1997-2005.
0 TSEPOSIDES Seed -- -- Kintia, P. K., Degtiaryova, L. P., Balashova, N. N., Shvets, S. A. 1987. Sterols and Steroidal Glycosides of Bulb Onion Seeds. Fecs. Int. Conf. Chem. Biotechol. Biol. Act. Nat. Prod., (Proc.) 3rd: 166-170.
29 TRYPTOPHAN Bulb 170.0 1853.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 TRIGONELLINE Seed -- 13.0 -0.47 Evans, L. S., Tramontano, W. A. 1984. Trigonelline and Promotion of Cell Arrest in G2 of Various Legumes. Phytochemistry, 23(9): 1837-1840.
0 TRIDECAN-2-ONE Bulb -- -- Wealth of India.
4 TRANS-TRANS-5-ETHYL-4,6,7-TRITHIA-2,8-DECADIENE-4-S-OXIDE Bulb -- -- *
0 TRANS-S-(1-PROPENYL)-CYSTEINE-SULFOXIDE Bulb -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
4 TRANS-N-PROPYLSULPHINOTHIOIC-ACID-S-1-PROPENYLESTER Bulb -- -- *
4 TRANS-METHYLSULPHINOTHIOIC-ACID-S-1-PROPENYLESTER Bulb -- -- *
0 TRANS-CIS-5-ETHYL-4,6,7-TRITHIA-2,8-DECADIENE-4-S-OXIDE Bulb -- -- *
4 TRANS-5-ETHYL-4,6,7-TRITHIA-2-DECENE-4-S-OXIDE Bulb -- -- *
0 TRANS-3,5-DIETHYL-1,2,4,-TRITHIOLANE Leaf -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
0 TRANS-2,3-DIMETHYL-5,6-DITHIA-CYCLO(2,2,1)HEPTANE-5-OXIDE Bulb -- -- Dorsch,W.,et.al.1988.Anti-Asthmatic Effects of Onions. Alk(en)ylsufinothoic Acid Alk(en)yl-Esters Inhib. Histamine Rel. Leukotriene & Thromboxane Biosyn. in Vitro and Counteract PAF & Allergen-Ind. Bronch. Obst. in Vivo. Biochem. Pharmacol., 37:4479-4486.
0 TRANS-1-(PROPENYL-DITHIO)-PROPANE Essential Oil -- -- *
0 TRANS-1-(1-PROPENYL-DITHIO)-PROPANE Essential Oil -- -- Albrand, M., Dubois, P., Etievant, P., Gelin, R., Tokarska, B. 1980. Identification of a New Volatile Compound in Onion (Allium cepa) and Leek (Allium porum): 3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxo-2,5-dihydrothiophene. J. Agric. Food Chem., 28(5): 1037-1038.
0 TITANIUM Bulb 0.38 11.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 THREONINE Bulb 280.0 3052.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 THIOPROPIONAL-S-OXIDE Bulb -- -- *
0 THIOPROPANAL-S-OXIDE Bulb -- -- *
31 THIAMIN Leaf 0.5 6.4 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
31 THIAMIN Bulb 0.3 6.0 -1.0 *
6 TARTARIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
14 SULFUR Bulb 80.0 4075.0 -1.0 *
0 SUGARS Bulb -- -- Malkki, Y., Nikkila, O. E., Aalto, M. 1978. The Composition and Aroma of Onions and Influencing Factors. J. Sci. Agr. Soc. Finland, 50: 103-.
14 SUCROSE Leaf -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
14 SUCROSE Bulb -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Soldatenkov, S. V., Mazurova, T. A., Ranteleev, A. N. 1960. Organic Acids of Onion and Spinach. Trudy Petergof Biol. Inst., Leningrad Gosudarst Univ Im AA Zhdanova, 18: 55-61.
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Soldatenkov, S. V., Mazurova, T. A., Ranteleev, A. N. 1960. Organic Acids of Onion and Spinach. Trudy Petergof Biol. Inst., Leningrad Gosudarst Univ Im AA Zhdanova, 18: 55-61.
0 STRONTIUM Bulb 57.0 162.0 *
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed -- -- Kintia, P. K., Degtiaryova, L. P., Balashova, N. N., Shvets, S. A. 1987. Sterols and Steroidal Glycosides of Bulb Onion Seeds. Fecs. Int. Conf. Chem. Biotechol. Biol. Act. Nat. Prod., (Proc.) 3rd: 166-170.
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed Oil -- -- Grujic-Injac, B., Basarevic-Dinic, L., Lajsic, S., Stefanovic, D. 1985. Chemical Analysis of Seed Oil of the Onion (Allium cepa). Hrana Ishrana, 25: 167-169 (Inst Ishr Vet Fak Belgrade, Yugoslavia)
12 STIGMASTEROL Bulb -- 40.0 *
0 STIGMAST-7-EN-3-BETA-OL Seed -- -- Kintia, P. K., Degtiaryova, L. P., Balashova, N. N., Shvets, S. A. 1987. Sterols and Steroidal Glycosides of Bulb Onion Seeds. Fecs. Int. Conf. Chem. Biotechol. Biol. Act. Nat. Prod., (Proc.) 3rd: 166-170.
8 STEARIC-ACID Bulb 20.0 195.0 *
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed -- 6300.0 -0.43 Wealth of India.
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed Oil -- 35000.0 -0.65 *
4 SPIRAEOSIDE Bulb 10000.0 11300.0 *
4 SPIRAEOSIDE Epidermis -- -- Ito, Y., Ono, M., Masuoka, C., Yahara, S., Nohara, T. 1995. Hyaluronidase Inhibitors of Onion (Allium cepa L.) Skin. Kyushu Tokai Daigaku Nogakubu Kiyo, 14: 43-48.
0 SODIUM-PROPYL-THIOSULFATE Bulb -- -- Yamato, O., Yoshihara, T., Ichihara, A., Maede, Y. 1994. Novel Heinz Body Hemolysis Factors in Onion (Allium cepa). Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 58(1): 221-222.
0 SODIUM-PROP-TRANS-1-ENYL-THIOSULFATE Bulb -- -- Yamato, O., Yoshihara, T., Ichihara, A., Maede, Y. 1994. Novel Heinz Body Hemolysis Factors in Onion (Allium cepa). Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 58(1): 221-222.
0 SODIUM-PROP-CIS-1-ENYL-THIOSULFATE Bulb -- -- Yamato, O., Yoshihara, T., Ichihara, A., Maede, Y. 1994. Novel Heinz Body Hemolysis Factors in Onion (Allium cepa). Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 58(1): 221-222.
1 SODIUM Bulb 8.0 2052.0 1.41 *
9 SINAPIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
9 SINAPIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
9 SINAPIC-ACID Root -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
3 SILVER Bulb 0.038 0.054 *
4 SILICON Bulb 1.0 75.0 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
0 SFA Bulb 260.0 2520.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 SERINE Bulb 350.0 3815.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 SELENOSIDE Plant -- -- *
0 SELENO-METHYL-SELENOMETHIONINE Plant -- -- Hamilton, J. W. 1975. Chemical Examination of Seleniferous Onions, Allium cepa. Adv. Front Plant Sci., 30: 189-.
0 SELENO-METHYL-SELENOMETHIONINE Bulb -- -- *
0 SELENO-METHYL-SELENOCYSTEINE Plant -- -- Hamilton, J. W. 1975. Chemical Examination of Seleniferous Onions, Allium cepa. Adv. Front Plant Sci., 30: 189-.
0 SELENO-METHYL-SELENOCYSTEINE Bulb -- -- *
0 SELENO-METHIONINE Plant -- -- Hamilton, J. W. 1975. Chemical Examination of Seleniferous Onions, Allium cepa. Adv. Front Plant Sci., 30: 189-.
0 SELENO-METHIONINE Bulb -- -- *
0 SELENO-HOMOCYSTINE Plant -- -- Hamilton, J. W. 1975. Chemical Examination of Seleniferous Onions, Allium cepa. Adv. Front Plant Sci., 30: 189-.
0 SELENO-HOME-CYSTINE Plant -- -- *
60 SELENIUM Bulb 0.001 0.003 -1.0 *
0 SATIOMEM Bulb -- -- Upreti, R. K., Ahmad, S., Shukla, S., Kidwai, A. M. 1994. Experimental Anorexigenic Effect of a Membrane Proteoglycan Isolated from Plants. J. Ethnopharmacology, 42(1): 53-61.
5 SAPONINS Bulb -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
0 SAPONIN Bulb -- -- *
7 SALICYLATES Bulb 1.0 20.0 1.0 *
0 S-PROPYL-CYSTEINE-SULFOXIDE Bulb -- -- Renis, H. E., Henze, R. E. 1957. Studies on Sulfur Compounds from Onion. Diss. Abstr. Int. B, 17: 1456-1457.
0 S-PROP-1-ENYL-CYSTEINE-S-OXIDE Bulb -- 26.0 *
2 S-METHYL-CYSTEINE-SULFOXIDE Bulb -- -- Kumari, K., Augusti, K. T. 1995. Antidiabetic Effects of S-Methylcysteine Sulphoxide on Alloxan Diabetes. Planta Medica, 61(1): 72-74.
0 S-METHYL-CYSTEINE Bulb -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
0 S-ALLYL-CYSTEINE Bulb -- -- Renis, H. E., Henze, R. E. 1957. Studies on Sulfur Compounds from Onion. Diss. Abstr. Int. B, 17: 1456-1457.
0 S-(BETA-CARBOXYBETA-METHYL-ETHER)-CYSTEINE Bulb -- -- *
0 S-(BETA-CARBOXY-BETA-METHYL-ETHYL)-CYSTEINE Bulb -- -- Virtamen, A. I., Matikkala, E. J. 1960. New Gamma-Glutamyl Peptides in Onion (Allium cepa). I. Gamma-glutamylphenylalanine and gamma-glutamyl-s-(beta-carboxy-beta-methylethyl)-cysteinylglycine. Suomen Kemistilehti, 33B: 83-84.
0 S-(2-CARBOXY-PROPYL)-GLUTATHIONE Bulb -- 125.0 -1.0 Tsuboi, S., Kishimoto, S., Ohmori, S. 1989. S-(2-carboxypropyl)glutathione in Vegetables in Liliflorae. J. Agric. Food Chem. 37(3): 611-615.
87 RUTIN Bulb -- 14000.0 *
0 RUBIDIUM Bulb 0.14 6.6 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
0 RIBOSE Bulb -- -- Sinha, A. 1959. Chemical Examination of Allium cepa. I. Glycosidic and Sugar Fractions. Indian J. Appl. Chem., 22: 89-91.
15 RIBOFLAVIN Bulb 0.4 15.0 1.0 *
0 RHAMNOSE Bulb -- -- Sinha, A. 1959. Chemical Examination of Allium cepa. I. Glycosidic and Sugar Fractions. Indian J. Appl. Chem., 22: 89-91.
1 RAFFINOSE Leaf -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
1 RAFFINOSE Bulb -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
1 QUINIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
0 QUERCETIN-4-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Bulb 100.0 800.0 *
0 QUERCETIN-4',7-DI-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Bulb -- 160.0 *
0 QUERCETIN-3-O-SOPHOROSIDE-7-O-GLUCURONIDE Epidermis -- -- Urushibara, S. I., Kitayama, Y., Watanabe, T., Okuno, T., Watarai, A., Matsumoto, T. 1992. New Flavonol Glycosides, Major Determinants Inducing the Green Fluorescence in the Guard Cells of Allium cepa. Tetrahedron Lett., 33(9): 1213-1216.
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Bulb -- 40.0 Abstract (See species file)
2 QUERCETIN-3,4'-DIGLUCOSIDE Bulb -- -- *
0 QUERCETIN-3,4'-DI-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Bulb 1700.0 5600.0 *
176 QUERCETIN Bulb -- 48100.0 1.0 *
1 PYRUVIC-ACID Fruit -- 1034.0 *
1 PYRUVIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- 1034.0 Morgan, E. J. 1946. Pyruvic Acid in the Juice of Onion (Allium cepa). Nature (London), 157: 512.
1 PYRUVIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Malkki, Y., Nikkila, O. E., Aalto, M. 1978. The Composition and Aroma of Onions and Influencing Factors. J. Sci. Agr. Soc. Finland, 50: 103-.
12 PYROCATECHOL Bulb -- -- Hermann, K. 1958. Flavonols and Phenols of the Onion (Allium cepa). Arch. Pharm. (Weinheim), 291: 238-247.
4 PUFA Bulb 620.0 6005.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Bulb 4500.0 17540.0 *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
0 PROTEIN Leaf 18000.0 231000.0 0.19 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 PROTEIN Bulb 10940.0 162000.0 -1.0 *
0 PROSTAGLANDIN-F Bulb -- -- Pobozsny, K., Tetenyi, P., Hethelyi, I., Kocsar, L., Mann, V. 1979. Biologically Active Substances: Investigations into the Prostaglandin Content of Allium Species. I. Herba Hung, 18(2): 71-81.
2 PROSTAGLANDIN-E-1 Bulb -- -- Ustunes, L., Claeys, M., Laekeman, G., Herman, A.G., Vlietinck, A.J., Ozer, A. 1985. Isolation and Identification of Two Isomeric Trihydroxy Octadecenoic Acids with Prostaglandin E-Like Activity from Onion Bulbs(Allium cepa). Prostaglandins, 29(5):847-865
0 PROSTAGLANDIN-B Bulb -- -- Pobozsny, K., Tetenyi, P., Hethelyi, I., Kocsar, L., Mann, V. 1979. Biologically Active Substances: Investigations into the Prostaglandin Content of Allium Species. I. Herba Hung, 18(2): 71-81.
2 PROSTAGLANDIN-A-1 Bulb -- 1.0 *
0 PROSTAGLANDIN-A Bulb -- -- Pobozsny, K., Tetenyi, P., Hethelyi, I., Kocsar, L., Mann, V. 1979. Biologically Active Substances: Investigations into the Prostaglandin Content of Allium Species. I. Herba Hung, 18(2): 71-81.
2 PROPIONALDEHYDE Leaf -- -- Burtsev, A. F., Pashchenko, T. W., Rik, G. R. 1974. Mass-Spectrometric Analysis of Volatile Phytonocide Substances of Cucumber and Common Onion Leaves. Fiziol Biokhim Kul't Rast, 6: 516-.
2 PROPIONALDEHYDE Bulb -- -- Wilkens, W. F. 1964. Isolation and Identification of the Lachrymogenic Compound of Onion. Cornell Univ., Agr. Expt. Sta. Mem. No., 385: 31 pp.
0 PROPIONAL Bulb -- -- Wilkens, W. F. 1962. The Isolation and Identification of the Lachrymogenic Compound of Onion. Diss. Abstr. Int. B, 22: 3978.
0 PROPANE-1-THIOL Bulb -- -- Wilkens, W. F. 1962. The Isolation and Identification of the Lachrymogenic Compound of Onion. Diss. Abstr. Int. B, 22: 3978.
0 PROPANAL Bulb -- -- Wealth of India.
0 PROPAN-1-OL Bulb -- -- *
0 PROP-TRANS-ENYL-PROPYL-TRISULFIDE Bulb -- -- Kimura, K., Nishimura, H., Kimura, I., Iwata, I., Mizutani, J. 1984. Flavor Components of Roasted Onion. I. Changes in Flavor Components of Onion by Roasting. Nippon Eiyo Shokuryo Gakkaishi, 37(4): 343-347.
0 PROP-TRANS-ENYL-PROPYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- Kimura, K., Nishimura, H., Kimura, I., Iwata, I., Mizutani, J. 1984. Flavor Components of Roasted Onion. I. Changes in Flavor Components of Onion by Roasting. Nippon Eiyo Shokuryo Gakkaishi, 37(4): 343-347.
0 PROP-CIS-ENYL-PROPYL-TRISULFIDE Bulb -- -- Kimura, K., Nishimura, H., Kimura, I., Iwata, I., Mizutani, J. 1984. Flavor Components of Roasted Onion. I. Changes in Flavor Components of Onion by Roasting. Nippon Eiyo Shokuryo Gakkaishi, 37(4): 343-347.
0 PROP-CIS-ENYL-PROPYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- Kimura, K., Nishimura, H., Kimura, I., Iwata, I., Mizutani, J. 1984. Flavor Components of Roasted Onion. I. Changes in Flavor Components of Onion by Roasting. Nippon Eiyo Shokuryo Gakkaishi, 37(4): 343-347.
0 PROLINE Bulb 370.0 4033.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
14 POTASSIUM Bulb 1514.0 22164.0 1.0 *
0 POLYSACCHARIDES Bulb 100000.0 400000.0 *
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Bulb 150.0 1455.0 1.0 *
0 PHYTOHORMONE Bulb -- -- *
4 PHOSPHORUS Bulb 275.0 4038.0 -1.0 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf 310.0 5513.0 0.1 *
0 PHLOROGLUCINOL-CARBOXYLIC-ACID Bulb -- 100.0 Hermann, K. 1958. Flavonols and Phenols of the Onion (Allium cepa). Arch. Pharm. (Weinheim), 291: 238-247.
8 PHLOROGLUCINOL Bulb -- 100.0 *
7 PHENYLALANINE Bulb 300.0 3270.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 PEROXIDASE Bulb -- -- *
0 PENTOSAN Bulb -- -- *
0 PELARGONIDIN-MONOGLYCOSIDE Bulb -- -- Fuleki, T. 1969. The Anthocyanins of Strawberry, Rhubarb, Radish, and Onion. J. Food Sci., 34(4): 365-369.
24 PECTIN Bulb -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
11 PANTOTHENIC-ACID Bulb 1.0 16.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed Oil -- 73000.0 -0.72 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Bulb 240.0 2325.0 -1.0 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed -- 13140.0 -0.43 Wealth of India.
0 PAEONIDIN-GLYCOSIDE Bulb -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
0 P-HYDROXYBANZOIC-ACID Bulb -- 107.0 *
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Bulb -- 107.0 1.0 *
16 P-CYMENE Fruit Juice -- -- Schmidt, N. E., et. al. 1996. Rapid Extraction Method of Quantitating the Lachrymatory Factor of Onion Using Gas Chromatography. J. Agric. Food Chem., 44(9): 2690-2693.
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Root -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
9 OXALIC-ACID Bulb -- 10.0 *
9 OXALIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Gad, S. S., Esmat El-Zalaki, M., Hohamed, M. S., Mohasseb, S. Z. 1982. Oxalate Content of Some Leafy Vegetables and Dry Legumes Consumed Widely in Egypt. Food Chem., 8(3): 169-177. (Coll. Agric. Alexandria Univ. Ale.)
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed -- 46800.0 -0.59 Wealth of India.
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed Oil 260000.0 292900.0 -0.15 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Bulb 230.0 2230.0 1.0 *
64 OLEANOLIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
0 NORCEPANONE Bulb -- -- Wealth of India.
0 NONADECANOIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Gilbert, M. D., Maylin, G. A., Lisk, D. J. 1976. Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Neodecanoic Acids in Onions. J. Agr. Food Chem., 24(1): 194-.
0 NITROGEN Bulb 1700.0 17690.0 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
3 NICKEL Seed 0.03 4.0 -0.14 *
3 NICKEL Bulb 0.05 2.5 1.0 *
39 NIACIN Leaf 7.0 90.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
39 NIACIN Bulb 1.0 75.0 1.0 *
0 NEODECANOIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Wealth of India.
4 N-PROPYLSULPHINOTHIOIC-ACID-S-N-PROPYLESTER Bulb -- -- *
0 N-PROPYL-N-PROPANE-THIOSULFINATE Fruit Juice -- -- Schmidt, N. E., et. al. 1996. Rapid Extraction Method of Quantitating the Lachrymatory Factor of Onion Using Gas Chromatography. J. Agric. Food Chem., 44(9): 2690-2693.
0 N-PROPYL-METHANE-THIOSULFINATE Fruit Juice -- -- Schmidt, N. E., et. al. 1996. Rapid Extraction Method of Quantitating the Lachrymatory Factor of Onion Using Gas Chromatography. J. Agric. Food Chem., 44(9): 2690-2693.
1 N-PROPYL-MERCAPTAN Bulb -- -- Nishimura, H., Mizutani, J. 1975. Effect of Gamma-Irradiation on Development of Lachrymator of Onion. Agic. Biol. Chem., 39: 2245-.
0 MYROSINASE Bulb -- -- *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Bulb 10.0 100.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- Reddy, P. N., Azeemoddin, G., Rao, S. D. T. 1989. Processing and Analysis of Onionseed (Allium cepa) and its Fixed Oil. J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 66(3): 365.
3 MURAMIDASE Leaf -- 0.3 LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
3 MURAMIDASE Bulb -- 0.033 -1.0 LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
13 MUFA Bulb 230.0 2230.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 MOLYBDENUM Bulb 0.1 2.3 1.0 *
0 MEVALONIC-ACID Bulb -- 0.5 Wills, R. B. H., Scurr, E. V. 1975. Mevalonic Acid Concentrations in Fruit and Vegetable Tissues. Phytochemistry, 14: 1643.
0 METHYLPROPYL-TRISULFIDE Essential Oil -- -- Jirovetz, L., Koch, H. P., Jager, W., Remberg, G. 1992. Investigations of German Onion Oil by GC-FID, GC-MS and GC-FTIR. Pharmazie, 47(6): 455-456.
0 METHYLPROPYL-TRISULFIDE Bulb -- -- *
0 METHYL-TRANS-PROPENYL-TRISULFIDE Bulb -- -- Wealth of India.
0 METHYL-TRANS-PROPENYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- Wealth of India.
0 METHYL-PROPYL-TETRASULFIDE Essential Oil -- -- Jirovetz, L., Koch, H. P., Jager, W., Remberg, G. 1992. Investigations of German Onion Oil by GC-FID, GC-MS and GC-FTIR. Pharmazie, 47(6): 455-456.
0 METHYL-PROPYL-DISULFIDE Essential Oil -- -- Jirovetz, L., Koch, H. P., Jager, W., Remberg, G. 1992. Investigations of German Onion Oil by GC-FID, GC-MS and GC-FTIR. Pharmazie, 47(6): 455-456.
0 METHYL-PROPYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- *
0 METHYL-PROPENYL-TRISULFIDE Plant -- -- *
0 METHYL-N-PROPANE-THIOSULFINATE Fruit Juice -- -- Schmidt, N. E., et. al. 1996. Rapid Extraction Method of Quantitating the Lachrymatory Factor of Onion Using Gas Chromatography. J. Agric. Food Chem., 44(9): 2690-2693.
0 METHYL-METHANE-THIOSULFINATE Fruit Juice -- -- Schmidt, N. E., et. al. 1996. Rapid Extraction Method of Quantitating the Lachrymatory Factor of Onion Using Gas Chromatography. J. Agric. Food Chem., 44(9): 2690-2693.
0 METHYL-DITHIO-METHANE Essential Oil -- -- Albrand, M., Dubois, P., Etievant, P., Gelin, R., Tokarska, B. 1980. Identification of a New Volatile Compound in Onion (Allium cepa) and Leek (Allium porum): 3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxo-2,5-dihydrothiophene. J. Agric. Food Chem., 28(5): 1037-1038.
0 METHYL-CIS-PROPENYL-TRISULFIDE Bulb -- -- *
0 METHYL-CIS-PROPENYL-DISULFIDE Plant -- -- *
0 METHYL-CIS-PROPENYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- Wealth of India.
0 METHYL-ALLIIN Bulb -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
0 METHIONINE-SULFONE Bulb -- -- Renis, H. E., Henze, R. E. 1957. Studies on Sulfur Compounds from Onion. Diss. Abstr. Int. B, 17: 1456-1457.
0 METHIONINE-METHYLSULFONIUM-SALT Bulb -- -- Renis, H. E., Henze, R. E. 1957. Studies on Sulfur Compounds from Onion. Diss. Abstr. Int. B, 17: 1456-1457.
0 METHIONINE-METHYLSULFONIUM Plant -- -- *
15 METHIONINE Bulb 100.0 1090.0 -1.0 *
2 METHANOL Leaf -- -- Burtsev, A. F., Pashchenko, T. W., Rik, G. R. 1974. Mass-Spectrometric Analysis of Volatile Phytonocide Substances of Cucumber and Common Onion Leaves. Fiziol Biokhim Kul't Rast, 6: 516-.
2 METHANOL Bulb -- -- *
0 METHANETHIOL Bulb -- -- Wealth of India.
1 MERCURY Bulb -- 0.001 -1.0 *
23 MELATONIN Bulb -- -- Hattori, A., et. al. 1995. Identification of Melatonin in Plants and its Effects on Plasma Melatonin Levels and Binding to Melatonin Receptors in Vertebrates. Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int., 35(3): 627-634.
14 MANGANESE Seed -- 19.4 -0.43 *
14 MANGANESE Bulb 1.0 38.0 1.4 *
15 MALIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Soldatenkov, S. V., Mazurova, T. A., Ranteleev, A. N. 1960. Organic Acids of Onion and Spinach. Trudy Petergof Biol. Inst., Leningrad Gosudarst Univ Im AA Zhdanova, 18: 55-61.
15 MALIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Soldatenkov, S. V., Mazurova, T. A., Ranteleev, A. N. 1960. Organic Acids of Onion and Spinach. Trudy Petergof Biol. Inst., Leningrad Gosudarst Univ Im AA Zhdanova, 18: 55-61.
65 MAGNESIUM Bulb 76.0 1230.0 0.73 *
4 LYSINE Bulb 560.0 6104.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 LUTEIN Bulb -- 0.02 Granado, F., Olmedilla, B., Blanco, I., Rojas-Hidalgo, E. 1992. Carotenoid Composition in Raw and Cooked Spanish Vegetables. J. Agr. Food Chem., 40(11): 2135-2140.
0 LOPHENOL Bulb -- -- Itoh, T., Tamura, T., Mitsuhashi, T., Matsumoto, T. 1977. Sterols of Liliaceae. Phytochemistry, 16: 140-141.
11 LITHIUM Bulb 0.152 0.324 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed 103500.0 106200.0 -0.01 Wealth of India.
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed Oil 575000.0 590600.0 0.78 *
2 LEUCINE Bulb 410.0 4469.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 LEAD Bulb 0.01 1.4 *
0 KILOCALORIES Leaf 260.0 3330.0 0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 KILOCALORIES Bulb 380.0 3750.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.