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Activities: 510
Chemicals w/Activities: 139
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
67 1,8-CINEOLE Seed Essent. Oil 23100.0 308000.0 1.0 *
67 1,8-CINEOLE Fruit Essent. Oil 342000.0 360000.0 -0.5 *
67 1,8-CINEOLE Fruit 525.0 56000.0 2.82 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
16 ACETIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
19 ACETYL-CHOLINE Pericarp -- 70.0 1.0 *
19 ACETYL-CHOLINE Seed -- 165.0 1.88 *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit -- -- Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
28 ALPHA-PINENE Seed Essent. Oil 6900.0 17000.0 -0.62 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit Essent. Oil 12000.0 16000.0 -0.64 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit 217.0 3000.0 0.06 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
28 ALPHA-PINENE Root Essent. Oil -- 123000.0 0.14 *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Fruit 21.0 60.0 -0.12 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Root Essent. Oil -- 7000.0 -0.65 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Fruit 301.0 4300.0 3.13 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Seed Essent. Oil 44000.0 448400.0 2.15 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Fruit Essent. Oil 17000.0 28000.0 0.35 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Seed -- -- *
15 ASCARIDOLE Fruit -- -- Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 32500.0 0.25 *
13 BETA-PINENE Root Essent. Oil -- 28000.0 -0.83 *
13 BETA-PINENE Seed Essent. Oil 3800.0 26000.0 -0.66 *
13 BETA-PINENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
13 BETA-PINENE Fruit 70.0 1094.0 -0.26 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed 360.0 480.0 -0.45 *
3 BETA-TERPINEOL Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
35 BORNEOL Fruit 32.0 8000.0 1.41 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
35 BORNEOL Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
4 BORON Seed 1.0 14.0 -0.48 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
6 BUTYRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit -- 2.0 -0.34 *
28 CALCIUM Seed 3830.0 4177.0 0.01 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
28 CALCIUM Fruit 1300.0 1625.0 -0.51 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
2 CAMPESTEROL Seed 40.0 55.0 -0.51 *
9 CAMPHENE Fruit 10.0 30.0 -0.34 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
9 CAMPHENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
41 CAMPHOR Fruit 7.0 20.0 -0.87 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
3 CAPRIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
5 CAPRYLIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
19 CARVONE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
1 CHOLESTEROL Seed -- -- *
20 CHOLINE Pericarp -- 2663.0 1.0 *
20 CHOLINE Seed -- 4195.0 2.37 *
24 CHROMIUM Fruit 20.5 29.5 3.64 *
20 CITRONELLAL Plant -- -- *
15 CITRONELLOL Fruit 14.0 40.0 2.19 *
15 CITRONELLOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 5000.0 1.0 *
2 COBALT Fruit 0.4 0.8 -0.44 *
12 COPPER Fruit 3.8 15.4 0.2 *
7 CYANIDIN Leaf -- -- *
3 DECANOIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
1 DODECANOIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
6 EUGENYL-ACETATE Seed -- -- *
15 FIBER Seed 113000.0 123000.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 FIBER Fruit 201000.0 251000.0 1.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Root Essent. Oil -- 33000.0 -1.0 *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Fruit 49.0 140.0 -0.63 Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
14 GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL Seed -- -- *
35 GERANIOL Plant 49.0 140.0 -0.43 *
35 GERANIOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 12000.0 *
35 GERANIOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 5000.0 -1.28 *
5 GERANYL-ACETATE Fruit 525.0 1500.0 1.59 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
2 HEXANOIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
2 HUMULENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
6 IRON Seed 140.0 153.0 0.01 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
6 IRON Fruit 42.0 66.0 -0.27 *
7 LAURIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
60 LIMONENE Fruit 595.0 9481.0 0.61 *
60 LIMONENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 84600.0 -0.52 *
60 LIMONENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 25000.0 -1.16 *
53 LINALOOL Fruit 1288.0 8000.0 1.65 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
53 LINALOOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 26000.0 -0.46 *
53 LINALOOL Fruit Essent. Oil 51000.0 64000.0 1.41 *
7 LINALYL-ACETATE Plant 1197.0 8000.0 3.27 *
7 LINALYL-ACETATE Fruit 1197.0 8000.0 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Fruit 3100.0 3370.0 -0.31 Revised USDA data received 1993.
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed 7035.0 10500.0 -0.83 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
14 MANGANESE Fruit 66.0 280.0 1.44 *
30 MENTHONE Seed Essent. Oil -- 57700.0 *
13 MUFA Fruit 8700.0 9455.0 -0.12 Revised USDA data received 1993.
22 MYRCENE Fruit 336.0 3000.0 0.08 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
22 MYRCENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 271400.0 2.19 *
22 MYRCENE Root Essent. Oil -- 186000.0 1.99 *
22 MYRCENE Fruit Essent. Oil 14000.0 19000.0 -0.71 *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Fruit 300.0 325.0 -0.25 Revised USDA data received 1993.
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
5 MYRTENAL Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
1 N-HEPTANE Seed Essent. Oil -- 17900.0 *
1 N-NONACOSANE Seed -- -- *
10 NEROL Fruit 10.0 30.0 1.73 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
10 NEROL Seed Essent. Oil -- 3000.0 -1.0 *
11 NEROLIDOL Fruit 448.0 1280.0 -0.28 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
11 NEROLIDOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 12000.0 *
5 NERYL-ACETATE Fruit -- -- Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
5 NERYL-ACETATE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
39 NIACIN Seed 11.0 12.0 -0.92 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed 41942.0 62600.0 -0.46 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
18 OLEIC-ACID Fruit 8500.0 9240.0 -0.41 Revised USDA data received 1993.
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Fruit -- 19.0 -0.68 *
16 P-CYMENE Fruit 130.0 28000.0 3.13 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
16 P-CYMENE Root Essent. Oil -- 7000.0 -0.58 *
16 P-CYMENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
16 P-CYMENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 5000.0 -1.0 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Fruit 840.0 6195.0 -0.27 Revised USDA data received 1993.
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed 5828.0 8400.0 -0.53 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Fruit 200.0 650.0 -0.23 Revised USDA data received 1993.
1 PENTADECANOIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
1 PERILLIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
4 PHOSPHORUS Seed 1780.0 1941.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 1600.0 2000.0 -0.37 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
1 PHYTOL Seed -- -- *
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Fruit 460.0 500.0 -0.57 Revised USDA data received 1993.
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Seed 460.0 600.0 -0.49 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
14 POTASSIUM Seed 11790.0 12857.0 0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
4 PUFA Fruit 4300.0 4675.0 -0.5 Revised USDA data received 1993.
15 RIBOFLAVIN Seed 1.0 2.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
5 SABINENE Root Essent. Oil -- 384000.0 -1.0 *
5 SABINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 21100.0 -0.39 *
5 SABINENE Fruit 500.0 1425.0 -0.09 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
5 SABINENE Fruit Essent. Oil 27000.0 49000.0 -0.43 *
7 SALICYLATES Fruit -- 75.0 -0.12 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
9 SINAPIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
1 SODIUM Seed 180.0 196.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
5 STARCH Seed 200000.0 400000.0 0.36 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed 1830.0 18300.0 -0.17 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
8 STEARIC-ACID Fruit 600.0 650.0 -0.24 Revised USDA data received 1993.
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed 60.0 80.0 -0.43 *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Seed Essent. Oil -- 13000.0 -0.54 *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Fruit 252.0 23200.0 3.16 *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 27000.0 1.41 *
2 TERPINEOL-ACETATE Seed Essent. Oil -- 382000.0 *
31 THIAMIN Seed 1.0 2.0 -1.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
24 VANILLIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
77 ZINC Fruit 23.0 28.0 -0.07 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.