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Activities: 444
All Chemicals: 81
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
0 FAT Seed -- 350000.0 0.45 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
35 TANNIN Shoot 30000.0 210000.0 1.66 *
0 POLYSACCHARIDES Shoot 195000.0 200000.0 *
1 SILICIC-ACID Exocarp -- 120000.0 *
35 TANNIN Leaf 50000.0 80000.0 -0.37 *
35 TANNIN Bark -- 52800.0 -0.77 Wealth of India.
43 CATECHIN Plant -- 26000.0 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
0 TRITERPENES Plant -- 15000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
5 AGRIMOPHOL Bud -- 7900.0 *
89 URSOLIC-ACID Plant -- 6000.0 -0.51 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
30 HYPEROSIDE Flower -- 3700.0 -0.41 *
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Inflorescence -- 2100.0 *
0 EO Plant -- 2000.0 -0.59 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
87 RUTIN Inflorescence -- 1700.0 *
2 NICOTINAMIDE Leaf 100.0 300.0 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
0 ROSAMULTIN Root -- 250.0 *
0 1-BETA-2-ALPHA-3-BETA-19-ALPHA-TETRAHYDROXY-URS-12-EN-28-OIC-ACID Root -- 240.0 *
0 KAEMPFEROL-3-O-RUTINOSIDE Shoot -- 25.5 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Shoot -- 25.0 -0.97 *
75 KAEMPFEROL Shoot -- 24.0 -0.34 *
7 ASTRAGALIN Shoot 22.5 23.6 *
0 KAEMPFEROL-3-0-GLUCOSIDE Shoot -- 22.0 *
0 KAEMPFEROL-3-0-RUTINOSIDE Shoot -- 20.0 *
0 TORMENTIC-ACID-28-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL-ESTER Shoot -- 19.0 *
5 KAEMPFERIDE Shoot -- 19.0 *
1 AFZELIN Shoot -- 16.2 -1.0 *
2 KAEMPFEROL-3-RHAMNOSIDE Shoot -- 16.0 *
0 1-BETA-2-BETA-3-BETA-19-ALPHA-TETRAHYDROXY-URS-12-EN-28-OIC-ACID Root -- 15.0 *
0 EUSCAPHIC-ACID-28-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL-ESTER Shoot -- 15.0 *
0 EUSCAPHIC-ACID Shoot -- 15.0 *
0 KAEMPFERIDE-3-O-ALPHA-RHAMNOSIDE Shoot -- 10.6 *
31 THIAMIN Leaf -- 2.4 -1.23 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
61 FERULIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
0 QUERCETIN-GLUCOSIDE Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
0 AGRIMONOLIDE Plant -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
7 LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE Plant -- -- Wealth of India.
0 AGRIMOL-A Plant -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Wealth of India.
0 HOMOPROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
3 CYNAROSIDE Shoot -- -- *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 LEUCOANTHOCYANINS Plant -- -- Wealth of India.
101 APIGENIN Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
0 LUTEOLIN-GLUCOSIDE Plant -- -- *
24 VANILLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
1 AMYRIN Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
4 COSMOSIIN Shoot -- -- *
2 GALLO-TANNIN Root -- -- *
0 GALLOTANNINS Shoot -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
0 NEOISOPULEGOLE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
0 ISOPULEGOLE-ACETATE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
0 ELLAGIN-TANNIN Leaf -- -- *
0 ISOPULEGOLE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 COUMARINS Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
0 VIT-K Plant -- -- Wealth of India.
176 QUERCETIN Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
0 ELLAGITANNINS Shoot -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
0 N-1-N-5-N-10-TRI-TRANS-4-COUMAROYL-SPERMIDINE Flower -- -- *
0 CERYL-ALCOHOL Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
51 ELLAGIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Wealth of India.
8 STEARIC-ACID Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 AGRIMOL-D Plant -- -- *
0 CATECHIN-TANNIN Leaf -- -- Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
87 RUTIN Leaf -- -- Wealth of India.
78 LUTEOLIN Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
0 APIGENIN-7-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
34 SALICYLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
0 APIGENIN-GLUCOSIDE Plant -- -- *
0 QUERCETIN-3-RHAMNOSIDE Plant -- -- Wealth of India.
0 AGRIMOL-C Plant -- -- *
44 QUERCITRIN Flower -- -- *
8 GENTISIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
44 QUERCITRIN Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
10 ALPHA-AMYRIN Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 QUERCETIN-3-0-GALACTOSIDE Plant -- -- Wealth of India.
0 AGRIMOL-B Plant -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Shoot -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.