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Activities: 555
Chemicals w/Activities: 79
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
4 (+)-PULEGONE Leaf 1500.0 3000.0 -0.15 Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
8 4-TERPINEOL Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
28 ALPHA-PINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Leaf -- -- *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
5 ALUMINUM Leaf -- 1360.0 0.68 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
3 AROMADENDRENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf -- 4900.0 0.01 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
3 BETA-DAMASCENONE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
13 BETA-IONONE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
13 BETA-PINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
3 BETA-TERPINEOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
35 BORNEOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
28 CALCIUM Leaf -- 38800.0 1.39 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
9 CAMPHENE Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
9 CAMPHENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
19 CARVONE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
24 CHROMIUM Leaf -- 29.0 1.83 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
15 CITRONELLOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
2 CITRONELLYL-ACETATE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
2 COBALT Leaf -- 87.0 0.22 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
19 D-LIMONENE Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
13 DIOSMETIN Leaf -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
34 DIOSMIN Leaf 200.0 500.0 *
4 DIOSPHENOL Leaf 1800.0 3600.0 0.71 *
4 DIOSPHENOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
7 DIPENTENE Essential Oil -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
12 ESTRAGOLE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
76 EUGENOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
6 FURFURAL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
18 GUAIACOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
31 HESPERIDIN Leaf 10000.0 34000.0 0.71 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 IRON Leaf -- 867.0 1.28 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
3 ISOMENTHONE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
3 ISOMENTHONE Leaf 5250.0 8750.0 2.19 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 ISOPULEGONE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
4 ISOPULEGONE Leaf 450.0 900.0 0.71 Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
60 LIMONENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
65 MAGNESIUM Leaf -- 2210.0 -0.74 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
14 MANGANESE Leaf -- 675.0 0.66 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
5 MENTHOFURAN Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
63 MENTHOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
30 MENTHONE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
3 MUCILAGE Leaf -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
22 MYRCENE Leaf -- -- *
22 MYRCENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
2 MYRTENOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
1 MYRTENYL-ACETATE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
2 NEOMENTHOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
10 NEROL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
39 NIACIN Leaf -- 42.0 -0.68 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
16 P-CYMENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
6 PHENETHYL-ALCOHOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf -- 6780.0 0.33 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
3 PIPERITENONE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
7 PIPERITONE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
14 POTASSIUM Leaf -- 11700.0 -0.82 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
28 PULEGONE Leaf 1650.0 2750.0 -0.33 *
176 QUERCETIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
15 RIBOFLAVIN Leaf -- 1.1 -0.17 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
87 RUTIN Leaf -- -- *
87 RUTIN Essential Oil -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
5 SABINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
60 SELENIUM Leaf -- 70.0 5.0 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
4 SILICON Leaf -- 43.0 -0.29 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
1 SODIUM Leaf -- 2760.0 -0.16 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Leaf -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
9 TERPINOLENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
31 THIAMIN Leaf 7.0 19.0 2.23 *
4 TIN Leaf -- 11.0 -0.55 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
1 TRANS-CARVEOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
77 ZINC Leaf -- 84.0 -0.01 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.