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Activities: 642
All Chemicals: 277
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
176 QUERCETIN Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit 90.0 1071.0 -0.22 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Flower 280.0 5773.0 0.94 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
77 ZINC Seed 75.0 200.0 4.4 *
75 KAEMPFEROL Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
65 MAGNESIUM Seed 5140.0 8500.0 2.19 *
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 120.0 1429.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
65 MAGNESIUM Flower 240.0 4950.0 1.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
61 FERULIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
60 SELENIUM Seed 0.08 0.4 -0.26 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Seed 2.0 2.5 -0.27 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit 9.6 114.0 0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
53 BETA-CAROTENE Flower 12.0 240.0 3.09 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Fruit -- 120.0 -0.64 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
39 NIACIN Seed 14.0 22.0 -0.63 *
39 NIACIN Fruit 6.0 71.0 0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
39 NIACIN Flower 7.0 142.0 0.47 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
34 SALICYLIC-ACID Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Leaf -- -- *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Fruit 10.0 119.0 0.71 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Stem -- -- *
31 THIAMIN Seed 1.9 3.7 -0.69 *
31 THIAMIN Fruit 0.5 5.9 0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
31 THIAMIN Flower 0.4 8.6 0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
29 TRYPTOPHAN Seed 4310.0 4630.0 0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
29 TRYPTOPHAN Fruit 120.0 1800.0 1.33 *
28 ADENOSINE Flower -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
28 CALCIUM Seed 240.0 2960.0 -0.22 *
28 CALCIUM Fruit 210.0 2500.0 -0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
28 CALCIUM Flower 390.0 8041.0 0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed 33025.0 260000.0 1.31 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Fruit 20.0 238.0 -0.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Flower 20.0 410.0 -1.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
24 CHROMIUM Seed -- 17.0 1.79 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
24 PECTIN Seed -- 30000.0 -0.08 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
22 GABA Seed -- -- *
22 GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
21 LUPEOL Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
20 LECITHIN Seed -- 4000.0 -0.63 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
18 MANNITOL Fruit 150000.0 200000.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed 70000.0 234570.0 0.95 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Fruit 60.0 714.0 -0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
18 OLEIC-ACID Flower 40.0 825.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 METHIONINE Seed 5195.0 7885.0 0.92 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit 1.1 13.1 1.73 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 METHIONINE Fruit 110.0 1310.0 0.43 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Flower 0.7 15.0 2.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Seed 1810.0 2750.0 -0.28 *
15 FIBER Fruit 11000.0 130952.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 FIBER Seed 19690.0 26538.0 -0.85 *
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Fruit 30.0 357.0 -0.99 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 FIBER Flower 6300.0 130000.0 -0.02 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Flower 20.0 410.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 TRIGONELLINE Sprout Seedling -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
15 RIBOFLAVIN Seed 2.7 4.9 0.53 *
15 LUTEIN Flower -- -- *
14 POTASSIUM Seed 5540.0 25000.0 1.09 *
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 3400.0 40476.0 2.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
14 POTASSIUM Flower 1730.0 35670.0 1.68 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
14 MANGANESE Seed 40.0 100.0 0.58 *
14 SUCROSE Seed -- 14000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
14 GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL Seed -- -- *
14 ARGININE Seed 40330.0 81280.0 2.4 *
14 ARGININE Fruit 370.0 6429.0 0.57 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed 44800.0 64530.0 0.63 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Fruit 370.0 4405.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 PALMITIC-ACID Flower 260.0 5360.0 1.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 MUFA Seed 142580.0 153180.0 0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 MUFA Fruit 130.0 1548.0 -0.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 MUFA Flower 90.0 1855.0 0.93 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed -- -- *
12 GLYCINE Seed 17960.0 39220.0 4.09 *
12 GLYCINE Fruit 270.0 8000.0 1.7 *
12 COPPER Seed 14.0 25.0 0.92 *
11 ADENINE Flower -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
10 SQUALENE Seed -- -- *
9 PHYTIC-ACID Seed 15000.0 22000.0 0.33 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
9 OXALIC-ACID Juice -- 400.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
8 TYROSINE Seed 9275.0 12235.0 1.04 *
8 TYROSINE Fruit 130.0 5000.0 1.07 *
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Seed 43150.0 101820.0 2.54 *
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed 22670.0 30710.0 0.1 *
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Fruit 1840.0 35000.0 1.69 *
8 STEARIC-ACID Fruit 30.0 357.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 STEARIC-ACID Flower 20.0 410.0 0.89 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 HISTIDINE Fruit 140.0 1905.0 0.13 *
7 GLUTATHIONE Root -- -- *
7 SALICYLATES Fruit 1.0 12.0 -0.3 *
7 LAURIC-ACID Seed 440.0 472.0 -0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 PHENYLALANINE Seed 12220.0 22845.0 1.35 *
7 LAURIC-ACID Fruit 10.0 119.0 -0.44 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 PHENYLALANINE Fruit 300.0 3810.0 0.17 *
7 LAURIC-ACID Flower 10.0 205.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 HISTIDINE Seed 6810.0 9615.0 0.93 *
6 CUCURBITACIN-I Seed -- -- *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Seed 200.0 559.0 -0.29 *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Fruit 60.0 714.0 -0.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Flower 50.0 1030.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
6 IRON Seed 86.0 200.0 0.23 *
6 IRON Flower 7.0 144.0 -0.16 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
5 ZEAXANTHIN Flower -- -- *
5 ORNITHINE Flower -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
5 ALUMINUM Seed -- 11.0 -0.35 *
4 BORON Fruit -- 1.0 -0.78 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
4 SILICON Seed -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
4 PUFA Seed 209040.0 224581.0 0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PUFA Fruit 50.0 595.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PHOSPHORUS Seed 10600.0 12982.0 2.02 *
4 CUCURBITACIN-D Seed -- -- *
4 PHOSPHORUS Flower 490.0 10100.0 2.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PUFA Flower 40.0 825.0 -1.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 440.0 5238.0 0.61 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 LYSINE Seed 15580.0 21120.0 1.22 *
4 TIN Seed -- 23.0 2.79 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
4 LYSINE Fruit 470.0 6429.0 0.6 *
4 THREONINE Seed 6205.0 9701.0 0.35 *
4 THREONINE Fruit 250.0 3452.0 0.18 *
3 VALINE Seed 19720.0 22725.0 1.32 *
3 VALINE Fruit 350.0 4165.0 -0.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 CUCURBITIN Seed 16600.0 66300.0 *
3 ISOLEUCINE Seed 12640.0 19825.0 1.19 *
3 PHEOPHYTIN-A Plant -- -- *
3 ISOLEUCINE Fruit 310.0 3690.0 0.02 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 XANTHOPHYLL Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Seed 24770.0 41080.0 1.64 *
3 ALANINE Seed 11580.0 24420.0 3.03 *
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Fruit 1020.0 12143.0 0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 ALANINE Fruit 280.0 3333.0 -0.15 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Fruit 60.0 714.0 -0.21 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 ALPHA-SPINASTEROL Flower -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
2 CYSTINE Seed 3010.0 3234.0 0.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Flower 50.0 1030.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 COBALT Seed -- 143.0 6.0 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
2 CYSTINE Fruit 30.0 700.0 -0.35 *
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Fruit 120.0 1428.0 0.62 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 NEOXANTHIN Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 LEUCINE Seed 20790.0 35835.0 1.8 *
2 CRYPTOXANTHIN Seed -- -- *
2 LEUCINE Fruit 460.0 5476.0 0.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 CAMPESTEROL Seed -- -- *
2 CUCURBIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
2 CRYPTOXANTHIN Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 VIOLAXANTHIN Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Seed 990.0 1064.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 BETA-CRYPTOXANTHIN Flower -- -- *
2 ALPHA-SPINASTEROL Seed -- -- *
2 CUCURBIC-ACID Seed -- 1.2 *
1 SODIUM Flower 50.0 1030.0 -0.01 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 CHOLESTEROL Plant -- -- *
1 SERINE Seed 11480.0 19825.0 1.77 *
1 SERINE Fruit 440.0 6100.0 0.87 *
1 7BETA,12ALPHA-DIHYDROXYKAURENOLIDE Seed -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 SODIUM Seed 180.0 193.0 -0.41 *
1 SODIUM Fruit 10.0 119.0 -0.17 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.