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Activities: 795
Chemicals w/Activities: 224
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
77 ZINC Fruit 34.0 52.0 0.65 *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Fruit -- -- *
24 VANILLIC-ACID Plant 221.0 347.0 1.41 Abstract (See species file)
24 VANILLIC-ACID Fruit -- 960.0 1.0 Abstract (See species file)
3 VALINE Fruit -- -- *
3 VALINE Leaf -- -- *
2 UNDECANAL Fruit 1.0 8.0 1.41 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 UNDECANAL Leaf -- 304.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
22 UMBELLIFERONE Fruit -- -- *
22 UMBELLIFERONE Plant -- 0.1 *
22 UMBELLIFERONE Shoot -- -- *
8 TYROSINE Fruit -- -- *
29 TRYPTOPHAN Leaf -- -- *
3 TRIACONTANOL Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
1 TRIACONTAN-1-OL Seed -- -- *
8 TRANS-ANETHOLE Fruit 1.0 2.0 -1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 TOLUENE Leaf -- 117.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
71 THYMOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 68140.0 1.41 *
4 THREONINE Leaf -- -- *
31 THIAMIN Leaf 1.0 16.0 1.6 *
31 THIAMIN Fruit 2.0 3.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
9 TERPINOLENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 5300.0 -0.3 *
9 TERPINOLENE Essential Oil -- -- *
9 TERPINOLENE Fruit 13.0 26.0 -0.59 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Essential Oil -- -- *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Seed Essent. Oil -- 13800.0 -0.53 *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Fruit 6.0 80.0 -0.35 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
35 TANNIN Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
4 SYRINGALDEHYDE Plant -- 0.1 *
14 SUCROSE Fruit -- -- *
12 STIGMASTEROL Fruit -- 180.0 1.32 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 *
8 STEARIC-ACID Fruit 1100.0 1207.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
5 STARCH Fruit -- 100000.0 -0.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 SODIUM Leaf 940.0 7581.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
1 SODIUM Fruit 308.0 430.0 -0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 SERINE Fruit -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Fruit -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Shoot -- -- *
5 SABINENE Fruit 1.0 83.0 -0.51 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 SABINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
5 SABINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 1400.0 -0.49 *
87 RUTIN Fruit -- -- *
87 RUTIN Shoot -- -- *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Leaf 1.0 21.0 -0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit 3.0 4.0 -0.22 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
18 RHAMNETIN Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCURONIDE Fruit -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Shoot -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
176 QUERCETIN Leaf -- -- *
31 PSORALEN Seed -- -- *
31 PSORALEN Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Plant 167.0 179.0 0.88 Abstract (See species file)
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Fruit -- 760.0 1.0 Abstract (See species file)
14 POTASSIUM Leaf 5600.0 48177.0 0.79 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 11866.0 14781.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Fruit -- 460.0 -0.63 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf 720.0 6452.0 0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 3907.0 4687.0 0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 PHENYLALANINE Fruit -- -- *
7 PHENYLALANINE Leaf -- -- *
24 PECTIN Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Fruit 1000.0 1097.0 -0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 PALMITIC-ACID-ETHYL-ESTER Essential Oil -- -- *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed Essent. Oil -- 58200.0 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Fruit 2160.0 16800.0 -0.1 *
1 P-HYDROXYCINNAMIC-ACID Plant -- 1.1 -1.0 *
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Fruit -- 960.0 1.41 Abstract (See species file)
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Plant 252.0 333.0 -1.0 Abstract (See species file)
16 P-CYMENE Fruit 74.0 728.0 -0.48 *
16 P-CYMENE Essential Oil -- -- *
16 P-CYMENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 900.0 -1.55 *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Fruit -- 16.0 -0.7 *
9 OXALIC-ACID Fruit -- 120.0 -0.3 *
9 OXALIC-ACID Leaf -- 50.0 -0.47 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed -- 94000.0 -0.21 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
18 OLEIC-ACID Fruit 39930.0 167819.0 0.81 *
2 OCIMENE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
3 NICKEL Fruit -- 2.4 -0.05 *
39 NIACIN Leaf 13.0 136.0 0.47 *
39 NIACIN Fruit 21.0 23.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
11 NEROLIDOL Fruit 14.0 17.0 -0.72 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
10 NEROL Essential Oil -- -- *
10 NEROL Seed Essent. Oil -- 6150.0 1.0 *
10 NEROL Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 MYRTENAL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1600.0 *
31 MYRISTICIN Essential Oil -- -- *
31 MYRISTICIN Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Fruit 200.0 219.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
22 MYRCENE Fruit 13.0 169.0 -0.36 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
22 MYRCENE Essential Oil -- -- *
22 MYRCENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 6500.0 -0.66 *
15 METHIONINE Leaf -- -- *
14 MANGANESE Leaf -- 64.0 -0.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
14 MANGANESE Fruit 18.0 19.0 -0.28 *
65 MAGNESIUM Leaf 6940.0 7488.0 1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 2939.0 4016.0 0.87 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 LYSINE Fruit -- -- *
4 LYSINE Leaf -- -- *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed -- 132000.0 0.21 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Fruit 13030.0 18260.0 -0.1 *
53 LINALOOL Seed Essent. Oil 414190.0 742300.0 2.22 *
53 LINALOOL Essential Oil -- 568000.0 1.96 *
53 LINALOOL Fruit 400.0 10250.0 2.28 *
60 LIMONENE Seed Essent. Oil 15500.0 18950.0 -0.79 *
60 LIMONENE Essential Oil -- -- *
60 LIMONENE Fruit 34.0 1238.0 -0.57 *
2 LEUCINE Fruit -- -- *
2 LEUCINE Leaf -- -- *
1 ISOSCOPOLETIN Plant -- 0.1 *
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Fruit -- -- *
3 ISOLEUCINE Leaf -- -- *
3 ISOLEUCINE Fruit -- -- *
6 IRON Leaf 30.0 528.0 0.42 *
6 IRON Fruit 112.0 227.0 0.37 *
3 HOMOERIODICTYOL Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
7 HISTIDINE Fruit -- -- *
12 GLYCINE Fruit -- -- *
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
7 GLUCOSE Fruit -- -- *
5 GERANYL-ACETATE Fruit 52.0 988.0 0.72 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
35 GERANIOL Seed Essent. Oil 6720.0 69700.0 0.11 *
35 GERANIOL Fruit 34.0 442.0 2.1 *
35 GERANIOL Essential Oil -- -- *
13 GERANIAL Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
13 GERANIAL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1300.0 *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Fruit 762.0 2626.0 -0.17 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 40800.0 -0.28 *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
8 FRUCTOSE Fruit -- -- *
15 FIBER Leaf 16000.0 129000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 FIBER Fruit 291000.0 319000.0 1.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
61 FERULIC-ACID Plant -- 11.0 -1.38 *
1 ETHYL-PALMITATE Fruit 46.0 598.0 1.41 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 ETHYL-MYRISTATE Fruit 12.0 153.0 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 ETHYL-MYRISTATE Essential Oil -- -- *
2 ELEMOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 4130.0 *
2 ELEMOL Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
1 DODECANOL Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 DODECANAL Leaf -- 1627.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 DIPHENYLAMINE Fruit -- 9500.0 Karawy, M. S., Ehayyal, A. S. E., Farrag, N. M., Ayad, M. M. 1986. Screening of Diphenylamine as an Antihyperglycaemic Agent in Certain Edible Plant Organs. Acta. Pharm. Hung, 56: 55-58.
3 DIPHENYLAMINE Plant -- -- Karawva, M. S., Khayyal, S. E., Farrag, N. M., Ayad, M. M. 1986. Screening of Diphenylamine as an Antihyperglycemic in Certain Edible Plant Organs. Egypt J. Pharm. Sci., 25(1,2,3): 21-25.
7 DIPENTENE Fruit -- -- *
6 DILLAPIOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 4500.0 *
1 DECAN-1-AL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1500.0 *
1 DECAN-1-AL Essential Oil -- -- *
5 DAUCOSTEROL Seed -- -- *
2 CYSTINE Fruit -- -- *
1 CORIANDROL Fruit 400.0 10250.0 *
1 CORIANDRIN Plant -- 0.5 *
1 CORIANDRIN Shoot 4.2 106.6 *
12 COPPER Leaf -- 18.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
12 COPPER Fruit 10.0 13.0 0.01 *
2 COBALT Fruit -- 0.9 -0.43 *
15 CITRONELLOL Essential Oil -- -- *
15 CITRONELLOL Seed Essent. Oil 6150.0 14620.0 *
15 CITRONELLOL Fruit -- 8.0 -0.02 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 CIS-OCIMENE Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
18 CINNAMIC-ACID Plant -- 40.0 1.0 Abstract (See species file)
24 CHROMIUM Seed -- 28.8 3.51 *
20 CHOLINE Seed -- 1387.0 -0.27 *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Plant 305.0 320.0 -0.68 Abstract (See species file)
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
8 CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- 3610.0 *
8 CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Essential Oil -- -- *
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Fruit 1.0 8.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
19 CARVONE Fruit 21.0 26.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
41 CAMPHOR Fruit 100.0 1300.0 1.65 *
41 CAMPHOR Essential Oil -- -- *
41 CAMPHOR Seed Essent. Oil -- 58300.0 1.0 *
9 CAMPHENE Seed Essent. Oil 2100.0 7600.0 1.3 *
9 CAMPHENE Essential Oil -- -- *
9 CAMPHENE Fruit 2.0 155.0 -0.29 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 CAMPESTEROL Fruit -- 30.0 -0.4 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
28 CALCIUM Seed 6465.0 14469.0 1.9 *
28 CALCIUM Leaf 1330.0 13441.0 -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit -- 770.0 -0.2 *
4 BORON Seed 9.0 29.0 0.23 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
12 BORNYL-ACETATE Fruit -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
35 BORNEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
35 BORNEOL Seed Essent. Oil 15500.0 70100.0 *
35 BORNEOL Fruit 2.0 54.0 -0.71 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed -- -- *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Fruit -- 220.0 -0.51 *
13 BETA-PINENE Seed Essent. Oil 2100.0 13400.0 -0.76 *
13 BETA-PINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
13 BETA-PINENE Fruit 69.0 83.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit 1.0 13.0 -0.47 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Seed Essent. Oil 400.0 18600.0 -0.33 *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Essential Oil -- -- *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Seed -- -- -0.43 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Leaf 29.0 228.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
26 BERGAPTEN Fruit -- -- *
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit -- 920.0 -0.23 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf 780.0 6290.0 0.14 *
14 ARGININE Fruit -- -- *
14 ARGININE Leaf -- -- *
101 APIGENIN Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
17 ANGELICIN Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
17 ANGELICIN Seed -- -- *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Fruit 36.0 44.0 -0.37 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 23200.0 -0.59 *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Fruit 1.0 15.0 -0.38 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Seed Essent. Oil 200.0 19700.0 0.21 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Seed Essent. Oil 11400.0 52980.0 -0.38 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit 819.0 13780.0 2.88 *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Essential Oil -- -- *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 ALANINE Fruit -- -- *
19 ACETYL-CHOLINE Seed -- 43.0 -0.76 *
16 ACETIC-ACID Fruit -- 1.0 -0.64 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
10 5-METHOXY-PSORALEN Fruit -- -- *
67 1,8-CINEOLE Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
67 1,8-CINEOLE Seed Essent. Oil -- 13780.0 -1.0 *
3 (-)-BORNEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.