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Activities: 795
All Chemicals: 365
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
77 ZINC Fruit 34.0 52.0 0.65 *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Fruit -- -- *
0 WATER Leaf -- 73000.0 -3.67 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 WATER Fruit 86000.0 112000.0 -2.86 *
0 VERATRIC-ACID Plant -- 0.3 *
24 VANILLIC-ACID Plant 221.0 347.0 1.41 Abstract (See species file)
24 VANILLIC-ACID Fruit -- 960.0 1.0 Abstract (See species file)
3 VALINE Fruit -- -- *
3 VALINE Leaf -- -- *
2 UNDECANAL Leaf -- 304.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 UNDECANAL Fruit 1.0 8.0 1.41 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 UNDECAN-1-AL Seed Essent. Oil -- 0.2 *
0 UNDECAN-1-AL Essential Oil -- -- *
0 UMBELLIPRENIN Fruit -- -- *
22 UMBELLIFERONE Plant -- 0.1 *
22 UMBELLIFERONE Shoot -- -- *
22 UMBELLIFERONE Fruit -- -- *
8 TYROSINE Fruit -- -- *
29 TRYPTOPHAN Leaf -- -- *
0 TRIDECANAL Leaf -- 168.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 TRICOSANOL Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
0 TRICOSAN-1-OL Seed -- -- *
3 TRIACONTANOL Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
0 TRIACONTANE Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
1 TRIACONTAN-1-OL Seed -- -- *
0 TRANS-TRIDECEN-(2)-AL-(1) Plant -- -- *
0 TRANS-TRIDEC-2-EN-1-AL Fruit -- -- *
0 TRANS-P-COUMARIC-ACID Plant -- 173.0 Abstract (See species file)
0 TRANS-P-COUMARIC-ACID Fruit -- 1120.0 Abstract (See species file)
0 TRANS-OCIMENE Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 TRANS-CITRAL Essential Oil -- -- *
0 TRANS-BETA-OCIMENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 900.0 *
8 TRANS-ANETHOLE Fruit 1.0 2.0 -1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 TRANS-2-DODECANAL Fruit 9.0 114.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 TRANS-2-DECANAL Fruit 1.0 18.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 TOLUENE Leaf -- 117.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
71 THYMOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 68140.0 1.41 *
4 THREONINE Leaf -- -- *
31 THIAMIN Leaf 1.0 16.0 1.6 *
31 THIAMIN Fruit 2.0 3.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 TETRADECANAL Leaf -- 132.0 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 TETRADECAN-1-AL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1800.0 *
9 TERPINOLENE Fruit 13.0 26.0 -0.59 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
9 TERPINOLENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 5300.0 -0.3 *
9 TERPINOLENE Essential Oil -- -- *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Fruit 6.0 80.0 -0.35 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Essential Oil -- -- *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Seed Essent. Oil -- 13800.0 -0.53 *
35 TANNIN Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
4 SYRINGALDEHYDE Plant -- 0.1 *
0 SUGARS Fruit -- 200000.0 -0.06 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
14 SUCROSE Fruit -- -- *
12 STIGMASTEROL Fruit -- 180.0 1.32 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
0 STEARIC-ACID-ETHYL-ESTER Essential Oil -- -- *
8 STEARIC-ACID Fruit 1100.0 1207.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 *
5 STARCH Fruit -- 100000.0 -0.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 SODIUM Leaf 940.0 7581.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
1 SODIUM Fruit 308.0 430.0 -0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 SERINE Fruit -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Fruit -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Shoot -- -- *
0 SACCHAROSE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
5 SABINENE Fruit 1.0 83.0 -0.51 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 SABINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
5 SABINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 1400.0 -0.49 *
87 RUTIN Fruit -- -- *
87 RUTIN Shoot -- -- *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Leaf 1.0 21.0 -0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit 3.0 4.0 -0.22 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
18 RHAMNETIN Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
0 QUERCETIN-GLYCOSIDE Seed -- -- *
0 QUERCETIN-GLYCOSIDE Fruit -- -- *
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCURONIDE Fruit -- -- *
0 QUERCETIN-3-GLUCURONIDE Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
176 QUERCETIN Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
176 QUERCETIN Leaf -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Shoot -- -- *
31 PSORALEN Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
31 PSORALEN Seed -- -- *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Plant 167.0 179.0 0.88 Abstract (See species file)
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Fruit -- 760.0 1.0 Abstract (See species file)
0 PROTEIN Leaf 26000.0 236000.0 0.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 PROTEIN Fruit 110000.0 170000.0 0.81 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 PROLINE Fruit -- -- *
14 POTASSIUM Leaf 5600.0 48177.0 0.79 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 11866.0 14781.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Fruit -- 460.0 -0.63 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 3907.0 4687.0 0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf 720.0 6452.0 0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
7 PHENYLALANINE Fruit -- -- *
7 PHENYLALANINE Leaf -- -- *
0 PETROSELINIC-ACID Seed -- 718000.0 0.76 *
0 PETROSELINIC-ACID Fruit 40700.0 111300.0 0.26 *
0 PETROSELINIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
0 PENTOSANS Fruit -- 100000.0 0.21 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 PENTADECANAL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
24 PECTIN Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Fruit 1000.0 1097.0 -0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 PALMITIC-ACID-ETHYL-ESTER Essential Oil -- -- *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed Essent. Oil -- 58200.0 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Fruit 2160.0 16800.0 -0.1 *
1 P-HYDROXYCINNAMIC-ACID Plant -- 1.1 -1.0 *
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Plant 252.0 333.0 -1.0 Abstract (See species file)
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Fruit -- 960.0 1.41 Abstract (See species file)
0 P-CYMOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 67300.0 *
16 P-CYMENE Essential Oil -- -- *
16 P-CYMENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 900.0 -1.55 *
16 P-CYMENE Fruit 74.0 728.0 -0.48 *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Fruit -- 16.0 -0.7 *
9 OXALIC-ACID Fruit -- 120.0 -0.3 *
9 OXALIC-ACID Leaf -- 50.0 -0.47 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
18 OLEIC-ACID Fruit 39930.0 167819.0 0.81 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed -- 94000.0 -0.21 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
0 OCTANOL Leaf -- 504.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 OCTADECANE Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 OCTADECA-5,6-DIENOIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
2 OCIMENE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 NONYL-ALDEHYDE Leaf -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
0 NONANAL Fruit 1.0 18.0 -0.06 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 NONAN-1-AL Essential Oil -- -- *
3 NICKEL Fruit -- 2.4 -0.05 *
39 NIACIN Leaf 13.0 136.0 0.47 *
39 NIACIN Fruit 21.0 23.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
11 NEROLIDOL Fruit 14.0 17.0 -0.72 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 NEROL-ACETATE Seed Essent. Oil -- 1900.0 *
10 NEROL Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
10 NEROL Essential Oil -- -- *
10 NEROL Seed Essent. Oil -- 6150.0 1.0 *
0 NEOCNIDILIDE Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
0 N-TRIACONTANE Seed -- -- *
0 N-TETRADECANOIC-ACID Seed Essent. Oil -- 5700.0 *
0 N-OCTADECANE Essential Oil -- -- *
0 N-HEPTADECANE Essential Oil -- -- *
5 MYRTENAL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1600.0 *
31 MYRISTICIN Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
31 MYRISTICIN Essential Oil -- -- *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Fruit 200.0 219.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
22 MYRCENE Essential Oil -- -- *
22 MYRCENE Fruit 13.0 169.0 -0.36 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
22 MYRCENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 6500.0 -0.66 *
15 METHIONINE Leaf -- -- *
14 MANGANESE Leaf -- 64.0 -0.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
14 MANGANESE Fruit 18.0 19.0 -0.28 *
65 MAGNESIUM Leaf 6940.0 7488.0 1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 2939.0 4016.0 0.87 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 LYSINE Leaf -- -- *
4 LYSINE Fruit -- -- *
0 LINOLEIC-ACID-ETHYL-ESTER Essential Oil -- -- *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Fruit 13030.0 18260.0 -0.1 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed -- 132000.0 0.21 *
0 LINALOOL-OXIDE Essential Oil -- -- *
0 LINALOOL-OXIDE Fruit 2.0 21.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 LINALOOL-ACETATE Seed Essent. Oil -- 207780.0 1.41 *
53 LINALOOL Seed Essent. Oil 414190.0 742300.0 2.22 *
53 LINALOOL Essential Oil -- 568000.0 1.96 *
53 LINALOOL Fruit 400.0 10250.0 2.28 *
0 LINALOL-OXIDE Fruit 2.0 21.0 *
0 LINALOL Fruit 4060.0 16900.0 2.26 *
60 LIMONENE Seed Essent. Oil 15500.0 18950.0 -0.79 *
60 LIMONENE Essential Oil -- -- *
60 LIMONENE Fruit 34.0 1238.0 -0.57 *
2 LEUCINE Fruit -- -- *
2 LEUCINE Leaf -- -- *
0 KAEMPFEROL-3-O-ALPHA-L-(3-TRANS-P-COUMAROYL-RHAMNOPYRANOSIDE) Plant -- 2.0 *
0 KAEMPFEROL-3-O-ALPHA-L-(2,3-DI-TRANS-P-COUMAROYL-RHAMNOPYRANOSIDE) Plant -- 8.0 *
1 ISOSCOPOLETIN Plant -- 0.1 *
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Fruit -- -- *
3 ISOLEUCINE Fruit -- -- *
3 ISOLEUCINE Leaf -- -- *
6 IRON Leaf 30.0 528.0 0.42 *
6 IRON Fruit 112.0 227.0 0.37 *
3 HOMOERIODICTYOL Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
7 HISTIDINE Fruit -- -- *
0 HEPTADECANE Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
12 GLYCINE Fruit -- -- *
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
7 GLUCOSE Fruit -- -- *
5 GERANYL-ACETATE Fruit 52.0 988.0 0.72 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 GERANIOL-ACETATE Essential Oil -- -- *
0 GERANIOL-ACETATE Seed Essent. Oil 10850.0 49600.0 0.51 *
35 GERANIOL Seed Essent. Oil 6720.0 69700.0 0.11 *
35 GERANIOL Essential Oil -- -- *
35 GERANIOL Fruit 34.0 442.0 2.1 *
13 GERANIAL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1300.0 *
13 GERANIAL Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 40800.0 -0.28 *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Fruit 762.0 2626.0 -0.17 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
0 GAMMA-SITOSTEROL Fruit -- -- *
0 FURFUROL Fruit -- 60000.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
8 FRUCTOSE Fruit -- -- *
15 FIBER Leaf 16000.0 129000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 FIBER Fruit 291000.0 319000.0 1.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
61 FERULIC-ACID Plant -- 11.0 -1.38 *
0 FAT Leaf 6000.0 50000.0 -0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 FAT Fruit 110000.0 210000.0 0.96 *
0 ETHYL-UNDECANOATE Essential Oil -- -- *
0 ETHYL-STEARATE Fruit 42.0 546.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 ETHYL-PENTEDECANOATE Fruit -- 5.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 ETHYL-PENTADECANOATE Essential Oil -- -- *
1 ETHYL-PALMITATE Fruit 46.0 598.0 1.41 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 ETHYL-MYRISTATE Fruit 12.0 153.0 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 ETHYL-MYRISTATE Essential Oil -- -- *
0 ETHYL-LINOLATE Fruit 13.0 166.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 ESCLETIN-DIMETHYL-ETHER Plant -- 0.2 *
0 EO Seed Essent. Oil 100.0 14900.0 -1.0 *
0 EO Seed -- -- *
0 EO Leaf -- 10000.0 -0.14 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 EO Fruit 2000.0 26000.0 -0.31 *
2 ELEMOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 4130.0 *
2 ELEMOL Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
1 DODECANOL Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 DODECANAL Leaf -- 1627.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 DODECAN-1-OL Essential Oil -- -- *
0 DODECAN-1-AL Seed Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 *
0 DODECAN-1-AL Essential Oil -- -- *
0 DODEC-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Essential Oil -- -- *
3 DIPHENYLAMINE Fruit -- 9500.0 Karawy, M. S., Ehayyal, A. S. E., Farrag, N. M., Ayad, M. M. 1986. Screening of Diphenylamine as an Antihyperglycaemic Agent in Certain Edible Plant Organs. Acta. Pharm. Hung, 56: 55-58.
3 DIPHENYLAMINE Plant -- -- Karawva, M. S., Khayyal, S. E., Farrag, N. M., Ayad, M. M. 1986. Screening of Diphenylamine as an Antihyperglycemic in Certain Edible Plant Organs. Egypt J. Pharm. Sci., 25(1,2,3): 21-25.
7 DIPENTENE Fruit -- -- *
6 DILLAPIOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 4500.0 *
0 DIHYDROCORIANDRIN Shoot 0.2 113.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.