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Activities: 795
All Chemicals: 365
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
0 (+)-LINALOOL Essential Oil -- -- *
0 (-)-4(R)-BETA-HYDROXY-PHENETHYL-FERULIC-ACID Plant -- 3.0 *
3 (-)-BORNEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
0 (R)-LINALOOL Essential Oil -- -- *
0 (S)-(+)-LINALOOL Essential Oil -- -- *
67 1,8-CINEOLE Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
67 1,8-CINEOLE Seed Essent. Oil -- 13780.0 -1.0 *
0 1-(4-HYDROXY-PHENYL)-ETHANE-1,2-DIOL Plant -- 4.0 *
0 2-(4-HYDROXY-PHENYL)-2-METHOXY-ETHANOL Plant -- 12.0 *
0 2-(4-HYDROXY-PHENYL)-ETHANOL Plant -- 0.2 *
0 2-DODECANAL Leaf -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
0 2-DODECANAL Fruit -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
0 3',4'-DIMETHOXYQUERCETIN Leaf -- -- *
0 3'-METHOXY-QUERCETIN Leaf -- -- *
0 3,6-UNDECADIENAL Leaf -- 342.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 3-O-METHYLKAEMPFEROL Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
0 3-OCTENAL Leaf -- 97.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 4-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Plant -- 0.9 *
0 5,8-TRIDECADIENAL Leaf -- 561.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 5-DECENAL Leaf -- 101.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
10 5-METHOXY-PSORALEN Fruit -- -- *
0 6-UNDECENAL Leaf -- 130.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 7-DODECENAL Leaf -- 2131.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 8-METHYNON-5-ENAL Leaf -- 96.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 9-TETRADECENAL Leaf -- 924.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 ABSCISIC-ACID Fruit -- 0.03 -1.0 *
16 ACETIC-ACID Fruit -- 1.0 -0.64 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 ACETIC-ACID-ESTER Fruit -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
19 ACETYL-CHOLINE Seed -- 43.0 -0.76 *
3 ALANINE Fruit -- -- *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Essential Oil -- -- *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit 819.0 13780.0 2.88 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Seed Essent. Oil 11400.0 52980.0 -0.38 *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Seed Essent. Oil 200.0 19700.0 0.21 *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Fruit 1.0 15.0 -0.38 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 23200.0 -0.59 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Fruit 36.0 44.0 -0.37 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 ALPHA-THUJENE Essential Oil -- -- *
0 ALPHA-THUJENE Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
17 ANGELICIN Seed -- -- *
17 ANGELICIN Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
101 APIGENIN Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
14 ARGININE Fruit -- -- *
14 ARGININE Leaf -- -- *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf 780.0 6290.0 0.14 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit -- 920.0 -0.23 *
0 ASH Seed 6000.0 6600.0 -1.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 ASH Leaf 19000.0 153000.0 0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
0 BENZOIC-ACID-4-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- 8.0 *
26 BERGAPTEN Fruit -- -- *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Leaf 29.0 228.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
53 BETA-CAROTENE Seed -- -- -0.43 *
0 BETA-CARYOPHYLLENE Seed Essent. Oil 1600.0 55470.0 1.0 *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Seed Essent. Oil 400.0 18600.0 -0.33 *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Essential Oil -- -- *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit 1.0 13.0 -0.47 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
13 BETA-PINENE Seed Essent. Oil 2100.0 13400.0 -0.76 *
13 BETA-PINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
13 BETA-PINENE Fruit 69.0 83.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed -- -- *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Fruit -- 220.0 -0.51 *
0 BETA-SITOSTEROL-D-GLYCOSIDE Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
0 BICYCLOGERMACRENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 400.0 *
35 BORNEOL Fruit 2.0 54.0 -0.71 *
35 BORNEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
35 BORNEOL Seed Essent. Oil 15500.0 70100.0 *
12 BORNYL-ACETATE Fruit -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
4 BORON Seed 9.0 29.0 0.23 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit -- 770.0 -0.2 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
28 CALCIUM Seed 6465.0 14469.0 1.9 *
28 CALCIUM Leaf 1330.0 13441.0 -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
2 CAMPESTEROL Fruit -- 30.0 -0.4 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
9 CAMPHENE Fruit 2.0 155.0 -0.29 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
9 CAMPHENE Seed Essent. Oil 2100.0 7600.0 1.3 *
9 CAMPHENE Essential Oil -- -- *
41 CAMPHOR Fruit 100.0 1300.0 1.65 *
41 CAMPHOR Essential Oil -- -- *
41 CAMPHOR Seed Essent. Oil -- 58300.0 1.0 *
0 CAPRINALDEHYDE Fruit -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
0 CAR-3-ENE Essential Oil -- -- *
0 CARBOHYDRATES Leaf 73000.0 589000.0 -0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 CARBOHYDRATES Fruit 549900.0 603240.0 -0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
19 CARVONE Fruit 21.0 26.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Fruit 1.0 8.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Essential Oil -- -- *
8 CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- 3610.0 *
8 CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Plant 305.0 320.0 -0.68 Abstract (See species file)
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
20 CHOLINE Seed -- 1387.0 -0.27 *
24 CHROMIUM Seed -- 28.8 3.51 *
18 CINNAMIC-ACID Plant -- 40.0 1.0 Abstract (See species file)
0 CIS-FERULIC-ACID Plant -- 467.0 Abstract (See species file)
0 CIS-FERULIC-ACID Fruit -- 1360.0 Abstract (See species file)
0 CIS-LINALOOL-OXIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- 1800.0 *
3 CIS-OCIMENE Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 CIS-P-COUMARIC-ACID Plant -- 273.0 Abstract (See species file)
0 CIS-P-COUMARIC-ACID Fruit -- 1440.0 Abstract (See species file)
15 CITRONELLOL Essential Oil -- -- *
15 CITRONELLOL Seed Essent. Oil 6150.0 14620.0 *
15 CITRONELLOL Fruit -- 8.0 -0.02 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 COBALT Fruit -- 0.9 -0.43 *
12 COPPER Leaf -- 18.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
12 COPPER Fruit 10.0 13.0 0.01 *
1 CORIANDRIN Plant -- 0.5 *
1 CORIANDRIN Shoot 4.2 106.6 *
0 CORIANDRINOL Fruit -- -- *
0 CORIANDRINONEDIOL Seed -- 60.0 *
1 CORIANDROL Fruit 400.0 10250.0 *
0 CORIANDRONE-A Plant -- 13.0 *
0 CORIANDRONE-A Shoot -- 94.0 *
0 CORIANDRONE-B Plant -- 1.3 *
0 CORIANDRONE-B Shoot -- 50.0 *
0 CORIANDRONE-C Plant -- 0.12 *
0 CORIANDRONE-D Plant -- 0.09 *
0 CORIANDRONE-E Plant -- 0.6 *
2 CYSTINE Fruit -- -- *
0 D-DECYLALDEHYDE Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 D-MANNITOL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 DAPHNETIN-8-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Plant -- 0.12 *
5 DAUCOSTEROL Seed -- -- *
0 DEC-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Essential Oil -- -- *
1 DECAN-1-AL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1500.0 *
1 DECAN-1-AL Essential Oil -- -- *
0 DECAN-1-OL Essential Oil -- -- *
0 DECANAL Leaf -- 1005.0 1.41 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 DECANAL Fruit 6.0 80.0 0.45 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 DECYL-ALDEHYDE Fruit 2.0 27.0 *
0 DECYL-ALDEHYDE Seed Essent. Oil -- 70100.0 *
0 DECYLIC-ACID-ESTER Fruit -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
0 DELTA-5,6-OCTADECENIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
0 DELTA-5,6-OCTADECENOIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 DELTA-SITOSTEROL Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
0 DIHYDROCORIANDRIN Plant -- 0.4 *
0 DIHYDROCORIANDRIN Shoot 0.2 113.0 *
6 DILLAPIOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 4500.0 *
7 DIPENTENE Fruit -- -- *
3 DIPHENYLAMINE Fruit -- 9500.0 Karawy, M. S., Ehayyal, A. S. E., Farrag, N. M., Ayad, M. M. 1986. Screening of Diphenylamine as an Antihyperglycaemic Agent in Certain Edible Plant Organs. Acta. Pharm. Hung, 56: 55-58.
3 DIPHENYLAMINE Plant -- -- Karawva, M. S., Khayyal, S. E., Farrag, N. M., Ayad, M. M. 1986. Screening of Diphenylamine as an Antihyperglycemic in Certain Edible Plant Organs. Egypt J. Pharm. Sci., 25(1,2,3): 21-25.
0 DODEC-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Essential Oil -- -- *
0 DODECAN-1-AL Seed Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 *
0 DODECAN-1-AL Essential Oil -- -- *
0 DODECAN-1-OL Essential Oil -- -- *
2 DODECANAL Leaf -- 1627.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 DODECANOL Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 ELEMOL Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
2 ELEMOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 4130.0 *
0 EO Seed Essent. Oil 100.0 14900.0 -1.0 *
0 EO Leaf -- 10000.0 -0.14 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 EO Seed -- -- *
0 EO Fruit 2000.0 26000.0 -0.31 *
0 ESCLETIN-DIMETHYL-ETHER Plant -- 0.2 *
0 ETHYL-LINOLATE Fruit 13.0 166.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 ETHYL-MYRISTATE Essential Oil -- -- *
1 ETHYL-MYRISTATE Fruit 12.0 153.0 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 ETHYL-PALMITATE Fruit 46.0 598.0 1.41 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 ETHYL-PENTADECANOATE Essential Oil -- -- *
0 ETHYL-PENTEDECANOATE Fruit -- 5.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 ETHYL-STEARATE Fruit 42.0 546.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 ETHYL-UNDECANOATE Essential Oil -- -- *
0 FAT Leaf 6000.0 50000.0 -0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 FAT Fruit 110000.0 210000.0 0.96 *
61 FERULIC-ACID Plant -- 11.0 -1.38 *
15 FIBER Fruit 291000.0 319000.0 1.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 FIBER Leaf 16000.0 129000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
8 FRUCTOSE Fruit -- -- *
0 FURFUROL Fruit -- 60000.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 GAMMA-SITOSTEROL Fruit -- -- *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 40800.0 -0.28 *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Fruit 762.0 2626.0 -0.17 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
13 GERANIAL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1300.0 *
13 GERANIAL Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
35 GERANIOL Fruit 34.0 442.0 2.1 *
35 GERANIOL Seed Essent. Oil 6720.0 69700.0 0.11 *
35 GERANIOL Essential Oil -- -- *
0 GERANIOL-ACETATE Essential Oil -- -- *
0 GERANIOL-ACETATE Seed Essent. Oil 10850.0 49600.0 0.51 *
5 GERANYL-ACETATE Fruit 52.0 988.0 0.72 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
7 GLUCOSE Fruit -- -- *
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
12 GLYCINE Fruit -- -- *
0 HEPTADECANE Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
7 HISTIDINE Fruit -- -- *
3 HOMOERIODICTYOL Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
6 IRON Leaf 30.0 528.0 0.42 *
6 IRON Fruit 112.0 227.0 0.37 *
3 ISOLEUCINE Fruit -- -- *
3 ISOLEUCINE Leaf -- -- *
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Fruit -- -- *
1 ISOSCOPOLETIN Plant -- 0.1 *
0 KAEMPFEROL-3-O-ALPHA-L-(2,3-DI-TRANS-P-COUMAROYL-RHAMNOPYRANOSIDE) Plant -- 8.0 *
0 KAEMPFEROL-3-O-ALPHA-L-(3-TRANS-P-COUMAROYL-RHAMNOPYRANOSIDE) Plant -- 2.0 *
2 LEUCINE Fruit -- -- *
2 LEUCINE Leaf -- -- *
60 LIMONENE Seed Essent. Oil 15500.0 18950.0 -0.79 *
60 LIMONENE Essential Oil -- -- *
60 LIMONENE Fruit 34.0 1238.0 -0.57 *
0 LINALOL Fruit 4060.0 16900.0 2.26 *
0 LINALOL-OXIDE Fruit 2.0 21.0 *
53 LINALOOL Seed Essent. Oil 414190.0 742300.0 2.22 *
53 LINALOOL Essential Oil -- 568000.0 1.96 *
53 LINALOOL Fruit 400.0 10250.0 2.28 *
0 LINALOOL-ACETATE Seed Essent. Oil -- 207780.0 1.41 *
0 LINALOOL-OXIDE Essential Oil -- -- *
0 LINALOOL-OXIDE Fruit 2.0 21.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed -- 132000.0 0.21 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Fruit 13030.0 18260.0 -0.1 *
0 LINOLEIC-ACID-ETHYL-ESTER Essential Oil -- -- *
4 LYSINE Leaf -- -- *
4 LYSINE Fruit -- -- *
65 MAGNESIUM Leaf 6940.0 7488.0 1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 2939.0 4016.0 0.87 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
14 MANGANESE Leaf -- 64.0 -0.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
14 MANGANESE Fruit 18.0 19.0 -0.28 *
15 METHIONINE Leaf -- -- *
22 MYRCENE Fruit 13.0 169.0 -0.36 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.