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Activities: 505
Chemicals w/Activities: 78
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
15 TRIGONELLINE Seed 3000.0 13000.0 2.7 *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Seed 50000.0 80000.0 2.1 *
6 IRON Leaf 966.0 1032.0 1.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 FIBER Seed 229000.0 244000.0 0.86 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
62 CAFFEINE Seed 600.0 32000.0 0.33 *
15 FIBER Leaf 175000.0 187000.0 0.31 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
28 CALCIUM Leaf 19000.0 20406.0 0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
35 TANNIN Seed -- 90000.0 0.12 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Leaf -- 2.0 -0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed 240.0 270.0 -0.19 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed -- 23680.0 -0.21 *
7 SALICYLATES Seed -- 10.0 -0.29 *
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed 5920.0 12800.0 -0.29 *
9 OXALIC-ACID Fruit -- 154.0 -0.3 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
2 CAMPESTEROL Seed 110.0 120.0 -0.37 *
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Seed 920.0 940.0 -0.39 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed 520.0 530.0 -0.43 *
21 THEOBROMINE Seed 18.0 20.0 -0.5 *
39 NIACIN Leaf 52.0 56.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
28 CALCIUM Seed 1200.0 1281.0 -0.53 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.