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Activities: 505
Chemicals w/Activities: 78
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
1 XANTHINE Seed -- -- *
15 TRIGONELLINE Seed 3000.0 13000.0 2.7 *
31 THIAMIN Seed -- 2.0 -1.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
36 THEOPHYLLINE Seed -- 5.0 -0.81 *
36 THEOPHYLLINE Leaf -- -- *
21 THEOBROMINE Seed 18.0 20.0 -0.5 *
21 THEOBROMINE Leaf -- -- *
35 TANNIN Seed -- 90000.0 0.12 *
41 TANNIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed 240.0 270.0 -0.19 *
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed 5920.0 12800.0 -0.29 *
1 STACHYOSE Seed -- -- *
10 SQUALENE Seed -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 SPERMINE Seed -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
1 SPERMIDINE Seed -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
9 SINAPIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Seed -- -- *
7 SALICYLATES Seed -- 10.0 -0.29 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Seed -- 1.0 -0.97 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 RIBOFLAVIN Leaf -- 2.0 -0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
1 RAFFINOSE Seed -- -- *
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Seed 920.0 940.0 -0.39 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf 1700.0 1816.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
4 PHOSPHORUS Seed 1780.0 1900.0 -0.91 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
24 PECTIN Seed -- -- *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed -- 23680.0 -0.21 *
8 P-CRESOL Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
9 OXALIC-ACID Fruit -- 154.0 -0.3 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed 5920.0 12800.0 -0.87 *
6 O-CRESOL Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
39 NIACIN Seed 13.0 14.0 -0.86 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
39 NIACIN Leaf 52.0 56.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
1 N-NONACOSANE Seed -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
15 METHIONINE Seed -- -- *
3 MANNOSE Seed -- -- *
8 M-CRESOL Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
1 LIGNOCERIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
1 LANOSTEROL Seed -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
16 ISOEUGENOL Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
4 ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID Seed -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
6 IRON Seed 29.0 31.0 -0.56 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
6 IRON Leaf 966.0 1032.0 1.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
18 GUAIACOL Seed -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Seed -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
14 GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL Seed -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
15 FIBER Seed 229000.0 244000.0 0.86 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 FIBER Leaf 175000.0 187000.0 0.31 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
76 EUGENOL Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 CYSTINE Seed -- -- *
13 CYSTEINE Seed -- -- *
3 CYCLOEUCALENOL Seed -- -- *
7 CYANIDIN Plant -- -- *
1 CITROSTADIENOL Seed -- -- *
23 CITRIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
20 CHOLINE Seed -- 300.0 -1.29 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
1 CHOLESTEROL Seed -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Seed 50000.0 80000.0 2.1 *
1 CELLULOSE Seed -- -- *
2 CAMPESTEROL Seed 110.0 120.0 -0.37 *
28 CALCIUM Seed 1200.0 1281.0 -0.53 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
28 CALCIUM Leaf 19000.0 20406.0 0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
62 CAFFEINE Seed 600.0 32000.0 0.33 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 CAFESTOL Seed -- 6000.0 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed 520.0 530.0 -0.43 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Leaf 20.0 25.0 -1.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
2 ASPARAGINE Seed -- -- *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Seed -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
12 ALLANTOIN Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
11 ADENINE Seed -- -- *
6 ACETALDEHYDE Seed -- -- *
3 3,5-DICAFFEOYL-QUINIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
2 3,4-DICAFFEOYL-QUINIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.