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Activities: 834
Chemicals w/Activities: 251
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
31 HESPERIDIN Pericarp -- 63500.0 0.39 Jim Duke's personal files.
15 FIBER Fruit 3740.0 47000.0 -0.89 *
14 SUCROSE Fruit -- 47000.0 -0.41 *
56 NARINGENIN Pericarp 35000.0 45800.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
1 XANTHYLETIN Root Bark -- 45000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
2 ELEMOL Root Bark -- 28200.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
6 NEOHESPERIDIN Pericarp -- 28000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
1 XANTHOXYLETIN Root Bark -- 24000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
8 FRUCTOSE Fruit -- 23800.0 -0.56 *
7 GLUCOSE Fruit -- 23600.0 -0.64 *
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 1400.0 13772.0 -0.37 *
23 CITRIC-ACID Fruit 5600.0 9800.0 -0.49 *
60 LIMONENE Fruit 8300.0 9700.0 0.64 *
87 RUTIN Leaf -- 9000.0 -0.45 Jim Duke's personal files.
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Fruit 70.0 8607.0 -0.2 *
12 GLYCINE Fruit 50.0 7097.0 1.35 *
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Fruit 60.0 7097.0 -0.48 *
87 RUTIN Pericarp -- 6100.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
24 PECTIN Fruit 1300.0 5900.0 -0.56 *
28 CALCIUM Fruit 210.0 5615.0 0.41 *
14 ARGININE Fruit 230.0 4908.0 0.16 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit 500.0 4071.0 -0.03 *
16 P-CYMENE Fruit 3590.0 4070.0 -0.04 *
3 ALANINE Fruit 30.0 3775.0 0.03 *
4 LYSINE Fruit 470.0 3548.0 -0.15 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 VALINE Fruit 100.0 3020.0 -0.3 *
1 SERINE Fruit 40.0 2410.0 -0.44 *
7 PHENYLALANINE Fruit 310.0 2340.0 -0.34 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 MALIC-ACID Fruit 600.0 2000.0 -0.82 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 136.0 1980.0 -0.38 *
3 ISOLEUCINE Fruit 250.0 1888.0 -0.53 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 ASPARAGINE Fruit 200.0 1800.0 0.34 *
15 METHIONINE Fruit 200.0 1510.0 0.68 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
18 OLEIC-ACID Fruit 20.0 1510.0 -0.47 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 HISTIDINE Fruit 180.0 1359.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Fruit 180.0 1359.0 -0.34 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 TYROSINE Fruit 160.0 1208.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 LEUCINE Fruit 230.0 1136.0 -0.84 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 THREONINE Fruit 150.0 1132.0 -0.78 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 98.0 1075.0 -0.49 *
14 SULFUR Fruit 46.0 1000.0 -0.29 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Fruit 130.0 982.0 -0.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
24 ETHANOL Fruit Juice 64.0 900.0 1.0 *
2 CYSTINE Fruit 100.0 755.0 -0.29 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
22 GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC-ACID Fruit 40.0 730.0 -0.28 *
29 TRYPTOPHAN Fruit 90.0 680.0 -0.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
5 GLUTAMINE Fruit 30.0 630.0 0.18 *
14 BETAINE Fruit 390.0 630.0 -1.04 *
53 LINALOOL Fruit 30.0 530.0 -0.44 *
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Fruit 70.0 528.0 -0.91 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 NORDENTATIN Root Bark -- 300.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
60 LIMONENE Fruit Juice 1.0 278.0 *
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Fruit -- 240.0 -0.91 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Fruit 30.0 226.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 SALICYLATES Fruit -- 200.0 0.24 *
61 FERULIC-ACID Pericarp 20.0 180.0 1.0 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Fruit -- 170.0 -0.57 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
5 ALUMINUM Fruit 1.0 165.0 -0.18 *
22 SCOPARONE Bark -- 162.5 Jim Duke's personal files.
1 6,7-DIMETHOXYCOUMARIN Bark -- 162.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
20 CHOLINE Fruit 70.0 160.0 -0.57 *
22 MYRCENE Fruit 130.0 140.0 -0.36 *
31 HESPERIDIN Fruit Juice -- 110.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
9 SINAPIC-ACID Pericarp 45.0 100.0 1.0 *
9 OXALIC-ACID Fruit -- 87.0 -0.3 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
2 METHANOL Fruit Juice 0.8 80.0 1.0 *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Pericarp 5.0 75.0 1.0 *
62 CAFFEINE Flower -- 62.0 1.1 Jim Duke's personal files.
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit 2.0 50.0 -0.33 *
5 SYNEPHRINE Fruit 15.0 43.0 *
2 CAMPESTEROL Fruit -- 40.0 -0.32 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit 35.0 40.0 -0.71 *
7 CHLORINE Fruit 12.0 32.0 -0.68 *
39 NIACIN Fruit 2.0 31.0 -0.4 *
61 FERULIC-ACID Fruit 10.0 30.0 -0.76 *
1 SODIUM Fruit -- 29.0 -0.18 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Fruit 4.0 29.0 -0.68 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit 1.0 28.0 -0.1 *
4 BORON Fruit 1.89 27.5 -0.25 *
2 DODECANAL Fruit 5.0 20.0 0.99 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
12 STIGMASTEROL Fruit -- 20.0 -0.9 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
11 PANTOTHENIC-ACID Fruit 2.0 19.0 0.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
9 SINAPIC-ACID Fruit 7.0 19.0 0.78 *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Fruit 5.0 17.0 -0.69 *
6 ACETALDEHYDE Fruit Juice 3.0 15.0 1.0 *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit 12.0 14.0 -0.57 *
5 SABINENE Fruit 11.0 13.0 -0.53 *
13 BETA-PINENE Fruit 11.0 13.0 -0.3 *
77 ZINC Fruit 0.9 13.0 -0.52 *
2 NERYL-FORMATE Fruit -- 10.0 -1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
19 CARVONE Fruit 2.0 10.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
8 DELTA-3-CARENE Fruit 7.0 9.0 -0.6 *
14 MANGANESE Fruit -- 8.0 -0.35 *
6 IRON Fruit 1.0 8.0 -0.5 *
31 THIAMIN Fruit 1.0 7.0 0.21 *
13 GERANIAL Fruit 6.0 7.0 -1.0 *
62 CAFFEINE Leaf -- 6.0 -0.94 Jim Duke's personal files.
12 COPPER Fruit 0.44 5.5 -0.57 *
20 CITRONELLAL Fruit 4.0 5.0 -1.0 *
4 NERAL Fruit 4.0 5.0 -0.88 *
53 LINALOOL Fruit Juice 0.15 4.69 1.0 *
176 QUERCETIN Fruit -- 3.4 -0.79 Jim Duke's personal files.
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Fruit 2.0 3.0 -0.41 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit -- 3.0 -0.43 *
15 LUTEIN Fruit -- 3.0 -0.58 *
15 FOLACIN Fruit -- 2.0 -0.02 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
11 PERILLALDEHYDE Fruit -- 2.0 -0.73 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 ZEAXANTHIN Fruit -- 2.0 -1.0 *
9 TERPINOLENE Fruit 1.0 2.0 -0.75 *
1 N-METHYL-TYRAMINE Fruit -- 2.0 -1.0 *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Fruit 1.0 2.0 -0.45 *
4 SILICON Fruit -- 2.0 -0.6 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Fruit 1.0 2.0 -0.65 *
5 HEXANAL Fruit 1.0 2.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
7 ALPHA-CAROTENE Fruit 0.19 1.9 -0.27 *
11 LITHIUM Fruit 0.108 1.54 0.89 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Fruit Juice 0.09 1.1 -0.65 *
1 ETHYL-BUTYRATE Fruit Juice 0.08 1.02 *
3 NOOTKATONE Fruit -- 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
15 CITRONELLOL Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.51 *
2 UNDECANAL Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.58 *
35 GERANIOL Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.61 *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.57 *
5 NERYL-ACETATE Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.72 *
11 TYRAMINE Fruit -- 1.0 0.71 *
10 NEROL Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.55 *
5 HEXANAL Fruit Juice 0.02 0.65 *
6 ETHYL-ACETATE Fruit Juice 0.01 0.58 *
3 NICKEL Fruit 0.01 0.55 -0.61 *
34 MYRICETIN Fruit -- 0.5 -0.75 Jim Duke's personal files.
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Fruit Juice 0.04 0.46 -1.0 *
2 MOLYBDENUM Fruit 0.1 0.385 -0.41 *
24 CHROMIUM Fruit 0.005 0.385 -0.45 *
62 CAFFEINE Bud -- 0.3 Jim Duke's personal files.
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit Juice -- 0.22 -1.0 *
3 HEXANOL Fruit Juice 0.02 0.22 *
2 ARSENIC Fruit 0.001 0.154 -0.34 *
5 SABINENE Fruit Juice -- 0.15 *
3 CADMIUM Fruit 0.001 0.138 -0.24 *
5 GERANYL-ACETATE Fruit -- 0.1 -0.94 *
2 CITRONELLYL-ACETATE Fruit -- 0.1 -1.0 *
9 CAMPHENE Fruit -- 0.1 -0.35 *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Fruit -- 0.1 -0.36 *
2 FARNESENE Fruit -- 0.1 -1.0 *
71 THYMOL Fruit -- 0.1 -0.71 *
2 METHYL-BUTYRATE Fruit Juice 0.01 0.1 *
1 TRANS-2-HEXENOL Fruit Juice -- 0.1 *
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Fruit -- 0.1 -0.6 *
3 SILVER Fruit 0.027 0.055 -0.59 *
2 COBALT Fruit 0.001 0.055 -0.53 *
60 SELENIUM Fruit -- 0.002 -0.39 *
1 MERCURY Fruit -- 0.001 -0.79 *
5 PHYLLOQUINONE Fruit -- 0.001 -0.23 *
8 HORDENINE Fruit -- -- *
61 FERULIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 NEOHESPERIDIN-DIHYDROCHALCONE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 ANTHERAXANTHIN Tissue Culture -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
6 BUTYRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
26 BERGAPTEN Pericarp -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
8 NOBILETIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
6 STACHYDRINE Fruit -- -- *
2 SINENSETIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 LIMONIN Twig -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 BETA-ELEMENE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 CAPRYLIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
16 ACETIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
5 ZEAXANTHIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 MANNOSE Fruit -- -- *
1 NARIRUTIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 SINENSETIN Plant -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 SINENSETIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 LIMONIN Branches -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 XYLOSE Fruit -- -- *
2 CRYPTOXANTHIN Fruit -- -- *
1 ANTHERAXANTHIN Fruit -- -- *
9 SINAPIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
34 DIOSMIN Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 CAPROIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
1 NARIRUTIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 ZEAXANTHIN Tissue Culture -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
12 NARINGIN Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 SINENSETIN Fruit -- -- *
2 NOOTKATOL Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 LIMONIN Bark -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
7 SCUTELLAREIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 BETA-CRYPTOXANTHIN Fruit -- -- *
3 CAPRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
12 NARINGIN Fruit -- -- *
1 XANTHYLETIN Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 MALONIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
12 NARINGIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 MALONIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
2 NOMILIN Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 HYDROXYPROLINE Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 LIMONIN Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 CONIFERIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 BETA-CRYPTOXANTHIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
15 TANGERETIN Fruit -- -- *
1 XANTHOXYLETIN Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
12 NARINGIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
19 D-LIMONENE Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 VIOLAXANTHIN Fruit -- -- *
8 QUERCETAGETIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 VIOLAXANTHIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
6 NEOHESPERIDIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
24 PECTIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
53 BETA-CAROTENE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 QUINIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
8 AURAPTENE Fruit -- -- *
2 VIOLAXANTHIN Tissue Culture -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 BETA-MYRCENE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
31 HESPERIDIN Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
28 ALPHA-PINENE Plant -- -- *
3 SESELIN Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
7 ALPHA-CAROTENE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
6 PROPIONIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
15 OSTHOL Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 N-METHYL-TYRAMINE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
16 LYCOPENE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
31 HESPERIDIN Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
8 NOBILETIN Fruit -- -- *
3 NOOTKATONE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
15 TANGERETIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
4 OSTHOLE Root -- -- *
15 LUTEIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Pericarp -- -- *
34 DIOSMIN Pericarp -- -- *
11 NEROLIDOL Flower -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
9 DELTA-CADINENE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 SUBAPHYLLIN Leaf -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 GALACTOSE Fruit -- -- *
4 TRANS-2-HEXENAL Pericarp -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
2 NOMILIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 SUBAPHYLLIN Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
15 TANGERETIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 LIMONIN Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
9 DELTA-CADINENE Pericarp -- -- *
4 4-VINYL-GUAIACOL Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 CHOLESTEROL Fruit -- -- *
7 SCUTELLAREIN Fruit -- -- *
3 BRASSINOLIDE Pollen Or Spore -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
8 NOBILETIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 SYNEPHRINE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 OBACUNONE Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 LIMONIN Fruit -- -- *
5 LIMONIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 DELPHINIDIN-3-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.