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Activities: 834
All Chemicals: 495
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
0 ZIRCONIUM Fruit 0.5 1.1 -0.5 *
77 ZINC Fruit 0.9 13.0 -0.52 *
0 ZETA-CAROTENE-B Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 ZETA-CAROTENE-A Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 ZETA-CAROTENE Fruit -- 2.0 -1.0 *
5 ZEAXANTHIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 ZEAXANTHIN Tissue Culture -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 ZEAXANTHIN Fruit -- 2.0 -1.0 *
0 XYLOSYL-VITEXIN Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 XYLOSE Fruit -- -- *
0 XYLAN Fruit -- -- *
1 XANTHYLETIN Root Bark -- 45000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
1 XANTHYLETIN Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 XANTHOXYLETIN Root Bark -- 24000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
1 XANTHOXYLETIN Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 WATER Fruit 839000.0 898000.0 0.55 *
0 VITEXIN-XYLOSIDE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 VIT-B-6 Fruit 1.0 5.0 -0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 VIOLAXANTHIN Fruit -- -- *
2 VIOLAXANTHIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 VIOLAXANTHIN Tissue Culture -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 VALINE Fruit 100.0 3020.0 -0.3 *
0 VALENCIC-ACID Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 VALENCIAXANTHIN Fruit -- 3.0 *
0 VALENCIACHROME Fruit -- -- *
0 VALENCIACHROME Plant -- -- *
0 VALENCENE Fruit 3.0 4.0 -1.0 *
0 VALENCENE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 VALENCENE Fruit Juice 0.04 15.3 1.0 *
0 URONIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
2 UNDECANAL Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.58 *
8 TYROSINE Fruit 160.0 1208.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
11 TYRAMINE Fruit -- 1.0 0.71 *
29 TRYPTOPHAN Fruit 90.0 680.0 -0.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 TRANS-SABINENE-HYDRATE Fruit -- 0.1 -0.52 *
1 TRANS-2-HEXENOL Fruit Juice -- 0.1 *
4 TRANS-2-HEXENAL Pericarp -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
0 TITANIUM Fruit 0.135 3.85 -0.67 *
71 THYMOL Fruit -- 0.1 -0.71 *
4 THREONINE Fruit 150.0 1132.0 -0.78 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
31 THIAMIN Fruit 1.0 7.0 0.21 *
0 TETRADECANAL Fruit 5.0 9.0 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 TETRA-O-METHYL-SCUTELLAREIN Fruit -- -- *
0 TETRA-O-METHYL-SCUTELLAREIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
9 TERPINOLENE Fruit 1.0 2.0 -0.75 *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Fruit -- 0.1 -0.36 *
0 TAU-CAROTENE Pericarp -- -- *
15 TANGERETIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
15 TANGERETIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
15 TANGERETIN Fruit -- -- *
5 SYNEPHRINE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 SYNEPHRINE Fruit 15.0 43.0 *
14 SULFUR Fruit 46.0 1000.0 -0.29 *
0 SUGARS Fruit 39600.0 119800.0 -0.39 *
14 SUCROSE Fruit -- 47000.0 -0.41 *
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
0 SUBEROSIN Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 SUBERENOL Root Bark -- 700.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
3 SUBAPHYLLIN Leaf -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 SUBAPHYLLIN Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
0 STRONTIUM Fruit 0.054 110.0 0.73 *
12 STIGMASTEROL Fruit -- 20.0 -0.9 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
6 STACHYDRINE Fruit -- -- *
1 SODIUM Fruit -- 29.0 -0.18 *
0 SINESETIN Plant -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
0 SINENSIAXANTHIN Fruit -- -- *
2 SINENSETIN Plant -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 SINENSETIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 SINENSETIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 SINENSETIN Fruit -- -- *
9 SINAPIC-ACID Fruit 7.0 19.0 0.78 *
9 SINAPIC-ACID Pericarp 45.0 100.0 1.0 *
9 SINAPIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 SILVER Fruit 0.027 0.055 -0.59 *
4 SILICON Fruit -- 2.0 -0.6 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
0 SESLIN Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 SESELIN Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 SERINE Fruit 40.0 2410.0 -0.44 *
60 SELENIUM Fruit -- 0.002 -0.39 *
7 SCUTELLAREIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
7 SCUTELLAREIN Fruit -- -- *
22 SCOPARONE Bark -- 162.5 Jim Duke's personal files.
7 SALICYLATES Fruit -- 200.0 0.24 *
5 SABINENE Fruit 11.0 13.0 -0.53 *
5 SABINENE Fruit Juice -- 0.15 *
87 RUTIN Leaf -- 9000.0 -0.45 Jim Duke's personal files.
87 RUTIN Pericarp -- 6100.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 RUBIDIUM Fruit 0.1 7.7 -0.85 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit -- 3.0 -0.43 *
1 QUINIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Fruit -- 3.4 -0.79 Jim Duke's personal files.
8 QUERCETAGETIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 PROTEIN Fruit 9260.0 78000.0 -0.42 *
6 PROPIONIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
0 PROLINE Fruit 60.0 3473.0 -0.15 *
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 1400.0 13772.0 -0.37 *
0 PONCITRIN Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 POLYGALACTURONIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Fruit -- 240.0 -0.91 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
0 PHYTOFLUENE-B Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 PHYTOFLUENE-A Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 PHYTOFLUENE Fruit -- 4.0 -1.0 *
0 PHYTOENE Fruit -- 2.0 *
5 PHYLLOQUINONE Fruit -- 0.001 -0.23 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 136.0 1980.0 -0.38 *
0 PHLORIN Plant -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
7 PHENYLALANINE Fruit 310.0 2340.0 -0.34 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
11 PERILLALDEHYDE Fruit -- 2.0 -0.73 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 PECTINESTERASE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
24 PECTIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
24 PECTIN Fruit 1300.0 5900.0 -0.56 *
11 PANTOTHENIC-ACID Fruit 2.0 19.0 0.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Fruit 30.0 226.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 PALMITIC-ACID Fruit 130.0 982.0 -0.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 P-HYDROQUINONE Root Bark -- 80.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
16 P-CYMENE Fruit 3590.0 4070.0 -0.04 *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Fruit 5.0 17.0 -0.69 *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Pericarp 5.0 75.0 1.0 *
9 OXALIC-ACID Fruit -- 87.0 -0.3 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
4 OSTHOLE Root -- -- *
15 OSTHOL Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
18 OLEIC-ACID Fruit 20.0 1510.0 -0.47 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 OCTYL-ACETATE Fruit -- 10.0 -0.71 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 OCTOPAMINE Fruit -- 1.0 -1.0 *
0 OCTANOL Fruit -- 0.1 -0.71 *
0 OCTANAL Fruit 12.0 14.0 -0.61 *
0 OCTANAL Fruit Juice -- 0.28 -1.0 *
0 OCTAN-1-AL Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 OCTADECADIENOIC-ACID Pericarp -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
0 OBACUNONE-GLUCOSIDE Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 OBACUNONE-17-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 OBACUNONE Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 NORDENTATIN Root Bark -- 300.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
3 NOOTKATONE Fruit -- 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 NOOTKATONE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 NOOTKATOL Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 NONANOL Fruit -- 10.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 NONANAL Fruit 3.0 4.0 -0.82 *
0 NOMILINIC-ACID-GLUCOSIDE Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 NOMILINIC-ACID-17-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 NOMILIN-17-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 NOMILIN Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 NOMILIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
8 NOBILETIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
8 NOBILETIN Fruit -- -- *
8 NOBILETIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 NOBELITIN Fruit -- -- *
0 NITROGEN Fruit 500.0 13845.0 -0.05 *
0 NICOTINIC-ACID-ETHYL-ESTER Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 NICKEL Fruit 0.01 0.55 -0.61 *
39 NIACIN Fruit 2.0 31.0 -0.4 *
0 NEUROSPORIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 NERYL-FORMATE Fruit -- 10.0 -1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 NERYL-ACETATE Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.72 *
11 NEROLIDOL Flower -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
10 NEROL Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.55 *
4 NERAL Fruit 4.0 5.0 -0.88 *
0 NEOXANTHIN-B Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 NEOXANTHIN-A Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 NEOPONCIRIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 NEOHESPERIDIN-DIHYDROCHALCONE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
6 NEOHESPERIDIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
6 NEOHESPERIDIN Pericarp -- 28000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 NEOERIOCITRIN Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 NEOCHROME-B Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 NEOCHROME-A Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 NEO-BETA-CAROTENE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 NARIRUTIN-GLUCOSIDE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 NARIRUTIN-GLUCOSIDE Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 NARIRUTIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 NARIRUTIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 NARINGIN-GLUCOSIDE Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 NARINGIN-7-O-ALPHA-L-RHAMNO-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- -- *
0 NARINGIN-7-O-ALPHA-L-RHAMNO-GLUCOSIDE Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
12 NARINGIN Fruit -- -- *
12 NARINGIN Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
12 NARINGIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
12 NARINGIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 NARINGENIN-RUTINOSIDE-4-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- -- *
0 NARINGENIN-RUTINOSIDE Fruit -- -- *
0 NARINGENIN-4-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Plant -- -- *
56 NARINGENIN Pericarp 35000.0 45800.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 N-N-DIMETHYL-ANILINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 N-N-DIMETHYL-3-METHYL-ANILINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 N-METHYL-TYRAMINE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 N-METHYL-TYRAMINE Fruit -- 2.0 -1.0 *
0 N-METHYL-ANILINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
34 MYRICETIN Fruit -- 0.5 -0.75 Jim Duke's personal files.
22 MYRCENE Fruit 130.0 140.0 -0.36 *
0 MUTATOXANTHIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 MUTATOXANTHIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 MUTATOXANTHIN Fruit -- 2.0 -1.0 *
0 MUTATOCHROME Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 MOLYBDENUM Fruit 0.1 0.385 -0.41 *
0 MEVALONIC-ACID Pericarp -- 6.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 MEVALONIC-ACID Fruit -- 0.5 -0.61 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 METHYL-N-METHYL-ANTHRANILATE Fruit -- 0.1 *
2 METHYL-BUTYRATE Fruit Juice 0.01 0.1 *
15 METHIONINE Fruit 200.0 1510.0 0.68 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 METHANOL Fruit Juice 0.8 80.0 1.0 *
1 MERCURY Fruit -- 0.001 -0.79 *
0 MERANZINE Fruit -- -- *
3 MANNOSE Fruit -- -- *
14 MANGANESE Fruit -- 8.0 -0.35 *
1 MALONIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
1 MALONIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
15 MALIC-ACID Fruit 600.0 2000.0 -0.82 *
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 98.0 1075.0 -0.49 *
4 LYSINE Fruit 470.0 3548.0 -0.15 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
16 LYCOPENE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 LUTEOXANTHINS Fruit -- 6.0 *
0 LUTEOLIN-7-O-BETA-D-RUTINOSIDE Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 LUTEOLIN-7-O-ALPHA-L-RHAMNO-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
15 LUTEIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
15 LUTEIN Fruit -- 3.0 -0.58 *
0 LOCHNOCARPOL-A Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
11 LITHIUM Fruit 0.108 1.54 0.89 *
0 LINOMIN Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Fruit 180.0 1359.0 -0.34 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
53 LINALOOL Fruit Juice 0.15 4.69 1.0 *
53 LINALOOL Fruit 30.0 530.0 -0.44 *
0 LINALOL Fruit 30.0 530.0 -0.55 *
0 LINALOL Fruit Juice 0.15 4.69 1.0 *
0 LIMONOATE-A-RING-LACTONE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 LIMONIN-GLUCOSIDE Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 LIMONIN-17-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 LIMONIN Twig -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 LIMONIN Branches -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 LIMONIN Bark -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 LIMONIN Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 LIMONIN Fruit -- -- *
5 LIMONIN Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 LIMONIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 LIMONEXIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
60 LIMONENE Fruit 8300.0 9700.0 0.64 *
60 LIMONENE Fruit Juice 1.0 278.0 *
2 LEUCINE Fruit 230.0 1136.0 -0.84 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 LEAD Fruit 0.02 1.1 -0.43 *
0 JASMONIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 ISOSINENSETIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 ISOSAKURANETIN Fruit -- -- *
0 ISORHOIFOLIN Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 ISORHOIFOLIN Pericarp -- -- *
0 ISOPRENE Essential Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 ISOPENTENYL-PSORALENS Fruit -- -- *
0 ISOLUTEIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 ISOLEUCINE Fruit 250.0 1888.0 -0.53 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 ISOCAPROIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
6 IRON Fruit 1.0 8.0 -0.5 *
0 ICHANGIN-17-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.