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Activities: 834
All Chemicals: 495
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
0 (E)-BETA-OCIMENE Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.8 *
0 (Z)-BETA-OCIMENE Fruit 2.0 3.0 -0.66 *
0 2'-TRANS-O-FERULOYL-GALACTARIC-ACID Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 2'-TRANS-O-P-COUMAROYL-GALACTARIC-ACID Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 2'-TRANS-O-P-COUMAROYL-GLUCARIC-ACID Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 2,4-TRANS,TRANS-O-FERULOYL-GLUCARIC-ACID Pericarp -- -- *
0 2,4-TRANS-TRANS-O-DIFERULOYL-GLUCARIC-ACID Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 2-(METHYL-AMINO)-BENZYL-ALCOHOL Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 2-METHYL-1-PROPANOL Fruit Juice -- 0.07 *
0 2-METHYL-5-(1-METHYL-ETHENYL)-PYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 2-METHYL-5-PHENYL-PYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 2-PENTYLPYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 2-PHENYL-PYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 2-TRANS-O-FERULOYL-GLUCARIC-ACID Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3,3',4,5,6,7,8-HEPTAMETHOXY-FLAVONE Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3,3',4,5,6,7,8-HEPTAMETHOXY-FLAVONE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3-(4-METHYL-HEXYL)-PYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3-(4-METHYL-PHENYL)-PYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3-(BUT-TRANS-1-ENYL)-PYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3-BUTYL-PYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3-HEPTYL-PYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3-HYDROXY-5,8-EPOXY-5,8-DIHYDRO-8'-APO-BETA-CAROTEN-8'-AL Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3-HYDROXY-ETHYL-HEXANOATE Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3-HYDROXY-ETHYL-HEXANOATE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3-METHYL-BUT-1-ENE Essential Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3-METHYL-BUTAN-1-OL Fruit -- -- *
0 3-METHYL-BUTAN-1-OL Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3-METHYL-PYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3-OCTYL-PYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3-PENTYL-PYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3-PHENYL-PYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3-PROPYL-PYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 4,7-DIMETHYL-BICYCLO(3.2.1)-OCT-CIS-3-EN-6-ONE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 4,7-DIMETHYL-BICYCLO(3.2.1)-OCT-TRANS-3-EN-6-ONE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 4-(3-METHYL-2-BUTENOXY)-ISO-NITROSO-ACETOPHENONE Pericarp -- 48.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 4-PHENYL-PYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
4 4-VINYL-GUAIACOL Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 5,6-DIHYDRO-BETA-BETA-CAROTEN-3,3',5,6-TETROL Fruit Juice -- -- *
0 5,6-DIHYDRO-BETA-BETA-CAROTENE-3,3',5,6-TETROL Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 5,8-EPOXY-5,5',8'-TETRAHYDRO-BETA-BETA-CAROTENE-3,3',5',6'-TETROL Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 5,8-EPOXY-5,5',8-TETRAHYDRO-BETA,BETA-CAROTEN-3,3',5',6'-TETROL Plant -- -- *
0 5,8-EPOXY-5,8-DIHYDRO-10'-APO-BETA-CAROTEN-3,10'-DIOL Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 5,8-EPOXY-5,8-DIHYDRO-8'-APO-BETA-CAROTEN-3,10-DIOL Fruit Juice -- -- *
0 5-ACETYL-2-METHYL-PYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 5-HEXYL-2-METHYL-PYRIDINE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 6,7-DIMETHOXYCOUMARIN Bark -- 162.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 ABSCISIC-ACID Tissue Culture -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
6 ACETALDEHYDE Fruit Juice 3.0 15.0 1.0 *
16 ACETIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
3 ALANINE Fruit 30.0 3775.0 0.03 *
0 ALPHA-BERGAMOTENE Fruit -- 6.0 -1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
7 ALPHA-CAROTENE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
7 ALPHA-CAROTENE Fruit 0.19 1.9 -0.27 *
0 ALPHA-COPAENE Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.69 *
0 ALPHA-COPAENE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 ALPHA-COPAENE Pericarp -- -- *
0 ALPHA-CUBEBENE Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.62 *
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Fruit -- 0.1 -0.6 *
0 ALPHA-HYDROXY-CAROTENE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Fruit 70.0 528.0 -0.91 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit 12.0 14.0 -0.57 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit 35.0 40.0 -0.71 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit Juice -- 0.22 -1.0 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Plant -- -- *
0 ALPHA-SINENSAL Fruit 1.0 2.0 -1.0 *
0 ALPHA-SINENSAL Pericarp -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
0 ALPHA-SINESAL Pericarp -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
0 ALPHA-SINESAL Fruit -- 3.0 -1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Fruit 1.0 2.0 -0.45 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Fruit 2.0 3.0 -0.41 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Fruit Juice 0.09 1.1 -0.65 *
0 ALPHA-THUJENE Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.6 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Fruit 4.0 29.0 -0.68 *
0 ALPHA-YLANGENE Pericarp -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
5 ALUMINUM Fruit 1.0 165.0 -0.18 *
1 ANTHERAXANTHIN Fruit -- -- *
1 ANTHERAXANTHIN Tissue Culture -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 ANTHRANILIC-ACID-METHYL-ESTER Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 APIGENIN-7-O-ALPHA-L-RHAMNO-GLUCOSIDE Leaf -- -- *
0 APIGENIN-TRIMETHYL-ETHER Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 APOVIOLAXANTH-10'-AL Pericarp -- -- *
0 ARABAN Fruit -- -- *
14 ARGININE Fruit 230.0 4908.0 0.16 *
2 ARSENIC Fruit 0.001 0.154 -0.34 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit 500.0 4071.0 -0.03 *
0 ASH Fruit 4100.0 36920.0 -0.51 *
2 ASPARAGINE Fruit 200.0 1800.0 0.34 *
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Fruit 70.0 8607.0 -0.2 *
8 AURAPTENE Fruit -- -- *
0 AURAPTENOL Pericarp -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
0 AURAXANTHIN Fruit -- 4.0 *
0 BARIUM Fruit 0.54 16.5 -0.46 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
26 BERGAPTEN Pericarp -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
0 BERGAPTOL Fruit -- -- *
0 BETA-APO-8'-CAROTINAL Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 BETA-APO-CAROTEN-8-AL Pericarp -- -- *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit 1.0 28.0 -0.1 *
0 BETA-CARYOPHYLLENE Fruit 1.0 2.0 -0.51 *
0 BETA-CITRAURIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 BETA-CITRAURIN Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 BETA-CRYPTOXANTHIN Fruit -- -- *
2 BETA-CRYPTOXANTHIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 BETA-CRYTOXANTHIN Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
0 BETA-CUBEBENE Fruit -- 10.0 -0.71 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 BETA-ELEMENE Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.57 *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 BETA-MYRCENE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
13 BETA-PINENE Fruit 11.0 13.0 -0.3 *
0 BETA-SINENSAL Pericarp -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
0 BETA-SINESAL Fruit -- 6.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 BETA-SINESAL Pericarp -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Fruit -- 170.0 -0.57 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
0 BETA-ZEACAROTENE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
14 BETAINE Fruit 390.0 630.0 -1.04 *
4 BORON Fruit 1.89 27.5 -0.25 *
3 BRASSINOLIDE Pollen Or Spore -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 BRAYLIN Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 BROMINE Fruit -- 1.0 -0.43 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
6 BUTYRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
3 CADMIUM Fruit 0.001 0.138 -0.24 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit 2.0 50.0 -0.33 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
62 CAFFEINE Leaf -- 6.0 -0.94 Jim Duke's personal files.
62 CAFFEINE Flower -- 62.0 1.1 Jim Duke's personal files.
62 CAFFEINE Bud -- 0.3 Jim Duke's personal files.
28 CALCIUM Fruit 210.0 5615.0 0.41 *
2 CAMPESTEROL Fruit -- 40.0 -0.32 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
9 CAMPHENE Fruit -- 0.1 -0.35 *
3 CAPRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
1 CAPROIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
5 CAPRYLIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
0 CARBOHYDRATES Fruit 99000.0 887125.0 0.56 *
0 CAROTENOIDS Fruit 12.0 35.0 -0.5 *
0 CAROTENOIDS Pericarp 12.0 35.0 *
19 CARVONE Fruit 2.0 10.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Pericarp -- -- *
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 CASTASTERONE Pollen Or Spore -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
7 CHLORINE Fruit 12.0 32.0 -0.68 *
1 CHOLESTEROL Fruit -- -- *
20 CHOLINE Fruit 70.0 160.0 -0.57 *
24 CHROMIUM Fruit 0.005 0.385 -0.45 *
0 CIS-SABINENE-HYDRATE Fruit -- 0.1 -0.71 *
0 CITFLAVANONE Root Bark -- -- *
0 CITFLAVANONE Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 CITRABASINE Root Bark -- 14.0 *
0 CITRACRIDONE-I Root Bark -- 400.0 *
23 CITRIC-ACID Fruit 5600.0 9800.0 -0.49 *
20 CITRONELLAL Fruit 4.0 5.0 -1.0 *
15 CITRONELLOL Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.51 *
2 CITRONELLYL-ACETATE Fruit -- 0.1 -1.0 *
0 CITRUNOBIN Root Bark -- -- *
0 CITRUSIN-II Fruit -- 40.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 CITRUSIN-III Fruit -- 13.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 CITRUSIN-IV Fruit -- 6.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 CITRUSININE-I Root Bark -- 80.0 *
0 CITRUSININE-II Root Bark -- 40.0 *
0 CITRUSINS Plant -- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
2 COBALT Fruit 0.001 0.055 -0.53 *
2 CONIFERIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
12 COPPER Fruit 0.44 5.5 -0.57 *
0 COUMARIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 CRENULATIN Root Bark -- 60.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 CRYPTOFLAVIN Pericarp -- -- *
0 CRYPTOFLAVIN-A Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 CRYPTOFLAVIN-B Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 CRYPTOXANTHIN Fruit -- -- *
0 CRYPTOXANTHIN-5,5',6,6'-DIEPOXIDE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 CRYPTOXANTHIN-5,5',6,8'-DIEPOXIDE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 CYANIDIN-3-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- -- *
2 CYSTINE Fruit 100.0 755.0 -0.29 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
19 D-LIMONENE Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 DEACETYL-NOMILIN Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 DECANAL Fruit 18.0 21.0 -0.6 *
0 DECANAL Fruit Juice -- 0.15 -1.0 *
1 DELPHINIDIN-3-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- -- *
8 DELTA-3-CARENE Fruit 7.0 9.0 -0.6 *
9 DELTA-CADINENE Pericarp -- -- *
9 DELTA-CADINENE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 DIHYDROKAEMPFEROL-4'-METHYL-ETHER-7-O-RHAMNOSIDE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 DIOSMETIN-7-O-ALPHA-L-RHAMNO-GLUCOSIDE Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
34 DIOSMIN Pericarp -- -- *
34 DIOSMIN Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 DODECANAL Fruit 5.0 20.0 0.99 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 ELEMOL Root Bark -- 28200.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 EO Fruit 7500.0 10000.0 -0.63 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
0 EO Pericarp 15000.0 20000.0 1.28 *
0 EPOXY-NOOTKATONE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 EPOXY-NOOTKATONE Pericarp -- -- *
0 EPOXY-VALENCENE Fruit -- -- *
0 EPOXY-VALENCENE Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 ERIOCITRIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 ERIOCITRIN Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 ETA-CAROTENE Pericarp -- -- *
24 ETHANOL Fruit Juice 64.0 900.0 1.0 *
6 ETHYL-ACETATE Fruit Juice 0.01 0.58 *
1 ETHYL-BUTYRATE Fruit Juice 0.08 1.02 *
0 ETHYL-SUBERENOL Root Bark -- 700.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 ETROGOL Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 FARNESENE Fruit -- 0.1 -1.0 *
0 FAT Fruit 1100.0 16000.0 -0.52 *
61 FERULIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
61 FERULIC-ACID Fruit 10.0 30.0 -0.76 *
61 FERULIC-ACID Pericarp 20.0 180.0 1.0 *
0 FERULOYL-PUTRESCINE Fruit -- 5.0 1.0 *
15 FIBER Fruit 3740.0 47000.0 -0.89 *
0 FLAVOXANTHIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 FLUORINE Fruit 0.04 0.76 -0.59 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
15 FOLACIN Fruit -- 2.0 -0.02 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 FR Juice -- -- *
8 FRUCTOSE Fruit -- 23800.0 -0.56 *
0 GALACTAN Fruit -- -- *
1 GALACTOSE Fruit -- -- *
0 GALACTURONIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
22 GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC-ACID Fruit 40.0 730.0 -0.28 *
0 GAMMA-CADINENE Fruit 1.0 2.0 -0.91 *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Fruit Juice 0.04 0.46 -1.0 *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Fruit 1.0 2.0 -0.65 *
13 GERANIAL Fruit 6.0 7.0 -1.0 *
35 GERANIOL Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.61 *
5 GERANYL-ACETATE Fruit -- 0.1 -0.94 *
0 GERANYL-OXY-PYRANOCOUMARIN Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 GIBBERELLIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 GLUCOSAN Fruit -- -- *
7 GLUCOSE Fruit -- 23600.0 -0.64 *
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Fruit 60.0 7097.0 -0.48 *
5 GLUTAMINE Fruit 30.0 630.0 0.18 *
12 GLYCINE Fruit 50.0 7097.0 1.35 *
0 HEPTAMETHOXY-FLAVONE Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 HEPTANAL Fruit 3.0 5.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
0 HEPTULOSE Fruit -- -- *
31 HESPERIDIN Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
31 HESPERIDIN Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
31 HESPERIDIN Fruit Juice -- 110.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
31 HESPERIDIN Pericarp -- 63500.0 0.39 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 HESPERIDIN-7-O-ALPHA-L-RHAMNO-GLUCOSIDE Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 HESPERIDIN-7-O-ALPHA-L-RHAMNO-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- -- *
5 HEXANAL Fruit 1.0 2.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 HEXANAL Fruit Juice 0.02 0.65 *
3 HEXANOL Fruit Juice 0.02 0.22 *
7 HISTIDINE Fruit 180.0 1359.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 HORDENINE Fruit -- -- *
1 HYDROXYPROLINE Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 ICHANGIN-17-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
6 IRON Fruit 1.0 8.0 -0.5 *
0 ISOCAPROIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
3 ISOLEUCINE Fruit 250.0 1888.0 -0.53 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 ISOLUTEIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 ISOPENTENYL-PSORALENS Fruit -- -- *
0 ISOPRENE Essential Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.