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Activities: 681
Chemicals w/Activities: 151
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
77 ZINC Root -- -- *
24 VITAMIN-B-1 Root -- 0.05 *
24 VANILLIC-ACID Leaf -- 0.5 -1.18 *
3 VALINE Leaf 410.0 9180.0 -0.98 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
22 UMBELLIFERONE Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
22 UMBELLIFERONE Plant -- -- *
29 TRYPTOPHAN Leaf 160.0 3672.0 0.68 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 THREONINE Leaf 250.0 5712.0 -1.37 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
31 THIAMIN Root -- 2.0 -0.42 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
31 THIAMIN Leaf 1.0 14.0 1.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
6 TARTARIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
6 TARTARIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
2 TARAXASTEROL Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
35 TANNIN Plant -- -- *
14 SUCROSE Root -- 140000.0 0.16 *
8 STEARIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
8 STEARIC-ACID Leaf 10.0 204.0 -0.49 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
8 STEARIC-ACID Root 20.0 100.0 -0.64 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 SODIUM Root 500.0 2500.0 0.65 *
1 SODIUM Leaf 70.0 1428.0 -0.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
9 SINAPIC-ACID Plant -- 0.5 -1.0 *
3 SILVER Root -- -- *
4 SILICON Root -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Plant -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
7 SALICYLATES Leaf 10.0 100.0 -0.36 *
87 RUTIN Leaf -- 14000.0 -0.14 *
87 RUTIN Seed -- 6400.0 0.08 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Root -- 2.0 -0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 RIBOFLAVIN Leaf 1.0 29.0 -0.04 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
44 QUERCITRIN Shoot -- -- *
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCURONIDE Plant -- -- *
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCURONIDE Leaf -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Plant -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Seed -- 1.0 *
4 PUFA Root 870.0 4350.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PUFA Leaf 440.0 8030.0 -1.58 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 PROTOCATECHUIC-ALDEHYDE Seed -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
14 POTASSIUM Leaf 1820.0 37128.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
14 POTASSIUM Root 2900.0 14500.0 -0.09 *
3 PONTICAEPOXIDE Root -- -- *
4 PHOSPHORUS Root 610.0 3050.0 -0.08 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf 210.0 4284.0 -0.13 *
7 PHENYLALANINE Leaf 220.0 4896.0 -1.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
24 PECTIN Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Root 750.0 3750.0 1.92 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Root 410.0 2050.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 PALMITIC-ACID Leaf 210.0 4284.0 -0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Leaf -- 11.0 -0.77 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
18 OLEIC-ACID Leaf 20.0 408.0 -0.62 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
18 OLEIC-ACID Root 40.0 200.0 -0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 NORHARMAN Root -- -- *
39 NIACIN Root 4.0 20.0 -0.88 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
39 NIACIN Leaf 5.0 102.0 0.05 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 NEO-CHLOROGENIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
2 NEO-CHLOROGENIC-ACID Root -- -- *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Root 30.0 150.0 -0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Leaf 10.0 204.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 MUFA Root 40.0 200.0 -0.88 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 MUFA Leaf 20.0 365.0 -0.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 METHIONINE Leaf 50.0 1224.0 -1.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 MANNOSE Root -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
18 MANNITOL Plant -- -- *
15 MALIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
65 MAGNESIUM Root 220.0 1100.0 -0.78 *
65 MAGNESIUM Leaf 130.0 2652.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 LYSINE Leaf 350.0 7956.0 -1.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Leaf 370.0 7548.0 -0.11 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Root 750.0 3750.0 0.23 *
1 LEVULOSE Fruit Juice -- -- *
2 LEUCINE Leaf 390.0 8976.0 -1.16 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 LACTUPICRIN Plant -- -- *
4 LACTUCOPICRIN Fruit Juice -- -- *
4 LACTUCOPICRIN Root -- -- *
4 LACTUCOPICRIN Latex Exudate -- -- *
6 LACTUCIN Root -- -- *
6 LACTUCIN Plant -- -- *
6 LACTUCIN Fruit Juice -- -- *
6 LACTUCIN Latex Exudate -- -- *
75 KAEMPFEROL Seed -- 20.0 *
75 KAEMPFEROL Plant -- -- *
3 ISOLEUCINE Leaf 540.0 12240.0 0.05 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID Root -- -- *
4 ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID Plant -- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
6 IRON Root 8.0 40.0 -0.38 *
6 IRON Leaf 5.0 246.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
19 INULIN Leaf -- -- *
19 INULIN Root 80000.0 850000.0 2.57 *
8 INOSITOL Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
30 HYPEROSIDE Shoot -- -- *
30 HYPEROSIDE Plant -- -- *
30 HYPEROSIDE Leaf -- -- *
7 HISTIDINE Leaf 150.0 3468.0 -0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 HARMAN Root -- -- *
7 GLUCOSE Root -- 11000.0 -0.43 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
8 FRUCTOSE Root 45000.0 220000.0 2.0 *
15 FIBER Root 19500.0 97500.0 0.21 *
15 FIBER Plant 9000.0 153000.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
61 FERULIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
61 FERULIC-ACID Leaf -- 0.5 -1.08 *
29 ESCULIN Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
30 ESCULETIN Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
57 COUMARIN Plant -- -- *
12 COPPER Root -- -- *
23 CITRIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
3 CICHORIIN Leaf -- -- *
3 CICHORIIN Root -- -- *
3 CICHORIIN Plant -- -- *
3 CICHORIIN Flower 1000.0 2000.0 *
14 CICHORIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
20 CHOLINE Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Root -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
10 CHICORIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
10 CHICORIC-ACID Leaf -- 1100.0 *
1 CELLULOSE Root -- 50000.0 -1.0 *
22 CATECHOL Root -- -- *
28 CALCIUM Root 410.0 2050.0 -0.59 *
28 CALCIUM Leaf 790.0 19900.0 0.1 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Leaf -- 767.0 -0.61 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
4 BORON Root -- 20.0 -0.15 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
14 BETAINE Root -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
53 BETA-CAROTENE Leaf -- 228.0 -0.15 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
9 BETA-AMYRIN Seed -- -- *
7 ASTRAGALIN Plant -- -- *
7 ASTRAGALIN Leaf -- -- *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Root 50.0 250.0 -0.5 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf 100.0 2040.0 -0.25 *
14 ARGININE Leaf 660.0 14892.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
101 APIGENIN Shoot -- -- *
5 ALUMINUM Root -- -- *
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Leaf 60.0 1224.0 -1.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Root 130.0 650.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
10 ALPHA-AMYRIN Seed -- -- *
33 AESCULIN Leaf -- -- *
33 AESCULIN Plant -- -- *
32 AESCULETIN Plant -- -- *
32 AESCULETIN Leaf -- -- *
6 ACETOPHENONE Root -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
5 8-DEOXYLACTUCIN Root -- 17.0 *
5 8-DEOXYLACTUCIN Plant -- -- *
1 11(S),13-DIHYDROLACTUCOPICRIN Root -- -- *
1 11(S),13-DIHYDROLACTUCIN Root -- -- *
1 11(S),13-DIHYDRO-8-DEOXYLACTUCIN Root -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.