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Activities: 681
Chemicals w/Activities: 151
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
1 11(S),13-DIHYDRO-8-DEOXYLACTUCIN Root -- -- *
1 11(S),13-DIHYDROLACTUCIN Root -- -- *
1 11(S),13-DIHYDROLACTUCOPICRIN Root -- -- *
5 8-DEOXYLACTUCIN Root -- 17.0 *
5 8-DEOXYLACTUCIN Plant -- -- *
6 ACETOPHENONE Root -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
32 AESCULETIN Plant -- -- *
32 AESCULETIN Leaf -- -- *
33 AESCULIN Leaf -- -- *
33 AESCULIN Plant -- -- *
10 ALPHA-AMYRIN Seed -- -- *
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Leaf 60.0 1224.0 -1.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Root 130.0 650.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
5 ALUMINUM Root -- -- *
101 APIGENIN Shoot -- -- *
14 ARGININE Leaf 660.0 14892.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Root 50.0 250.0 -0.5 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf 100.0 2040.0 -0.25 *
7 ASTRAGALIN Plant -- -- *
7 ASTRAGALIN Leaf -- -- *
9 BETA-AMYRIN Seed -- -- *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Leaf -- 228.0 -0.15 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
14 BETAINE Root -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
4 BORON Root -- 20.0 -0.15 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Leaf -- 767.0 -0.61 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
28 CALCIUM Root 410.0 2050.0 -0.59 *
28 CALCIUM Leaf 790.0 19900.0 0.1 *
22 CATECHOL Root -- -- *
1 CELLULOSE Root -- 50000.0 -1.0 *
10 CHICORIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
10 CHICORIC-ACID Leaf -- 1100.0 *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Root -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
20 CHOLINE Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
14 CICHORIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
3 CICHORIIN Plant -- -- *
3 CICHORIIN Flower 1000.0 2000.0 *
3 CICHORIIN Leaf -- -- *
3 CICHORIIN Root -- -- *
23 CITRIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
12 COPPER Root -- -- *
57 COUMARIN Plant -- -- *
30 ESCULETIN Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
29 ESCULIN Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
61 FERULIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
61 FERULIC-ACID Leaf -- 0.5 -1.08 *
15 FIBER Root 19500.0 97500.0 0.21 *
15 FIBER Plant 9000.0 153000.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
8 FRUCTOSE Root 45000.0 220000.0 2.0 *
7 GLUCOSE Root -- 11000.0 -0.43 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
7 HARMAN Root -- -- *
7 HISTIDINE Leaf 150.0 3468.0 -0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
30 HYPEROSIDE Plant -- -- *
30 HYPEROSIDE Shoot -- -- *
30 HYPEROSIDE Leaf -- -- *
8 INOSITOL Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
19 INULIN Leaf -- -- *
19 INULIN Root 80000.0 850000.0 2.57 *
6 IRON Root 8.0 40.0 -0.38 *
6 IRON Leaf 5.0 246.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID Root -- -- *
4 ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID Plant -- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
3 ISOLEUCINE Leaf 540.0 12240.0 0.05 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
75 KAEMPFEROL Seed -- 20.0 *
75 KAEMPFEROL Plant -- -- *
6 LACTUCIN Fruit Juice -- -- *
6 LACTUCIN Latex Exudate -- -- *
6 LACTUCIN Root -- -- *
6 LACTUCIN Plant -- -- *
4 LACTUCOPICRIN Root -- -- *
4 LACTUCOPICRIN Latex Exudate -- -- *
4 LACTUCOPICRIN Fruit Juice -- -- *
2 LACTUPICRIN Plant -- -- *
2 LEUCINE Leaf 390.0 8976.0 -1.16 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 LEVULOSE Fruit Juice -- -- *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Leaf 370.0 7548.0 -0.11 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Root 750.0 3750.0 0.23 *
4 LYSINE Leaf 350.0 7956.0 -1.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
65 MAGNESIUM Root 220.0 1100.0 -0.78 *
65 MAGNESIUM Leaf 130.0 2652.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 MALIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
18 MANNITOL Plant -- -- *
3 MANNOSE Root -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
15 METHIONINE Leaf 50.0 1224.0 -1.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 MUFA Root 40.0 200.0 -0.88 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 MUFA Leaf 20.0 365.0 -0.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Root 30.0 150.0 -0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Leaf 10.0 204.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 NEO-CHLOROGENIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
2 NEO-CHLOROGENIC-ACID Root -- -- *
39 NIACIN Leaf 5.0 102.0 0.05 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
39 NIACIN Root 4.0 20.0 -0.88 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 NORHARMAN Root -- -- *
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
18 OLEIC-ACID Root 40.0 200.0 -0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
18 OLEIC-ACID Leaf 20.0 408.0 -0.62 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Leaf -- 11.0 -0.77 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Root 410.0 2050.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 PALMITIC-ACID Leaf 210.0 4284.0 -0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Root 750.0 3750.0 1.92 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
24 PECTIN Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
7 PHENYLALANINE Leaf 220.0 4896.0 -1.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PHOSPHORUS Root 610.0 3050.0 -0.08 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf 210.0 4284.0 -0.13 *
3 PONTICAEPOXIDE Root -- -- *
14 POTASSIUM Root 2900.0 14500.0 -0.09 *
14 POTASSIUM Leaf 1820.0 37128.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 PROTOCATECHUIC-ALDEHYDE Seed -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 PUFA Root 870.0 4350.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PUFA Leaf 440.0 8030.0 -1.58 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
176 QUERCETIN Plant -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Seed -- 1.0 *
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCURONIDE Plant -- -- *
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCURONIDE Leaf -- -- *
44 QUERCITRIN Shoot -- -- *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Root -- 2.0 -0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 RIBOFLAVIN Leaf 1.0 29.0 -0.04 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
87 RUTIN Leaf -- 14000.0 -0.14 *
87 RUTIN Seed -- 6400.0 0.08 *
7 SALICYLATES Leaf 10.0 100.0 -0.36 *
44 SCOPOLETIN Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
44 SCOPOLETIN Plant -- -- *
4 SILICON Root -- -- *
3 SILVER Root -- -- *
9 SINAPIC-ACID Plant -- 0.5 -1.0 *
1 SODIUM Root 500.0 2500.0 0.65 *
1 SODIUM Leaf 70.0 1428.0 -0.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 STEARIC-ACID Root 20.0 100.0 -0.64 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 STEARIC-ACID Leaf 10.0 204.0 -0.49 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 STEARIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
14 SUCROSE Root -- 140000.0 0.16 *
35 TANNIN Plant -- -- *
2 TARAXASTEROL Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 TARTARIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
6 TARTARIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
31 THIAMIN Root -- 2.0 -0.42 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
31 THIAMIN Leaf 1.0 14.0 1.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 THREONINE Leaf 250.0 5712.0 -1.37 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
29 TRYPTOPHAN Leaf 160.0 3672.0 0.68 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
22 UMBELLIFERONE Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
22 UMBELLIFERONE Plant -- -- *
3 VALINE Leaf 410.0 9180.0 -0.98 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
24 VANILLIC-ACID Leaf -- 0.5 -1.18 *
24 VITAMIN-B-1 Root -- 0.05 *
77 ZINC Root -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.