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Activities: 681
All Chemicals: 207
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
0 (11S)-11,13-DIHYDROLACTUCIN Root -- -- *
0 (11S)-11,13-DIHYDROLACTUCOPICRIN Root -- -- *
1 11(S),13-DIHYDRO-8-DEOXYLACTUCIN Root -- -- *
1 11(S),13-DIHYDROLACTUCIN Root -- -- *
1 11(S),13-DIHYDROLACTUCOPICRIN Root -- -- *
0 3-GLUCURONIDE-ISORHAMNETIN Plant -- -- *
0 3-GLUCURONIDE-ISORHAMNETIN Leaf -- -- *
0 3-O-FERULOYL-QUINIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
0 3-O-P-COUMAROYL-QUINIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
5 8-DEOXYLACTUCIN Plant -- -- *
5 8-DEOXYLACTUCIN Root -- 17.0 *
6 ACETOPHENONE Root -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
32 AESCULETIN Plant -- -- *
32 AESCULETIN Leaf -- -- *
33 AESCULIN Leaf -- -- *
33 AESCULIN Plant -- -- *
10 ALPHA-AMYRIN Seed -- -- *
0 ALPHA-LACTUCEROL Plant -- -- *
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Root 130.0 650.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Leaf 60.0 1224.0 -1.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
5 ALUMINUM Root -- -- *
101 APIGENIN Shoot -- -- *
0 APIGENIN-7-O-ALPHA-L-ARABINOSIDE Shoot -- -- *
14 ARGININE Leaf 660.0 14892.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Root 50.0 250.0 -0.5 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf 100.0 2040.0 -0.25 *
0 ASH Root 8900.0 44500.0 -0.66 *
0 ASH Leaf 6000.0 180000.0 1.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 ASTRAGALIN Plant -- -- *
7 ASTRAGALIN Leaf -- -- *
9 BETA-AMYRIN Seed -- -- *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Leaf -- 228.0 -0.15 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 BETA-LACTUCEROL Plant -- -- *
14 BETAINE Root -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
4 BORON Root -- 20.0 -0.15 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Leaf -- 767.0 -0.61 *
28 CALCIUM Root 410.0 2050.0 -0.59 *
28 CALCIUM Leaf 790.0 19900.0 0.1 *
0 CARBOHYDRATES Root 175100.0 875500.0 0.58 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 CARBOHYDRATES Leaf 32000.0 654000.0 0.34 *
22 CATECHOL Root -- -- *
0 CATECHOL-TANNINS Root -- -- *
1 CELLULOSE Root -- 50000.0 -1.0 *
0 CERYL-ALCOHOL Plant -- -- *
10 CHICORIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
10 CHICORIC-ACID Leaf -- 1100.0 *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Root -- -- *
20 CHOLINE Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 CHRYSANTHEMIN Leaf -- -- *
0 CICHORALEXIN Leaf -- 146.5 *
14 CICHORIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
3 CICHORIIN Flower 1000.0 2000.0 *
3 CICHORIIN Leaf -- -- *
3 CICHORIIN Root -- -- *
3 CICHORIIN Plant -- -- *
0 CICHORIOLIDE-A Root -- 2.0 *
0 CICHORIOSIDE-B Plant -- -- *
0 CICHORIOSIDE-B Root -- 6.0 *
0 CICHORIOSIDE-C Root -- 8.0 *
23 CITRIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
12 COPPER Root -- -- *
57 COUMARIN Plant -- -- *
0 CREPIDIASIDE-B Root -- 100.0 *
0 CREPIDIASIDE-B Plant -- -- *
0 CYANAROSIDE Shoot -- -- *
0 DELPHINIDIN-3-(6''-MALONYLGLUCOSIDE)-5-MALONYLGLUCOSIDE Inflorescence -- -- *
0 DICAFFEOYL-TARTARIC-ACID Plant -- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
0 DICAFFEOYL-TARTARIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
30 ESCULETIN Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
29 ESCULIN Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
0 FAT Root 2000.0 16000.0 -0.23 *
0 FAT Leaf 1000.0 29000.0 -0.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
61 FERULIC-ACID Leaf -- 0.5 -1.08 *
61 FERULIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
15 FIBER Root 19500.0 97500.0 0.21 *
15 FIBER Plant 9000.0 153000.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
8 FRUCTOSE Root 45000.0 220000.0 2.0 *
7 GLUCOSE Root -- 11000.0 -0.43 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
7 HARMAN Root -- -- *
7 HISTIDINE Leaf 150.0 3468.0 -0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
30 HYPEROSIDE Plant -- -- *
30 HYPEROSIDE Shoot -- -- *
30 HYPEROSIDE Leaf -- -- *
8 INOSITOL Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
19 INULIN Leaf -- -- *
19 INULIN Root 80000.0 850000.0 2.57 *
6 IRON Root 8.0 40.0 -0.38 *
6 IRON Leaf 5.0 246.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID Root -- -- *
4 ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID Plant -- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
3 ISOLEUCINE Leaf 540.0 12240.0 0.05 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 JACQUINELIN Root -- -- *
75 KAEMPFEROL Seed -- 20.0 *
75 KAEMPFEROL Plant -- -- *
0 KAEMPFEROL-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCURONIDE Plant -- -- *
0 KAEMPFEROL-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCURONIDE Leaf -- -- *
6 LACTUCIN Plant -- -- *
6 LACTUCIN Fruit Juice -- -- *
6 LACTUCIN Latex Exudate -- -- *
6 LACTUCIN Root -- -- *
0 LACTUCIN-P-OXYPHENYLACETICACID-ESTER Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 LACTUCOPICRIN Root -- -- *
4 LACTUCOPICRIN Latex Exudate -- -- *
4 LACTUCOPICRIN Fruit Juice -- -- *
2 LACTUPICRIN Plant -- -- *
0 LACTUPICRIN-METHYL-ESTER Plant -- -- *
2 LEUCINE Leaf 390.0 8976.0 -1.16 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 LEVULOSE Fruit Juice -- -- *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Leaf 370.0 7548.0 -0.11 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Root 750.0 3750.0 0.23 *
0 LUTEOLIN-7-O-BETA-D-GLUCURONIDE Plant -- -- *
0 LUTEOLIN-7-O-BETA-D-GLUCURONIDE Leaf -- -- *
4 LYSINE Leaf 350.0 7956.0 -1.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
65 MAGNESIUM Root 220.0 1100.0 -0.78 *
65 MAGNESIUM Leaf 130.0 2652.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 MALIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
0 MANNAN Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
18 MANNITOL Plant -- -- *
3 MANNOSE Root -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
15 METHIONINE Leaf 50.0 1224.0 -1.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 MONOCAFFEOYLTARTARIC-ACID Leaf -- 1800.0 *
13 MUFA Root 40.0 200.0 -0.88 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 MUFA Leaf 20.0 365.0 -0.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Root 30.0 150.0 -0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Leaf 10.0 204.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 NEO-CHLOROGENIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
2 NEO-CHLOROGENIC-ACID Root -- -- *
39 NIACIN Root 4.0 20.0 -0.88 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
39 NIACIN Leaf 5.0 102.0 0.05 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 NORHARMAN Root -- -- *
18 OLEIC-ACID Leaf 20.0 408.0 -0.62 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
18 OLEIC-ACID Root 40.0 200.0 -0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Leaf -- 11.0 -0.77 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Root 410.0 2050.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Leaf 210.0 4284.0 -0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Root 750.0 3750.0 1.92 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
24 PECTIN Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 PENTOSANE Root 47000.0 65000.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
7 PHENYLALANINE Leaf 220.0 4896.0 -1.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PHOSPHORUS Root 610.0 3050.0 -0.08 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf 210.0 4284.0 -0.13 *
3 PONTICAEPOXIDE Root -- -- *
14 POTASSIUM Leaf 1820.0 37128.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
14 POTASSIUM Root 2900.0 14500.0 -0.09 *
0 PROTEIN Root 14000.0 86000.0 -0.36 *
0 PROTEIN Leaf 10000.0 246000.0 0.34 *
2 PROTOCATECHUIC-ALDEHYDE Seed -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 PUFA Root 870.0 4350.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PUFA Leaf 440.0 8030.0 -1.58 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
176 QUERCETIN Seed -- 1.0 *
176 QUERCETIN Plant -- -- *
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCURONIDE Plant -- -- *
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCURONIDE Leaf -- -- *
44 QUERCITRIN Shoot -- -- *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Root -- 2.0 -0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 RIBOFLAVIN Leaf 1.0 29.0 -0.04 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 RUBBER Root -- 420.0 -0.47 *
87 RUTIN Seed -- 6400.0 0.08 *
87 RUTIN Leaf -- 14000.0 -0.14 *
7 SALICYLATES Leaf 10.0 100.0 -0.36 *
44 SCOPOLETIN Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
44 SCOPOLETIN Plant -- -- *
0 SFA Root 480.0 2400.0 -0.21 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 SFA Leaf 240.0 4380.0 -0.46 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 SILICA Leaf -- 27800.0 0.94 *
4 SILICON Root -- -- *
3 SILVER Root -- -- *
9 SINAPIC-ACID Plant -- 0.5 -1.0 *
1 SODIUM Leaf 70.0 1428.0 -0.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 SODIUM Root 500.0 2500.0 0.65 *
0 SONCHUSIDE-A Root -- 7.0 *
0 SONCHUSIDE-C Root -- 2.0 *
8 STEARIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
8 STEARIC-ACID Root 20.0 100.0 -0.64 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 STEARIC-ACID Leaf 10.0 204.0 -0.49 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
14 SUCROSE Root -- 140000.0 0.16 *
0 SUGARS Root -- 585000.0 4.66 *
35 TANNIN Plant -- -- *
2 TARAXASTEROL Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 TARTARIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
6 TARTARIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
31 THIAMIN Root -- 2.0 -0.42 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
31 THIAMIN Leaf 1.0 14.0 1.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 THREONINE Leaf 250.0 5712.0 -1.37 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
0 TITANIUM Root -- -- *
0 TRANS-ZEATIN Root -- -- *
0 TRIDECA-1,5-DIEN-7,9,11-TRIYNE-3,4-DIOL Root -- -- *
29 TRYPTOPHAN Leaf 160.0 3672.0 0.68 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
22 UMBELLIFERONE Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
22 UMBELLIFERONE Plant -- -- *
0 URIDINE-5'-DIPHOSPHOGLUCOSE Root -- -- *
3 VALINE Leaf 410.0 9180.0 -0.98 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
24 VANILLIC-ACID Leaf -- 0.5 -1.18 *
0 VITAMIN-A Leaf -- -- *
24 VITAMIN-B-1 Root -- 0.05 *
0 VITAMIN-B-2 Root -- 0.7 *
0 WATER Root 240000.0 800000.0 0.2 *
0 WATER Leaf 931000.0 951000.0 0.72 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
77 ZINC Root -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.