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Activities: 680
Chemicals w/Activities: 207
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
77 ZINC Seed 47.0 66.0 0.59 *
77 ZINC Fruit 47.0 61.0 0.92 *
3 XYLOSE Seed -- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
43 XANTHOTOXIN Seed -- -- *
3 VALINE Seed 10370.0 11510.0 -0.06 Revised USDA data received 1993.
22 UMBELLIFERONE Root -- -- *
22 UMBELLIFERONE Plant -- -- Wealth of India.
8 TYROSINE Seed 6420.0 7125.0 -0.14 Revised USDA data received 1993.
29 TRYPTOPHAN Seed 2440.0 2710.0 -0.21 Revised USDA data received 1993.
2 TRIFOLIN Seed -- -- *
1 TRANS-CARVEOL Flower Essent. Oil -- -- *
1 TRANS-CARVEOL Seed 105.0 210.0 -1.0 *
17 THUJONE Fruit -- -- *
17 THUJONE Seed -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
4 THREONINE Seed 7560.0 8390.0 0.06 Revised USDA data received 1993.
31 THIAMIN Fruit 3.0 4.0 -0.17 *
31 THIAMIN Seed 3.0 4.0 -0.62 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
9 TERPINOLENE Fruit -- -- *
9 TERPINOLENE Seed -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Plant 120.0 985.0 0.15 *
35 TANNIN Plant -- -- *
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed -- 310.0 -0.14 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
8 STEARIC-ACID Plant 1100.0 1221.0 -0.32 *
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed 1000.0 1800.0 -0.53 *
5 STARCH Seed -- 45000.0 -1.07 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
5 STARCH Fruit -- 45000.0 -0.39 *
1 SODIUM Fruit 149.0 212.0 -0.16 *
1 SODIUM Seed 149.0 340.0 -0.18 *
1 SERINE Seed 9460.0 10500.0 -0.01 Revised USDA data received 1993.
44 SCOPOLETIN Plant -- -- Wealth of India.
44 SCOPOLETIN Root -- -- *
7 SALICYLATES Seed 28.0 30.0 -0.18 *
5 SABINENE Seed 4.0 60.0 -0.44 *
5 SABINENE Fruit 30.0 60.0 -0.52 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Seed 3.0 4.0 0.18 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit 3.0 4.0 -0.22 *
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCURONIDE Seed -- -- *
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Seed -- -- *
2 QUERCETIN-3'-GLUCOSIDE Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
176 QUERCETIN Seed -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Flower -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Leaf -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Fruit -- -- *
4 PUFA Seed 32720.0 36320.0 -0.53 Revised USDA data received 1993.
14 POTASSIUM Seed 10810.0 15670.0 0.27 *
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 12902.0 15665.0 -0.2 *
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Fruit -- 760.0 -0.24 *
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Seed -- 760.0 -0.44 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 5680.0 6302.0 0.94 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Seed 5650.0 6580.0 0.32 *
7 PHENYLALANINE Seed 8670.0 9625.0 -0.23 Revised USDA data received 1993.
14 PERILLYL-ALCOHOL Plant 160.0 1310.0 -1.0 *
14 PERILLYL-ALCOHOL Essential Oil -- 800.0 *
11 PERILLALDEHYDE Seed 20.0 60.0 -0.5 *
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Fruit 900.0 999.0 -0.16 *
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Seed 900.0 999.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed 2000.0 9000.0 -0.51 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Fruit 2000.0 6658.0 -0.26 *
16 P-CYMENE Seed 0.1 1320.0 -0.39 *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Seed -- 86.0 -0.29 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed 29000.0 241000.0 1.0 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Fruit 54400.0 95648.0 0.26 *
3 NICKEL Seed 7.0 10.0 1.0 *
3 NICKEL Fruit -- 7.0 1.35 *
39 NIACIN Seed 21.0 56.0 0.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
39 NIACIN Fruit 21.0 56.0 -0.06 *
2 N-OCTANAL Fruit 24.0 48.0 *
2 N-OCTANAL Seed 24.0 48.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 N-NONANAL Fruit 6.0 12.0 *
5 N-NONANAL Seed 6.0 12.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
31 MYRISTICIN Plant -- 120.0 -1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
31 MYRISTICIN Fruit 60.0 420.0 *
31 MYRISTICIN Seed 60.0 985.0 -0.91 *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Seed 400.0 444.0 -0.29 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Fruit 400.0 444.0 -0.25 *
22 MYRCENE Plant -- 150.0 -0.31 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
22 MYRCENE Fruit 180.0 1560.0 -0.14 *
22 MYRCENE Seed 12.0 1560.0 -0.18 *
13 MUFA Seed 71250.0 79085.0 -0.22 Revised USDA data received 1993.
15 METHIONINE Seed 3610.0 4005.0 -0.08 Revised USDA data received 1993.
2 METHANOL Seed -- -- *
2 METHANOL Fruit -- -- *
3 MANNOSE Seed -- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
14 MANGANESE Seed 13.0 34.0 -0.24 *
14 MANGANESE Fruit 13.0 34.0 -0.18 *
65 MAGNESIUM Seed 2070.0 2950.0 0.0 *
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 2580.0 2863.0 0.34 *
4 LYSINE Seed 10310.0 11445.0 -0.09 Revised USDA data received 1993.
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed 19600.0 46714.0 -0.52 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Fruit 20300.0 46714.0 0.3 *
53 LINALOOL Seed 5.0 96.0 -0.46 *
60 LIMONENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 381600.0 0.72 *
60 LIMONENE Plant -- 420.0 -0.23 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
60 LIMONENE Essential Oil 250000.0 500000.0 2.14 *
60 LIMONENE Fruit 7860.0 30180.0 3.58 *
60 LIMONENE Seed 3000.0 42000.0 2.25 *
2 LEUCINE Seed 12180.0 13520.0 -0.34 Revised USDA data received 1993.
7 LAURIC-ACID Fruit 100.0 110.0 -0.44 *
7 LAURIC-ACID Seed 100.0 110.0 -0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
75 KAEMPFEROL Flower -- -- *
75 KAEMPFEROL Leaf -- -- *
75 KAEMPFEROL Seed -- -- *
1 ISORHAMNETIN-3-GLUCOSIDE Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
1 ISORHAMNETIN-3-GALACTOSIDE Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Shoot -- -- *
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Seed -- -- *
3 ISOLEUCINE Seed 8260.0 9170.0 -0.17 Revised USDA data received 1993.
6 IRON Fruit 123.0 286.0 0.61 *
6 IRON Seed 123.0 1200.0 4.87 *
30 HYPEROSIDE Seed -- -- *
7 HISTIDINE Seed 5500.0 6105.0 -0.01 Revised USDA data received 1993.
12 HERNIARIN Plant -- -- Wealth of India.
12 GLYCINE Seed 13220.0 14675.0 0.54 Revised USDA data received 1993.
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Seed 31690.0 35175.0 -0.28 Revised USDA data received 1993.
7 GLUCOSE Seed -- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
2 GERMACRENE-D Essential Oil -- -- *
2 GERMACRENE-D Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
13 GERANIAL Seed -- -- *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Seed 12.0 14160.0 1.73 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Plant 270.0 2215.0 0.37 *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Fruit 12.0 14160.0 1.95 *
1 GALACTOSE Seed -- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
6 FURFURAL Seed -- -- *
6 FURFURAL Fruit -- -- *
15 FIBER Seed 112730.0 223000.0 0.7 *
15 FIBER Fruit 112730.0 155640.0 0.13 *
3 FALCARINONE Plant -- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
13 FALCARINDIOL Root -- 290.0 1.35 *
1 DIHYDROCARVYL-ACETATE Seed 45.0 455.0 *
1 DIHYDROCARVYL-ACETATE Plant -- 55.0 -0.62 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 DIHYDROCARVYL-ACETATE Fruit 45.0 90.0 *
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Seed 200.0 780.0 *
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Plant -- 950.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Fruit 360.0 720.0 *
2 DIACETYL Fruit -- -- *
2 DIACETYL Seed -- -- *
8 DELTA-3-CARENE Plant -- 100.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
8 DELTA-3-CARENE Fruit 90.0 180.0 -0.31 *
8 DELTA-3-CARENE Seed 90.0 180.0 -0.16 *
1 DECAN-1-AL Seed -- -- *
2 CYSTINE Seed 3290.0 3650.0 0.35 Revised USDA data received 1993.
10 CUMINALDEHYDE Plant -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
10 CUMINALDEHYDE Essential Oil -- 370000.0 1.0 *
12 COPPER Fruit 9.0 13.8 0.08 *
12 COPPER Seed 9.0 18.0 0.29 *
2 COBALT Seed -- 1.0 -0.16 *
2 COBALT Fruit -- 1.0 -0.41 *
15 CITRONELLOL Seed -- 0.1 *
24 CHROMIUM Fruit -- 15.5 1.67 *
24 CHROMIUM Seed -- 15.5 1.58 *
19 CARVONE Plant -- 3120.0 0.12 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
19 CARVONE Fruit 9000.0 44310.0 2.0 *
19 CARVONE Seed Essent. Oil 595300.0 900000.0 1.39 *
19 CARVONE Essential Oil 264000.0 580000.0 1.46 *
19 CARVONE Seed 10880.0 32640.0 0.58 *
1 CARVEOL Seed 120.0 3240.0 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 CARVEOL Plant -- 430.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 CARVEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
37 CARVACROL Seed -- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
37 CARVACROL Plant -- -- *
37 CARVACROL Seed Essent. Oil -- 595300.0 *
3 CAPRIC-ACID Seed 100.0 110.0 -0.52 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 CAPRIC-ACID Fruit 100.0 110.0 -0.68 *
9 CAMPHENE Plant -- 30.0 -0.55 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
9 CAMPHENE Fruit 1.0 900.0 0.02 *
9 CAMPHENE Seed 1.0 900.0 1.52 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 CAMPESTEROL Seed -- 30.0 -0.56 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
4 CALCIUM-OXALATE Fruit -- -- *
4 CALCIUM-OXALATE Seed -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
28 CALCIUM Fruit 6426.0 8160.0 0.99 *
28 CALCIUM Seed 1530.0 8160.0 0.74 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Seed -- 2840.0 1.94 *
4 CADINENE Plant 3720.0 29760.0 1.41 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Root -- -- *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed -- 420.0 -0.47 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
13 BETA-PINENE Seed 40.0 600.0 -0.62 *
13 BETA-PINENE Plant -- 20.0 -0.41 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
13 BETA-PINENE Fruit 270.0 600.0 -0.28 *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
2 BETA-MYRCENE Seed -- -- *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Essential Oil -- -- *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit -- 2.0 -0.15 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Seed -- 2.0 -0.3 *
7 ASTRAGALIN Seed -- -- *
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Seed 20840.0 23130.0 0.05 Revised USDA data received 1993.
14 ARGININE Seed 12520.0 13900.0 -0.45 Revised USDA data received 1993.
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Seed -- -- *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Seed 6.0 12.0 -0.51 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
28 ALPHA-PINENE Seed 4.0 540.0 -0.45 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Plant -- 20.0 -0.47 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit 42.0 540.0 -0.58 *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Seed 3.0 1230.0 -0.53 *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit 3.0 6.0 -0.57 *
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Seed 1500.0 1664.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Fruit 1500.0 1664.0 -0.4 *
3 ALANINE Seed 9140.0 10150.0 -0.0 Revised USDA data received 1993.
6 ACETALDEHYDE Fruit -- -- *
6 ACETALDEHYDE Seed -- -- *
21 8-METHOXY-PSORALEN Plant -- -- Wealth of India.
10 5-METHOXY-PSORALEN Plant -- -- Wealth of India.
10 5-METHOXY-PSORALEN Seed -- -- *
67 1,8-CINEOLE Seed -- 0.1 -0.71 *
2 (+)-CARVONE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
2 (+)-CARVONE Plant -- -- *
2 (+)-CARVONE Seed 9000.0 55760.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.