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Activities: 624
Chemicals w/Activities: 189
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed Oil 743000.0 755000.0 2.27 Jim Duke's personal files.
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed 193545.0 202400.0 0.68 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed Oil 162000.0 190000.0 0.05 Jim Duke's personal files.
15 FIBER Seed -- 170000.0 0.28 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
15 FIBER Leaf 18000.0 145000.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
25 PAPAIN Latex Exudate 51000.0 135000.0 *
15 FIBER Fruit 5000.0 92198.0 -0.47 *
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed Oil -- 50000.0 -0.53 Jim Duke's personal files.
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed 28791.0 30107.0 -0.08 *
14 POTASSIUM Leaf 6520.0 28978.0 -0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
28 CALCIUM Leaf 3440.0 23800.0 0.37 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 MALIC-ACID Fruit 3150.0 23333.0 0.57 *
6 TARTARIC-ACID Fruit 3150.0 23333.0 -0.24 *
7 FUMARIC-ACID Fruit 3150.0 23333.0 1.41 *
1 BEHENIC-ACID Seed Oil -- 16000.0 0.3 Jim Duke's personal files.
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed 12650.0 13282.0 -0.28 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf 1420.0 6311.0 0.25 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf 1400.0 6222.0 0.13 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed -- 5389.0 -0.87 *
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 690.0 5110.0 -1.13 *
20 BENZYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE Seed 2000.0 5000.0 -1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit 640.0 4741.0 0.01 *
15 MALIC-ACID Latex Exudate -- 4400.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Fruit 490.0 4387.0 -0.76 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed Oil -- 4000.0 -1.52 Jim Duke's personal files.
17 CARPAINE Leaf 150.0 4000.0 *
7 LAURIC-ACID Seed Oil -- 4000.0 -0.7 Jim Duke's personal files.
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Seed Oil -- 4000.0 -0.56 Jim Duke's personal files.
13 MUFA Fruit 380.0 3402.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 PALMITIC-ACID Fruit 320.0 2865.0 -0.32 *
4 PUFA Fruit 310.0 2775.0 -0.64 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Fruit 250.0 2238.0 -0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 LYSINE Fruit 250.0 2238.0 -0.49 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Fruit 200.0 1790.0 -0.02 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Fruit 180.0 1611.0 -0.47 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
12 GLYCINE Fruit 180.0 1611.0 -0.77 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 LEUCINE Fruit 160.0 1432.0 -0.78 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 SERINE Fruit 150.0 1343.0 -0.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 170.0 1260.0 -0.59 *
3 ALANINE Fruit 140.0 1253.0 -0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
28 CALCIUM Fruit 159.0 1180.0 -0.62 *
4 THREONINE Fruit 110.0 985.0 -0.84 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
14 SULFUR Fruit 300.0 900.0 -0.36 *
14 ARGININE Fruit 100.0 895.0 -0.91 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 VALINE Fruit 100.0 895.0 -0.73 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 110.0 815.0 -0.61 *
7 PHENYLALANINE Fruit 90.0 806.0 -0.87 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
29 TRYPTOPHAN Fruit 40.0 716.0 -0.19 *
3 ISOLEUCINE Fruit 80.0 716.0 -0.88 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 SODIUM Leaf 160.0 711.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Fruit 70.0 627.0 -0.24 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Fruit 60.0 537.0 -0.35 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Leaf 116.0 514.0 1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
8 TYROSINE Fruit 50.0 448.0 -0.82 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 HISTIDINE Fruit 50.0 448.0 -0.89 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 SODIUM Fruit 60.0 444.0 -0.14 *
24 BENZALDEHYDE Fruit -- 300.0 -0.06 *
20 BENZYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE Fruit 0.001 291.0 *
20 CHOLINE Leaf -- 200.0 -0.48 Jim Duke's personal files.
17 CARPAINE Fruit -- 200.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
8 STEARIC-ACID Fruit 20.0 179.0 -0.27 *
15 METHIONINE Fruit 10.0 179.0 -0.96 *
21 NICOTINE Leaf -- 102.8 -0.75 Jim Duke's personal files.
39 NIACIN Leaf 21.0 93.0 -0.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
7 LAURIC-ACID Fruit 10.0 90.0 -0.44 *
6 IRON Leaf 8.0 38.0 -0.82 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
39 NIACIN Fruit 4.0 30.0 -0.41 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Leaf 5.0 21.0 -0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
11 PANTOTHENIC-ACID Fruit 2.0 19.0 0.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 BORON Fruit 5.0 15.0 -0.5 *
2 COBALT Fruit 2.0 14.0 1.16 *
4 SILICON Fruit 1.2 10.0 -0.58 *
7 SALICYLATES Fruit 0.8 8.0 -0.31 *
12 COPPER Fruit 0.1 5.0 -0.61 *
31 THIAMIN Leaf 1.0 4.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit 0.4 3.0 -0.43 *
6 IRON Fruit 0.4 3.0 -0.52 *
31 THIAMIN Fruit 0.2 2.6 -0.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 MYOSMINE Leaf -- 1.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
24 CHROMIUM Fruit 0.1 1.0 -0.37 *
14 MANGANESE Fruit 0.1 1.0 -0.4 *
60 SELENIUM Fruit 0.1 1.0 -0.14 *
1 TOLUENE Fruit -- 0.005 -0.71 Jim Duke's personal files.
53 LINALOOL Fruit -- -- -0.59 *
9 BENZYL-ALCOHOL Fruit -- -- -0.72 Jim Duke's personal files.
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Fruit -- -- USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
24 ETHANOL Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 CAPROIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
21 METHYL-SALICYLATE Fruit -- -- *
1 EPSILON-CAROTENE Fruit -- -- *
18 OLEIC-ACID Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 N-HEXACOSANE Seed Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 GERMACRENE-D Fruit -- -- *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Fruit -- -- *
7 CYCLOARTENOL Seed Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
14 SUCROSE Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
21 NICOTINE Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 CAMPESTEROL Seed Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 METHYL-ACETATE Fruit -- -- *
2 METHANOL Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
18 OLEIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
7 LAURIC-ACID Seed -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit -- -- *
3 N-HENTRIACONTANE Seed Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 GERANYL-ACETONE Fruit -- -- *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit -- -- *
2 CRYPTOXANTHIN Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
14 SUCROSE Bark -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
23 CITRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
16 LYCOPENE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
7 GLUCOSE Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Fruit -- -- *
4 CHYMOPAPAIN Latex Exudate -- -- *
3 STYRENE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 ISOBUTYL-ALCOHOL Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
25 PAPAIN Fruit -- -- *
3 PYRIDINE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
4 CARPOSIDE Leaf -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 OCTANOIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit -- -- *
7 GLUCOSE Bark -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 GAMMA-CAROTENE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 NEOXANTHIN Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
3 ISOBUTYL-ACETATE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 PRUNASIN Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
17 CARPAINE Seed -- -- *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 ANTHERAXANTHIN Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 N-NONACOSANE Seed Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 ISOAMYL-ACETATE Fruit -- -- *
7 GLUCOSE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
8 4-TERPINEOL Fruit -- -- *
1 CHOLESTEROL Seed Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
8 STEARIC-ACID Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 N-ACETYL-HEXOSAMIDASE Latex Exudate -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 ISOPROPYL-ALCOHOL Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
17 CARPAINE Root -- -- *
10 XYLITOL Bark -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
8 GENTISIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
8 STEARIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Seed -- -- *
24 PECTIN Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 LIGNOCERIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 VIOLAXANTHIN Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 MYRISTOLEIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 BEHENIC-ACID Seed -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 GALACTOSE Bark -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
9 TERPINOLENE Fruit -- -- *
17 CARPAINE Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
17 CARPAINE Bark -- -- *
7 LAURIC-ACID Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Fruit -- -- *
1 MYRISTOLEIC-ACID Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
8 FRUCTOSE Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
15 5-HYDROXYTRYPTAMINE Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 EPSILON-CAROTENE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
10 SQUALENE Seed Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
22 MYRCENE Fruit -- -- *
1 ETHYL-BUTYRATE Fruit -- -- *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
16 LYCOPENE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
7 LAURIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
77 ZINC Fruit -- -- *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 HEXANAL Fruit -- -- *
8 FRUCTOSE Bark -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
53 BETA-CAROTENE Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 MYOSMINE Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 ETHYL-BENZOATE Fruit -- -- *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 ZEAXANTHIN Fruit -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
8 FRUCTOSE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
14 SUCROSE Fruit -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
53 BETA-CAROTENE Seed Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
6 ETHYL-ACETATE Fruit -- -- *
2 BUTYL-ALCOHOL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 HEXYL-ACETATE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 VIOLAXANTHIN Fruit -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.