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Activities: 335
All Chemicals: 64
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
0 VOLATILE ORGANIC ACIDS Stem Bark -- -- *
0 VOLATILE ORGANIC ACIDS Root Bark -- -- *
0 VIBURNUM PRUNIFOLIUM POLYENE Root Bark -- -- *
0 VIBURNUM PRUNIFOLIUM GLUCOSIDE Bark -- -- *
0 VIBURNIN Bark -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
9 VALERIC-ACID Root Bark -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
9 VALERIC-ACID Bark -- -- *
89 URSOLIC-ACID Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
89 URSOLIC-ACID Root Bark -- -- *
0 URSOLIC ACID ACETATE Root Bark -- -- *
22 UMBELLIFERONE Fruit Juice -- -- *
35 TANNIN Root Bark -- 20000.0 -1.4 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
14 SUCROSE Bark -- -- *
5 STARCH Bark -- 55000.0 -0.46 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 SITOSTEROL Bark -- -- *
3 SCOPOLIN Bark -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Fruit Juice -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Root Bark 4.0 90.0 1.0 *
34 SALICYLIC-ACID Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
15 SALICIN Bark -- -- *
15 SALICIN Root -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
15 SALICIN Root Bark -- 2.2 *
0 SACCHAROSE Bark -- 3000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 RESIN Root Bark -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
0 PROTEIN Bark -- 24000.0 -2.04 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 PENTOSANS Bark -- 160000.0 -1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
13 PALMITIC-ACID Bark -- -- *
9 OXALIC-ACID Root Bark -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
18 OLEIC-ACID Bark -- -- *
0 OLEANOLIC-ACID-ACETATE Root Bark -- -- *
64 OLEANOLIC-ACID Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
64 OLEANOLIC-ACID Root Bark -- -- *
0 N-HEPTACOSANE Bark -- -- *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Bark -- -- *
15 MALIC-ACID Root Bark -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Bark -- -- *
5 ISOVALERIC-ACID Root Bark -- 130.0 *
0 ISOVALERIANIC-ACID Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 HEPTACOSANE Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
7 GLUCOSE Bark -- -- *
13 FORMIC-ACID Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
30 ESCULETIN Bark -- -- *
0 EO Bark 2800.0 3300.0 -0.68 *
0 DEXTRIN Bark -- 5000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 D-CATECHIN Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
23 CITRIC-ACID Root Bark -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
5 CAPRYLIC-ACID Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 CAPRONIC-ACID Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Root Bark -- -- *
9 BETA-AMYRIN Root Bark -- -- *
9 BETA-AMYRIN Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
15 ARBUTIN Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
15 ARBUTIN Root Bark -- -- *
18 AMENTOFLAVONE Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
18 AMENTOFLAVONE Root Bark -- -- *
10 ALPHA-AMYRIN Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
10 ALPHA-AMYRIN Root Bark -- -- *
32 AESCULETIN Bark -- -- *
0 ACETYLURSOLIC-ACID Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 ACETYL-OLEANOLIC-ACID Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
16 ACETIC-ACID Bark -- -- *
0 1-METHYL-2,3-DIBUTYL-HEMIMELLITATE Stem Bark -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.