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Activities: 767
Chemicals w/Activities: 171
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
35 TANNIN Leaf 60000.0 200000.0 1.09 *
1 CATECHINS Leaf -- 200000.0 1.0 *
35 TANNIN Fruit 50000.0 120000.0 0.25 *
24 PECTIN Fruit 4000.0 50000.0 -0.04 *
1 QUINIC-ACID Leaf 20000.0 50000.0 0.75 *
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 1338.0 16730.0 -0.1 *
15 ARBUTIN Plant -- 15000.0 -1.33 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 856.0 10700.0 2.27 *
28 CALCIUM Fruit 510.0 6380.0 0.58 *
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 312.0 3900.0 0.82 *
15 ARBUTIN Leaf -- 3000.0 -0.73 *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf -- 2800.0 1.09 *
89 URSOLIC-ACID Fruit -- 2500.0 -0.27 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
14 MANGANESE Leaf -- 2500.0 3.7 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf -- 2000.0 *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Fruit -- 1900.0 0.55 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit 132.0 1650.0 -0.18 *
14 SULFUR Fruit 130.0 1075.0 -0.24 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
19 CYANIDIN-3-O-GLUCOSIDE Leaf 342.0 684.0 *
4 CYANIDIN-3-O-GALACTOSIDE Leaf 275.0 550.0 *
5 ALUMINUM Fruit 25.0 318.0 -0.13 *
6 IRON Leaf -- 250.0 -0.29 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID Fruit -- 250.0 1.0 *
6 IRON Fruit 12.0 151.0 0.07 *
14 MANGANESE Fruit 7.0 91.0 0.2 *
39 NIACIN Fruit 5.0 65.0 0.06 *
4 TIN Fruit 4.0 50.0 -0.18 *
1 SODIUM Fruit 4.0 50.0 -0.18 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit 4.0 47.0 -0.06 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Leaf -- 40.0 -0.71 *
15 LUTEIN Fruit 2.6 26.0 1.41 *
4 BORON Fruit 0.6 10.0 -0.6 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
77 ZINC Fruit 1.0 8.7 -0.65 *
31 THIAMIN Fruit 7.0 8.0 0.34 *
12 COPPER Fruit 0.7 6.3 -0.51 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
60 SELENIUM Fruit 0.2 2.8 0.31 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit 0.2 2.6 -0.52 *
24 CHROMIUM Fruit -- 0.7 -0.41 *
16 ACETIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- 0.32 -1.0 *
2 MOLYBDENUM Fruit -- 0.1 -0.47 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
2 COBALT Fruit -- 0.1 -0.52 *
9 BENZYL-ALCOHOL Fruit Juice -- 0.08 *
5 PHYLLOQUINONE Fruit -- 0.04 -0.23 *
1 CAPROIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- 0.04 -1.0 *
26 PHENOL Fruit Juice -- 0.03 *
3 GAMMA-DECALACTONE Fruit Juice -- 0.022 *
3 CADMIUM Fruit 0.001 0.02 -0.58 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
28 VANILLIN Fruit Juice -- 0.015 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Fruit Juice -- 0.015 -0.76 *
76 EUGENOL Fruit Juice -- 0.01 *
2 ARSENIC Fruit -- 0.01 -0.52 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
53 LINALOOL Fruit Juice -- 0.004 -1.0 *
2 PHENYL-ACETALDEHYDE Fruit Juice -- 0.003 *
10 NEROL Fruit Juice -- 0.002 *
15 CITRONELLOL Fruit Juice -- 0.001 *
1 MERCURY Fruit -- 0.001 -0.79 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
8 P-CRESOL Fruit Juice -- 0.001 *
15 ARBUTIN Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
62 GALLIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- *
8 FRUCTOSE Fruit -- -- *
1 M-HYDROXYBENZOIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- *
2 MONOTROPEIN Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 SILICON Fruit -- -- *
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Leaf -- -- *
14 SUCROSE Fruit -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
1 IRIDOIDS Leaf -- -- *
1 PROCYANIDIN-B-2 Leaf -- -- *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Fruit -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
3 PETUNIDIN Fruit -- -- *
4 ISOFERULIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
61 FERULIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- *
23 CITRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
2 MONOTROPEIN Fruit -- -- *
9 SINAPIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
1 PROCYANIDIN-B-1 Fruit -- -- *
21 (-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN Leaf -- -- *
3 PEONIDIN Leaf -- -- *
7 CYANIDIN Fruit -- -- *
61 FERULIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
24 BENZALDEHYDE Fruit Juice -- -- *
9 BETA-AMYRIN Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
34 SALICYLIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
7 TRANS-CINNAMALDEHYDE Fruit Juice -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Leaf -- -- *
9 ASPERULOSIDE Fruit -- -- *
16 ISOEUGENOL Fruit Juice -- -- *
7 AVICULARIN Leaf -- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
8 INOSITOL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
20 BENZOIC-ACID Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
30 HYPEROSIDE Leaf -- -- *
87 RUTIN Leaf -- -- *
60 CINNAMALDEHYDE Fruit -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Leaf -- -- *
30 ANTHOCYANINS Leaf -- -- *
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
6 EPIGALLOCATECHIN Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
7 ASTRAGALIN Leaf -- -- *
4 TRANS-2-HEXENAL Fruit -- -- *
30 HYPEROSIDE Fruit -- -- *
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Fruit Juice -- -- *
60 CINNAMALDEHYDE Leaf -- -- *
44 QUERCITRIN Leaf -- -- *
1 MELILOTIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
2 PROCYANIDIN-B-3 Fruit -- -- *
9 OXALIC-ACID Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
23 CITRIC-ACID Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Fruit -- -- *
40 EPICATECHIN Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
7 ASTRAGALIN Fruit -- -- *
18 CINNAMIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
1 DELPHINIDIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- -- *
32 HYDROQUINONE Leaf -- -- *
44 QUERCITRIN Fruit -- -- *
1 QUERCETIN-3-O-RHAMNOSIDE Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
30 HYPEROSIDE Fruit Juice -- -- *
1 PROCYANIDIN-B-1 Leaf -- -- *
64 OLEANOLIC-ACID Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
43 CATECHIN Leaf -- -- *
6 MALVIDIN Fruit -- -- *
9 ASPERULOSIDE Leaf -- -- *
62 GALLIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
44 QUERCITRIN Fruit Juice -- -- *
5 ZEAXANTHIN Tissue Culture -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- *
2 QUERCETIN-3'-GLUCOSIDE Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
32 HYDROQUINONE Fruit -- -- *
1 PETUNIDIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- -- *
4 O-COUMARIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
60 LIMONENE Fruit Juice -- -- *
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 SYRINGIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
15 MALIC-ACID Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
24 VANILLIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
1 DELTA-DECALACTONE Fruit Juice -- -- *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
4 O-COUMARIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Leaf -- -- *
61 FERULIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
7 GLUCOSE Fruit -- -- *
1 PEONIDIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- -- *
2 MONOTROPEIN Stem -- -- *
2 NONACOSANE Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 CYANIDIN-3-O-GALACTOSIDE Fruit -- -- *
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Fruit -- -- *
15 LUTEIN Tissue Culture -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Fruit -- -- *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
1 DIHYDROXYCINNAMIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
35 GERANIOL Fruit Juice -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- *
24 VANILLIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- *
24 VANILLIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 M-HYDROXYBENZOIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
6 SYRINGIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
7 CYANIDIN Leaf -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Leaf -- -- *
19 CYANIDIN-3-O-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- -- *
9 DELPHINIDIN Fruit -- -- *
8 GENTISIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- *
1 MYRTILLIN Fruit -- -- *
6 SYRINGIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- *
25 OPCS Fruit -- -- *
89 URSOLIC-ACID Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 PROCYANIDIN-B-2 Fruit -- -- *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Tissue Culture -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit Juice -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.