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Activities: 756
Chemicals w/Activities: 161
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
15 FIBER Plant 179294.0 693000.0 3.48 *
71 THYMOL Essential Oil 231000.0 600500.0 1.25 *
16 P-CYMENE Essential Oil 78300.0 441300.0 3.01 *
35 TANNIN Leaf 16800.0 100000.0 -0.13 *
35 TANNIN Plant 80000.0 100000.0 0.24 *
37 CARVACROL Essential Oil 16700.0 80200.0 -0.7 *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Essential Oil 17800.0 49500.0 -0.15 *
53 LINALOOL Essential Oil 28200.0 42800.0 -0.39 *
57 ROSMARINIC-ACID Inflorescence -- 26000.0 -0.44 *
57 ROSMARINIC-ACID Plant -- 26000.0 -0.14 Fitoterapia No.62: 166.
71 THYMOL Plant 15.0 24100.0 2.4 *
28 CALCIUM Plant 16935.0 22534.0 0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
16 P-CYMENE Plant 146.0 20800.0 4.99 *
3 BETA-TERPINEOL Essential Oil -- 19800.0 -1.0 *
89 URSOLIC-ACID Plant 15000.0 18800.0 0.1 *
37 CARVACROL Plant 8.0 18720.0 1.72 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Plant 17200.0 18576.0 0.13 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
22 MYRCENE Essential Oil -- 17500.0 -0.21 *
53 LINALOOL Plant 20.0 17420.0 1.69 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Leaf -- 16900.0 1.63 *
28 CALCIUM Leaf 2806.0 16700.0 -0.12 *
1 AMYL-ALCOHOL Essential Oil -- 13900.0 *
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Essential Oil -- 13600.0 -0.51 *
57 ROSMARINIC-ACID Shoot 5000.0 13500.0 -0.22 *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Essential Oil -- 12500.0 -0.35 *
35 GERANIOL Plant -- 10660.0 1.38 *
14 POTASSIUM Leaf 1626.0 9680.0 -0.91 *
14 POTASSIUM Plant 7667.0 9302.0 -0.87 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 4-TERPINEOL Plant 73.0 8320.0 1.0 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Essential Oil -- 8000.0 -0.49 *
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Plant 6900.0 7452.0 0.18 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Plant 36.0 6500.0 4.55 *
64 OLEANOLIC-ACID Plant -- 6300.0 0.67 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Plant 36.0 5460.0 1.69 *
3 VALINE Plant 5020.0 5422.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Plant 5000.0 5400.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
60 LIMONENE Essential Oil -- 5300.0 -0.71 *
60 LIMONENE Plant 15.0 5200.0 2.71 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Plant 4700.0 5076.0 0.11 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 ISOLEUCINE Plant 4680.0 5054.0 -0.62 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 LINALYL-ACETATE Plant 15.0 4680.0 1.67 *
2 LEUCINE Plant 4300.0 4644.0 -0.94 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
65 MAGNESIUM Leaf 733.0 4360.0 0.09 *
9 CAMPHENE Essential Oil -- 4100.0 -0.57 *
13 BETA-PINENE Essential Oil -- 3400.0 -0.65 *
5 GERANYL-ACETATE Plant -- 3380.0 3.51 *
57 COUMARIN Essential Oil -- 3000.0 *
65 MAGNESIUM Plant 1630.0 2992.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 THREONINE Plant 2520.0 2722.0 -1.03 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 TYROSINE Plant 2410.0 2603.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 PHENYLALANINE Plant 2410.0 2603.0 -1.11 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
5 CAPRYLIC-ACID Plant 2400.0 2592.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PHOSPHORUS Plant 1703.0 2502.0 -0.52 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 LAURIC-ACID Plant 2300.0 2484.0 -0.36 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 LYSINE Plant 2070.0 2236.0 -0.98 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
29 TRYPTOPHAN Plant 1860.0 2009.0 -0.94 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 METHIONINE Plant 1370.0 1980.0 -0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 CYSTINE Plant 1370.0 1980.0 -0.15 *
7 SALICYLATES Leaf 180.0 1830.0 3.41 J. Amer. Diet. Ass. 85{8}:950.
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Plant 1520.0 1760.0 1.01 *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Plant 1500.0 1620.0 0.74 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Leaf 1520.0 1600.0 -0.21 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
28 ALPHA-PINENE Plant 15.0 1598.0 0.65 *
6 IRON Plant 1075.0 1508.0 1.04 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 SODIUM Leaf 250.0 1490.0 -0.38 *
35 BORNEOL Leaf 15.0 1462.0 1.33 *
1 SODIUM Plant 430.0 1341.0 -0.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
3 CAPRIC-ACID Plant 1200.0 1296.0 1.34 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf 160.0 950.0 -0.74 *
5 ALUMINUM Leaf 155.0 920.0 0.21 *
12 BORNYL-ACETATE Leaf 16.0 795.0 0.02 *
22 MYRCENE Plant 36.0 676.0 0.27 *
3 BETA-TERPINEOL Plant 79.0 673.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
8 DELTA-3-CARENE Plant -- 510.0 1.41 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Plant 50.0 425.0 1.79 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
13 BETA-PINENE Plant 15.0 420.0 0.02 *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Leaf -- 420.0 -0.24 *
9 CAMPHENE Plant 15.0 375.0 0.04 *
6 IRON Leaf 25.0 147.0 -0.55 *
12 STIGMASTEROL Leaf 80.0 85.0 0.08 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
11 NEROLIDOL Plant -- 80.0 0.61 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
77 ZINC Plant 55.0 74.0 0.22 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
39 NIACIN Plant -- 54.0 -0.32 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
39 NIACIN Leaf 9.0 54.0 -0.53 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Plant 4.0 53.0 2.9 *
4 BORON Plant 34.0 48.0 -0.33 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
41 CAMPHOR Plant 5.0 45.0 -0.63 J. Ethnopharmacology, 39: 167.
3 GENKWANIN Leaf -- 43.0 *
2 CAMPESTEROL Plant -- 30.0 -0.6 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
53 BETA-CAROTENE Plant 24.0 25.0 -0.59 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
53 BETA-CAROTENE Leaf 4.0 25.0 -1.03 *
4 SILICON Leaf 3.4 20.2 -0.35 *
9 CIRSIMARITIN Leaf -- 20.0 *
4 TIN Leaf 3.0 17.0 0.17 *
60 SELENIUM Leaf -- 16.0 0.85 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
2 COBALT Leaf 2.0 11.3 -0.23 *
12 COPPER Plant 8.0 9.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 8-METHOXY-CIRSILINEOL Leaf -- 7.4 *
14 MANGANESE Leaf 1.0 6.4 -0.45 *
31 THIAMIN Plant 5.0 6.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 RIBOFLAVIN Leaf 0.7 4.3 -0.16 *
11 LITHIUM Plant -- 4.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
24 CHROMIUM Leaf 0.3 2.0 -0.48 *
77 ZINC Leaf 0.3 1.5 -0.52 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf -- -- -0.44 *
3 LITHOSPERMIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
10 CIRSILINEOL Leaf -- -- *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
16 ISOEUGENOL Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
76 EUGENOL Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
18 CINNAMIC-ACID Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
30 MENTHONE Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
5 SAPONINS Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
4 ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
10 ERIODICTYOL Plant -- -- *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Plant -- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
7 CHRYSOERIOL Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
56 NARINGENIN Plant -- -- *
7 ISOBORNEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
35 BORNEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
13 DIOSMETIN Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
3 CYNAROSIDE Plant -- -- *
19 CARVONE Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Essential Oil -- -- *
3 THYMONIN Plant -- -- *
9 DELTA-CADINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Plant -- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
6 THYMYL-ACETATE Plant -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
12 GLYCINE Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
71 THYMOL Shoot -- -- *
4 ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
3 THYMONIN Leaf -- -- *
3 ALANINE Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
4 COSMOSIIN Plant -- -- *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Essential Oil -- -- *
4 COSMOSIIN Leaf -- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
1 LABIATIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
5 SCLAREOL Essential Oil -- -- *
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
78 LUTEOLIN Leaf -- -- *
101 APIGENIN Plant -- -- *
2 5,4'-DIHYDROXY-6,7,8,3'-TETRAMETHOXYFLAVONE Plant -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
75 KAEMPFEROL Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
2 6-HYDROXY-LUTEOLIN Leaf -- -- *
62 GALLIC-ACID Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
36 ANETHOLE Essential Oil -- -- *
37 CARVACROL Shoot -- -- *
4 ISOTHYMONIN Plant -- -- *
24 VANILLIC-ACID Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
7 GERMACRONE Essential Oil -- -- *
78 LUTEOLIN Plant -- -- *
53 CITRAL Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
3 4'5-DIHYDROXY-3',6,7-TRIMETHOXYFLAVONE Leaf -- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
2 OCIMENE Essential Oil -- -- *
35 GERANIOL Essential Oil -- -- *
61 FERULIC-ACID Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.