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Activities: 589
Chemicals w/Activities: 180
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
2 1,2,3,4,6-PENTA-O-GALLOYL-BETA-D-GLUCOSE Leaf -- 33.7 *
2 1,2,3,6-TETRA-O-GALLYOL-BETA-D-GLUCOSE Leaf -- 49.7 *
2 2-NONANONE Fruit -- 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 2-NONANONE Flower -- 1.0 *
4 2-UNDECANONE Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
4 2-UNDECANONE Flower -- -- *
3 3,3',4-TRI-O-METHYL-ELLAGIC-ACID Bark -- -- Lowry, J. B. 1968. The Distribution and Potential Taxonomic Value of Alkylated Ellagic Acids. Phytochemistry 7 10: 1803-1813
3 3,3',4-TRI-O-METHYL-ELLAGIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
3 3,4-DIHYDROXYBENZOIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
1 3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYLETHANOL Leaf -- -- *
6 5,7-DIHYDROXY-2-METHYLCHROMONE-8-C-BETA-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE Fruit -- 145.0 *
6 ACETOPHENONE Fruit -- -- *
5 ACETYL-EUGENOL Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
5 ACETYL-EUGENOL Flower -- -- *
3 ALPHA-CADINOL Leaf 5.0 8.0 -0.55 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Essential Oil -- 30000.0 -0.21 *
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Fruit 250.0 850.0 -0.17 *
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Flower 775.0 850.0 1.88 *
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Leaf 290.0 1740.0 2.49 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
1 ALPHA-HUMULENE-EPOXIDE Essential Oil -- 26000.0 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
1 ALPHA-ZINGIBERENE Leaf 11.0 18.0 1.0 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
5 ALUMINUM Fruit 80.0 160.0 -0.18 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 ALUMINUM Flower 80.0 160.0 1.08 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Bark -- 810.0 1.98 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
7 ASTRAGALIN Fruit -- -- *
24 BENZALDEHYDE Fruit -- -- *
24 BENZALDEHYDE Flower -- -- *
9 BENZYL-ACETATE Plant -- -- *
9 BENZYL-ALCOHOL Plant -- -- *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Bark 2.0 3.0 -0.65 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
13 BETA-PINENE Plant -- -- *
13 BETA-PINENE Fruit -- -- *
3 BETA-SELINENE Fruit -- -- *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Fruit -- 2420.0 2.39 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Essential Oil -- 1000.0 -1.0 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Plant -- -- *
3 BETA-TERPINEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
7 BIFLORIN Fruit 70.0 1022.0 *
4 BORON Fruit 10.0 40.0 0.0 *
4 BORON Flower 10.0 40.0 -0.01 *
28 CALCIUM Fruit 6460.0 9540.0 1.31 *
28 CALCIUM Flower 6460.0 9540.0 1.04 *
4 CALCIUM-OXALATE Plant -- -- *
2 CAMPESTEROL Fruit -- -- *
2 CAMPESTEROL Plant -- -- *
19 CARVONE Plant -- -- *
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Essential Oil -- 16000.0 -0.47 *
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Flower 74400.0 8160.0 1.41 *
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Fruit 7440.0 8160.0 -0.15 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
8 CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE Essential Oil -- -- *
8 CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE Plant -- -- *
8 CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE Leaf 75.0 712.0 2.64 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
8 CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE Fruit -- 2455.0 1.4 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
5 CASUARICTIN Leaf -- -- *
5 CASUARICTIN Plant -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 CHAVICOL Flower 465.0 510.0 *
3 CHAVICOL Fruit 465.0 510.0 -0.45 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
24 CHROMIUM Flower 3.0 5.0 0.99 *
24 CHROMIUM Fruit 3.0 5.0 0.19 *
60 CINNAMALDEHYDE Flower -- 1.0 -1.0 *
60 CINNAMALDEHYDE Fruit -- 1.0 *
2 COBALT Flower -- 0.7 -0.51 *
2 COBALT Fruit -- 0.7 -0.45 *
12 COPPER Flower 3.0 9.0 -0.84 *
12 COPPER Fruit 3.0 9.0 -0.3 *
2 CRATEGOLIC-ACID Seed -- 20.0 *
10 CUMINALDEHYDE Fruit -- -- *
5 DAUCOSTEROL Fruit -- -- *
9 DELTA-CADINENE Fruit -- -- *
9 DELTA-CADINENE Leaf 25.0 160.0 0.23 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
1 DELTA-CADINOL Fruit -- -- *
1 DELTA-CADINOL Leaf 8.0 13.0 -0.11 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
51 ELLAGIC-ACID Fruit -- 21.0 -0.69 *
51 ELLAGIC-ACID Bark -- -- Lowry, J. B. 1968. The Distribution and Potential Taxonomic Value of Alkylated Ellagic Acids. Phytochemistry 7 10: 1803-1813
51 ELLAGIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
8 ELLAGITANNIN Fruit -- 3200.0 *
1 ETHYL-BENZOATE Plant -- -- *
2 ETHYL-CINNAMATE Plant -- -- *
5 EUGENIIN Leaf -- 8950.0 *
5 EUGENIIN Fruit -- 1640.0 *
76 EUGENOL Essential Oil 61000.0 627000.0 1.06 *
76 EUGENOL Stem 36000.0 57000.0 1.0 *
76 EUGENOL Leaf 7920.0 26400.0 2.29 *
76 EUGENOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
76 EUGENOL Flower 108655.0 180000.0 2.65 *
76 EUGENOL Bark -- -- *
76 EUGENOL Bulb -- -- *
76 EUGENOL Fruit -- -- *
1 EUGENOL-ACETATE Fruit -- -- *
1 EUGENOL-ACETATE Bark -- -- *
6 EUGENYL-ACETATE Fruit -- 56700.0 *
6 FENCHONE Fruit -- -- *
15 FIBER Flower 95000.0 100000.0 -0.39 *
15 FIBER Fruit 95000.0 100000.0 -0.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
3 FLUORIDE Fruit -- 2.4 0.51 *
6 FURFURAL Plant -- -- *
1 FURFURYL-ALCOHOL Flower -- -- *
1 FURFURYL-ALCOHOL Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
62 GALLIC-ACID Flower -- -- *
62 GALLIC-ACID Fruit 285.0 12600.0 -0.44 *
3 GAMMA-DECALACTONE Fruit -- -- *
1 GEMIN-D Leaf 1125.0 1175.0 *
13 GERANIAL Fruit -- -- *
30 HYPEROSIDE Fruit -- -- *
6 IRON Fruit 45.0 150.0 0.07 *
6 IRON Flower 45.0 150.0 -0.12 *
16 ISOEUGENOL Plant -- -- *
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Fruit -- -- *
5 KAEMPFERIDE Fruit -- -- *
75 KAEMPFEROL Fruit -- 29.0 -0.57 *
75 KAEMPFEROL Flower -- -- *
53 LINALOOL Fruit -- 1.0 -0.59 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
65 MAGNESIUM Flower 2640.0 3020.0 0.15 *
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 2640.0 3020.0 0.41 *
14 MANGANESE Fruit 100.0 1200.0 7.51 *
14 MANGANESE Flower 100.0 1200.0 3.85 *
6 MASLINIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 MASLINIC-ACID Flower -- -- *
6 MASLINIC-ACID Essential Oil -- 1500.0 *
4 METHYL-BENZOATE Plant -- -- *
6 METHYL-CHAVICOL Plant -- -- *
20 METHYL-EUGENOL Flower 310.0 340.0 1.0 *
20 METHYL-EUGENOL Leaf 18.0 29.0 -0.81 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
20 METHYL-EUGENOL Fruit -- 1890.0 1.0 *
2 METHYL-N-AMYLKETONE Flower -- -- *
2 METHYL-N-AMYLKETONE Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
21 METHYL-SALICYLATE Flower -- -- *
21 METHYL-SALICYLATE Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
3 MUCILAGE Plant -- -- *
34 MYRICETIN Fruit -- 20.0 1.8 *
34 MYRICETIN Leaf -- -- *
1 NAPHTHALENE Leaf -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
1 NAPHTHALENE Fruit -- -- *
1 NAPHTHALENE Essential Oil -- 1000.0 -1.0 *
1 NAPHTHALENE Flower -- -- *
1 NAPHTHALENE Stem -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
3 NICKEL Flower -- 2.4 -1.0 *
3 NICKEL Fruit -- 2.4 -0.05 *
64 OLEANOLIC-ACID Fruit 35.0 20000.0 -1.0 *
64 OLEANOLIC-ACID Seed -- 7.0 -1.0 *
64 OLEANOLIC-ACID Essential Oil -- 10000.0 *
64 OLEANOLIC-ACID Flower -- 20000.0 1.41 *
9 PEDUNCULAGIN Leaf -- -- *
4 PHOSPHORUS Flower 1000.0 1337.0 -1.0 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 1000.0 1337.0 -0.57 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Fruit -- 2560.0 2.08 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
14 POTASSIUM Flower 11020.0 16200.0 -0.31 *
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 11020.0 16200.0 -0.15 *
11 PROCYANIDIN Leaf -- -- *
1 PRODELPHINIDIN Leaf -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
18 RHAMNETIN Fruit -- -- *
18 RHAMNETIN Plant -- -- *
7 RHAMNOCITRIN Fruit -- 50.0 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Flower 1.0 2.0 -0.99 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit 1.0 2.0 -0.64 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
1 RUGOSIN-A Leaf -- 16.2 *
8 RUGOSIN-D Leaf -- 1925.0 *
2 RUGOSIN-E Leaf -- 975.0 *
7 SALICYLATES Fruit 6.0 60.0 -0.16 *
1 SODIUM Flower 200.0 3250.0 1.29 *
1 SODIUM Fruit 200.0 3250.0 0.12 *
12 STIGMASTEROL Plant -- -- *
12 STIGMASTEROL Fruit -- 140.0 0.77 *
1 STRICTININ Leaf -- 100.0 0.09 *
35 TANNIN Plant -- -- *
7 TELLIMAGRANDIN-I Leaf -- -- *
7 TELLIMAGRANDIN-I Plant -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 TELLIMAGRANDIN-II Leaf -- -- *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Essential Oil -- -- *
31 THIAMIN Flower -- 1.0 -1.26 *
31 THIAMIN Fruit -- 1.0 -0.55 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
8 TRANS-ANETHOLE Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
8 TRANS-ANETHOLE Flower -- -- *
28 VANILLIN Fruit -- -- *
28 VANILLIN Flower -- -- *
3 XYLOSE Essential Oil -- -- *
77 ZINC Fruit 10.0 30.0 -0.01 *
77 ZINC Flower 10.0 30.0 -0.18 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.