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Activities: 705
All Chemicals: 216
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
62 GALLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
62 GALLIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
0 GADOLEIC-ACID Fruit 40.0 300.0 1.0 Revised USDA data received 1993.
6 FURFURAL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
8 FRUCTOSE Fruit -- -- *
13 FORMIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
0 FLAVONOLS Juice -- 122.0 *
0 FIBER(DIETARY) Leaf -- 323000.0 -0.62 *
0 FIBER(CRUDE) Leaf -- 82000.0 -1.18 *
15 FIBER Fruit 30000.0 352280.0 1.99 Revised USDA data received 1993.
15 FIBER Leaf -- 82000.0 -0.98 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
61 FERULIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
61 FERULIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
0 FAT Fruit 5100.0 44130.0 -0.3 Revised USDA data received 1993.
0 FAT Seed 145000.0 240000.0 -0.13 *
0 FAT Leaf 2873.0 17000.0 -0.79 *
17 FARNESOL Plant -- -- *
6 ETHYL-ACETATE Plant -- -- *
24 ETHANOL Plant -- -- *
0 EPOXY-BETA-IONONE Plant -- -- *
51 ELLAGIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
51 ELLAGIC-ACID Juice 5.0 50.0 *
0 DIHYDRO-BETA-IONONE Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 DIACETYL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 DEXTROSE Fruit -- 35000.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 DAMASCENE Plant -- -- *
5 CYANIN Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 CYANIDIN-5-MONOGLYCOSIDE Plant -- -- *
0 CYANIDIN-3-SOPHOROSIDE Plant -- -- *
1 CYANIDIN-3-RUTINOSIDE Plant -- -- *
19 CYANIDIN-3-O-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
0 CYANIDIN-3-GLUCOSYL-RUTINOSIDE Plant -- -- *
0 CYANIDIN-3-GLUCOSIDE Plant -- -- *
12 COPPER Fruit 0.7 6.0 -0.53 Revised USDA data received 1993.
2 COBALT Leaf 0.6 3.4 -0.28 *
23 CITRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
0 CIS-HEXEN-3-OL Plant -- -- *
6 CINNAMYL-ALCOHOL Plant -- -- *
24 CHROMIUM Leaf 0.2 1.3 -0.54 *
0 CARBOHYDRATES Leaf 133510.0 790000.0 1.42 *
0 CARBOHYDRATES Fruit 115700.0 865370.0 0.44 Revised USDA data received 1993.
5 CAPRYLIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
0 CAPRONIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
28 CALCIUM Leaf 2045.0 12100.0 -0.43 *
28 CALCIUM Fruit 220.0 1645.0 -0.51 Revised USDA data received 1993.
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
6 BUTYRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 BORON Fruit 1.0 13.0 -0.54 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed Oil -- -- *
0 BETA-PHENYLETHYLALCOHOL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
13 BETA-IONONE Plant -- -- *
2 BETA-CRYPTOXANTHIN Fruit -- -- *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Leaf 19.0 114.0 -0.64 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit 0.06 7.0 -0.14 *
20 BENZOIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
24 BENZALDEHYDE Plant -- -- *
0 ASH Fruit 3880.0 30815.0 -0.67 Revised USDA data received 1993.
0 ASH Leaf 13520.0 80000.0 -0.68 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Seed -- 300.0 -0.16 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf 620.0 3670.0 -0.1 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit 70.0 1870.0 -0.17 *
5 ALUMINUM Leaf 66.0 392.0 -0.36 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Fruit 9.0 56.0 -0.26 *
0 ALPHA-FURANCARBONIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
7 ALPHA-CAROTENE Fruit 0.13 0.6 -0.46 *
0 ACETOIN Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
16 ACETIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
0 5-METHYL-FURFURAL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 3-METHYL-2-BUTEN-1-OL Plant -- -- *
0 2-HEXEN-4-OLIDE Plant -- -- *
0 1-PENTEN-3-OL Plant -- -- *
0 1-PENTANOL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 1-BETA-O-GALLOYLPEDUNCULAGIN Leaf -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Pericarp -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Stem -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Juice -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Plant -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Leaf -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Pericarp -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Leaf -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Juice -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Stem -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.