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Activities: 705
All Chemicals: 216
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
176 QUERCETIN Juice -- -- *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Seed -- 300.0 -0.16 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf 620.0 3670.0 -0.1 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit 70.0 1870.0 -0.17 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
93 TOCOPHEROL Fruit 3.0 12.0 -0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
87 RUTIN Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
77 ZINC Fruit 4.0 37.0 0.2 Revised USDA data received 1993.
77 ZINC Leaf -- -- *
75 KAEMPFEROL Juice -- -- *
65 MAGNESIUM Leaf 539.0 3190.0 -0.36 *
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 175.0 1400.0 -0.34 Revised USDA data received 1993.
62 GALLIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
62 GALLIC-ACID Juice -- -- Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
62 GALLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
61 FERULIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
61 FERULIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
60 SELENIUM Leaf 0.4 2.5 -0.19 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Leaf 19.0 114.0 -0.64 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit 0.06 7.0 -0.14 *
51 ELLAGIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
51 ELLAGIC-ACID Juice 5.0 50.0 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed Oil -- -- *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Juice -- -- *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
39 NIACIN Fruit 9.0 67.0 0.08 Revised USDA data received 1993.
39 NIACIN Leaf 65.0 382.0 3.46 *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Plant -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Leaf -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Pericarp -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Stem -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Juice -- -- *
35 GERANIOL Fruit -- -- *
35 TANNIN Leaf 16900.0 120000.0 0.12 *
35 TANNIN Fruit -- 6200.0 -0.85 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
34 SALICYLIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
34 SALICYLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Fruit 9.0 56.0 -0.26 *
31 THIAMIN Leaf -- 3.4 -1.02 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
31 THIAMIN Fruit 0.3 2.2 -0.4 Revised USDA data received 1993.
30 (+)-CATECHIN Stem -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Pericarp -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Leaf -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Juice -- -- *
28 CALCIUM Leaf 2045.0 12100.0 -0.43 *
28 CALCIUM Fruit 220.0 1645.0 -0.51 Revised USDA data received 1993.
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Fruit 2080.0 15555.0 -0.14 Revised USDA data received 1993.
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Bark -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Juice -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
24 PECTIN Fruit -- 14500.0 -0.46 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
24 PECTIN Leaf 8450.0 50000.0 0.43 *
24 ETHANOL Plant -- -- *
24 CHROMIUM Leaf 0.2 1.3 -0.54 *
24 VANILLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
24 BENZALDEHYDE Plant -- -- *
23 CITRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Fruit -- -- *
20 BENZOIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
19 CYANIDIN-3-O-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
18 OLEIC-ACID Fruit 490.0 3665.0 -0.45 Revised USDA data received 1993.
18 MANNITOL Fruit -- -- *
17 FARNESOL Plant -- -- *
16 ACETIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
15 LUTEIN Fruit 0.76 4.0 -0.49 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Leaf -- -- *
15 FIBER Leaf -- 82000.0 -0.98 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
15 FIBER Fruit 30000.0 352280.0 1.99 Revised USDA data received 1993.
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit 0.9 6.7 0.36 Revised USDA data received 1993.
15 MALIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
14 POTASSIUM Leaf 2265.0 13400.0 -0.75 *
14 MANGANESE Leaf 25.0 146.0 -0.22 *
14 MANGANESE Fruit 10.0 80.0 0.12 Revised USDA data received 1993.
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 1490.0 11635.0 -0.56 Revised USDA data received 1993.
14 SUCROSE Fruit -- -- *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Fruit 130.0 970.0 -0.35 Revised USDA data received 1993.
13 FORMIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
13 BETA-IONONE Plant -- -- *
13 MUFA Fruit 530.0 3965.0 -0.2 Revised USDA data received 1993.
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
12 COPPER Fruit 0.7 6.0 -0.53 Revised USDA data received 1993.
11 SORBITOL Fruit -- -- *
11 PANTOTHENIC-ACID Fruit 2.4 18.0 -0.01 Revised USDA data received 1993.
11 MALTOL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
10 XYLITOL Fruit -- 0.4 *
9 PEDUNCULAGIN Leaf -- -- *
8 P-CRESOL Plant -- -- *
8 LACTIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
8 STEARIC-ACID Fruit 130.0 970.0 -0.21 Revised USDA data received 1993.
8 GENTISIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
8 FRUCTOSE Fruit -- -- *
7 ALPHA-CAROTENE Fruit 0.13 0.6 -0.46 *
7 GLUCOSE Fruit -- -- *
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 ETHYL-ACETATE Plant -- -- *
6 BUTYRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 IRON Fruit 5.0 45.0 -0.35 Revised USDA data received 1993.
6 FURFURAL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 PROPIONIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 CINNAMYL-ALCOHOL Plant -- -- *
6 IRON Leaf 17.0 101.0 -0.66 *
5 SANGUIIN-H-6 Leaf -- -- *
5 ALUMINUM Leaf 66.0 392.0 -0.36 *
5 CYANIN Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
5 CAPRYLIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 110.0 955.0 -0.69 Revised USDA data received 1993.
4 BORON Fruit 1.0 13.0 -0.54 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Stem -- -- *
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Pericarp -- -- *
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Leaf -- -- *
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Plant -- -- *
4 PUFA Fruit 3130.0 23410.0 0.84 Revised USDA data received 1993.
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf 395.0 2340.0 -0.48 *
4 TIN Leaf 4.0 22.0 0.76 *
4 SILICON Leaf 0.2 1.3 -0.41 *
3 XYLOSE Fruit -- -- *
3 ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 BETA-CRYPTOXANTHIN Fruit -- -- *
2 COBALT Leaf 0.6 3.4 -0.28 *
2 DIACETYL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 ISOBUTYRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 CYANIDIN-3-RUTINOSIDE Plant -- -- *
1 VALERIANIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 LEVULOSE Fruit -- 35000.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 SANGUIIN-H-2 Leaf -- -- *
1 DEXTROSE Fruit -- 35000.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 N-NONACOSANE Seed Oil -- -- *
1 SODIUM Fruit -- 1.0 -0.18 Revised USDA data received 1993.
1 SODIUM Leaf 13.0 77.0 -0.63 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.