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Activities: 705
All Chemicals: 216
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
176 QUERCETIN Juice -- -- *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit 70.0 1870.0 -0.17 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Seed -- 300.0 -0.16 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf 620.0 3670.0 -0.1 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
93 TOCOPHEROL Fruit 3.0 12.0 -0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
87 RUTIN Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
77 ZINC Leaf -- -- *
77 ZINC Fruit 4.0 37.0 0.2 Revised USDA data received 1993.
75 KAEMPFEROL Juice -- -- *
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 175.0 1400.0 -0.34 Revised USDA data received 1993.
65 MAGNESIUM Leaf 539.0 3190.0 -0.36 *
62 GALLIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
62 GALLIC-ACID Juice -- -- Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
62 GALLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
61 FERULIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
61 FERULIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
60 SELENIUM Leaf 0.4 2.5 -0.19 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Leaf 19.0 114.0 -0.64 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit 0.06 7.0 -0.14 *
51 ELLAGIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
51 ELLAGIC-ACID Juice 5.0 50.0 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed Oil -- -- *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Juice -- -- *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
39 NIACIN Fruit 9.0 67.0 0.08 Revised USDA data received 1993.
39 NIACIN Leaf 65.0 382.0 3.46 *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Plant -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Leaf -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Pericarp -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Stem -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Juice -- -- *
35 TANNIN Leaf 16900.0 120000.0 0.12 *
35 TANNIN Fruit -- 6200.0 -0.85 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
35 GERANIOL Fruit -- -- *
34 SALICYLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
34 SALICYLIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Fruit 9.0 56.0 -0.26 *
31 THIAMIN Leaf -- 3.4 -1.02 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
31 THIAMIN Fruit 0.3 2.2 -0.4 Revised USDA data received 1993.
30 (+)-CATECHIN Stem -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Pericarp -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Leaf -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Juice -- -- *
28 CALCIUM Fruit 220.0 1645.0 -0.51 Revised USDA data received 1993.
28 CALCIUM Leaf 2045.0 12100.0 -0.43 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Fruit 2080.0 15555.0 -0.14 Revised USDA data received 1993.
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Juice -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Bark -- -- *
24 CHROMIUM Leaf 0.2 1.3 -0.54 *
24 VANILLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
24 BENZALDEHYDE Plant -- -- *
24 PECTIN Fruit -- 14500.0 -0.46 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
24 PECTIN Leaf 8450.0 50000.0 0.43 *
24 ETHANOL Plant -- -- *
23 CITRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Fruit -- -- *
20 BENZOIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
19 CYANIDIN-3-O-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
18 OLEIC-ACID Fruit 490.0 3665.0 -0.45 Revised USDA data received 1993.
18 MANNITOL Fruit -- -- *
17 FARNESOL Plant -- -- *
16 ACETIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Leaf -- -- *
15 FIBER Leaf -- 82000.0 -0.98 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
15 FIBER Fruit 30000.0 352280.0 1.99 Revised USDA data received 1993.
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit 0.9 6.7 0.36 Revised USDA data received 1993.
15 MALIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
15 LUTEIN Fruit 0.76 4.0 -0.49 *
14 POTASSIUM Leaf 2265.0 13400.0 -0.75 *
14 MANGANESE Leaf 25.0 146.0 -0.22 *
14 MANGANESE Fruit 10.0 80.0 0.12 Revised USDA data received 1993.
14 SUCROSE Fruit -- -- *
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 1490.0 11635.0 -0.56 Revised USDA data received 1993.
13 BETA-IONONE Plant -- -- *
13 FORMIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
13 MUFA Fruit 530.0 3965.0 -0.2 Revised USDA data received 1993.
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Fruit 130.0 970.0 -0.35 Revised USDA data received 1993.
12 COPPER Fruit 0.7 6.0 -0.53 Revised USDA data received 1993.
11 MALTOL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
11 SORBITOL Fruit -- -- *
11 PANTOTHENIC-ACID Fruit 2.4 18.0 -0.01 Revised USDA data received 1993.
10 XYLITOL Fruit -- 0.4 *
9 PEDUNCULAGIN Leaf -- -- *
8 P-CRESOL Plant -- -- *
8 LACTIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
8 STEARIC-ACID Fruit 130.0 970.0 -0.21 Revised USDA data received 1993.
8 GENTISIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
8 FRUCTOSE Fruit -- -- *
7 ALPHA-CAROTENE Fruit 0.13 0.6 -0.46 *
7 GLUCOSE Fruit -- -- *
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 FURFURAL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 CINNAMYL-ALCOHOL Plant -- -- *
6 PROPIONIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 IRON Leaf 17.0 101.0 -0.66 *
6 ETHYL-ACETATE Plant -- -- *
6 BUTYRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 IRON Fruit 5.0 45.0 -0.35 Revised USDA data received 1993.
5 CYANIN Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
5 CAPRYLIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
5 SANGUIIN-H-6 Leaf -- -- *
5 ALUMINUM Leaf 66.0 392.0 -0.36 *
4 BORON Fruit 1.0 13.0 -0.54 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Stem -- -- *
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Pericarp -- -- *
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Leaf -- -- *
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Plant -- -- *
4 PUFA Fruit 3130.0 23410.0 0.84 Revised USDA data received 1993.
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf 395.0 2340.0 -0.48 *
4 TIN Leaf 4.0 22.0 0.76 *
4 SILICON Leaf 0.2 1.3 -0.41 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 110.0 955.0 -0.69 Revised USDA data received 1993.
3 XYLOSE Fruit -- -- *
3 ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 COBALT Leaf 0.6 3.4 -0.28 *
2 DIACETYL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 ISOBUTYRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 BETA-CRYPTOXANTHIN Fruit -- -- *
1 LEVULOSE Fruit -- 35000.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 SANGUIIN-H-2 Leaf -- -- *
1 DEXTROSE Fruit -- 35000.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 SODIUM Fruit -- 1.0 -0.18 Revised USDA data received 1993.
1 N-NONACOSANE Seed Oil -- -- *
1 SODIUM Leaf 13.0 77.0 -0.63 *
1 CYANIDIN-3-RUTINOSIDE Plant -- -- *
1 VALERIANIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.