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Activities: 705
Chemicals w/Activities: 133
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
39 NIACIN Leaf 65.0 382.0 3.46 *
15 FIBER Fruit 30000.0 352280.0 1.99 Revised USDA data received 1993.
1 DEXTROSE Fruit -- 35000.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 LEVULOSE Fruit -- 35000.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 PUFA Fruit 3130.0 23410.0 0.84 Revised USDA data received 1993.
4 TIN Leaf 4.0 22.0 0.76 *
24 PECTIN Leaf 8450.0 50000.0 0.43 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit 0.9 6.7 0.36 Revised USDA data received 1993.
77 ZINC Fruit 4.0 37.0 0.2 Revised USDA data received 1993.
14 MANGANESE Fruit 10.0 80.0 0.12 Revised USDA data received 1993.
35 TANNIN Leaf 16900.0 120000.0 0.12 *
39 NIACIN Fruit 9.0 67.0 0.08 Revised USDA data received 1993.
11 PANTOTHENIC-ACID Fruit 2.4 18.0 -0.01 Revised USDA data received 1993.
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf 620.0 3670.0 -0.1 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Fruit 2080.0 15555.0 -0.14 Revised USDA data received 1993.
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit 0.06 7.0 -0.14 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Seed -- 300.0 -0.16 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit 70.0 1870.0 -0.17 *
1 SODIUM Fruit -- 1.0 -0.18 Revised USDA data received 1993.
60 SELENIUM Leaf 0.4 2.5 -0.19 *
13 MUFA Fruit 530.0 3965.0 -0.2 Revised USDA data received 1993.
8 STEARIC-ACID Fruit 130.0 970.0 -0.21 Revised USDA data received 1993.
14 MANGANESE Leaf 25.0 146.0 -0.22 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Fruit 9.0 56.0 -0.26 *
2 COBALT Leaf 0.6 3.4 -0.28 *
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 175.0 1400.0 -0.34 Revised USDA data received 1993.
6 IRON Fruit 5.0 45.0 -0.35 Revised USDA data received 1993.
13 PALMITIC-ACID Fruit 130.0 970.0 -0.35 Revised USDA data received 1993.
5 ALUMINUM Leaf 66.0 392.0 -0.36 *
65 MAGNESIUM Leaf 539.0 3190.0 -0.36 *
31 THIAMIN Fruit 0.3 2.2 -0.4 Revised USDA data received 1993.
4 SILICON Leaf 0.2 1.3 -0.41 *
28 CALCIUM Leaf 2045.0 12100.0 -0.43 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Fruit 490.0 3665.0 -0.45 Revised USDA data received 1993.
24 PECTIN Fruit -- 14500.0 -0.46 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
7 ALPHA-CAROTENE Fruit 0.13 0.6 -0.46 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf 395.0 2340.0 -0.48 *
15 LUTEIN Fruit 0.76 4.0 -0.49 *
28 CALCIUM Fruit 220.0 1645.0 -0.51 Revised USDA data received 1993.
12 COPPER Fruit 0.7 6.0 -0.53 Revised USDA data received 1993.
24 CHROMIUM Leaf 0.2 1.3 -0.54 *
4 BORON Fruit 1.0 13.0 -0.54 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 1490.0 11635.0 -0.56 Revised USDA data received 1993.
93 TOCOPHEROL Fruit 3.0 12.0 -0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 SODIUM Leaf 13.0 77.0 -0.63 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Leaf 19.0 114.0 -0.64 *
6 IRON Leaf 17.0 101.0 -0.66 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 110.0 955.0 -0.69 Revised USDA data received 1993.
14 POTASSIUM Leaf 2265.0 13400.0 -0.75 *
35 TANNIN Fruit -- 6200.0 -0.85 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
15 FIBER Leaf -- 82000.0 -0.98 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
31 THIAMIN Leaf -- 3.4 -1.02 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
2 ISOBUTYRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
23 CITRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
62 GALLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Stem -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Leaf -- -- *
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
24 ETHANOL Plant -- -- *
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Fruit -- -- *
8 P-CRESOL Plant -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
3 ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
8 FRUCTOSE Fruit -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Pericarp -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Juice -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Pericarp -- -- *
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
51 ELLAGIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
6 BUTYRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Juice -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Leaf -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Stem -- -- *
2 DIACETYL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Stem -- -- *
35 GERANIOL Fruit -- -- *
16 ACETIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Juice -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Juice -- -- *
3 XYLOSE Fruit -- -- *
13 BETA-IONONE Plant -- -- *
75 KAEMPFEROL Juice -- -- *
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Pericarp -- -- *
10 XYLITOL Fruit -- 0.4 *
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
62 GALLIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
24 VANILLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
5 CYANIN Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
11 MALTOL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Plant -- -- *
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Leaf -- -- *
6 FURFURAL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
14 SUCROSE Fruit -- -- *
34 SALICYLIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 CYANIDIN-3-RUTINOSIDE Plant -- -- *
15 MALIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
62 GALLIC-ACID Juice -- -- Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
1 N-NONACOSANE Seed Oil -- -- *
9 PEDUNCULAGIN Leaf -- -- *
77 ZINC Leaf -- -- *
13 FORMIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
11 SORBITOL Fruit -- -- *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Leaf -- -- *
61 FERULIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
20 BENZOIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
18 MANNITOL Fruit -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
1 VALERIANIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed Oil -- -- *
6 PROPIONIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 CINNAMYL-ALCOHOL Plant -- -- *
2 BETA-CRYPTOXANTHIN Fruit -- -- *
24 BENZALDEHYDE Plant -- -- *
51 ELLAGIC-ACID Juice 5.0 50.0 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
61 FERULIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Juice -- -- *
5 SANGUIIN-H-6 Leaf -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Bark -- -- *
19 CYANIDIN-3-O-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
7 GLUCOSE Fruit -- -- *
17 FARNESOL Plant -- -- *
1 SANGUIIN-H-2 Leaf -- -- *
5 CAPRYLIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
8 LACTIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
8 GENTISIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
87 RUTIN Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Plant -- -- *
6 ETHYL-ACETATE Plant -- -- *
34 SALICYLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.