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Activities: 705
Chemicals w/Activities: 133
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
39 NIACIN Leaf 65.0 382.0 3.46 *
15 FIBER Fruit 30000.0 352280.0 1.99 Revised USDA data received 1993.
1 LEVULOSE Fruit -- 35000.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 DEXTROSE Fruit -- 35000.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 PUFA Fruit 3130.0 23410.0 0.84 Revised USDA data received 1993.
4 TIN Leaf 4.0 22.0 0.76 *
24 PECTIN Leaf 8450.0 50000.0 0.43 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit 0.9 6.7 0.36 Revised USDA data received 1993.
77 ZINC Fruit 4.0 37.0 0.2 Revised USDA data received 1993.
14 MANGANESE Fruit 10.0 80.0 0.12 Revised USDA data received 1993.
35 TANNIN Leaf 16900.0 120000.0 0.12 *
39 NIACIN Fruit 9.0 67.0 0.08 Revised USDA data received 1993.
11 PANTOTHENIC-ACID Fruit 2.4 18.0 -0.01 Revised USDA data received 1993.
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf 620.0 3670.0 -0.1 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Fruit 2080.0 15555.0 -0.14 Revised USDA data received 1993.
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit 0.06 7.0 -0.14 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Seed -- 300.0 -0.16 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit 70.0 1870.0 -0.17 *
1 SODIUM Fruit -- 1.0 -0.18 Revised USDA data received 1993.
60 SELENIUM Leaf 0.4 2.5 -0.19 *
13 MUFA Fruit 530.0 3965.0 -0.2 Revised USDA data received 1993.
8 STEARIC-ACID Fruit 130.0 970.0 -0.21 Revised USDA data received 1993.
14 MANGANESE Leaf 25.0 146.0 -0.22 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Fruit 9.0 56.0 -0.26 *
2 COBALT Leaf 0.6 3.4 -0.28 *
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 175.0 1400.0 -0.34 Revised USDA data received 1993.
6 IRON Fruit 5.0 45.0 -0.35 Revised USDA data received 1993.
13 PALMITIC-ACID Fruit 130.0 970.0 -0.35 Revised USDA data received 1993.
5 ALUMINUM Leaf 66.0 392.0 -0.36 *
65 MAGNESIUM Leaf 539.0 3190.0 -0.36 *
31 THIAMIN Fruit 0.3 2.2 -0.4 Revised USDA data received 1993.
4 SILICON Leaf 0.2 1.3 -0.41 *
28 CALCIUM Leaf 2045.0 12100.0 -0.43 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Fruit 490.0 3665.0 -0.45 Revised USDA data received 1993.
24 PECTIN Fruit -- 14500.0 -0.46 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
7 ALPHA-CAROTENE Fruit 0.13 0.6 -0.46 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf 395.0 2340.0 -0.48 *
15 LUTEIN Fruit 0.76 4.0 -0.49 *
28 CALCIUM Fruit 220.0 1645.0 -0.51 Revised USDA data received 1993.
12 COPPER Fruit 0.7 6.0 -0.53 Revised USDA data received 1993.
24 CHROMIUM Leaf 0.2 1.3 -0.54 *
4 BORON Fruit 1.0 13.0 -0.54 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 1490.0 11635.0 -0.56 Revised USDA data received 1993.
93 TOCOPHEROL Fruit 3.0 12.0 -0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 SODIUM Leaf 13.0 77.0 -0.63 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Leaf 19.0 114.0 -0.64 *
6 IRON Leaf 17.0 101.0 -0.66 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 110.0 955.0 -0.69 Revised USDA data received 1993.
14 POTASSIUM Leaf 2265.0 13400.0 -0.75 *
35 TANNIN Fruit -- 6200.0 -0.85 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
15 FIBER Leaf -- 82000.0 -0.98 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
31 THIAMIN Leaf -- 3.4 -1.02 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
34 SALICYLIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
87 RUTIN Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 CYANIDIN-3-RUTINOSIDE Plant -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Plant -- -- *
15 MALIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
34 SALICYLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
23 CITRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
62 GALLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
77 ZINC Leaf -- -- *
13 FORMIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Leaf -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Leaf -- -- *
61 FERULIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
20 BENZOIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Fruit -- -- *
8 FRUCTOSE Fruit -- -- *
1 VALERIANIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 PROPIONIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
176 QUERCETIN Juice -- -- *
6 CINNAMYL-ALCOHOL Plant -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Pericarp -- -- *
2 BETA-CRYPTOXANTHIN Fruit -- -- *
24 BENZALDEHYDE Plant -- -- *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
61 FERULIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Juice -- -- *
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Stem -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Bark -- -- *
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Stem -- -- *
17 FARNESOL Plant -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Juice -- -- *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Juice -- -- *
5 CAPRYLIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
3 XYLOSE Fruit -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
8 LACTIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
75 KAEMPFEROL Juice -- -- *
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Pericarp -- -- *
6 ETHYL-ACETATE Plant -- -- *
10 XYLITOL Fruit -- 0.4 *
24 VANILLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
2 ISOBUTYRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Plant -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Stem -- -- *
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
24 ETHANOL Plant -- -- *
4 PROCYANIDIN-B-4 Leaf -- -- *
8 P-CRESOL Plant -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
14 SUCROSE Fruit -- -- *
3 ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
62 GALLIC-ACID Juice -- -- Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
1 N-NONACOSANE Seed Oil -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Pericarp -- -- *
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
51 ELLAGIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
9 PEDUNCULAGIN Leaf -- -- *
6 BUTYRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
11 SORBITOL Fruit -- -- *
18 MANNITOL Fruit -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Leaf -- -- *
2 DIACETYL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed Oil -- -- *
35 GERANIOL Fruit -- -- *
51 ELLAGIC-ACID Juice 5.0 50.0 *
16 ACETIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Juice -- -- *
13 BETA-IONONE Plant -- -- *
5 SANGUIIN-H-6 Leaf -- -- *
62 GALLIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
19 CYANIDIN-3-O-GLUCOSIDE Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
7 GLUCOSE Fruit -- -- *
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
5 CYANIN Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
11 MALTOL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 SANGUIIN-H-2 Leaf -- -- *
8 GENTISIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
6 FURFURAL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.