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Activities: 890
Chemicals w/Activities: 459
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
176 QUERCETIN Pt -- -- *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit 357.0 1700.0 -0.18 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Shoot 17.0 129.0 -0.36 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Seed 171.0 1700.0 0.68 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Pt 58.0 2778.0 -0.26 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Plant 17.0 129.0 -0.56 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Root -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
101 APIGENIN Plant -- -- *
101 APIGENIN Seed -- -- *
101 APIGENIN Pt -- 1910.0 *
87 RUTIN Shoot -- 170.0 -0.56 *
87 RUTIN Plant -- 170.0 -0.68 *
78 LUTEOLIN Leaf -- 80.0 -0.58 *
78 LUTEOLIN Pt -- 400.0 *
78 LUTEOLIN Seed -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Root -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
77 ZINC Seed 0.2 89.0 1.25 *
77 ZINC Fruit 0.3 1.2 -0.88 *
77 ZINC Root 2.8 70.0 2.01 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
77 ZINC Leaf 1.0 44.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
76 EUGENOL Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
76 EUGENOL Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
75 KAEMPFEROL Leaf -- -- -0.76 *
71 THYMOL Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
71 THYMOL Plant -- -- *
71 THYMOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1700.0 -0.68 *
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 153.0 730.0 -0.65 *
65 MAGNESIUM Seed 155.0 4903.0 0.77 *
65 MAGNESIUM Root 140.0 1635.0 -0.49 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
65 MAGNESIUM Leaf 99.0 2650.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
61 FERULIC-ACID Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
60 SELENIUM Fruit -- 0.2 -0.34 *
60 LIMONENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 621000.0 2.07 *
60 LIMONENE Fruit Essent. Oil 350000.0 706000.0 0.57 *
60 SELENIUM Root -- 0.002 -0.36 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
60 LIMONENE Seed Essent. Oil 350000.0 721600.0 2.14 *
60 LIMONENE Essential Oil -- -- *
60 SELENIUM Seed -- 0.2 -0.26 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
60 LIMONENE Seed 530.0 24000.0 0.96 *
60 LIMONENE Et -- 695000.0 1.0 *
60 LIMONENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 695000.0 *
60 LIMONENE Root Essent. Oil -- 117000.0 0.27 *
60 CINNAMALDEHYDE Seed Essent. Oil -- 1500.0 *
57 COUMARIN Plant -- -- *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Pt 1.0 144.0 1.41 *
53 LINALOOL Seed 1.0 90.0 -0.47 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Seed 7.5 36.0 1.82 *
53 LINALOOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 14800.0 -0.5 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit 8.0 36.0 -0.08 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed -- 210.0 -0.55 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Pt -- 30.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
44 SCOPOLETIN Plant -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Leaf -- -- *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Seed -- -- *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Pt 0.04 1.6 *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Root -- -- *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Plant 6.0 183.0 *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Stem -- -- *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Shoot -- 183.0 0.21 *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
39 NIACIN Pt 3.0 57.0 0.71 *
39 NIACIN Fruit 3.0 12.0 -0.65 *
39 NIACIN Seed 2.5 12.0 -0.92 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Shoot -- 64.0 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Leaf 136.0 266.0 -0.23 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Pt 3.0 67.0 1.0 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Plant -- 64.0 -1.0 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Seed -- -- *
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 1700.0 *
31 MYRISTICIN Seed 230.0 360.0 -0.99 *
31 PSORALEN Pt -- 0.15 *
31 PSORALEN Plant -- -- *
31 PSORALEN Seed -- -- *
31 PSORALEN Leaf -- -- -0.71 *
31 THIAMIN Pt -- 10.0 1.26 *
31 PSORALEN Stem -- -- *
31 MYRISTICIN Plant -- -- *
30 MENTHONE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
30 MENTHONE Essential Oil -- -- *
29 TRYPTOPHAN Pt 90.0 1865.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
28 ALPHA-PINENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 14000.0 -1.0 *
28 CALCIUM Seed 170.0 20776.0 3.05 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Seed Essent. Oil 10000.0 10500.0 -0.67 *
28 CALCIUM Root 340.0 3635.0 -0.41 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
28 CALCIUM Pt 313.0 11918.0 -1.41 *
28 ADENOSINE Plant -- -- *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Seed -- 300.0 -0.47 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Et 12000.0 14000.0 -1.0 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Root Essent. Oil -- 179000.0 0.77 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.74 *
28 CALCIUM Fruit 1680.0 8000.0 0.96 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 10000.0 -0.72 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed 178000.0 46560.0 -0.52 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Pt 690.0 12875.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Leaf 60.0 1132.0 -1.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
26 BERGAPTEN Shoot -- 145.0 -1.0 *
26 BERGAPTEN Root -- -- *
26 BERGAPTEN Seed -- 1.0 -0.89 *
26 BERGAPTEN Leaf -- 1.17 -0.59 *
26 BERGAPTEN Pt 0.04 0.81 *
26 BERGAPTEN Plant -- 520.0 -1.0 *
25 IMPERATORIN Root -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
25 IMPERATORIN Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
25 IMPERATORIN Leaf -- -- *
24 CHROMIUM Seed -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
24 PECTIN Leaf -- 3000.0 -1.51 Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
24 CHROMIUM Fruit -- -- *
24 CHROMIUM Root 0.002 0.045 -0.55 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Root Essent. Oil -- 69000.0 1.0 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -0.84 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Seed Essent. Oil 5000.0 14000.0 -0.65 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Fruit Essent. Oil 3000.0 14000.0 -0.3 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Seed 1.0 1400.0 0.07 *
23 CITRIC-ACID Root -- -- *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Seed 1.0 420.0 -0.37 *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Leaf Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -0.54 *
23 CITRIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
22 MYRCENE Seed Essent. Oil 2000.0 61000.0 -0.07 *
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Seed -- -- *
22 MYRCENE Seed 40.0 1830.0 -0.02 *
22 MYRCENE Et -- 18000.0 1.0 *
22 MYRCENE Root Essent. Oil -- 18000.0 -0.42 *
22 MYRCENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 14000.0 -0.31 *
22 SCOPARONE Leaf -- -- *
22 MYRCENE Fruit Essent. Oil 2000.0 61000.0 0.92 *
22 UMBELLIFERONE Seed -- -- *
22 MYRCENE Shoot -- -- *
22 MYRCENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 18000.0 1.0 *
21 NICOTINE Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
21 8-METHOXY-PSORALEN Leaf -- 1.0 *
20 APIOLE Essential Oil -- -- *
20 APIOLE Seed 115.0 180.0 -1.0 *
20 CITRONELLAL Shoot -- -- *
20 CITRONELLAL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
20 CHOLINE Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
19 CARVONE Seed 19.0 75.0 -1.21 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
19 CARVONE Seed Essent. Oil 900.0 550000.0 -0.45 *
19 CARVONE Leaf -- 1.0 -0.28 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
19 CARVONE Shoot -- -- *
19 CARVONE Essential Oil 2000.0 5000.0 -0.84 *
19 CARVONE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 550000.0 1.41 *
18 MANNITOL Plant -- -- *
18 GUAIACOL Shoot -- -- *
18 MANNITOL Stem -- 20000.0 *
18 GUAIACOL Essential Oil -- -- *
18 MANNITOL Root -- 50000.0 0.23 *
18 MANNITOL Shoot -- -- *
18 MANNITOL Leaf -- -- *
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
18 GUAIACOL Seed -- -- *
18 GUAIACOL Leaf -- -- *
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed 73200.0 162560.0 0.36 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Pt 230.0 4850.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
17 BENZYL-BENZOATE Shoot -- -- *
17 ANGELICIN Stem -- -- *
16 P-CYMENE Seed 20.0 930.0 -0.49 *
16 P-CYMENE Et -- 17000.0 1.0 *
16 P-CYMENE Root Essent. Oil -- 31000.0 1.44 *
16 P-CYMENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 17000.0 -1.0 *
16 P-CYMENE Fruit Essent. Oil 2000.0 31000.0 1.12 *
16 P-CYMENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 4000.0 -0.72 *
16 P-CYMENE Seed Essent. Oil 2000.0 31000.0 -0.1 *
16 ACETIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit 0.1 0.6 -0.94 *
15 METHIONINE Pt 50.0 1120.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Seed 1600.0 2554.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Pt 0.05 0.41 *
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Plant -- -- *
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Seed -- -- *
15 OSTHOL Leaf -- -- *
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Shoot -- 122.0 1.0 *
15 MALIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Seed 0.1 0.6 -1.12 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
15 MALIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Root -- -- *
15 MALIC-ACID Root -- -- *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Pt -- 34.0 1.33 *
15 FIBER Seed 106750.0 138586.0 0.03 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Petiole 0.05 0.41 *
15 FIBER Pt 6900.0 158000.0 -0.43 *
14 SULFUR Root 100.0 1000.0 -0.51 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
14 ARGININE Pt 200.0 4105.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 1210.0 5760.0 -1.08 *
14 SUCROSE Plant -- -- *
14 MANGANESE Fruit 1.3 6.3 -0.36 *
14 MANGANESE Seed 1.3 76.0 0.28 *
14 MANGANESE Root 0.74 23.0 -0.27 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
14 MANGANESE Pt 1.0 33.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
14 POTASSIUM Seed 1210.0 15330.0 0.24 *
14 POTASSIUM Root 3900.0 56360.0 2.97 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
14 SUCROSE Shoot -- -- *
14 POTASSIUM Pt 2689.0 57800.0 0.52 *
14 SHIKIMIC-ACID Root -- -- *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Pt 280.0 5970.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 BETA-PINENE Seed Essent. Oil 5000.0 15000.0 -0.74 *
13 BETA-PINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.93 *
13 FALCARINDIOL Root -- 3.3 -1.03 *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
13 PALMITIC-ACID Essential Oil -- -- *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -0.83 *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
13 BETA-PINENE Seed 57.0 1530.0 -0.51 *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -1.01 *
13 BETA-PINENE Fruit Essent. Oil 5.0 15000.0 -0.6 *
13 MUFA Pt 270.0 5035.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 BETA-PINENE Root Essent. Oil -- 179000.0 1.36 *
13 BETA-EUDESMOL Seed 76.0 225.0 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed 9470.0 32760.0 -0.02 *
13 BETA-PINENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 12000.0 -1.0 *
12 STIGMASTEROL Pt -- 30.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
12 COPPER Seed -- 14.0 -0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
12 COPPER Root 0.7 11.0 -0.08 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
12 COPPER Pt 0.4 7.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
12 FORMALDEHYDE Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
12 GLYCINE Pt 210.0 4290.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
12 FORMALDEHYDE Shoot -- -- *
12 HERNIARIN Leaf -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed -- 300.0 -0.15 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit -- 2000.0 0.43 *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Seed 7.0 10.0 -0.83 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.86 *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
11 PERILLALDEHYDE Seed -- 1.0 -0.9 *
11 ADENINE Plant -- -- *
11 PANTOTHENIC-ACID Pt 1.0 36.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
10 5-METHOXY-PSORALEN Fruit -- 7.0 -0.19 *
10 3-N-BUTYL-PHTHALIDE Seed -- -- *
10 3-N-BUTYL-PHTHALIDE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 40000.0 *
10 5-METHOXY-PSORALEN Seed -- 7.0 1.0 *
10 3-N-BUTYL-PHTHALIDE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 108000.0 *
10 BUTYLIDENE-PHTHALIDE Et -- 12000.0 *
10 BUTYLIDENE-PHTHALIDE Stem Essent. Oil -- 12000.0 *
10 BUTYLIDENE-PHTHALIDE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 15000.0 *
10 BUTYLIDENE-PHTHALIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- 4000.0 *
10 BUTYLIDENE-PHTHALIDE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 4000.0 *
10 PIPERIDINE Pt -- 1.0 *
10 3-N-BUTYL-PHTHALIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- 108000.0 *
10 5-METHOXY-PSORALEN Leaf Wax -- 2.0 *
9 TERPINOLENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.62 *
9 VALERIC-ACID Flower -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
9 CAMPHENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -0.84 *
9 CAMPHENE Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
9 TERPINOLENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.59 *
9 TERPINOLENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.69 *
9 OXALIC-ACID Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
9 SINAPIC-ACID Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
9 CAMPHENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
9 TERPINOLENE Root Essent. Oil -- 33000.0 -0.68 *
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Pt 860.0 18285.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 TRANS-ANETHOLE Plant -- 1.0 -0.46 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
8 INOSITOL Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
8 INOSINE Plant -- -- *
8 GENTISIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Griffiths, L. A. 1959. On the Distribution of Gentisic Acid in Green Plants. J. Exp. Biol. 10: 437.
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed 3100.0 5000.0 -0.46 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 ISOIMPERATORIN Seed -- -- *
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
8 STEARIC-ACID Pt 30.0 560.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE Seed 125.0 200.0 -1.32 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
8 FRUCTOSE Plant -- -- *
8 FRUCTOSE Shoot -- -- *
8 TYROSINE Pt 90.0 1865.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 INOSINE Shoot -- -- *
7 GLUCOSE Plant -- -- *
7 SALICYLATES Seed -- 100.0 0.2 *
7 SALICYLATES Pt -- -- *
7 HISTIDINE Pt 110.0 2425.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 LIGUSTILIDE Root Essent. Oil -- 5000.0 -1.0 *
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
7 LIGUSTILIDE Stem Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 *
7 PHENYLALANINE Leaf 190.0 4105.0 -1.59 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 LIGUSTILIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- 24100.0 *
7 LINALYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
7 PIPERITONE Fruit -- -- *
7 GLUCOSE Shoot -- -- *
7 LIGUSTILIDE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 *
7 LIGUSTILIDE Essential Oil 2000.0 5000.0 -1.0 *
7 FUMARIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
7 PIPERITONE Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
7 FUMARIC-ACID Root -- -- *
7 PIPERITONE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
7 LAURIC-ACID Seed 200.0 213.0 -0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Root -- -- *
6 IRON Root 3.6 47.0 -0.37 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
6 TARTARIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Seed 125.0 213.0 -0.29 *
6 IRON Pt 3.0 347.0 1.29 *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Pt 10.0 190.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
6 IRON Fruit 25.0 120.0 -0.05 *
6 TARTARIC-ACID Root -- -- *
6 ACETALDEHYDE Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 ACETALDEHYDE Shoot -- -- *
6 IRON Seed 25.0 571.0 1.95 *
5 LUTEOLIN-7-O-BETA-GLUCOSIDE Plant -- -- *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 35000.0 *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 P-METHOXY-CINNAMIC-ACID Seed -- 7.5 *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 35000.0 1.68 *
5 ALPHA-IONONE Plant -- -- *
5 GERANYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 NERYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 HEXANAL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 ALUMINUM Root 0.3 9.0 -0.31 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
5 CNIDILIDE Root -- -- *
5 SABINENE Seed -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 ALPHA-IONONE Seed Essent. Oil -- 500.0 *
5 SABINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
5 SABINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 7600.0 -0.46 *
5 MYRTENAL Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
5 GLUTAMINE Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
5 BETA-ELEMENE Seed 1.0 875.0 1.41 *
5 ISOVALERIC-ACID Seed -- 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
4 BORON Seed 43.0 61.0 1.75 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
4 BORON Root 4.0 103.0 2.92 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Seed 980.0 6843.0 0.39 *
4 PUFA Pt 690.0 12875.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PHOSPHORUS Root 470.0 7900.0 0.77 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 979.0 4660.0 0.44 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Pt 201.0 6849.0 1.36 *
4 APIIN Plant -- 2000.0 *
4 ISOPULEGONE Seed Essent. Oil -- 1600.0 *
4 THREONINE Pt 190.0 4105.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 NERAL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
4 ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
4 APIIN Seed -- -- *
4 NERAL Shoot -- -- *
4 GLYCOLIC-ACID Root -- -- *
4 SILICON Root -- 2.0 -0.33 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
4 SILICON Fruit 1.0 4.5 -0.59 *
4 LYSINE Pt 260.0 5410.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 CIS-OCIMENE Leaf 2000.0 2500.0 1.41 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 GAMMA-DECALACTONE Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
3 CIS-OCIMENE Et -- 78000.0 *
3 ALPHA-SELINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 20500.0 *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Seed Essent. Oil 200.0 2000.0 -1.03 *
3 CAPRIC-ACID Leaf 200.0 213.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 XYLOSE Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
3 FALCARINONE Root -- 1.7 -1.0 *
3 BETA-SELINENE Seed 100.0 9750.0 1.0 *
3 SEDANOLIDE Seed 435.0 900.0 *
3 GERANYL-BUTYRATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 DIPHENYLAMINE Plant -- -- Karawva, M. S., Khayyal, S. E., Farrag, N. M., Ayad, M. M. 1986. Screening of Diphenylamine as an Antihyperglycemic in Certain Edible Plant Organs. Egypt J. Pharm. Sci., 25(1,2,3): 21-25.
3 CIS-OCIMENE Root Essent. Oil -- 68000.0 *
3 NICKEL Root 0.04 0.9 -0.66 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
3 SEDANOLIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
3 BETA-SELINENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 10000.0 *
3 SEDANOLIDE Essential Oil -- -- *
3 ISOLEUCINE Pt 200.0 4290.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 BETA-SELINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 30000.0 1.0 *
3 HEXANOL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 SCOPOLIN Leaf -- -- *
3 ALANINE Pt 220.0 4665.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 BETA-SELINENE Seed Essent. Oil 55000.0 325000.0 *
3 VALINE Pt 260.0 5600.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 BETA-SELINENE Fruit Essent. Oil 55000.0 325000.0 1.0 *
3 ALPHA-SELINENE Seed 95.0 250.0 *
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
3 VALINE Shoot -- -- *
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Pt 1130.0 23880.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 CIS-OCIMENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 78000.0 *
3 CADMIUM Root 0.001 0.364 -0.5 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
3 ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL Shoot -- -- *
3 CIS-OCIMENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 145000.0 *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit -- 2000.0 -0.13 *
3 MUCILAGE Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
3 ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 ALPHA-CEDRENE Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
3 SESELIN Seed -- -- *
2 CAMPESTEROL Pt -- -- Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Pt 60.0 1120.0 *
2 PHELLOPTERIN Leaf -- -- *
2 Z-LIGUSTILIDE Plant 1.0 5.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 ARSENIC Root 0.01 0.09 -0.2 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-GALACTOSIDE Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
2 HUMULENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
2 CYSTINE Pt 40.0 755.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 ISOBUTYRIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
2 HUMULENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
2 ELEMOL Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
2 COBALT Seed 0.4 2.0 -0.12 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
2 DIACETYL Shoot -- -- *
2 TERPINEOL-ACETATE Shoot -- -- *
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Leaf 266.0 2500.0 3.78 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Seed -- 600.0 -0.49 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
2 DODECANAL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 METHYL-PHTHALIDES Seed -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
2 DIMETHYL-AMINE Pt -- 5.1 *
2 COBALT Root -- 0.005 -0.55 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
2 SANTALOL Seed 874.0 1150.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 PROPIONALDEHYDE Leaf 3.0 1050.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 NEOCNIDOLIDE Root -- 17.0 *
2 UNDECANAL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 ISOBUTYRIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 *
2 PROPIONALDEHYDE Shoot -- -- *
2 COBALT Fruit 0.4 2.0 -0.29 *
2 ASPARAGINE Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 LEUCINE Pt 310.0 6530.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 ALPHA-SANTALOL Seed -- -- *
2 ISOBUTYRIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Leaf -- -- *
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
2 CITRONELLYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 DIMETHYL-AMINE Stem -- 5.1 *
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Seed 20.0 33.0 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
2 7-[3-(3,4-DIHYDROXY-4-HYDROXYMETHYL-TETRAHYDRO-FURAN-2-YLOXY)-4,5-DIHYDROXY-6-HYDROXYMETHYL-TETRAHYDRO-PYRAN-2-YLOXY]... Seed -- -- *
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 1.0 *
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Pt 10.0 190.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 MYRTENOL Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
2 MOLYBDENUM Root -- 0.1 -0.46 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
2 DIACETYL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 CAMPESTEROL Seed -- 50.0 -0.52 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
2 ZEATIN Seed -- -- *
1 TRANS-CARVEOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 1.0 *
1 DECYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 SERINE Pt 200.0 4105.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 METHYL-AMINE Pt -- 6.4 *
1 PYRUVIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
1 NODAKENIN Seed -- -- *
1 SERINE Shoot -- -- *
1 CARVEOL Plant -- -- *
1 METHYL-AMINE Stem -- 6.4 *
1 QUINIC-ACID Root -- -- *
1 PYRROLIDINE Pt -- 2.6 *
1 TRANS-2-HEXENOL Essential Oil -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 P-HYDROXYCINNAMIC-ACID Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
1 PYRUVIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
1 MERCURY Root -- 0.027 -0.42 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
1 TIGLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
1 SEDANENOLIDE Seed 90.0 900.0 *
1 PYRROLIDINE Stem -- 0.4 *
1 DECYL-ACETATE Shoot -- -- *
1 SEDANENOLIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
1 TRANS-CARVEOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 *
1 GALACTOSE Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
1 ANGELIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
1 TRANS-CARVEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
1 MALONIC-ACID Root -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 SODIUM Seed 445.0 2120.0 2.65 *
1 ISOVALERIC-ACID-ETHYL-ESTER Shoot -- -- *
1 DIHYDROCARVYL-ACETATE Plant -- -- *
1 N-BUTYLPHTHALIDE Seed 190.0 1800.0 *
1 N-BUTYLPHTHALIDE Seed Essent. Oil 25600.0 72000.0 *
1 SODIUM Pt 774.0 17135.0 1.41 *
1 SENKYUNOLIDE-J Seed -- -- *
1 URANIUM Root -- 0.09 -1.0 *
1 N-BUTYLPHTHALIDE Root -- 30.0 *
1 CIS-3-HEXENOL Essential Oil -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 SODIUM Fruit 445.0 2120.0 0.02 *
1 N-BUTYLPHTHALIDE Fruit Essent. Oil 50000.0 72000.0 *
1 ISOVALERIC-ACID-ETHYL-ESTER Plant -- -- *
1 SENKYUNOLIDE-N Seed -- -- *
1 QUINIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.