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Activities: 890
Chemicals w/Activities: 459
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
10 3-N-BUTYL-PHTHALIDE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 40000.0 *
10 3-N-BUTYL-PHTHALIDE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 108000.0 *
10 3-N-BUTYL-PHTHALIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- 108000.0 *
10 3-N-BUTYL-PHTHALIDE Seed -- -- *
10 5-METHOXY-PSORALEN Seed -- 7.0 1.0 *
10 5-METHOXY-PSORALEN Leaf Wax -- 2.0 *
10 5-METHOXY-PSORALEN Fruit -- 7.0 -0.19 *
2 7-[3-(3,4-DIHYDROXY-4-HYDROXYMETHYL-TETRAHYDRO-FURAN-2-YLOXY)-4,5-DIHYDROXY-6-HYDROXYMETHYL-TETRAHYDRO-PYRAN-2-YLOXY]... Seed -- -- *
21 8-METHOXY-PSORALEN Leaf -- 1.0 *
6 ACETALDEHYDE Shoot -- -- *
6 ACETALDEHYDE Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
16 ACETIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
11 ADENINE Plant -- -- *
28 ADENOSINE Plant -- -- *
3 ALANINE Pt 220.0 4665.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 ALPHA-CEDRENE Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Leaf 266.0 2500.0 3.78 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Seed 20.0 33.0 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
5 ALPHA-IONONE Plant -- -- *
5 ALPHA-IONONE Seed Essent. Oil -- 500.0 *
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Seed 1600.0 2554.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.86 *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit -- 2000.0 0.43 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Seed -- 300.0 -0.47 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Et 12000.0 14000.0 -1.0 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 14000.0 -1.0 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Root Essent. Oil -- 179000.0 0.77 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Seed Essent. Oil 10000.0 10500.0 -0.67 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.74 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 10000.0 -0.72 *
2 ALPHA-SANTALOL Seed -- -- *
3 ALPHA-SELINENE Seed 95.0 250.0 *
3 ALPHA-SELINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 20500.0 *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -1.01 *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -0.83 *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Fruit Essent. Oil 3000.0 14000.0 -0.3 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Seed Essent. Oil 5000.0 14000.0 -0.65 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Seed 1.0 420.0 -0.37 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Root Essent. Oil -- 69000.0 1.0 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -0.84 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Seed -- -- *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Shoot -- 64.0 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Pt 3.0 67.0 1.0 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Plant -- 64.0 -1.0 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Leaf 136.0 266.0 -0.23 *
5 ALUMINUM Root 0.3 9.0 -0.31 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
1 ANGELIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
17 ANGELICIN Stem -- -- *
101 APIGENIN Plant -- -- *
101 APIGENIN Seed -- -- *
101 APIGENIN Pt -- 1910.0 *
4 APIIN Plant -- 2000.0 *
4 APIIN Seed -- -- *
20 APIOLE Seed 115.0 180.0 -1.0 *
20 APIOLE Essential Oil -- -- *
14 ARGININE Pt 200.0 4105.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 ARSENIC Root 0.01 0.09 -0.2 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit 357.0 1700.0 -0.18 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Shoot 17.0 129.0 -0.36 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Seed 171.0 1700.0 0.68 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Pt 58.0 2778.0 -0.26 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Plant 17.0 129.0 -0.56 *
2 ASPARAGINE Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Pt 1130.0 23880.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
17 BENZYL-BENZOATE Shoot -- -- *
26 BERGAPTEN Seed -- 1.0 -0.89 *
26 BERGAPTEN Pt 0.04 0.81 *
26 BERGAPTEN Plant -- 520.0 -1.0 *
26 BERGAPTEN Shoot -- 145.0 -1.0 *
26 BERGAPTEN Leaf -- 1.17 -0.59 *
26 BERGAPTEN Root -- -- *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Pt 1.0 144.0 1.41 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Seed 7.5 36.0 1.82 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit 8.0 36.0 -0.08 *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 35000.0 *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Seed 1.0 875.0 1.41 *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 BETA-ELEMENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 35000.0 1.68 *
13 BETA-EUDESMOL Seed 76.0 225.0 *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Seed Essent. Oil 200.0 2000.0 -1.03 *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit -- 2000.0 -0.13 *
13 BETA-PINENE Root Essent. Oil -- 179000.0 1.36 *
13 BETA-PINENE Seed 57.0 1530.0 -0.51 *
13 BETA-PINENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 12000.0 -1.0 *
13 BETA-PINENE Seed Essent. Oil 5000.0 15000.0 -0.74 *
13 BETA-PINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.93 *
13 BETA-PINENE Fruit Essent. Oil 5.0 15000.0 -0.6 *
3 BETA-SELINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 30000.0 1.0 *
3 BETA-SELINENE Fruit Essent. Oil 55000.0 325000.0 1.0 *
3 BETA-SELINENE Seed Essent. Oil 55000.0 325000.0 *
3 BETA-SELINENE Seed 100.0 9750.0 1.0 *
3 BETA-SELINENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 10000.0 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed -- 210.0 -0.55 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Pt -- 30.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
4 BORON Seed 43.0 61.0 1.75 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
4 BORON Root 4.0 103.0 2.92 *
10 BUTYLIDENE-PHTHALIDE Stem Essent. Oil -- 12000.0 *
10 BUTYLIDENE-PHTHALIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- 4000.0 *
10 BUTYLIDENE-PHTHALIDE Et -- 12000.0 *
10 BUTYLIDENE-PHTHALIDE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 15000.0 *
10 BUTYLIDENE-PHTHALIDE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 4000.0 *
3 CADMIUM Root 0.001 0.364 -0.5 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Root -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
28 CALCIUM Root 340.0 3635.0 -0.41 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
28 CALCIUM Pt 313.0 11918.0 -1.41 *
28 CALCIUM Fruit 1680.0 8000.0 0.96 *
28 CALCIUM Seed 170.0 20776.0 3.05 *
2 CAMPESTEROL Seed -- 50.0 -0.52 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
2 CAMPESTEROL Pt -- -- Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
9 CAMPHENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
9 CAMPHENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -0.84 *
9 CAMPHENE Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
3 CAPRIC-ACID Leaf 200.0 213.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 CARVEOL Plant -- -- *
19 CARVONE Seed 19.0 75.0 -1.21 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
19 CARVONE Seed Essent. Oil 900.0 550000.0 -0.45 *
19 CARVONE Essential Oil 2000.0 5000.0 -0.84 *
19 CARVONE Leaf -- 1.0 -0.28 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
19 CARVONE Shoot -- -- *
19 CARVONE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 550000.0 1.41 *
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 1700.0 *
8 CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE Seed 125.0 200.0 -1.32 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Root -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
20 CHOLINE Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
24 CHROMIUM Fruit -- -- *
24 CHROMIUM Root 0.002 0.045 -0.55 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
24 CHROMIUM Seed -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
60 CINNAMALDEHYDE Seed Essent. Oil -- 1500.0 *
1 CIS-3-HEXENOL Essential Oil -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 CIS-OCIMENE Leaf 2000.0 2500.0 1.41 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 CIS-OCIMENE Et -- 78000.0 *
3 CIS-OCIMENE Root Essent. Oil -- 68000.0 *
3 CIS-OCIMENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 145000.0 *
3 CIS-OCIMENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 78000.0 *
23 CITRIC-ACID Root -- -- *
23 CITRIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
20 CITRONELLAL Shoot -- -- *
20 CITRONELLAL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 CITRONELLYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 CNIDILIDE Root -- -- *
2 COBALT Root -- 0.005 -0.55 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
2 COBALT Seed 0.4 2.0 -0.12 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
2 COBALT Fruit 0.4 2.0 -0.29 *
12 COPPER Seed -- 14.0 -0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
12 COPPER Root 0.7 11.0 -0.08 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
12 COPPER Pt 0.4 7.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
57 COUMARIN Plant -- -- *
2 CYSTINE Pt 40.0 755.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 DECYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 DECYL-ACETATE Shoot -- -- *
2 DIACETYL Shoot -- -- *
2 DIACETYL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Leaf -- -- *
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 1.0 *
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 *
1 DIHYDROCARVYL-ACETATE Plant -- -- *
2 DIMETHYL-AMINE Stem -- 5.1 *
2 DIMETHYL-AMINE Pt -- 5.1 *
3 DIPHENYLAMINE Plant -- -- Karawva, M. S., Khayyal, S. E., Farrag, N. M., Ayad, M. M. 1986. Screening of Diphenylamine as an Antihyperglycemic in Certain Edible Plant Organs. Egypt J. Pharm. Sci., 25(1,2,3): 21-25.
2 DODECANAL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 ELEMOL Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
76 EUGENOL Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
76 EUGENOL Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
13 FALCARINDIOL Root -- 3.3 -1.03 *
3 FALCARINONE Root -- 1.7 -1.0 *
61 FERULIC-ACID Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
15 FIBER Pt 6900.0 158000.0 -0.43 *
15 FIBER Seed 106750.0 138586.0 0.03 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
12 FORMALDEHYDE Shoot -- -- *
12 FORMALDEHYDE Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
8 FRUCTOSE Shoot -- -- *
8 FRUCTOSE Plant -- -- *
7 FUMARIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
7 FUMARIC-ACID Root -- -- *
1 GALACTOSE Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
3 GAMMA-DECALACTONE Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Seed 7.0 10.0 -0.83 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
8 GENTISIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Griffiths, L. A. 1959. On the Distribution of Gentisic Acid in Green Plants. J. Exp. Biol. 10: 437.
5 GERANYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 GERANYL-BUTYRATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
7 GLUCOSE Plant -- -- *
7 GLUCOSE Shoot -- -- *
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Pt 860.0 18285.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
5 GLUTAMINE Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
12 GLYCINE Pt 210.0 4290.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 GLYCOLIC-ACID Root -- -- *
18 GUAIACOL Shoot -- -- *
18 GUAIACOL Essential Oil -- -- *
18 GUAIACOL Seed -- -- *
18 GUAIACOL Leaf -- -- *
12 HERNIARIN Leaf -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
5 HEXANAL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 HEXANOL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
7 HISTIDINE Pt 110.0 2425.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 HUMULENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
2 HUMULENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
25 IMPERATORIN Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
25 IMPERATORIN Leaf -- -- *
25 IMPERATORIN Root -- -- *
8 INOSINE Shoot -- -- *
8 INOSINE Plant -- -- *
8 INOSITOL Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 IRON Seed 25.0 571.0 1.95 *
6 IRON Root 3.6 47.0 -0.37 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
6 IRON Pt 3.0 347.0 1.29 *
6 IRON Fruit 25.0 120.0 -0.05 *
3 ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL Shoot -- -- *
3 ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 ISOBUTYRIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
2 ISOBUTYRIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
2 ISOBUTYRIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
4 ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
8 ISOIMPERATORIN Seed -- -- *
3 ISOLEUCINE Pt 200.0 4290.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Petiole 0.05 0.41 *
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Pt 0.05 0.41 *
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Plant -- -- *
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Seed -- -- *
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Shoot -- 122.0 1.0 *
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Root -- -- *
4 ISOPULEGONE Seed Essent. Oil -- 1600.0 *
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Seed -- -- *
5 ISOVALERIC-ACID Seed -- 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 ISOVALERIC-ACID-ETHYL-ESTER Shoot -- -- *
1 ISOVALERIC-ACID-ETHYL-ESTER Plant -- -- *
75 KAEMPFEROL Leaf -- -- -0.76 *
7 LAURIC-ACID Seed 200.0 213.0 -0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 LEUCINE Pt 310.0 6530.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 LIGUSTILIDE Root Essent. Oil -- 5000.0 -1.0 *
7 LIGUSTILIDE Stem Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 *
7 LIGUSTILIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- 24100.0 *
7 LIGUSTILIDE Essential Oil 2000.0 5000.0 -1.0 *
7 LIGUSTILIDE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 *
60 LIMONENE Seed 530.0 24000.0 0.96 *
60 LIMONENE Et -- 695000.0 1.0 *
60 LIMONENE Root Essent. Oil -- 117000.0 0.27 *
60 LIMONENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 695000.0 *
60 LIMONENE Fruit Essent. Oil 350000.0 706000.0 0.57 *
60 LIMONENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 621000.0 2.07 *
60 LIMONENE Seed Essent. Oil 350000.0 721600.0 2.14 *
60 LIMONENE Essential Oil -- -- *
53 LINALOOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 14800.0 -0.5 *
53 LINALOOL Seed 1.0 90.0 -0.47 *
7 LINALYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed 178000.0 46560.0 -0.52 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Pt 690.0 12875.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Leaf 60.0 1132.0 -1.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
78 LUTEOLIN Seed -- -- *
78 LUTEOLIN Leaf -- 80.0 -0.58 *
78 LUTEOLIN Pt -- 400.0 *
5 LUTEOLIN-7-O-BETA-GLUCOSIDE Plant -- -- *
4 LYSINE Pt 260.0 5410.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
65 MAGNESIUM Root 140.0 1635.0 -0.49 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
65 MAGNESIUM Leaf 99.0 2650.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 153.0 730.0 -0.65 *
65 MAGNESIUM Seed 155.0 4903.0 0.77 *
15 MALIC-ACID Root -- -- *
15 MALIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
15 MALIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
1 MALONIC-ACID Root -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
14 MANGANESE Seed 1.3 76.0 0.28 *
14 MANGANESE Root 0.74 23.0 -0.27 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
14 MANGANESE Fruit 1.3 6.3 -0.36 *
14 MANGANESE Pt 1.0 33.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
18 MANNITOL Stem -- 20000.0 *
18 MANNITOL Root -- 50000.0 0.23 *
18 MANNITOL Plant -- -- *
18 MANNITOL Shoot -- -- *
18 MANNITOL Leaf -- -- *
30 MENTHONE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
30 MENTHONE Essential Oil -- -- *
1 MERCURY Root -- 0.027 -0.42 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
15 METHIONINE Pt 50.0 1120.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 METHYL-AMINE Pt -- 6.4 *
1 METHYL-AMINE Stem -- 6.4 *
2 METHYL-PHTHALIDES Seed -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
2 MOLYBDENUM Root -- 0.1 -0.46 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
3 MUCILAGE Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
13 MUFA Pt 270.0 5035.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
22 MYRCENE Shoot -- -- *
22 MYRCENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 18000.0 1.0 *
22 MYRCENE Seed Essent. Oil 2000.0 61000.0 -0.07 *
22 MYRCENE Seed 40.0 1830.0 -0.02 *
22 MYRCENE Et -- 18000.0 1.0 *
22 MYRCENE Root Essent. Oil -- 18000.0 -0.42 *
22 MYRCENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 14000.0 -0.31 *
22 MYRCENE Fruit Essent. Oil 2000.0 61000.0 0.92 *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Seed 125.0 213.0 -0.29 *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Pt 10.0 190.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
31 MYRISTICIN Plant -- -- *
31 MYRISTICIN Seed 230.0 360.0 -0.99 *
5 MYRTENAL Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
2 MYRTENOL Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
1 N-BUTYLPHTHALIDE Fruit Essent. Oil 50000.0 72000.0 *
1 N-BUTYLPHTHALIDE Seed Essent. Oil 25600.0 72000.0 *
1 N-BUTYLPHTHALIDE Seed 190.0 1800.0 *
1 N-BUTYLPHTHALIDE Root -- 30.0 *
2 NEOCNIDOLIDE Root -- 17.0 *
4 NERAL Shoot -- -- *
4 NERAL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 NERYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
39 NIACIN Seed 2.5 12.0 -0.92 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
39 NIACIN Pt 3.0 57.0 0.71 *
39 NIACIN Fruit 3.0 12.0 -0.65 *
3 NICKEL Root 0.04 0.9 -0.66 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
21 NICOTINE Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
1 NODAKENIN Seed -- -- *
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed 73200.0 162560.0 0.36 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Pt 230.0 4850.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
15 OSTHOL Leaf -- -- *
9 OXALIC-ACID Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
16 P-CYMENE Seed Essent. Oil 2000.0 31000.0 -0.1 *
16 P-CYMENE Seed 20.0 930.0 -0.49 *
16 P-CYMENE Et -- 17000.0 1.0 *
16 P-CYMENE Root Essent. Oil -- 31000.0 1.44 *
16 P-CYMENE Fruit Essent. Oil 2000.0 31000.0 1.12 *
16 P-CYMENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 17000.0 -1.0 *
16 P-CYMENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 4000.0 -0.72 *
1 P-HYDROXYCINNAMIC-ACID Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
5 P-METHOXY-CINNAMIC-ACID Seed -- 7.5 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed 9470.0 32760.0 -0.02 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Pt 280.0 5970.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 PALMITIC-ACID Essential Oil -- -- *
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Pt 10.0 190.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
11 PANTOTHENIC-ACID Pt 1.0 36.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
24 PECTIN Leaf -- 3000.0 -1.51 Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
11 PERILLALDEHYDE Seed -- 1.0 -0.9 *
2 PHELLOPTERIN Leaf -- -- *
7 PHENYLALANINE Leaf 190.0 4105.0 -1.59 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PHOSPHORUS Seed 980.0 6843.0 0.39 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Root 470.0 7900.0 0.77 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 979.0 4660.0 0.44 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Pt 201.0 6849.0 1.36 *
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Pt 60.0 1120.0 *
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Seed -- 600.0 -0.49 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
10 PIPERIDINE Pt -- 1.0 *
7 PIPERITONE Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
7 PIPERITONE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
7 PIPERITONE Fruit -- -- *
14 POTASSIUM Pt 2689.0 57800.0 0.52 *
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 1210.0 5760.0 -1.08 *
14 POTASSIUM Seed 1210.0 15330.0 0.24 *
14 POTASSIUM Root 3900.0 56360.0 2.97 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
2 PROPIONALDEHYDE Shoot -- -- *
2 PROPIONALDEHYDE Leaf 3.0 1050.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
31 PSORALEN Pt -- 0.15 *
31 PSORALEN Plant -- -- *
31 PSORALEN Leaf -- -- -0.71 *
31 PSORALEN Seed -- -- *
31 PSORALEN Stem -- -- *
4 PUFA Pt 690.0 12875.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 PYRROLIDINE Pt -- 2.6 *
1 PYRROLIDINE Stem -- 0.4 *
1 PYRUVIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
1 PYRUVIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Pt -- -- *
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-GALACTOSIDE Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 QUINIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
1 QUINIC-ACID Root -- -- *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Pt -- 34.0 1.33 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit 0.1 0.6 -0.94 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Seed 0.1 0.6 -1.12 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
87 RUTIN Plant -- 170.0 -0.68 *
87 RUTIN Shoot -- 170.0 -0.56 *
5 SABINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
5 SABINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 7600.0 -0.46 *
5 SABINENE Seed -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
7 SALICYLATES Seed -- 100.0 0.2 *
7 SALICYLATES Pt -- -- *
2 SANTALOL Seed 874.0 1150.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
22 SCOPARONE Leaf -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Plant -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Leaf -- -- *
3 SCOPOLIN Leaf -- -- *
1 SEDANENOLIDE Seed 90.0 900.0 *
1 SEDANENOLIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
3 SEDANOLIDE Seed 435.0 900.0 *
3 SEDANOLIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
3 SEDANOLIDE Essential Oil -- -- *
60 SELENIUM Fruit -- 0.2 -0.34 *
60 SELENIUM Root -- 0.002 -0.36 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
60 SELENIUM Seed -- 0.2 -0.26 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
1 SENKYUNOLIDE-J Seed -- -- *
1 SENKYUNOLIDE-N Seed -- -- *
1 SERINE Pt 200.0 4105.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 SERINE Shoot -- -- *
3 SESELIN Seed -- -- *
14 SHIKIMIC-ACID Root -- -- *
4 SILICON Root -- 2.0 -0.33 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
4 SILICON Fruit 1.0 4.5 -0.59 *
9 SINAPIC-ACID Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
1 SODIUM Fruit 445.0 2120.0 0.02 *
1 SODIUM Seed 445.0 2120.0 2.65 *
1 SODIUM Pt 774.0 17135.0 1.41 *
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed 3100.0 5000.0 -0.46 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 STEARIC-ACID Pt 30.0 560.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed -- 300.0 -0.15 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
12 STIGMASTEROL Pt -- 30.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Root -- -- *
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
14 SUCROSE Shoot -- -- *
14 SUCROSE Plant -- -- *
14 SULFUR Root 100.0 1000.0 -0.51 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
6 TARTARIC-ACID Root -- -- *
6 TARTARIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Seed 1.0 1400.0 0.07 *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Leaf Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -0.54 *
2 TERPINEOL-ACETATE Shoot -- -- *
9 TERPINOLENE Root Essent. Oil -- 33000.0 -0.68 *
9 TERPINOLENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.62 *
9 TERPINOLENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.59 *
9 TERPINOLENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.69 *
31 THIAMIN Pt -- 10.0 1.26 *
4 THREONINE Pt 190.0 4105.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
71 THYMOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1700.0 -0.68 *
71 THYMOL Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
71 THYMOL Plant -- -- *
1 TIGLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
1 TRANS-2-HEXENOL Essential Oil -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
8 TRANS-ANETHOLE Plant -- 1.0 -0.46 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 TRANS-CARVEOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 1.0 *
1 TRANS-CARVEOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 *
1 TRANS-CARVEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
29 TRYPTOPHAN Pt 90.0 1865.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 TYROSINE Pt 90.0 1865.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
22 UMBELLIFERONE Seed -- -- *
2 UNDECANAL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 URANIUM Root -- 0.09 -1.0 *
9 VALERIC-ACID Flower -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 VALINE Pt 260.0 5600.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 VALINE Shoot -- -- *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Pt 0.04 1.6 *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Plant 6.0 183.0 *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Seed -- -- *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Root -- -- *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Stem -- -- *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Shoot -- 183.0 0.21 *
3 XYLOSE Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
2 Z-LIGUSTILIDE Plant 1.0 5.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 ZEATIN Seed -- -- *
77 ZINC Leaf 1.0 44.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
77 ZINC Seed 0.2 89.0 1.25 *
77 ZINC Fruit 0.3 1.2 -0.88 *
77 ZINC Root 2.8 70.0 2.01 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.