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Activities: 890
Chemicals w/Activities: 459
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
77 ZINC Seed 0.2 89.0 1.25 *
77 ZINC Fruit 0.3 1.2 -0.88 *
77 ZINC Root 2.8 70.0 2.01 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
77 ZINC Leaf 1.0 44.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 ZEATIN Seed -- -- *
2 Z-LIGUSTILIDE Plant 1.0 5.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 XYLOSE Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
43 XANTHOTOXIN Plant 6.0 183.0 *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Seed -- -- *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Root -- -- *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Stem -- -- *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Shoot -- 183.0 0.21 *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Pt 0.04 1.6 *
3 VALINE Pt 260.0 5600.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 VALINE Shoot -- -- *
9 VALERIC-ACID Flower -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 URANIUM Root -- 0.09 -1.0 *
2 UNDECANAL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
22 UMBELLIFERONE Seed -- -- *
8 TYROSINE Pt 90.0 1865.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
29 TRYPTOPHAN Pt 90.0 1865.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 TRANS-CARVEOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 *
1 TRANS-CARVEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
1 TRANS-CARVEOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 1.0 *
8 TRANS-ANETHOLE Plant -- 1.0 -0.46 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 TRANS-2-HEXENOL Essential Oil -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 TIGLIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
71 THYMOL Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
71 THYMOL Plant -- -- *
71 THYMOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1700.0 -0.68 *
4 THREONINE Pt 190.0 4105.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
31 THIAMIN Pt -- 10.0 1.26 *
9 TERPINOLENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.59 *
9 TERPINOLENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.69 *
9 TERPINOLENE Root Essent. Oil -- 33000.0 -0.68 *
9 TERPINOLENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.62 *
2 TERPINEOL-ACETATE Shoot -- -- *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Seed 1.0 1400.0 0.07 *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Leaf Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -0.54 *
6 TARTARIC-ACID Root -- -- *
6 TARTARIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
14 SULFUR Root 100.0 1000.0 -0.51 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
14 SUCROSE Shoot -- -- *
14 SUCROSE Plant -- -- *
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Root -- -- *
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed -- 300.0 -0.15 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
12 STIGMASTEROL Pt -- 30.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
8 STEARIC-ACID Seed 3100.0 5000.0 -0.46 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 STEARIC-ACID Pt 30.0 560.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 SODIUM Seed 445.0 2120.0 2.65 *
1 SODIUM Pt 774.0 17135.0 1.41 *
1 SODIUM Fruit 445.0 2120.0 0.02 *
9 SINAPIC-ACID Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
4 SILICON Root -- 2.0 -0.33 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
4 SILICON Fruit 1.0 4.5 -0.59 *
14 SHIKIMIC-ACID Root -- -- *
3 SESELIN Seed -- -- *
1 SERINE Shoot -- -- *
1 SERINE Pt 200.0 4105.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 SENKYUNOLIDE-N Seed -- -- *
1 SENKYUNOLIDE-J Seed -- -- *
60 SELENIUM Seed -- 0.2 -0.26 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
60 SELENIUM Fruit -- 0.2 -0.34 *
60 SELENIUM Root -- 0.002 -0.36 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
3 SEDANOLIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
3 SEDANOLIDE Essential Oil -- -- *
3 SEDANOLIDE Seed 435.0 900.0 *
1 SEDANENOLIDE Seed 90.0 900.0 *
1 SEDANENOLIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
3 SCOPOLIN Leaf -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Plant -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Leaf -- -- *
22 SCOPARONE Leaf -- -- *
2 SANTALOL Seed 874.0 1150.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
7 SALICYLATES Pt -- -- *
7 SALICYLATES Seed -- 100.0 0.2 *
5 SABINENE Seed -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 SABINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
5 SABINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 7600.0 -0.46 *
87 RUTIN Plant -- 170.0 -0.68 *
87 RUTIN Shoot -- 170.0 -0.56 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Seed 0.1 0.6 -1.12 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
15 RIBOFLAVIN Pt -- 34.0 1.33 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit 0.1 0.6 -0.94 *
1 QUINIC-ACID Root -- -- *
1 QUINIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-GALACTOSIDE Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
176 QUERCETIN Pt -- -- *
1 PYRUVIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
1 PYRUVIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
1 PYRROLIDINE Stem -- 0.4 *
1 PYRROLIDINE Pt -- 2.6 *
4 PUFA Pt 690.0 12875.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
31 PSORALEN Plant -- -- *
31 PSORALEN Leaf -- -- -0.71 *
31 PSORALEN Seed -- -- *
31 PSORALEN Stem -- -- *
31 PSORALEN Pt -- 0.15 *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
2 PROPIONALDEHYDE Leaf 3.0 1050.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 PROPIONALDEHYDE Shoot -- -- *
14 POTASSIUM Seed 1210.0 15330.0 0.24 *
14 POTASSIUM Root 3900.0 56360.0 2.97 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
14 POTASSIUM Pt 2689.0 57800.0 0.52 *
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 1210.0 5760.0 -1.08 *
7 PIPERITONE Fruit -- -- *
7 PIPERITONE Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
7 PIPERITONE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
10 PIPERIDINE Pt -- 1.0 *
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Seed -- 600.0 -0.49 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Pt 60.0 1120.0 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Pt 201.0 6849.0 1.36 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 979.0 4660.0 0.44 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Seed 980.0 6843.0 0.39 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Root 470.0 7900.0 0.77 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 PHENYLALANINE Leaf 190.0 4105.0 -1.59 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 PHELLOPTERIN Leaf -- -- *
11 PERILLALDEHYDE Seed -- 1.0 -0.9 *
24 PECTIN Leaf -- 3000.0 -1.51 Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
11 PANTOTHENIC-ACID Pt 1.0 36.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Pt 10.0 190.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
13 PALMITIC-ACID Essential Oil -- -- *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed 9470.0 32760.0 -0.02 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Pt 280.0 5970.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
5 P-METHOXY-CINNAMIC-ACID Seed -- 7.5 *
1 P-HYDROXYCINNAMIC-ACID Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
16 P-CYMENE Et -- 17000.0 1.0 *
16 P-CYMENE Root Essent. Oil -- 31000.0 1.44 *
16 P-CYMENE Fruit Essent. Oil 2000.0 31000.0 1.12 *
16 P-CYMENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 17000.0 -1.0 *
16 P-CYMENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 4000.0 -0.72 *
16 P-CYMENE Seed Essent. Oil 2000.0 31000.0 -0.1 *
16 P-CYMENE Seed 20.0 930.0 -0.49 *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
9 OXALIC-ACID Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
15 OSTHOL Leaf -- -- *
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed 73200.0 162560.0 0.36 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Pt 230.0 4850.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 NODAKENIN Seed -- -- *
21 NICOTINE Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
3 NICKEL Root 0.04 0.9 -0.66 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
39 NIACIN Fruit 3.0 12.0 -0.65 *
39 NIACIN Seed 2.5 12.0 -0.92 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
39 NIACIN Pt 3.0 57.0 0.71 *
5 NERYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
4 NERAL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
4 NERAL Shoot -- -- *
2 NEOCNIDOLIDE Root -- 17.0 *
1 N-BUTYLPHTHALIDE Seed 190.0 1800.0 *
1 N-BUTYLPHTHALIDE Root -- 30.0 *
1 N-BUTYLPHTHALIDE Fruit Essent. Oil 50000.0 72000.0 *
1 N-BUTYLPHTHALIDE Seed Essent. Oil 25600.0 72000.0 *
2 MYRTENOL Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
5 MYRTENAL Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
31 MYRISTICIN Plant -- -- *
31 MYRISTICIN Seed 230.0 360.0 -0.99 *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Seed 125.0 213.0 -0.29 *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Pt 10.0 190.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
22 MYRCENE Et -- 18000.0 1.0 *
22 MYRCENE Root Essent. Oil -- 18000.0 -0.42 *
22 MYRCENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 14000.0 -0.31 *
22 MYRCENE Fruit Essent. Oil 2000.0 61000.0 0.92 *
22 MYRCENE Shoot -- -- *
22 MYRCENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 18000.0 1.0 *
22 MYRCENE Seed Essent. Oil 2000.0 61000.0 -0.07 *
22 MYRCENE Seed 40.0 1830.0 -0.02 *
13 MUFA Pt 270.0 5035.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 MUCILAGE Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
2 MOLYBDENUM Root -- 0.1 -0.46 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
2 METHYL-PHTHALIDES Seed -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
1 METHYL-AMINE Pt -- 6.4 *
1 METHYL-AMINE Stem -- 6.4 *
15 METHIONINE Pt 50.0 1120.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 MERCURY Root -- 0.027 -0.42 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
30 MENTHONE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
30 MENTHONE Essential Oil -- -- *
18 MANNITOL Plant -- -- *
18 MANNITOL Shoot -- -- *
18 MANNITOL Leaf -- -- *
18 MANNITOL Stem -- 20000.0 *
18 MANNITOL Root -- 50000.0 0.23 *
14 MANGANESE Seed 1.3 76.0 0.28 *
14 MANGANESE Root 0.74 23.0 -0.27 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
14 MANGANESE Fruit 1.3 6.3 -0.36 *
14 MANGANESE Pt 1.0 33.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 MALONIC-ACID Root -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
15 MALIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
15 MALIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
15 MALIC-ACID Root -- -- *
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 153.0 730.0 -0.65 *
65 MAGNESIUM Seed 155.0 4903.0 0.77 *
65 MAGNESIUM Root 140.0 1635.0 -0.49 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
65 MAGNESIUM Leaf 99.0 2650.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
4 LYSINE Pt 260.0 5410.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
5 LUTEOLIN-7-O-BETA-GLUCOSIDE Plant -- -- *
78 LUTEOLIN Pt -- 400.0 *
78 LUTEOLIN Seed -- -- *
78 LUTEOLIN Leaf -- 80.0 -0.58 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Pt 690.0 12875.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Leaf 60.0 1132.0 -1.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed 178000.0 46560.0 -0.52 *
7 LINALYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
53 LINALOOL Seed 1.0 90.0 -0.47 *
53 LINALOOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 14800.0 -0.5 *
60 LIMONENE Essential Oil -- -- *
60 LIMONENE Seed 530.0 24000.0 0.96 *
60 LIMONENE Et -- 695000.0 1.0 *
60 LIMONENE Root Essent. Oil -- 117000.0 0.27 *
60 LIMONENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 695000.0 *
60 LIMONENE Fruit Essent. Oil 350000.0 706000.0 0.57 *
60 LIMONENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 621000.0 2.07 *
60 LIMONENE Seed Essent. Oil 350000.0 721600.0 2.14 *
7 LIGUSTILIDE Root Essent. Oil -- 5000.0 -1.0 *
7 LIGUSTILIDE Stem Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 *
7 LIGUSTILIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- 24100.0 *
7 LIGUSTILIDE Essential Oil 2000.0 5000.0 -1.0 *
7 LIGUSTILIDE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 *
2 LEUCINE Pt 310.0 6530.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 LAURIC-ACID Seed 200.0 213.0 -0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
75 KAEMPFEROL Leaf -- -- -0.76 *
1 ISOVALERIC-ACID-ETHYL-ESTER Shoot -- -- *
1 ISOVALERIC-ACID-ETHYL-ESTER Plant -- -- *
5 ISOVALERIC-ACID Seed -- 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Seed -- -- *
4 ISOPULEGONE Seed Essent. Oil -- 1600.0 *
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Plant -- -- *
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Seed -- -- *
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Shoot -- 122.0 1.0 *
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Root -- -- *
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Petiole 0.05 0.41 *
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Pt 0.05 0.41 *
3 ISOLEUCINE Pt 200.0 4290.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 ISOIMPERATORIN Seed -- -- *
4 ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
2 ISOBUTYRIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
2 ISOBUTYRIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 ISOBUTYRIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
3 ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL Shoot -- -- *
3 ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
6 IRON Fruit 25.0 120.0 -0.05 *
6 IRON Seed 25.0 571.0 1.95 *
6 IRON Root 3.6 47.0 -0.37 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
6 IRON Pt 3.0 347.0 1.29 *
8 INOSITOL Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
8 INOSINE Shoot -- -- *
8 INOSINE Plant -- -- *
25 IMPERATORIN Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
25 IMPERATORIN Leaf -- -- *
25 IMPERATORIN Root -- -- *
2 HUMULENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
2 HUMULENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
7 HISTIDINE Pt 110.0 2425.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 HEXANOL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 HEXANAL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
12 HERNIARIN Leaf -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
18 GUAIACOL Shoot -- -- *
18 GUAIACOL Essential Oil -- -- *
18 GUAIACOL Seed -- -- *
18 GUAIACOL Leaf -- -- *
4 GLYCOLIC-ACID Root -- -- *
12 GLYCINE Pt 210.0 4290.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
5 GLUTAMINE Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Pt 860.0 18285.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 GLUCOSE Shoot -- -- *
7 GLUCOSE Plant -- -- *
3 GERANYL-BUTYRATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 GERANYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
8 GENTISIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Griffiths, L. A. 1959. On the Distribution of Gentisic Acid in Green Plants. J. Exp. Biol. 10: 437.
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Seed 7.0 10.0 -0.83 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
3 GAMMA-DECALACTONE Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
1 GALACTOSE Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
7 FUMARIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
7 FUMARIC-ACID Root -- -- *
8 FRUCTOSE Plant -- -- *
8 FRUCTOSE Shoot -- -- *
12 FORMALDEHYDE Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
12 FORMALDEHYDE Shoot -- -- *
15 FIBER Seed 106750.0 138586.0 0.03 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
15 FIBER Pt 6900.0 158000.0 -0.43 *
61 FERULIC-ACID Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
3 FALCARINONE Root -- 1.7 -1.0 *
13 FALCARINDIOL Root -- 3.3 -1.03 *
76 EUGENOL Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
76 EUGENOL Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
2 ELEMOL Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
2 DODECANAL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 DIPHENYLAMINE Plant -- -- Karawva, M. S., Khayyal, S. E., Farrag, N. M., Ayad, M. M. 1986. Screening of Diphenylamine as an Antihyperglycemic in Certain Edible Plant Organs. Egypt J. Pharm. Sci., 25(1,2,3): 21-25.
2 DIMETHYL-AMINE Pt -- 5.1 *
2 DIMETHYL-AMINE Stem -- 5.1 *
1 DIHYDROCARVYL-ACETATE Plant -- -- *
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Leaf -- -- *
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Seed Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 *
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 1.0 *
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
2 DIACETYL Shoot -- -- *
2 DIACETYL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 DECYL-ACETATE Shoot -- -- *
1 DECYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 CYSTINE Pt 40.0 755.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
57 COUMARIN Plant -- -- *
12 COPPER Root 0.7 11.0 -0.08 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
12 COPPER Pt 0.4 7.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
12 COPPER Seed -- 14.0 -0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 COBALT Seed 0.4 2.0 -0.12 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
2 COBALT Root -- 0.005 -0.55 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
2 COBALT Fruit 0.4 2.0 -0.29 *
5 CNIDILIDE Root -- -- *
2 CITRONELLYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
20 CITRONELLAL Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
20 CITRONELLAL Shoot -- -- *
23 CITRIC-ACID Pt -- -- *
23 CITRIC-ACID Root -- -- *
3 CIS-OCIMENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 78000.0 *
3 CIS-OCIMENE Leaf 2000.0 2500.0 1.41 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 CIS-OCIMENE Et -- 78000.0 *
3 CIS-OCIMENE Root Essent. Oil -- 68000.0 *
3 CIS-OCIMENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 145000.0 *
1 CIS-3-HEXENOL Essential Oil -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
60 CINNAMALDEHYDE Seed Essent. Oil -- 1500.0 *
24 CHROMIUM Root 0.002 0.045 -0.55 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
24 CHROMIUM Seed -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
24 CHROMIUM Fruit -- -- *
20 CHOLINE Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Root -- -- *
8 CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE Seed 125.0 200.0 -1.32 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 1700.0 *
19 CARVONE Seed 19.0 75.0 -1.21 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
19 CARVONE Seed Essent. Oil 900.0 550000.0 -0.45 *
19 CARVONE Essential Oil 2000.0 5000.0 -0.84 *
19 CARVONE Leaf -- 1.0 -0.28 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
19 CARVONE Shoot -- -- *
19 CARVONE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 550000.0 1.41 *
1 CARVEOL Plant -- -- *
3 CAPRIC-ACID Leaf 200.0 213.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
9 CAMPHENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -0.84 *
9 CAMPHENE Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
9 CAMPHENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
2 CAMPESTEROL Seed -- 50.0 -0.52 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
2 CAMPESTEROL Pt -- -- Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
28 CALCIUM Seed 170.0 20776.0 3.05 *
28 CALCIUM Root 340.0 3635.0 -0.41 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
28 CALCIUM Fruit 1680.0 8000.0 0.96 *
28 CALCIUM Pt 313.0 11918.0 -1.41 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Root -- -- *
3 CADMIUM Root 0.001 0.364 -0.5 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
10 BUTYLIDENE-PHTHALIDE Et -- 12000.0 *
10 BUTYLIDENE-PHTHALIDE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 15000.0 *
10 BUTYLIDENE-PHTHALIDE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 4000.0 *
10 BUTYLIDENE-PHTHALIDE Stem Essent. Oil -- 12000.0 *
10 BUTYLIDENE-PHTHALIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- 4000.0 *
4 BORON Seed 43.0 61.0 1.75 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
4 BORON Root 4.0 103.0 2.92 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed -- 210.0 -0.55 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Pt -- 30.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
3 BETA-SELINENE Seed Essent. Oil 55000.0 325000.0 *
3 BETA-SELINENE Seed 100.0 9750.0 1.0 *
3 BETA-SELINENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 10000.0 *
3 BETA-SELINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 30000.0 1.0 *
3 BETA-SELINENE Fruit Essent. Oil 55000.0 325000.0 1.0 *
13 BETA-PINENE Root Essent. Oil -- 179000.0 1.36 *
13 BETA-PINENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 12000.0 -1.0 *
13 BETA-PINENE Fruit Essent. Oil 5.0 15000.0 -0.6 *
13 BETA-PINENE Seed 57.0 1530.0 -0.51 *
13 BETA-PINENE Seed Essent. Oil 5000.0 15000.0 -0.74 *
13 BETA-PINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.93 *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Seed Essent. Oil 200.0 2000.0 -1.03 *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit -- 2000.0 -0.13 *
13 BETA-EUDESMOL Seed 76.0 225.0 *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Seed 1.0 875.0 1.41 *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
5 BETA-ELEMENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 35000.0 1.68 *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 35000.0 *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Pt 1.0 144.0 1.41 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Seed 7.5 36.0 1.82 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit 8.0 36.0 -0.08 *
26 BERGAPTEN Shoot -- 145.0 -1.0 *
26 BERGAPTEN Leaf -- 1.17 -0.59 *
26 BERGAPTEN Root -- -- *
26 BERGAPTEN Seed -- 1.0 -0.89 *
26 BERGAPTEN Pt 0.04 0.81 *
26 BERGAPTEN Plant -- 520.0 -1.0 *
17 BENZYL-BENZOATE Shoot -- -- *
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Shoot -- -- *
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Pt 1130.0 23880.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 ASPARAGINE Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Pt 58.0 2778.0 -0.26 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Plant 17.0 129.0 -0.56 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit 357.0 1700.0 -0.18 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Shoot 17.0 129.0 -0.36 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Seed 171.0 1700.0 0.68 *
2 ARSENIC Root 0.01 0.09 -0.2 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
14 ARGININE Pt 200.0 4105.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
20 APIOLE Essential Oil -- -- *
20 APIOLE Seed 115.0 180.0 -1.0 *
4 APIIN Seed -- -- *
4 APIIN Plant -- 2000.0 *
101 APIGENIN Seed -- -- *
101 APIGENIN Pt -- 1910.0 *
101 APIGENIN Plant -- -- *
17 ANGELICIN Stem -- -- *
1 ANGELIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
5 ALUMINUM Root 0.3 9.0 -0.31 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Plant -- 64.0 -1.0 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Leaf 136.0 266.0 -0.23 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Seed -- -- *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Shoot -- 64.0 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Pt 3.0 67.0 1.0 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Seed Essent. Oil 5000.0 14000.0 -0.65 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Seed 1.0 420.0 -0.37 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Root Essent. Oil -- 69000.0 1.0 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -0.84 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Fruit Essent. Oil 3000.0 14000.0 -0.3 *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -1.01 *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -0.83 *
3 ALPHA-SELINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 20500.0 *
3 ALPHA-SELINENE Seed 95.0 250.0 *
2 ALPHA-SANTALOL Seed -- -- *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.74 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Stem Essent. Oil -- 14000.0 -1.0 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 10000.0 -0.72 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Seed Essent. Oil 10000.0 10500.0 -0.67 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Seed -- 300.0 -0.47 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Et 12000.0 14000.0 -1.0 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Root Essent. Oil -- 179000.0 0.77 *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Seed Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.86 *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit -- 2000.0 0.43 *
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Seed 1600.0 2554.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
5 ALPHA-IONONE Plant -- -- *
5 ALPHA-IONONE Seed Essent. Oil -- 500.0 *
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Leaf 266.0 2500.0 3.78 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Seed 20.0 33.0 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
3 ALPHA-CEDRENE Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
3 ALANINE Pt 220.0 4665.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
28 ADENOSINE Plant -- -- *
11 ADENINE Plant -- -- *
16 ACETIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
6 ACETALDEHYDE Shoot -- -- *
6 ACETALDEHYDE Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
21 8-METHOXY-PSORALEN Leaf -- 1.0 *
2 7-[3-(3,4-DIHYDROXY-4-HYDROXYMETHYL-TETRAHYDRO-FURAN-2-YLOXY)-4,5-DIHYDROXY-6-HYDROXYMETHYL-TETRAHYDRO-PYRAN-2-YLOXY]... Seed -- -- *
10 5-METHOXY-PSORALEN Seed -- 7.0 1.0 *
10 5-METHOXY-PSORALEN Leaf Wax -- 2.0 *
10 5-METHOXY-PSORALEN Fruit -- 7.0 -0.19 *
10 3-N-BUTYL-PHTHALIDE Seed -- -- *
10 3-N-BUTYL-PHTHALIDE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 40000.0 *
10 3-N-BUTYL-PHTHALIDE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 108000.0 *
10 3-N-BUTYL-PHTHALIDE Seed Essent. Oil -- 108000.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.