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Activities: 742
Chemicals w/Activities: 202
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
77 ZINC Fruit 11.2 35.7 0.16 *
8 UBIQUINONE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 TRANS-PINOCARVEOL Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
2 TRANS-PINOCARVEOL Fruit -- -- *
1 TRANS-CARVEOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 100.0 -1.0 *
1 TRANS-CARVEOL Fruit -- -- *
31 THIAMIN Fruit 0.5 1.6 -0.48 *
5 TERPINYL-ACETATE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
9 TERPINOLENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -0.73 *
9 TERPINOLENE Fruit -- -- *
9 TERPINOLENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 1900.0 -0.67 *
14 SULFUR Fruit 1750.0 5760.0 3.02 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
12 STIGMASTEROL Fruit 140.0 210.0 1.74 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
8 STEARIC-ACID Fruit -- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
5 STARCH Fruit 280000.0 565000.0 0.41 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
1 SODIUM Fruit 320.0 627.0 -0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 SALICYLATES Fruit 10.0 65.0 -0.15 *
29 SAFROLE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
29 SAFROLE Fruit -- -- *
5 SABINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
5 SABINENE Fruit Essent. Oil 85000.0 204000.0 0.48 *
5 SABINENE Fruit 1500.0 10000.0 2.61 *
87 RUTIN Fruit -- -- *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit 0.4 2.8 -0.47 *
18 RHAMNETIN Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
44 QUERCITRIN Fruit -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
1 PYRROLIDINE Seed -- -- *
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 11718.0 15077.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 PIPERONAL Essential Oil -- -- *
2 PIPERONAL Fruit -- -- *
7 PIPERITONE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 400.0 -1.0 *
61 PIPERINE Fruit 5000.0 150000.0 1.0 *
61 PIPERINE Shoot -- -- *
61 PIPERINE Seed Oil -- -- *
61 PIPERINE Leaf -- -- *
61 PIPERINE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
61 PIPERINE Root -- -- *
61 PIPERINE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
61 PIPERINE Seed -- -- *
61 PIPERINE Stem -- 1100.0 *
10 PIPERIDINE Seed -- -- *
10 PIPERIDINE Fruit 606.0 2700.0 0.75 *
10 PIPERIDINE Essential Oil -- -- *
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Fruit 550.0 1028.0 0.11 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 700.0 2040.0 -0.36 *
2 PHENYLACETIC-ACID Essential Oil -- -- *
2 PHENYLACETIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
11 PERILLALDEHYDE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 PELLITORINE Fruit -- -- *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Fruit 12200.0 13633.0 -0.15 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 P-METHYL-ACETOPHENONE Fruit -- -- *
16 P-CYMENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
16 P-CYMENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
16 P-CYMENE Fruit -- 150.0 -0.56 *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
9 OXALIC-ACID Fruit 4000.0 34000.0 1.57 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
18 OLEIC-ACID Fruit 13700.0 15309.0 -0.36 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 OCIMENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 *
2 OCIMENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
3 NICKEL Fruit 0.7 2.4 -0.05 *
39 NIACIN Fruit 2.0 14.5 -0.62 *
11 NEROLIDOL Fruit -- -- *
11 NEROLIDOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
2 N-ISOBUTYL-OCTADECA-TRANS-2-TRANS-4-DIENAMIDE Fruit -- -- *
3 N-HENTRIACONTANE Stem -- 110.0 *
3 N-HENTRIACONTANE Leaf -- -- *
2 MYRTENOL Fruit -- -- *
2 MYRTENOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 *
5 MYRTENAL Fruit -- -- *
31 MYRISTICIN Fruit -- -- *
31 MYRISTICIN Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Fruit 700.0 782.0 -0.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
22 MYRCENE Fruit Essent. Oil 22300.0 64000.0 1.04 *
22 MYRCENE Fruit -- -- *
22 MYRCENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
20 METHYL-EUGENOL Fruit -- -- *
5 METHYL-CINNAMATE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
14 MANGANESE Fruit 19.0 56.0 -0.03 *
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 1809.0 2319.0 0.09 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Fruit 13200.0 14750.0 -0.15 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
7 LINALYL-ACETATE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
53 LINALOOL Fruit -- 90.0 -0.56 *
53 LINALOOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 2200.0 -0.69 *
60 LIMONENE Fruit 1500.0 8000.0 0.4 *
60 LIMONENE Fruit Essent. Oil 130500.0 210600.0 -0.69 *
60 LIMONENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
7 LAURIC-ACID Fruit 400.0 447.0 -0.44 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 L-LIMONENE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
75 KAEMPFEROL Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Fruit -- -- *
3 ISOPULEGOL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 ISOCARYOPHYLLENE Fruit -- -- *
1 ISOCARYOPHYLLENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
6 IRON Fruit 24.0 407.0 1.09 *
12 IODINE Fruit -- 0.09 -0.29 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
30 HYPEROSIDE Fruit -- -- *
2 HEXANOIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
2 GERMACRENE-D Fruit Essent. Oil 400.0 49300.0 *
5 GERANYL-ACETATE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Fruit Essent. Oil 100.0 11000.0 -0.34 *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Fruit -- -- *
22 GABA Fruit -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
3 FLUORIDE Fruit -- 3.6 1.46 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
15 FIBER Fruit 130056.0 148449.0 0.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
5 EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
5 EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
76 EUGENOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
76 EUGENOL Fruit -- -- *
2 ELEMOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 1100.0 *
3 ELEMENE Fruit -- 225.0 *
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 100.0 -1.0 *
2 DIHYDROCARVEOL Fruit -- -- *
9 DELTA-CADINENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 1200.0 *
9 DELTA-CADINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
9 DELTA-CADINENE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
8 DELTA-3-CARENE Fruit 500.0 2000.0 2.73 *
19 D-LIMONENE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 CUPARENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 13800.0 *
12 COPPER Fruit 9.0 20.0 0.56 *
2 COBALT Fruit 0.3 0.4 -0.49 *
2 CITRONELLYL-ACETATE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
15 CITRONELLOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 200.0 -1.0 *
15 CITRONELLOL Essential Oil -- -- *
20 CITRONELLAL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
53 CITRAL Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
3 CIS-OCIMENE Fruit -- -- *
18 CINNAMIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
24 CHROMIUM Fruit 3.0 3.5 -0.02 *
20 CHOLINE Seed -- 1642.0 -0.03 *
7 CHLORINE Fruit 2700.0 5100.0 2.98 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
1 CHAVICINE Fruit -- -- *
3 CEDROL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 700.0 *
8 CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE Fruit -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
8 CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 9000.0 1.0 *
1 CARYOPHYLLENE-ALCOHOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 700.0 *
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Fruit 1000.0 6000.0 -0.22 *
19 CARVONE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 50.0 -0.72 *
19 CARVONE Fruit -- -- *
37 CARVACROL Fruit -- -- *
41 CAMPHOR Fruit -- -- *
9 CAMPHENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
9 CAMPHENE Fruit Essent. Oil 1000.0 1400.0 -1.02 *
9 CAMPHENE Fruit -- 120.0 -0.3 *
2 CAMPESTEROL Fruit 30.0 60.0 -0.15 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
28 CALCIUM Fruit 2700.0 4989.0 0.26 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit -- 6.0 -0.34 *
6 BUTYRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
4 BORON Fruit 0.5 18.0 -0.44 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
35 BORNEOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
35 BORNEOL Fruit -- -- *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Stem -- 160.0 -1.33 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Leaf -- -- *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Fruit 380.0 650.0 0.06 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
3 BETA-SELINENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 6400.0 -1.0 *
3 BETA-SELINENE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
13 BETA-PINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
13 BETA-PINENE Fruit -- 2355.0 -0.22 *
13 BETA-PINENE Fruit Essent. Oil 85000.0 138000.0 0.96 *
13 BETA-PINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 41000.0 -0.47 *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 900.0 -0.83 *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit 0.114 0.128 -0.15 *
6 BETA-BISABOLENE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 BETA-BISABOLENE Fruit Essent. Oil 21200.0 111600.0 1.0 *
20 BENZOIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
1 BEHENIC-ACID Fruit -- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
7 ASTRAGALIN Fruit -- -- *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit -- 10.0 -0.28 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
3 AR-CURCUMENE Fruit -- -- *
3 AR-CURCUMENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 2600.0 *
1 ALPHA-ZINGIBERENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 50100.0 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Resin, Exudate, Sap -- 1000.0 *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Fruit -- 0.054 -1.12 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Fruit -- -- *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -0.91 *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Fruit -- -- *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 3000.0 -0.57 *
3 ALPHA-SELINENE Fruit -- -- *
3 ALPHA-SELINENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 700.0 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit -- 3810.0 0.28 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit Essent. Oil 45000.0 94000.0 0.4 *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit Essent. Oil 6800.0 36000.0 -0.56 *
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Fruit 2200.0 2458.0 -0.04 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Fruit Essent. Oil 2100.0 19500.0 -1.0 *
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Fruit -- -- *
19 ACETYL-CHOLINE Seed -- 23.0 -1.19 *
6 ACETOPHENONE Fruit Essent. Oil -- 5000.0 *
4 2-UNDECANONE Fruit -- -- *
67 1,8-CINEOLE Fruit -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.