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Activities: 702
Chemicals w/Activities: 174
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
77 ZINC Seed -- 59.0 0.39 *
77 ZINC Fruit -- 59.0 0.86 *
43 XANTHOTOXIN Seed -- -- *
22 UMBELLIFERONE Seed -- -- *
22 UMBELLIFERONE Fruit -- -- *
22 UMBELLIFERONE Tissue Culture -- 5000.0 *
8 TRANS-ANETHOLE Leaf Essent. Oil -- 825000.0 0.68 *
8 TRANS-ANETHOLE Seed 14000.0 126000.0 1.12 *
8 TRANS-ANETHOLE Seed Essent. Oil -- 752000.0 -1.0 *
8 TRANS-ANETHOLE Shoot Essent. Oil -- 875000.0 1.0 *
8 TRANS-ANETHOLE Plant 14000.0 54000.0 2.44 *
8 TRANS-ANETHOLE Essential Oil -- 98000.0 -0.92 *
71 THYMOL Essential Oil -- -- *
18 TERPINEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
12 STIGMASTEROL Plant -- -- *
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed -- -- *
12 STIGMASTEROL Tissue Culture -- -- *
5 STARCH Seed -- 50000.0 -1.05 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
10 SQUALENE Plant -- -- *
1 SODIUM Fruit -- 177.0 -0.17 *
1 SODIUM Seed 160.0 177.0 -0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
3 SESELIN Leaf -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Seed -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
44 SCOPOLETIN Leaf -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Fruit -- -- *
44 SCOPOLETIN Tissue Culture -- 25000.0 *
22 SCOPARONE Leaf -- -- *
7 SALICYLATES Seed 30.0 230.0 0.89 *
29 SAFROLE Essential Oil -- -- *
5 SABINENE Seed -- 1.0 -0.44 *
5 SABINENE Fruit -- 1.0 -0.54 *
87 RUTIN Seed -- -- *
87 RUTIN Fruit -- -- *
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCURONIDE Seed -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Seed -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
6 PROPIONIC-ACID Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
14 POTASSIUM Seed 14410.0 15923.0 0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
14 POTASSIUM Fruit -- 15923.0 -0.18 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Seed 4400.0 4862.0 -0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit -- 4862.0 0.5 *
4 PHELLANDRENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
4 PHELLANDRENE Seed -- 408.0 *
4 PHELLANDRENE Fruit -- 408.0 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Seed 2560.0 9730.0 -0.5 *
1 P-METHOXYPHENYLACETONE Seed -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 P-METHOXYPHENYLACETONE Plant -- -- *
8 P-CRESOL Plant -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Seed -- 737.0 1.64 *
11 P-ANISALDEHYDE Seed -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed 44800.0 217000.0 0.8 *
31 MYRISTICIN Plant -- -- *
31 MYRISTICIN Seed -- -- *
31 MYRISTICIN Tissue Culture -- -- *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
6 METHYL-CHAVICOL Fruit -- 1050.0 -0.5 *
6 METHYL-CHAVICOL Seed 100.0 1200.0 -0.33 *
18 MANNITOL Root -- -- *
14 MANGANESE Fruit -- 23.0 -0.25 *
14 MANGANESE Seed -- 23.0 -0.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
65 MAGNESIUM Seed -- 1878.0 -0.42 *
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit -- 1878.0 -0.12 *
2 LUTEOLIN-7-O-GLUCOSIDE Seed -- -- *
78 LUTEOLIN Seed -- 1250.0 *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Seed 13700.0 52000.0 -0.47 *
53 LINALOOL Seed -- 50.0 -0.53 *
53 LINALOOL Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
60 LIMONENE Essential Oil -- -- *
60 LIMONENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
60 LIMONENE Seed 25.0 459.0 -0.73 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
60 LIMONENE Fruit 25.0 459.0 -0.68 *
4 ISOVITEXIN Seed -- -- *
4 ISOVITEXIN Fruit -- -- *
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Leaf -- -- *
15 ISOPIMPINELLIN Root -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
4 ISOORIENTIN Seed -- -- *
4 ISOORIENTIN Plant -- -- *
1 ISOCARYOPHYLLENE Plant -- -- *
6 IRON Seed 348.0 409.0 1.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
6 IRON Fruit 391.0 409.0 1.09 *
25 IMPERATORIN Leaf -- -- *
32 HYDROQUINONE Plant -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
6 FURFURAL Fruit -- 30000.0 1.41 *
6 FURFURAL Seed -- 30000.0 1.0 *
15 FIBER Fruit -- 161000.0 0.18 *
15 FIBER Seed 120000.0 250000.0 0.91 *
6 FENCHONE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
76 EUGENOL Plant -- -- *
76 EUGENOL Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
76 EUGENOL Essential Oil -- -- *
76 EUGENOL Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
12 ESTRAGOLE Seed -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
12 ESTRAGOLE Fruit -- -- *
12 ESTRAGOLE Essential Oil -- 815000.0 0.55 *
12 ESTRAGOLE Seed Essent. Oil -- 40000.0 -1.22 *
1 DIHYDROCARVYL-ACETATE Plant -- -- *
1 DIANETHOLE Seed -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
1 DIANETHOLE Fruit -- -- *
7 D-CARVONE Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
3 CYNAROSIDE Seed -- 1280.0 1.0 *
5 CRESOL Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
12 COPPER Seed -- 9.0 -0.53 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
3 CIS-OCIMENE Seed -- 25.0 -1.0 *
3 CIS-OCIMENE Fruit -- 25.0 -1.0 *
1 CIS-ANETHOLE Fruit -- 200.0 -0.2 *
1 CIS-ANETHOLE Essential Oil -- -- *
1 CIS-ANETHOLE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
1 CIS-ANETHOLE Seed -- 200.0 -1.0 *
6 CINNAMYL-ALCOHOL Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
60 CINNAMALDEHYDE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
20 CHOLINE Plant -- -- *
20 CHOLINE Seed -- 3950.0 2.14 *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Seed -- 1000.0 -0.58 *
10 CHAMAZULENE Essential Oil -- -- *
19 CARVONE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
41 CAMPHOR Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
9 CAMPHENE Essential Oil -- -- *
9 CAMPHENE Seed -- 119.0 -1.18 *
9 CAMPHENE Fruit -- 119.0 -0.3 *
28 CALCIUM Fruit 7138.0 7843.0 0.92 *
28 CALCIUM Seed 6460.0 7843.0 0.68 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Seed -- 2060.0 1.2 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
6 BUTYRIC-ACID Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
4 BORON Seed -- 20.0 -0.2 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
4 BORON Fruit -- 20.0 -0.4 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Tissue Culture -- -- *
13 BETA-PINENE Seed -- 1.0 -0.69 *
13 BETA-PINENE Fruit -- 1.0 -0.3 *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
6 BETA-BISABOLENE Essential Oil -- -- *
6 BETA-BISABOLENE Tissue Culture -- -- *
6 BETA-BISABOLENE Plant -- -- *
9 BETA-AMYRIN Seed -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
9 BETA-AMYRIN Plant -- -- *
26 BERGAPTEN Tissue Culture -- 5000.0 *
26 BERGAPTEN Fruit -- -- *
26 BERGAPTEN Seed -- -- *
10 AZULENE Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Seed 8.0 9.0 -0.33 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit 8.0 9.0 -0.28 *
3 AR-CURCUMENE Fruit -- 200.0 *
3 AR-CURCUMENE Seed -- 200.0 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
2 APIGENIN-7-O-GLUCOSIDE Seed -- -- *
101 APIGENIN Seed -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
2 ANISYL-ALCOHOL Fruit 100.0 1750.0 1.0 *
2 ANISYL-ALCOHOL Seed 100.0 1750.0 *
6 ANISIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
6 ANISIC-ACID Essential Oil -- -- *
6 ANISIC-ACID Seed -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
7 ANISALDEHYDE Fruit -- 300.0 -1.35 *
7 ANISALDEHYDE Essential Oil -- -- *
7 ANISALDEHYDE Seed 140.0 1960.0 1.38 *
36 ANETHOLE Tissue Culture -- -- *
36 ANETHOLE Root -- -- *
36 ANETHOLE Shoot -- -- *
36 ANETHOLE Seed Essent. Oil 800000.0 900000.0 1.0 *
36 ANETHOLE Seed -- -- *
36 ANETHOLE Essential Oil -- -- *
36 ANETHOLE Plant -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 ALPHA-ZINGIBERENE Plant -- -- *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Leaf -- -- *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Root -- -- *
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Tissue Culture -- -- *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Fruit -- 1.0 -0.41 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Seed -- 1.0 -0.5 *
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Seed 1.0 306.0 -0.47 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit 1.0 306.0 -0.64 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Essential Oil -- -- *
19 ACETYL-CHOLINE Seed -- 64.0 -0.3 *
6 ACETALDEHYDE Seed -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
6 ACETALDEHYDE Fruit -- -- *
10 5-METHOXY-PSORALEN Seed -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.