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Activities: 529
Chemicals w/Activities: 122
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
67 1,8-CINEOLE Fruit -- 142.0 -0.42 *
67 1,8-CINEOLE Leaf -- 51.0 -0.52 *
3 ACETONE Plant -- -- *
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Fruit -- 405.0 -0.4 *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Leaf -- 59.0 -0.27 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit -- 6.0 -0.57 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Leaf -- 20.0 -0.22 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
28 ALPHA-PINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit -- 14.0 -0.72 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 ALPHA-SELINENE Fruit -- 315.0 -0.18 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 ALPHA-SELINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
3 ALPHA-SELINENE Leaf -- 45.0 0.11 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Fruit -- 3.0 -0.44 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Leaf -- 11.0 -0.31 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Plant -- -- *
5 ALUMINUM Plant -- 110.0 -0.54 *
3 AR-CURCUMENE Plant -- -- *
3 AROMADENDRENE Plant -- -- *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf 2012.0 2067.0 -0.25 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit -- 426.0 -0.26 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Leaf 103.0 120.0 -0.62 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit -- 4.0 -0.14 *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Plant -- -- *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit -- -- *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Plant -- -- *
13 BETA-PINENE Plant -- -- *
3 BETA-SELINENE Plant -- -- *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Fruit 570.0 590.0 -0.02 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
4 BORON Fruit 9.0 25.0 -0.3 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
3 CADMIUM Plant -- 0.05 -0.82 *
28 CALCIUM Fruit 7224.0 8000.0 0.96 *
28 CALCIUM Leaf 10056.0 11166.0 -0.5 *
4 CALCIUM-OXALATE Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 CAMPESTEROL Fruit -- 10.0 -0.57 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Leaf -- 760.0 -0.24 *
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Fruit -- 1341.0 -0.36 *
1 CARYOPHYLLENE-ALCOHOL Plant -- -- *
8 CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE Plant -- -- *
1 CATECHINS Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
3 CHAVICOL Fruit 1400.0 2400.0 1.39 *
3 CHAVICOL Leaf -- -- *
24 CHROMIUM Plant -- 5.0 -0.4 *
60 CINNAMALDEHYDE Plant -- -- *
1 CIS-3-HEXENOL Plant -- -- *
3 CIS-OCIMENE Plant -- -- *
2 COBALT Plant -- 0.05 -0.48 *
1 COPAENE Leaf -- 9.0 -0.63 *
1 COPAENE Fruit -- 15.0 -0.71 *
12 COPPER Bud 5.0 10.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
8 DELTA-3-CARENE Fruit -- 30.0 -0.56 *
9 DELTA-CADINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
9 DELTA-CADINENE Leaf -- 50.0 -0.25 *
9 DELTA-CADINENE Fruit -- 51.0 -0.46 *
1 ETHYL-BENZOATE Plant -- -- *
76 EUGENOL Leaf 8348.0 12000.0 0.59 *
76 EUGENOL Fruit 3500.0 36000.0 1.41 *
76 EUGENOL Flower Essent. Oil -- 543000.0 *
76 EUGENOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- 792400.0 1.14 *
5 EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
5 EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER Fruit 8000.0 22500.0 *
15 FIBER Leaf 175000.0 179000.0 0.22 *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Fruit -- 35.0 -0.64 *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Leaf -- 17.0 -0.34 *
5 GERANYL-ACETATE Plant -- -- *
3 HEXANOL Plant -- -- *
6 IRON Fruit 60.0 85.0 -0.19 *
6 IRON Leaf 76.0 95.0 -0.68 *
1 ISOCARYOPHYLLENE Plant -- -- *
16 ISOEUGENOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
16 ISOEUGENOL Plant -- -- *
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Fruit -- -- *
1 ISOVALERALDEHYDE Plant -- -- *
60 LIMONENE Leaf -- 15.0 -0.43 *
60 LIMONENE Fruit -- 28.0 -0.75 *
60 LIMONENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
53 LINALOOL Fruit -- 42.0 -0.57 *
53 LINALOOL Leaf -- 5.0 -0.64 *
53 LINALOOL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 1200.0 1480.0 -0.3 *
15 MALIC-ACID Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
14 MANGANESE Bud 29.0 70.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
1 MERCURY Plant -- 0.05 -0.5 *
4 METHYL-BENZOATE Plant -- -- *
6 METHYL-CHAVICOL Leaf -- 3.0 -0.7 *
6 METHYL-CHAVICOL Fruit -- 60.0 -0.89 *
20 METHYL-EUGENOL Leaf -- 190.0 -0.78 *
20 METHYL-EUGENOL Fruit -- 1500.0 -1.0 *
22 MYRCENE Leaf -- 20.0 -0.17 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
22 MYRCENE Fruit -- 45.0 -0.38 *
39 NIACIN Leaf 1.4 1.8 -1.16 *
39 NIACIN Fruit -- 3.1 -0.77 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
16 P-CYMENE Leaf -- 78.0 -0.34 *
16 P-CYMENE Fruit -- 87.0 -0.57 *
16 P-CYMENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf 1173.0 1399.0 -0.66 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 1100.0 1235.0 -0.6 *
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Fruit -- 666.0 -0.36 *
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 11000.0 11410.0 -0.58 *
34 PROANTHOCYANIDINS Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
44 QUERCITRIN Fruit -- -- *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Leaf 2.3 3.5 -0.16 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit -- 0.7 -0.92 *
5 SABINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
5 SABINENE Plant -- -- *
7 SALICYLATES Fruit 5.0 55.0 -0.18 *
60 SELENIUM Plant -- 0.04 -0.43 *
1 SODIUM Fruit 800.0 842.0 -0.1 *
12 STIGMASTEROL Fruit -- 30.0 -0.76 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Fruit -- 1260.0 -0.17 *
9 TERPINOLENE Fruit -- 42.0 -0.48 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
9 TERPINOLENE Leaf -- 27.0 -0.2 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
9 TERPINOLENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
31 THIAMIN Fruit -- 1.1 -0.54 *
31 THIAMIN Leaf 1.1 1.7 -1.38 *
1 TOLUENE Plant -- -- *
4 TRANS-2-HEXENAL Plant -- -- *
8 TRANS-ANETHOLE Plant -- -- *
16 VANADIUM Plant -- 0.2 1.0 *
77 ZINC Fruit 11.0 20.0 -0.31 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.