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Activities: 539
All Chemicals: 104
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
0 FLAVONOIDS Plant 15000.0 25000.0 1.48 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
15 FIBER Fruit 73000.0 265000.0 1.16 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
0 FIBER(DIETARY) Flower -- 420000.0 1.16 *
0 WATER Flower -- 890000.0 0.51 *
0 FAT Flower 9130.0 83000.0 0.4 *
0 FAT Fruit 33000.0 120000.0 0.28 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
53 BETA-CAROTENE Flower 5.3 48.0 0.12 *
14 POTASSIUM Flower 2200.0 20000.0 0.07 *
39 NIACIN Flower 11.0 95.0 0.0 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Flower 407.0 3700.0 -0.0 *
2 COBALT Flower 1.0 10.0 -0.0 *
0 CARBOHYDRATES Fruit 210000.0 764000.0 -0.1 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
0 FIBER(CRUDE) Flower -- 70000.0 -0.12 *
24 CHROMIUM Flower 0.3 2.5 -0.21 *
65 MAGNESIUM Flower 275.0 2500.0 -0.23 *
0 PROTEIN Flower 13200.0 120000.0 -0.26 *
6 IRON Fruit 16.0 58.0 -0.3 *
28 CALCIUM Flower 506.0 4600.0 -0.32 *
0 PROTEIN Fruit 23000.0 84000.0 -0.34 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
14 MANGANESE Flower 0.2 2.1 -0.39 *
0 ALKALOIDS Plant 250.0 300.0 -0.43 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 430.0 1564.0 -0.5 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
1 SODIUM Flower 6.0 50.0 -0.59 *
0 ALKALOIDS Shoot 100.0 900.0 -0.73 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
28 CALCIUM Fruit 140.0 509.0 -0.77 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Flower 11.0 100.0 -0.8 *
0 ASH Flower 3190.0 29000.0 -0.9 *
6 IRON Flower 0.8 7.0 -1.06 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Flower 0.1 0.5 -1.34 *
0 GUM Plant -- 2500.0 -1.38 *
24 HARMALINE Plant -- -- *
3 VICENIN Plant -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
14 SUCROSE Plant -- -- *
0 THIAMINE Flower -- -- *
7 HARMALOL Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
0 PROLINE Plant -- -- *
101 APIGENIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
24 HARMALINE Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
0 LUTENIN-2 Plant -- -- *
14 SUCROSE Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
12 STIGMASTEROL Plant -- -- *
1 GYNOCARDIN Leaf 100.0 1000.0 Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
13 FORMIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
0 ALPHA-ALANINE Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
75 KAEMPFEROL Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
12 VICENIN-2 Plant -- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
0 SITOSTEROL Plant -- -- *
4 SILICON Flower -- -- *
0 ETHYL-MALTOL Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
7 PHENYLALANINE Stem -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
18 VITEXIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
4 ISOVITEXIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
0 PASSICOL Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
44 SCOPOLETIN Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
5 GLUTAMINE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
60 SELENIUM Flower -- -- *
0 CAMPHEROL Plant -- -- *
7 PHENYLALANINE Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 VALINE Stem -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
4 ISOORIENTIN Plant -- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
13 PALMITIC-ACID Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
0 SAPONARINE Plant -- -- *
6 BUTYRIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
7 PHENYLALANINE Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 VALINE Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
18 OLEIC-ACID Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
0 SAPONARETIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
0 SITOSTEROL Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
7 PHENYLALANINE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 VALINE Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 HOMOORIENTIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 SCHAFTOSIDE Plant -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
0 SACCHAROSE Plant -- -- *
1 RAFFINOSE Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
0 PASSIFLORINE Plant -- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
1 HARMOL Plant -- -- *
22 UMBELLIFERONE Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
0 LUCENIN-2 Plant -- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
0 SAPONARIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
87 RUTIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
1 D-GLUCOSE Plant -- -- *
11 MALTOL Shoot -- 500.0 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
4 ORIENTIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
23 HARMINE Shoot -- 70.0 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
8 TYROSINE Stem -- -- *
0 ISOORIENTIN-2''-GLUCOSIDE Plant -- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
0 ISOVITEXIN-2''-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
1 RAFFINOSE Plant -- -- *
0 D-FRUCTOSE Plant -- -- *
12 STIGMASTEROL Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
1 N-NONACOSANE Plant -- -- *
11 HARMANE Na 1.0 120.0 *
8 TYROSINE Seed -- -- *
77 ZINC Flower -- -- *
0 ISOSCHAFTOSIDE Plant -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
176 QUERCETIN Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 N-NONACOSANE Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
11 MALTOL Plant -- -- *
7 HARMALOL Plant -- -- *
8 TYROSINE Leaf -- -- *
11 HARMANE Plant 1.0 120.0 *
1 HARMOL Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
78 LUTEOLIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.