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Activities: 539
All Chemicals: 104
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
0 ALKALOIDS Plant 250.0 300.0 -0.43 *
0 ALKALOIDS Shoot 100.0 900.0 -0.73 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
0 ALPHA-ALANINE Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
101 APIGENIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Flower 11.0 100.0 -0.8 *
0 ASH Flower 3190.0 29000.0 -0.9 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Flower 5.3 48.0 0.12 *
6 BUTYRIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
28 CALCIUM Fruit 140.0 509.0 -0.77 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
28 CALCIUM Flower 506.0 4600.0 -0.32 *
0 CAMPHEROL Plant -- -- *
0 CARBOHYDRATES Fruit 210000.0 764000.0 -0.1 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
24 CHROMIUM Flower 0.3 2.5 -0.21 *
2 COBALT Flower 1.0 10.0 -0.0 *
0 D-FRUCTOSE Plant -- -- *
1 D-GLUCOSE Plant -- -- *
0 ETHYL-MALTOL Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
0 FAT Fruit 33000.0 120000.0 0.28 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
0 FAT Flower 9130.0 83000.0 0.4 *
15 FIBER Fruit 73000.0 265000.0 1.16 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
0 FIBER(CRUDE) Flower -- 70000.0 -0.12 *
0 FIBER(DIETARY) Flower -- 420000.0 1.16 *
0 FLAVONOIDS Plant 15000.0 25000.0 1.48 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
13 FORMIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
5 GLUTAMINE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 GUM Plant -- 2500.0 -1.38 *
1 GYNOCARDIN Leaf 100.0 1000.0 Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
24 HARMALINE Plant -- -- *
24 HARMALINE Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
7 HARMALOL Plant -- -- *
7 HARMALOL Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
11 HARMANE Na 1.0 120.0 *
11 HARMANE Plant 1.0 120.0 *
23 HARMINE Shoot -- 70.0 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
1 HARMOL Plant -- -- *
1 HARMOL Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
0 HOMOORIENTIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
6 IRON Flower 0.8 7.0 -1.06 *
6 IRON Fruit 16.0 58.0 -0.3 *
4 ISOORIENTIN Plant -- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
0 ISOORIENTIN-2''-GLUCOSIDE Plant -- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
0 ISOSCHAFTOSIDE Plant -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
4 ISOVITEXIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
0 ISOVITEXIN-2''-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
75 KAEMPFEROL Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
0 LUCENIN-2 Plant -- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
0 LUTENIN-2 Plant -- -- *
78 LUTEOLIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
65 MAGNESIUM Flower 275.0 2500.0 -0.23 *
11 MALTOL Plant -- -- *
11 MALTOL Shoot -- 500.0 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
14 MANGANESE Flower 0.2 2.1 -0.39 *
6 MYRISTIC-ACID Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 N-NONACOSANE Plant -- -- *
1 N-NONACOSANE Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
39 NIACIN Flower 11.0 95.0 0.0 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
4 ORIENTIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
13 PALMITIC-ACID Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
0 PASSICOL Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
0 PASSIFLORINE Plant -- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
7 PHENYLALANINE Stem -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
7 PHENYLALANINE Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
7 PHENYLALANINE Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
7 PHENYLALANINE Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 430.0 1564.0 -0.5 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
4 PHOSPHORUS Flower 407.0 3700.0 -0.0 *
14 POTASSIUM Flower 2200.0 20000.0 0.07 *
0 PROLINE Plant -- -- *
0 PROTEIN Fruit 23000.0 84000.0 -0.34 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
0 PROTEIN Flower 13200.0 120000.0 -0.26 *
176 QUERCETIN Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
1 RAFFINOSE Plant -- -- *
1 RAFFINOSE Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
15 RIBOFLAVIN Flower 0.1 0.5 -1.34 *
87 RUTIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
0 SACCHAROSE Plant -- -- *
0 SAPONARETIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
0 SAPONARIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
0 SAPONARINE Plant -- -- *
1 SCHAFTOSIDE Plant -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
44 SCOPOLETIN Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
60 SELENIUM Flower -- -- *
4 SILICON Flower -- -- *
0 SITOSTEROL Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
0 SITOSTEROL Plant -- -- *
1 SODIUM Flower 6.0 50.0 -0.59 *
12 STIGMASTEROL Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
12 STIGMASTEROL Plant -- -- *
14 SUCROSE Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
14 SUCROSE Plant -- -- *
0 THIAMINE Flower -- -- *
8 TYROSINE Stem -- -- *
8 TYROSINE Seed -- -- *
8 TYROSINE Leaf -- -- *
22 UMBELLIFERONE Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
3 VALINE Stem -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 VALINE Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 VALINE Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 VICENIN Plant -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
12 VICENIN-2 Plant -- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
18 VITEXIN Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
0 WATER Flower -- 890000.0 0.51 *
77 ZINC Flower -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.