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Activities: 448
All Chemicals: 127
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
19 CARVONE Leaf 8100.0 26000.0 5.05 *
7 PIPERITONE Leaf 240.0 7700.0 3.7 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
30 MENTHONE Plant 71.0 24000.0 3.41 *
60 LIMONENE Leaf 20.0 3520.0 3.26 *
30 MENTHONE Leaf 250.0 25680.0 2.61 *
0 OCTAN-3-OL Leaf -- 10200.0 2.44 *
63 MENTHOL Leaf 1000.0 24385.0 2.22 *
28 PULEGONE Plant 100.0 24960.0 2.12 *
0 EO Plant 10000.0 32100.0 1.7 *
5 MENTHOFURAN Plant 4200.0 12600.0 1.69 *
4 (+)-PULEGONE Leaf 1100.0 8400.0 1.64 *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Leaf -- 900.0 1.36 *
0 (+)-ISOMENTHONE Leaf 240.0 7062.0 1.26 *
13 BETA-PINENE Plant 10.0 1445.0 1.12 *
0 MENTHOL-ACETATE Leaf 60.0 2215.0 1.0 *
5 ISOVALERIC-ACID Plant 30.0 90.0 1.0 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
4 (+)-PULEGONE Plant -- 25455.0 1.0 *
1 (-)-PIPERITONE Leaf 240.0 7700.0 1.0 *
14 POTASSIUM Plant -- 35100.0 0.93 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
0 (+)-NEOMENTHOL Leaf 1100.0 2200.0 0.92 *
2 PIPERITENONE-OXIDE Leaf 260.0 7320.0 0.88 *
0 (-)-CARVONE Leaf -- 7300.0 0.84 *
13 BETA-PINENE Leaf -- 800.0 0.75 *
0 (-)-LINALOOL Leaf 3900.0 4000.0 0.74 *
22 MYRCENE Leaf 10.0 2485.0 0.72 *
0 (-)-LIMONENE Leaf -- 1600.0 0.67 *
12 COPPER Plant -- 20.0 0.66 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
0 PIPERITONE-OXIDE Leaf 320.0 5135.0 0.5 *
7 PIPERITONE Leaf 13.0 1285.0 0.32 *
0 P-CYMOL Leaf 562.0 1800.0 0.16 *
0 BETA-CARYOPHYLLENE Leaf -- 700.0 0.01 *
28 CALCIUM Plant -- 13500.0 -0.01 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
57 ROSMARINIC-ACID Plant -- 28000.0 -0.02 Fitoterapia No.62: 166.
4 (-)-MENTHOL Leaf 1500.0 9600.0 -0.14 *
2 GERMACRENE-D Leaf 300.0 400.0 -0.2 *
77 ZINC Plant -- 28.0 -0.24 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
1 SODIUM Plant -- 860.0 -0.26 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
6 IRON Plant -- 400.0 -0.27 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
28 ALPHA-PINENE Plant 10.0 300.0 -0.27 *
0 SABINENE-HYDRATE Leaf 30.0 160.0 -0.37 *
16 P-CYMENE Leaf 9.0 29.0 -0.38 *
14 MANGANESE Plant -- 44.0 -0.38 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
65 MAGNESIUM Plant -- 2830.0 -0.38 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
2 (-)-MENTHONE Leaf 500.0 4400.0 -0.41 *
3 ISOMENTHONE Leaf 300.0 600.0 -0.48 *
6 FURFURAL Plant 2.0 5.0 -0.5 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
0 CINEOLE Leaf 40.0 1785.0 -0.62 *
0 3(5',5'-DIMETHYL-TETRAHYDROFURAN-2'-YL)-BUT-CIS-2-EN-1-OL Essential Oil -- 1.4 -0.71 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 (+)-MENTHOFURAN Leaf -- 32.0 -0.76 *
57 ROSMARINIC-ACID Leaf 71.0 228.0 -0.98 *
0 (-)-LINALYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- -1.0 *
1 (+)-PIPERITENONE-OXIDE Leaf -- 2900.0 -1.07 *
4 ISOPULEGONE Leaf 240.0 770.0 -1.41 *
0 DIOSMETIN-7-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 (+)-OCTAN-3-ONE Leaf 9000.0 27000.0 *
78 LUTEOLIN Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 (-)-MENTHOL-ACETATE Leaf 10.0 32.0 *
31 HESPERIDIN Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 RESIN Plant -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
0 4',5,7-TRIHYDROXY-FLAVONE-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 D-3-OCTANOL Plant -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
0 LINALOL-ACETATE Leaf 690.0 2215.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
0 TRANS-OCIMENE Essential Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
2 GERMACRENE-D Essential Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.