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Activities: 742
Chemicals w/Activities: 201
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
30 (+)-CATECHIN Fruit -- -- *
30 (+)-CATECHIN Leaf -- -- *
7 (+)-GALLOCATECHIN Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Fruit -- -- *
1 3-ALPHA-HYDROXYMANOOL Leaf -- 2350.0 *
16 ACETIC-ACID Fruit -- 9000.0 1.95 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
10 ALPHA-AMYRIN Stem -- -- *
3 ALPHA-CADINOL Fruit -- -- *
2 ALPHA-HUMULENE Fruit 19.0 192.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit 26.0 300.0 -0.43 *
11 ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE Essential Oil -- -- *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Essential Oil -- 336000.0 2.4 *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
28 ALPHA-PINENE Fruit 530.0 9200.0 1.68 *
3 ALPHA-SELINENE Fruit 21.0 210.0 -0.46 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
13 ALPHA-TERPINENE Fruit 16.0 640.0 3.12 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Essential Oil -- 2000.0 -0.68 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Fruit 3.0 40.0 -0.38 *
5 ALUMINUM Fruit 19.0 61.0 -0.21 *
18 AMENTOFLAVONE Leaf -- -- *
18 AMENTOFLAVONE Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
101 APIGENIN Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
3 AROMADENDRENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
3 AROMADENDRENE Fruit -- 2.0 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf -- 600.0 -0.39 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
20 BENZOIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
9 BETA-AMYRIN Stem -- -- *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Fruit 4.0 12.2 -0.13 *
5 BETA-ELEMENE Fruit 10.0 100.0 -0.43 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
2 BETA-MYRCENE Essential Oil -- 110000.0 -0.29 *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Essential Oil -- -- *
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Fruit 66.0 660.0 -0.36 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 BETA-PHELLANDRENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
13 BETA-PINENE Essential Oil -- 25000.0 -0.18 *
13 BETA-PINENE Fruit 22.0 580.0 -0.28 *
3 BETA-SELINENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
3 BETA-SELINENE Fruit -- 32.0 -1.0 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Fruit -- -- *
13 BETULIN Stem -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
13 BETULIN Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
13 BETULIN Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
3 BILOBETIN Leaf -- -- *
35 BORNEOL Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
35 BORNEOL Essential Oil -- -- *
12 BORNYL-ACETATE Fruit 2.0 40.0 -0.7 *
4 CADINENE Fruit -- -- *
4 CADINENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
28 CALCIUM Fruit 2632.0 8490.0 1.07 *
2 CAMPESTEROL Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
9 CAMPHENE Fruit 1.0 100.0 -0.31 *
9 CAMPHENE Essential Oil -- -- *
9 CAMPHENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
41 CAMPHOR Fruit 1.0 7.0 -0.89 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
41 CAMPHOR Essential Oil -- -- *
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Fruit 12.0 120.0 -0.39 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
8 CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE Fruit -- 15.0 -0.9 *
8 CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
1 CEDRENE Leaf 12000.0 36000.0 *
3 CEDROL Wood -- 200.0 -1.0 *
3 CEDROL Leaf 450.0 2100.0 *
77 CHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
1 CHOLESTEROL Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
24 CHROMIUM Fruit 1.0 3.2 -0.06 *
18 CINNAMIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
1 CIS-ACONITIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
2 CIS-COMMUNIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
23 CITRIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
20 CITRONELLAL Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
20 CITRONELLAL Fruit -- 160.0 1.13 *
15 CITRONELLOL Leaf -- -- *
2 COBALT Fruit 4.0 12.3 0.95 *
4 COSMOSIIN Fruit -- -- *
1 CUPARENE Wood -- 300.0 -1.0 *
8 DELTA-3-CARENE Fruit 2.0 20.0 -0.58 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
9 DELTA-CADINENE Fruit -- -- *
1 DELTA-CADINOL Fruit -- 1.0 -1.0 *
14 DEOXYPODOPHYLLOTOXIN Fruit -- -- *
8 DESOXYPODOPHYLLOTOXIN Fruit -- -- *
40 EPICATECHIN Fruit -- -- *
1 ETHYL-LAURATE Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 ETHYL-MYRISTATE Fruit 1.0 6.0 -1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
1 ETHYL-PALMITATE Fruit 1.0 10.0 -0.69 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
17 FARNESOL Leaf -- -- *
4 FERRUGINOL Wood -- 10.0 *
61 FERULIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
15 FIBER Fruit -- 120000.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
13 FORMIC-ACID Fruit 1550.0 5000.0 1.0 *
8 FRUCTOSE Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
7 FUMARIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
7 FUMARIC-ACID Fruit 1550.0 5000.0 -0.6 *
62 GALLIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
2 GALLO-TANNIN Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
11 GAMMA-TERPINENE Fruit 19.0 600.0 -0.54 *
5 GERANYL-ACETATE Fruit -- -- *
2 GERMACRENE-D Fruit 3.0 32.0 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
3 GINNOL Fruit -- -- *
7 GLUCOSE Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
4 GLUCURONIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
4 GLYCOLIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
7 HINOKIFLAVONE Leaf -- -- *
2 HUMULENE Fruit -- 102.0 -0.62 *
6 IRON Fruit 5.0 15.0 -0.47 *
2 ISOPIMARIC-ACID Fruit -- -- *
3 ISOQUERCETIN Fruit -- -- *
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Fruit -- -- *
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Leaf -- -- *
1 L-ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
2 L-LIMONENE Bark -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
7 LAURIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
1 LEUCOANTHOCYANIN Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
60 LIMONENE Essential Oil -- 31000.0 -0.56 *
60 LIMONENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
60 LIMONENE Fruit 76.0 910.0 -0.62 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
53 LINALOOL Plant -- -- *
7 LINALYL-ACETATE Plant -- -- *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
21 LUPEOL Stem -- -- *
65 MAGNESIUM Fruit 9.0 30.0 -0.97 *
1 MALONIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
14 MANGANESE Fruit 2.0 6.3 -0.36 *
2 MANOOL Leaf -- 87.5 *
63 MENTHOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
63 MENTHOL Fruit -- 22.0 *
22 MYRCENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
22 MYRCENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
22 MYRCENE Fruit 110.0 1800.0 -0.1 *
5 MYRTENAL Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
5 MYRTENAL Fruit -- -- *
2 MYRTENOL Plant -- -- *
3 N-HENTRIACONTANE Fruit -- -- *
1 N-NONACOSANE Fruit -- -- *
4 NEPETIN Leaf -- -- *
10 NEROL Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
10 NEROL Fruit -- -- *
11 NEROLIDOL Leaf -- -- *
5 NERYL-ACETATE Fruit 6.0 60.0 -0.26 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
39 NIACIN Fruit 4.0 12.0 -0.65 *
18 OLEIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
18 OLEIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
9 OXALIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
16 P-CYMENE Fruit 48.0 480.0 -0.52 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
16 P-CYMENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
13 P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Plant -- 2500.0 1.0 *
13 PALMITIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
13 PALMITIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
2 PALMITOLEIC-ACID Seed Oil -- -- *
24 PECTIN Fruit -- 7000.0 -0.55 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 PHELLANDRENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
4 PHOSPHORIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
4 PHOSPHORUS Fruit 279.0 900.0 -0.7 *
14 POTASSIUM Fruit 2967.0 9570.0 -0.74 *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
176 QUERCETIN Leaf -- -- *
1 QUINIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
1 RHODOXANTHIN Leaf -- -- *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Fruit 0.2 0.6 -0.94 *
87 RUTIN Fruit -- -- *
87 RUTIN Leaf -- -- *
5 SABINENE Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
5 SABINENE Essential Oil -- 76000.0 -0.06 *
5 SABINENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
5 SABINENE Fruit 172.0 2700.0 0.31 *
3 SCIADOPITYSIN Leaf -- -- *
60 SELENIUM Fruit 0.1 0.2 -0.34 *
14 SHIKIMIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
4 SILICON Fruit 1.4 4.5 -0.59 *
1 SODIUM Fruit -- -- *
8 STEARIC-ACID Plant -- -- *
7 SUCCINIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
1 SUGIOL Wood -- -- *
6 SYRINGIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
35 TANNIN Fruit -- 50000.0 -0.43 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Essential Oil -- 21000.0 -0.41 *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Fruit 13.0 1050.0 -0.2 *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
23 TERPINEN-4-OL Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
18 TERPINEOL Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
9 TERPINOLENE Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
9 TERPINOLENE Fruit 18.0 320.0 1.4 *
9 TERPINOLENE Essential Oil -- -- *
31 THIAMIN Fruit -- 1.2 -0.53 *
2 THUJOPSENE Wood -- 3700.0 -1.0 *
4 TIN Fruit 20.0 63.0 -0.13 *
2 TRANS-ACONITIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
22 UMBELLIFERONE Leaf -- -- *
22 UMBELLIFERONE Shoot -- -- *
22 UMBELLIFERONE Fruit -- -- *
24 VANILLIC-ACID Leaf -- -- *
5 VERBENONE Essential Oil -- 2000.0 -1.0 *
2 WIDDROL Wood -- 100.0 -1.0 *
1 YLANGENE Fruit -- -- *
77 ZINC Fruit -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.