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Activities: 623
All Chemicals: 214
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
0 WATER Flower -- 890000.0 0.51 *
0 WATER Leaf -- 856000.0 0.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 CARBOHYDRATES Flower 76000.0 804000.0 0.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 CARBOHYDRATES Leaf 92000.0 765000.0 1.22 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
3 MUCILAGE Calyx 15000.0 650000.0 *
0 CARBOHYDRATES Seed -- 557000.0 0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 FIBER Flower 10000.0 374600.0 2.97 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 FRUIT-ACIDS Calyx 150000.0 350000.0 *
0 ACIDS Flower 150000.0 300000.0 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
0 IBISCIC-ACID Flower 27500.0 250000.0 *
0 ALLOHYDROXYCITRIC-ACID Flower -- 230000.0 *
0 HIBISCIC-ACID Flower 153000.0 230000.0 *
1 HIBISCUS-ACID Flower -- 230000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 FAT Seed 168000.0 223000.0 -0.22 *
23 CITRIC-ACID Fruit 37400.0 170000.0 2.13 *
1 CELLULOSE Seed -- 168000.0 0.58 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
0 PENTOSANS Seed -- 158000.0 1.66 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
0 FIBER(DIETARY) Flower -- 140000.0 -1.8 *
0 WATER Seed 76000.0 129000.0 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 FIBER Seed -- 120000.0 -0.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 FIBER Leaf 13000.0 114000.0 -0.59 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 ASH Leaf 10000.0 111000.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
5 STARCH Seed -- 111000.0 -0.81 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
0 SUGARS Flower 12100.0 110000.0 0.0 *
0 PROTEIN Flower 6600.0 60000.0 -0.96 *
23 CITRIC-ACID Flower 6233.0 56667.0 *
6 TARTARIC-ACID Flower 6233.0 56667.0 *
15 MALIC-ACID Flower 6233.0 56667.0 1.0 *
0 FAT Leaf 3000.0 33000.0 -0.47 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 NITROGEN Seed -- 32900.0 0.73 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
24 PECTIN Calyx -- 31900.0 *
0 FIBER(CRUDE) Flower -- 30000.0 -1.77 *
0 ASH Flower 2200.0 20000.0 -1.11 *
30 ANTHOCYANINS Calyx 10000.0 20000.0 *
28 CALCIUM Leaf 2130.0 14792.0 -0.25 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 MALIC-ACID Leaf -- 12500.0 0.28 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
24 PECTIN Fruit -- 10200.0 -0.51 *
0 FAT Flower 1100.0 10000.0 -0.75 *
14 POTASSIUM Flower 1034.0 9400.0 -1.01 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Leaf 480.0 6458.0 0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
4 PHOSPHORUS Seed -- 6000.0 0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 MALIC-ACID Stem -- 6000.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
28 CALCIUM Seed 3200.0 6000.0 0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
14 SULFUR Seed -- 4000.0 0.83 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Fruit 540.0 3750.0 -0.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
28 CALCIUM Flower 374.0 3400.0 -0.66 *
14 SUCROSE Calyx -- 2400.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
0 TOCOPHEROLS Seed -- 2000.0 0.88 *
14 GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL Seed -- 1490.0 0.41 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Flower 110.0 1000.0 -1.14 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Leaf 41.0 555.0 1.28 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
32 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Seed -- 500.0 0.86 *
65 MAGNESIUM Flower 44.0 400.0 -1.74 *
1 SODIUM Flower 42.0 382.0 -0.4 *
6 IRON Leaf 15.0 333.0 -0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Flower 22.0 200.0 -0.77 *
39 NIACIN Leaf 12.0 132.0 0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
5 ALUMINUM Flower 14.0 125.0 0.47 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Leaf 1.0 31.0 -0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
14 MANGANESE Flower 2.0 15.1 -0.34 *
60 SELENIUM Flower 1.6 14.3 1.73 *
31 THIAMIN Leaf -- 12.0 0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
39 NIACIN Flower 1.3 12.0 -0.81 *
4 TIN Flower 1.0 10.0 -0.81 *
4 DELTA-TOCOPHEROL Seed -- 10.0 -1.0 *
4 SILICON Flower 1.0 9.1 -0.46 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Flower 1.0 9.0 -0.48 *
12 COPPER Flower 5.6 6.2 -1.28 *
6 IRON Flower 0.7 6.0 -1.06 *
24 CHROMIUM Flower 0.6 5.4 1.18 *
2 COBALT Flower 0.6 5.0 -0.28 *
31 THIAMIN Flower -- 3.0 -0.68 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
15 RIBOFLAVIN Flower 0.1 0.5 -1.34 *
0 THIAMINE Flower 0.1 0.5 -1.38 *
0 HYDROXYCINNAMIC-ACIDS Flower -- -- *
31 CARYOPHYLLENE Calyx -- -- *
24 ETHANOL Fruit -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
24 BENZALDEHYDE Fruit -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
1 CHOLESTEROL Seed -- -- *
0 ALPHA-TERPINYL-ACETATE Leaf -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
9 OXALIC-ACID Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 FURFURAL Calyx -- -- *
3 ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL Fruit -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
0 SAPONIN Root -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 MALVALIC-ACID Seed -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 OCTANAL Calyx -- -- *
0 CYANIDIN-3-SAMBUBIOSIDE Flower -- -- *
13 FORMIC-ACID Seed -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
0 HYDROXYBENZOIC-ACIDS Flower -- -- *
1 DELTA-5-AVENASTEROL Seed -- -- *
5 ERGOSTEROL Seed -- -- *
3 ASPARTIC-ACID Plant -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 DELPHINIDIN-3-XYLOGLUCOSIDE Flower -- -- *
0 ALPHA-TERPINYL-ACETATE Fruit -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
18 OLEIC-ACID Seed -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 ALPHA-FARNESENE Calyx -- -- *
0 SABDARITRIN Flower -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
0 NONANAL Calyx -- -- *
0 CYANIDIN-3-D(2-GLUCOSYL)-RUTINOSIDE Flower -- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
13 FORMIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
6 BUTYRIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
0 2-HEXENOL Calyx -- -- *
16 ACETIC-ACID Calyx -- -- *
0 DELPHININ Flower -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
0 CYANIDIN-3-XYLOGLUCOSIDE Flower -- -- *
16 ACETIC-ACID Seed -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
6 TARTARIC-ACID Root -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
0 EXO-2-HYDROXYCINEOLE Calyx -- -- *
0 SABDARETIN Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
21 METHYL-SALICYLATE Calyx -- -- *
0 CYANIDIN-3,5-DIGLUCOSIDE Flower -- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
0 BETA-SITOSTERYL-BENZOATE Leaf -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
0 CYANIDIN-3-GLUCOSIDE Calyx -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
0 (Z)-3-HEXENOL Calyx -- -- *
0 (+)-ALLOOXYCITRONIC-ACID-LACTONE Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 DELPHINIDIN-3-SAMBUBIOSIDE Calyx -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
16 ACETIC-ACID Fruit -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
0 ALPHA-TERPINYL-ACETATE Calyx -- -- *
76 EUGENOL Calyx -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.