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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
2 11B-HSD-Inhibitor *
4 5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor *
1 5-HETE-Inhibitor *
1 5-HT-Inhibitor *
2 5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor *
1 Abortifacient *
6 Acaricide *
5 ACE-Inhibitor *
1 Acetylcholinergic *
1 AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
1 Acidifier Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Acidulant Martindale's 28th
1 Addictive Science News, 145: 294.
2 Additive Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
1 Adjuvant Merck 11th Edition
1 Adrenergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 Aggregant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor *
15 Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Ichikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
8 Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
5 Allelopathic Holappa, L.D., and Blum*, U. 1991. Effects of Exogenously Applied Ferulic Acid, a Potential Allelopathic Compound, on Leaf Growth, Water Utilization, and Endogenous Abscisic Acid Levels of Tomato, Cucumber, and Bean. J. of Chemical Ecology, 17(5): 865.
23 Allergenic Martindale's 29th
1 Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor *
1 Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor *
17 Analgesic *
1 Anaphrodisiac *
2 Androgenic *
1 Androgenic? Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Anemiagenic *
9 Anesthetic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
1 Angiogenic *
3 Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker *
1 Anhydrotic Martindale's 29th
1 Anorexic Martindale's 28th
2 Anthelmintic *
3 Antiacetylcholinesterase *
1 Antiacid Martindale's 29th
8 Antiacne *
1 Antiacrodermatitic Martindale's 29th
1 Antiacrodynic *
1 AntiADD Martindale's 29th
2 Antiadenomic *
1 Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
1 Antiadrenergic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
5 Antiaflatoxin *
1 AntiAGE Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
12 Antiaggregant *
5 Antiaging *
1 Antiakathisic Martindale's 29th
5 Antialcoholic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Antialdosteronic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Antialkali? Martindale's 29th
1 Antialkalotic Martindale's 29th
11 Antiallergic *
4 Antialopecic *
7 Antialzheimeran *
1 Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
1 Antiamblyopic *
3 Antianaphylactic *
4 Antiandrogenic *
3 Antianemic *
3 Antianginal *
3 Antiangiogenic *
2 Antianorectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Antianorexic Martindale's 29th
3 Antianxiety Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antiapertif *
1 Antiaphthic Martindale's 28th
1 Antiapoplectic *
1 Antiapoptotic *
1 Antiarabiflavinotic Martindale's 28th
1 Antiarachidonate *
6 Antiarrhythmic *
3 Antiarteriosclerotic *
12 Antiarthritic *
7 Antiasthmatic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
2 Antiatherogenic *
1 Antiatheromic Cerda, J.J. Pectin in Health and Disease. HortScience, 25(12): 1485, 1990.
11 Antiatherosclerotic *
1 Antibacillary *
1 Antibackache Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
35 Antibacterial *
1 Antiberiberi *
1 AntiBPH *
1 Antibronchitic *
1 Antibronchoconstrictor *
1 Anticalculic *
13 Anticancer *
3 Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
1 Anticancer (Cervix) *
1 Anticancer (Colon) *
1 Anticancer (Forestomach) *
1 Anticancer (Liver) *
1 Anticancer (Lung) *
1 Anticancer (Skin) *
3 Anticanker *
1 Anticapillary-Fragility Merck 7th Ed.
3 Anticarcinogenic *
2 Anticarcinomic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Anticarcinomic (Breast) Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
1 Anticardiospasmic *
10 Anticariogenic *
1 Anticarpal-Tunnel Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
9 Anticataract Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
3 Anticephalagic *
3 Anticervicaldysplasic *
2 AntiCFS *
2 Anticheilitic *
1 Antichilblain Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Anticholinergic *
1 Antichorea *
1 Antichoreic *
2 Anticlastogen *
1 Anticlaudificant? Martindale's 29th
3 Anticlimacteric *
1 Anticoagulant Merck 11th Edition
1 Anticoeliac Martindale's 28th
2 Anticold *
1 Anticolic *
3 Anticolitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Anticollegenase *
1 Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
1 Anticomplementary *
10 Anticonvulsant *
5 Anticoronary Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 AntiCrohn's Martindale's 29th
1 AntiCTS *
1 AntiCVI *
1 Anticystitic *
1 Antidandruff Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
4 Antidecubitic *
1 Antideliriant *
7 Antidementia *
9 Antidepressant *
1 Antidepressant? *
9 Antidermatitic *
14 Antidiabetic *
1 Antidiabetic? Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
2 Antidiarrheic Merck 11th Edition
1 Antidiscotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antidote (Acetaminophen) Martindale's 29th
2 Antidote (Aluminum) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Antidote (Cadmium) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antidote (Hypoglycin-A) Martindale's 29th
2 Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antidote (Paracetamol) Martindale's 29th
1 Antidote (Paraquat) Martindale's 28th
1 Antidysenteric *
1 Antidysgeuzic *
2 Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
3 Antidysmenorrheic *
1 Antidyspeptic *
1 Antidysphagic *
1 AntiEBV *
6 Antieczemic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
14 Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
4 Antielastase *
2 Antiencephalitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
7 Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
1 Antiencephalopathic? Martindale's 29th
2 Antiendometriotic *
1 Antienteritic *
1 Antienterococcic *
1 Antienterotic *
5 Antiepileptic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Antiepitheleomic *
1 Antierythemic *
3 Antiescherichic *
2 Antiesophagitic *
4 Antiestrogenic *
7 Antifatigue *
12 Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
4 Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
2 Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
2 Antifibromyalgic *
1 Antifibrosarcomic *
1 Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
2 Antifibrotic *
7 Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
1 Antifuruncular Martindale's 28th
2 Antigallstone *
1 Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
4 Antigastritic *
1 Antigastrotic *
1 Antigenotoxic *
3 Antigingivitic *
3 Antiglaucomic *
1 Antiglossitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antiglutamaergic *
1 Antiglycosation Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
1 Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
2 Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Antigranular *
1 AntiGTF *
5 Antihangover *
1 Antiheartburn *
1 Antihelicobacter *
1 Antihematuric *
1 Antihemolytic Ohnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
2 Antihemorrhagic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antihemorrhoidal *
2 Antihepatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antihepatoadenomic *
1 Antihepatocarcinogenic Akao, M. and Kuroda, K. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Fumaric Acid on Hepatocarcinogenesis by Thioacetamide in Mice. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(7): 2012-2014, 1990.
1 Antihepatotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
11 Antihepatotoxic *
11 Antiherpetic *
1 Antiherpetic? *
1 Antihiccup Martindale's 29th
12 Antihistaminic *
5 AntiHIV *
1 Antihomocystinuric Martindale's 29th
1 Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
1 Antihyperactivity Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Antihyperammonemic Martindale's 29th
2 Antihypercholesterolemic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
3 Antihyperglycemic *
1 Antihyperinsulinemic *
1 Antihyperkeratotic *
2 Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antihyperleptinemic *
1 Antihyperlipidemic *
1 Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
10 Antihypertensive *
1 Antihyperthyroid *
1 Antihypoglycemic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antiichythyotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Antiielus? Martindale's 29th
1 Antiimplantation *
2 Antiimpotence Martindale's 29th
1 Antiinfective Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
4 Antiinfertility Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
38 Antiinflammatory *
4 Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antiinsomniac? Martindale's 29th
1 Antiinsomnic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
2 Antiischemic *
1 Antijet-lag Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Antikeratitic *
2 Antikeratotic *
2 Antiketotic Merck 11th Edition
1 Antiklebsiellic *
1 AntiLegionella *
3 Antileishmanic *
2 Antilepric Martindale's 28th
1 Antileprotic Martindale's 29th
1 Antileucodermic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
12 Antileukemic *
2 Antileukodermic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Antileukonychic *
1 Antileukoplakic *
4 Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
3 Antileukotriene-D4 *
1 Antileukotrienogenic *
1 Antilipolytic *
2 Antilipoperoxidant *
7 Antilithic *
2 Antilupus Martindale's 28th
5 AntiLyme *
1 Antilymphocytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
5 Antilymphomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
5 Antimaculitic *
5 Antimalarial *
1 Antimange *
2 Antimanic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Antimastalgic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antimastitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 AntiMD *
1 Antimeasles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antimelanogenic *
4 Antimelanomic *
1 AntiMeniere's Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
4 Antimenopausal Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
2 Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
4 Antimetastatic *
1 Antimetastatic (Stomach) *
5 Antimigraine Martindale's 29th
1 Antimite *
7 Antimitotic Gawron, A. and Glowniak, K. 1987. Cytostatic Activity of Coumarins in vitro. Planta Medica 1987: 526.
1 Antimitral-valve-prolapse *
1 Antimorphinic Martindale's 28th
4 AntiMS *
25 Antimutagenic *
1 Antimycotic Martindale's 29th
2 Antimyocarditic *
1 Antimyoclonic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Antimyopic *
1 Antinauseant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Antineoplastic *
4 Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
1 Antinephrolytic *
2 Antineuralgic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Antineuramidase *
1 Antineurasthenic *
2 Antineuritic Martindale's 29th
3 Antineuropathic *
1 Antineurotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antinicotinic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
6 Antinitrosaminic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
1 Antinitrosating *
1 Antinitrosic Martindale's 28th
8 Antinociceptive *
3 Antinyctalopic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
7 Antiobesity Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
1 Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
1 Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
4 Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
2 Antiophthalmic Martindale's 29th
1 Antiorchitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
3 Antiosteoarthritic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
8 Antiosteoporotic *
1 Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
1 Antiototic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antioxalate *
36 Antioxidant *
3 Antioxidant Synergist Merck 11th Edition
2 Antioxidant? *
1 Antiozenic *
1 Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
1 Antipapillomic *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.