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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
2 (-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
2 (-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
3 11B-HSD-Inhibitor *
3 5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor *
1 5-HT-Inhibitor *
1 5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor *
4 Abortifacient *
7 Acaricide *
9 ACE-Inhibitor *
1 AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
2 Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor *
22 Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Ichikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
8 Allelochemic *
5 Allelopathic *
22 Allergenic *
1 Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor *
1 Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor *
15 Analgesic *
1 Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
1 Anemiagenic *
5 Anesthetic *
1 Anhydrotic Martindale's 29th
1 Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
3 Anthelmintic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
1 Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
10 Antiacetylcholinesterase *
7 Antiacne *
1 AntiADD *
1 Antiadenomic *
1 Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
1 Antiadenovirus Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
6 Antiaflatoxin *
9 Antiaggregant Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
4 Antiaging *
2 Antiallergenic *
12 Antiallergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
3 Antialopecic *
4 Antialzheimeran Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
3 Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
1 Antiamnesic *
1 Antiamyloid-Beta *
6 Antianaphylactic *
3 Antiandrogenic *
1 Antianginal *
5 Antiangiogenic *
1 Antianoxic Yamahara, J., Matsuda, H., Naitoh, Y., Fujimura, H., and Tamai, Y. 1990. Antianoxic Action and Active Constituents of Atractylodis Lanceae Rhizoma. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(7): 2033-2034, 1990.
1 Antiapoplectic *
6 Antiarrhythmic *
1 Antiarteriosclerotic *
5 Antiarthritic *
8 Antiasthmatic Watt, J.M., and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. 1962.
3 Antiatherogenic *
7 Antiatherosclerotic *
2 Antibacillary *
56 Antibacterial *
1 Antibiotic *
4 Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
13 Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
2 Anticancer (Cervix) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
4 Anticancer (Colon) *
1 Anticancer (Esophagus) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
2 Anticancer (Forestomach) *
2 Anticancer (Liver) *
1 Anticancer (Lung) *
1 Anticancer (Mouth) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
1 Anticancer (Pancreas) *
2 Anticancer (Skin) *
3 Anticapillary-Fragility Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
4 Anticarcinogenic *
4 Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
1 Anticarcinomic (Breast) Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
19 Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
6 Anticataract *
1 Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
1 Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
3 Anticholinesterase *
2 Anticlastogen *
1 Anticoagulant *
1 Anticolic *
1 Anticolitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
5 Anticomplementary *
5 Anticonvulsant *
1 Anticoronary Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 AntiCrohn's Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 AntiCVI *
1 Anticystitic *
2 Antidementia *
2 Antidepressant *
1 Antidermatic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
5 Antidermatitic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
5 Antidiabetic *
1 Antidysmenorrheic *
3 AntiEBV Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 Antieczemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
10 Antiedemic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
4 Antielastase *
1 Antiencephalitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
1 Antierythemic *
6 Antiescherichic *
1 Antiesophagitic *
6 Antiestrogenic *
1 Antifatigue *
15 Antifeedant *
1 Antifertility *
3 Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
2 Antifibrosarcomic *
1 Antifibrotic *
8 Antiflu *
1 Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
1 Antigenotoxic *
2 Antigingivitic *
1 Antiglaucomic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Antigliomic *
1 Antiglutamaergic *
3 Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Antigout *
1 Antigranular *
2 AntiGTF *
2 Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
2 Antihelicobacter *
1 Antihematuric *
2 Antihemolytic Ohnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
1 Antihemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Antihemorrhoidal Martindale's 29th
1 Antihepatoadenomic *
13 Antihepatotoxic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
15 Antiherpetic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 198.
11 Antihistaminic *
14 AntiHIV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
1 Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
2 Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
2 Antihyperlipidemic *
3 Antihypertensive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
3 Antihyperthyroid *
1 Antiinfarctal Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
1 Antiinfertility *
35 Antiinflammatory *
4 Antiischemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Antilaryngitic *
3 AntiLegionella *
5 Antileishmanic *
1 Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
12 Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
4 Antileukotriene *
2 Antileukotriene-D4 *
1 Antilipoperoxidant *
1 Antilithic *
1 Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
4 Antilymphomic *
1 Antimaculitic *
8 Antimalarial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
1 Antimange *
1 AntiMDR *
3 Antimelanogenic *
6 Antimelanomic *
1 Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
4 Antimetastatic *
1 Antimetastatic (Stomach) *
1 Antimite *
1 Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 AntiMRSA *
1 AntiMS Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
23 Antimutagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
1 Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
1 Antineoplastic *
3 Antinephritic *
1 Antineuritic *
1 Antineuropathic *
8 Antinitrosaminic *
8 Antinociceptive *
1 Antiobesity *
1 Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
1 Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
2 Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
1 Antiotitic *
34 Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Antioxidant (LDL) *
1 Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
1 Antiparkinsonian *
2 Antipeptic *
1 Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
11 Antiperiodontic *
1 Antiperiodontitic *
3 Antiperistaltic *
1 Antipermeability *
11 Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A110, 1991.
1 Antiperoxidative Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 AntiPGE2 *
2 Antipharyngitic *
5 Antiplaque *
7 Antiplasmodial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
1 Antiplatelet *
1 AntiPMS Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Antipneumonic *
1 Antipodriac *
4 Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
1 Antiproctalgic Martindale's 29th
9 Antiproliferant *
1 Antiproliferant (colon) *
3 Antiproliferative *
2 Antiprostaglandin *
1 Antiprostanoid *
2 Antiprostatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
1 Antiproteolytic *
1 Antiprotozoal *
1 Antipruritic Martindale's 28th
1 Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Antipurpuric *
1 Antipyretic *
14 Antiradicular Planta Medica, 56(6): 695, 1990.
1 Antiretinotic *
1 Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
4 Antirheumatic *
1 Antirhinitic *
5 Antisalmonella *
1 Antisarcomic *
25 Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Antiserotonin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Antishigellic *
2 Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 Antisindhis *
1 Antisinusitic *
26 Antispasmodic *
14 Antistaphylococcic *
1 Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
15 Antistreptococcic *
2 Antistress *
1 Antistroke *
3 Antisunburn *
2 AntiTGF-beta *
2 Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
3 Antithrombic *
2 Antithrombogenic *
1 Antithromboxane *
5 Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
3 Antitrypanosomic *
2 Antitubercular *
25 Antitumor *
2 Antitumor (Bladder) *
2 Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
7 Antitumor (Breast) *
2 Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
10 Antitumor (Colon) *
2 Antitumor (Forestomach) *
2 Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
3 Antitumor (Liver) *
5 Antitumor (Lung) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
1 Antitumor (Mouth) *
3 Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
4 Antitumor (Pancreas) *
2 Antitumor (Prostate) *
8 Antitumor (Skin) *
5 Antitumor (Stomach) *
1 Antitumor (Thyroid) *
11 Antitumor-Promoter *
1 Antitumor-Promoter? *
6 Antitussive *
15 Antiulcer Fitoterapia No.5-1990.
1 Antiulcerogenic *
1 Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
1 Antivaricose *
24 Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
1 Antiwrinkle *
2 Antiyeast *
3 Anxiolytic *
3 Aphidifuge *
11 Apoptotic *
6 Aromatase-Inhibitor *
1 Arteriodilator Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
1 Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
2 Astringent Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
1 Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
1 ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Autotoxic *
1 Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
2 Bacteristat *
2 Barbituate-Synergist *
1 Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker Zhu, M., Phillipson, J. D., Greengrass, P. M., Bowery, N. E., Cai, Y. 1997. Plant Polyphenols: Biologically Active Compounds or Non-Selective Binders to Protein? Phytochemistry, 44(3): 441-447.
2 Beta-Blocker *
4 Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor *
1 Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 Bronchodilator Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Bronchoprotectant *
2 Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
6 Calcium-Antagonist *
1 Calcium-Antagonist? Biochimica & Biophysica Acta, 1115: 69, 1991.
1 Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 cAMP-Inhibitor Schussler, M., Fricke, U., Nikolov, N., and Holzl, J. 1991. Comparison of the Flavonoids Occurring in Crataegus species and Inhibition of 3',5'-Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Phosphodiesterase. Plant Medica 57: Suppl Issue 2. p.A-133.
4 cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
31 Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
1 Candida-SAP-Inhibitor *
19 Candidicide *
3 Candidistat *
1 Capillarifortificant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Capillarigenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
7 Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
1 Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
5 Cardioprotective *
4 Cardiotonic *
1 Cardiotoxic *
3 Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
1 Caspase-3-Inducer *
1 Caspase-3-Inhibitor *
1 Caspase-9-Inhibitor *
2 Catabolic *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.