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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
62 Pesticide *
56 Antibacterial *
35 Antiinflammatory *
34 Antioxidant *
31 Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
28 FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
27 Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
27 Fungicide Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
26 Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
26 Antispasmodic *
25 Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
25 Antitumor *
24 Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
23 Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
22 Allergenic *
22 Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor *
21 Irritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
20 Sedative Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
20 Hepatoprotective Mayumi Ito (nee Someya), et al. 1990. Hepatoprotective Compounds from Canarium album and Euphorbia nematocypha. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2201-2203, 1990.
19 Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
19 Candidicide *
16 Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
15 Antiulcer *
15 Analgesic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
15 Antifeedant Russell, G. B., Phytochemical resources for crop protection, N. Z. J. Technol., 2, 1986, 127-134.
15 Antistreptococcic *
15 Antiherpetic Martindale's 28th
14 Antiradicular Ohnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
14 Antistaphylococcic *
14 AntiHIV *
13 Antihepatotoxic Joyeux, M., Rolland, A., Fleurentin, J., Mortier, F., and Dorfman, P. 1989. Tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide-Induced Injury in Isolated Rat Hepatocytes: A Model for Studying Anti-Hepatotoxic Crude Drugs. Planta Medica 56(2): 171-173, 1990.
13 Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
13 Anticancer Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
12 Antiallergic *
12 Cytotoxic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 359.
12 Antileukemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
12 Choleretic *
12 Expectorant Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
11 Antihistaminic *
11 Gram(+)icide *
11 Antitumor-Promoter *
11 Insecticide *
11 Antiperiodontic *
11 Apoptotic *
11 Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
11 Antiperoxidant *
11 Gram(-)icide *
10 Antiacetylcholinesterase *
10 Antitumor (Colon) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
10 Hypotensive *
10 Antiedemic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
10 Diuretic Jim Duke's personal files.
9 Antiaggregant Tramil, 42: 511.
9 Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Hatano, T., Yasuhara, T., Yoshihara, R., Agata, I., Noro, T., and Okuda, T. 1989. Effects of Interaction of Tannins with Co-existing Substances.VII. Inhibitory Effects of Tannins Related Polyphenols on Xanthine Oxidase. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(5): 1224-1229
9 Antiproliferant *
9 ACE-Inhibitor *
8 Antimalarial *
8 Immunostimulant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
8 Antinociceptive *
8 Allelochemic *
8 Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
8 Chemopreventive *
8 Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor *
8 Antitumor (Skin) *
8 Trichomonicide *
8 Antinitrosaminic *
8 Antiasthmatic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
7 Antitumor (Breast) *
7 Antiatherosclerotic *
7 GTase-Inhibitor *
7 Acaricide *
7 Carcinogenic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
7 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor *
7 Immunomodulator Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
7 Antiacne *
7 Antiplasmodial *
7 Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor *
6 Antiescherichic *
6 COX-2-Inhibitor *
6 Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Hamada, S. I., Kataoka, T., Woo, J. T., Yamada, A., Yoshida, T., Nishimura, T., Otake, N., Nagai, K. 1997. Immunosuppressive Effects by Gallic Acid and Chebulagic Acid on CTL-Mediated Cytotoxicity. Biol Pharm Bull, 20: 1017-1019.
6 Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
6 Antiarrhythmic *
6 CNS-Depressant *
6 Antiestrogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
6 Calcium-Antagonist *
6 Antimelanomic *
6 Estrogenic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
6 Antianaphylactic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
6 Antitussive *
6 Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
6 Antiaflatoxin *
6 Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
6 Spasmogenic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
6 Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
6 Anticataract *
6 Larvicide *
5 Antisalmonella *
5 Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Lee, S. K., Song, Y., Mata-Greenwood, E., Kelloff, G. J., Steele, V. E., Pezzuto, J. M. 1999. Modulation of in vitro Biomarkers of the Carcinogenic Process by Chemopreventive Agents. Anticancer Res., 19: 35-44.
5 Vasodilator *
5 Antileishmanic *
5 Anesthetic *
5 Tyrosinase-Inhibitor *
5 Antitumor (Stomach) *
5 Antiplaque *
5 Mutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
5 Antidiabetic Jin, G-Z., Yamagata, Y., and Tomita, K.-i. 1989. Structure of Rutin Pentamethanol. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(2): 297-300, 1990.
5 TNF-alpha-Inhibitor *
5 Anticomplementary *
5 Hemostat *
5 Antiarthritic *
5 CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
5 Antiangiogenic *
5 Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
5 Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
5 Transdermal *
5 P450-2B1-Inhibitor *
5 NF-kB-Inhibitor *
5 Antitumor (Lung) *
5 Cardioprotective *
5 Antidermatitic *
5 NO-Inhibitor *
5 Anticonvulsant *
5 Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
5 Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
4 Vulnerary *
4 P450-Inducer *
4 Antiischemic *
4 Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
4 Antialzheimeran *
4 Antielastase *
4 Cardiotonic *
4 Anticancer (Colon) *
4 Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor *
4 Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
4 Antitumor (Pancreas) *
4 Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
4 Teratogenic *
4 Anticarcinogenic *
4 Phagocytotic *
4 Antimetastatic *
4 Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
4 Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor *
4 Vasopressor *
4 cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
4 Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
4 Abortifacient Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
4 Antiaging *
4 Antirheumatic *
4 Antilymphomic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
4 Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor *
4 VEGF-Inhibitor *
4 Antileukotriene *
3 Anticapillary-Fragility *
3 5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor *
3 Interleukin-6-Inhibitor *
3 Cholagogue Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
3 Antitumor (Liver) *
3 MMP-9-Inhibitor *
3 Candidistat *
3 Antitrypanosomic *
3 Differentiator *
3 Antithrombic *
3 NO-Genic *
3 Antiproliferative *
3 Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
3 Antiandrogenic *
3 Antihypertensive *
3 Embryotoxic *
3 Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor *
3 Prostaglandigenic *
3 Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
3 Anxiolytic *
3 Detoxicant *
3 Antisunburn *
3 Neuroprotective *
3 ICAM-1-Inhibitor *
3 Gastroprotective *
3 11B-HSD-Inhibitor *
3 Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
3 AntiEBV *
3 PTK-Inhibitor *
3 AntiLegionella *
3 Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
3 Antiatherogenic *
3 Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
3 Fungistat *
3 Antialopecic *
3 Antiperistaltic *
3 iNOS-Inhibitor *
3 Radioprotective *
3 Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
3 Propecic *
3 Dermatitigenic *
3 Anticholinesterase *
3 Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
3 Antihyperthyroid *
3 Antimelanogenic *
3 Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
3 Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
3 Anthelmintic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
3 Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
3 DNA-Protective *
3 Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor *
3 MAO-Inhibitor *
3 Aphidifuge *
3 Antinephritic *
2 Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
2 Antitumor (Prostate) *
2 Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
2 Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
2 Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor *
2 Anticancer (Liver) *
2 Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
2 Convulsant *
2 Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Prooxidant *
2 Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Antigingivitic *
2 Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor *
2 Antistress *
2 Antifibrosarcomic *
2 Hypothermic *
2 NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor *
2 (-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
2 Secretogogue *
2 Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
2 Cytochrome-P450-Inducer *
2 Trypanocide *
2 Inotropic *
2 Mosquitocide *
2 Antipeptic Chem & Pharm. Bull., 34: 3854, 1986.
2 Histamine-Inhibitor *
2 Cyclooxygenase-Activator Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
2 Capillarigenic *
2 Hepatotonic *
2 AntiGTF *
2 Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
2 MAO-A-Inhibitor *
2 Collagen-Sparing *
2 NO-Synthase-Inhibitor *
2 Anticlastogen *
2 Leukotriene-Inhibitor *
2 Surfactant *
2 Piscicide *
2 Anticancer (Skin) *
2 Interferonogenic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
2 Antiallergenic Dorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
2 Hypnotic *
2 Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
2 Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
2 HIV-RT-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 224.
2 Anticancer (Forestomach) *
2 Vermicide *
2 Antileukotriene-D4 *
2 Emmenagogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
2 Antidepressant *
2 Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
2 Hepatotropic *
2 COX-1-Inhibitor *
2 Antihelicobacter *
2 Dye Merck 11th Edition
2 MAPK-Inhibitor *
2 Proliferant *
2 Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
2 Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor *
2 CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
2 Nephrotoxic *
2 Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
2 Deodorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Barbituate-Synergist *
2 Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Antihyperlipidemic *
2 Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
2 Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
2 Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
2 Culicide *
2 Antihemolytic Ohnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
2 Anticancer (Cervix) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
2 P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
2 Elastase-Inhibitor *
2 Protease-Inhibitor *
2 Antitubercular *
2 Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
2 Antibacillary *
2 Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
2 Antithrombogenic *
2 Termiticide *
2 Antiyeast *
2 Antiprostaglandin *
2 Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
2 Leucocytogenic *
2 Beta-Blocker *
2 Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
2 (-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
2 Catabolic *
2 Bacteristat *
2 Mosquitofuge *
2 Antitumor (Forestomach) *
2 Antihemorrhoidal *
2 Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
2 Antipurpuric *
2 Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
2 Antidementia Bruneton, J. 1999. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. 2nd Ed. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris. 1119 pp.
2 Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
2 Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor *
2 Antitumor (Bladder) *
2 Hepatotoxic Martindale's 29th
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.