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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
2 Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor *
4 Vulnerary Martindale's 29th
2 Vitamin-A-Activity *
2 VEGF-Inhibitor *
12 Vasodilator *
1 Varroacide *
1 Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
1 Uterosedative Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
1 Uterorelaxant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Urine-Deodorant Martindale's 29th
1 Urine-Acidifier Martindale's 28th
1 Urinary-Acidulant Martindale's 29th
3 Uricosuric Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Uricogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Ulcerogenic *
5 Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
2 Tyrosinase-Inhibitor *
2 Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Tumor-Promoter J. Agri. & Food Chemistry, 36: 1079.
1 Triglycerigenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Trichomonicide Martindale's 29th
1 Tremorigenic Martindale's 28th
4 Tranquilizer *
2 Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Constantinou, A., Mehta, R., Runyan, C., Rao, K., Vaughan, A., Moon, R. 1995. Flavonoids as DNA Topoisomerase Antagonists and Poisons: Structure-Activity Relationships. J Natural Products, 58: 217-225.
2 Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor *
1 TOPO-2-Inhibitor *
2 TNF-alpha-Inhibitor *
1 Tineacide Martindale's 29th
1 Thymoprotective Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Thermogenic *
1 Testosteronigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
2 Teratologic *
1 Taenicide Martindale's 28th
2 Sweetener Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
2 Spermigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
2 Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Serotoninergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
7 Sedative *
1 Secretomotor *
1 Schizophrenigenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Schistosomicide *
1 Roborant Merck 11th Edition
1 Retinoprotectant Optometry *
1 Respirastimulant Martindale's 29th
1 Renotoxic Merck 11th Edition
4 Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
1 Pyrogenic Conradson, T. B. G., Dixon, C. M. S., Clarke, B., Barnes, P. J. 1987. Cardiovascular Effects of Infused Adenosine in Man: Potentiation by Dipyridamole. Acta Physiol Scand, 129(3): 387-391.
1 PTK-Inhibitor *
1 Protisticide Meckes, M., Calzada, F., Tapia-Contreras, A., Cedillo-Rivera, R. 1999. Antiprotozoal Properties of Helianthemum glomeratum. Phytotherapy Research, 13(2): 102-105.
2 Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor Naim, M., Zehavi, U., Nagy, S., and Rouseff, R.L. Hydroxycinnamic Acids as Off-Flavor Precursors in Citrus Fruits and Their Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.14.
3 Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Ferretti, A., Flanagan, V. P. 1996. Antithromboxane Activity of Dietary Alpha-linolenic Acid: A Pilot Study. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes Essential Fatty Acids, 54(6): 451-455. ARS, USDA.
1 Prostaglandin-Sparer Fujita, T., Nakatani, E., Funaishi, N., Sakuma, S., Fujimoto, Y. Potent inhibition of prostaglandin inactivation in rabbit gastric antral mucosal slices by selenium ions in-vitro. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 655-657, 1990.
2 Prostaglandigenic *
6 Propecic *
4 Prooxidant *
1 Proliferant *
1 Prolactinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Preservative Merck 11th Edition
1 Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor *
1 Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
1 PKC-Inhibitor *
1 Pituitary-Stimulant *
2 Phytohormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Phospholipase-Inhibitor *
2 Phagocytotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 PGE2-Inhibitor *
23 Pesticide *
1 Peristaltic *
4 Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
2 Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
2 PAF-Inhibitor *
1 P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
1 P450-Inducer Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
2 Oxidant *
1 Ovulant *
1 Osteogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Osmoregulator *
4 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor *
1 NO-Synthase-Inhibitor *
3 NO-Inhibitor *
1 NO-Genic *
3 NF-kB-Inhibitor *
3 Neurotransmitter *
3 Neurotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Neuroprotective *
3 Neuroinhibitor Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Neuroexcitant Martindale's 28th
1 Nephrotoxic Martindale's 29th
1 NEP-Inhibitor *
3 Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
2 Natriuretic *
1 NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor *
2 Myorelaxant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Myocardiotonic *
3 Mutagenic *
1 Mucolytic Martindale's 28th
2 Mucogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
3 Monoamine-Precursor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 MMP-9-Inhibitor *
1 Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
1 Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor *
1 Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
2 Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
1 Memorigenic *
1 Mast-Cell-Stabilizer *
1 MAO-Inhibitor *
1 MAO-A-Inhibitor *
1 Lymphocytogenic Cunane, S. and Thompson, L. U., eds. 1995. Flaxseed in Human Nutrition. AOCS Press, Champaign IL. 384 pp.
1 Lyase-Inhibitor *
3 Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Litholytic *
2 Lithogenic *
4 Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
2 Lipotropic Merck 11th Edition
1 Lipolytic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
1 Leukotriene-Inhibitor *
1 Leptingenic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
5 Laxative *
1 Larvistat Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
1 Keratolytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
1 JNK-Inhibitor *
3 Irritant Merck 11th Edition
1 Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Interferonogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Interferon-Synergist *
1 Insulinotonic J. Agri. & Food Chemistry, 36: 1079.
4 Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Insulinic *
1 Insulinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
1 Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
10 Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
2 Inotropic *
2 iNOS-Inhibitor *
1 Immunosuppressant Martindale's 29th
9 Immunostimulant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
9 Immunomodulator *
1 ICAM-1-Inhibitor *
1 Hypouricemic *
14 Hypotensive *
4 Hypolipidemic *
12 Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
21 Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
1 Hypocalcemic Merck 11th Edition
2 Hypoarginanemic Martindale's 29th
2 Hypoammonemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Hypnotic Martindale's 29th
1 Hyperuricemic Martindale's 28th
1 Hypertensive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Hyperglycemic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
4 Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
1 Hydrocholerectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.