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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
3 Differentiator *
1 Disinfectant Martindale's 29th
19 Diuretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 DNA-Protective *
1 Dye Merck 11th Edition
3 Elastase-Inhibitor *
1 Emollient Martindale's 29th
1 Encephalopathic Martindale's 29th
1 Energizer *
1 Ergogenic *
1 Erythrocytogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
4 Estrogenic *
1 Estrogenic? Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
1 Expectorant Oriental Materia Medica (three volumes by Dr. Hsu and collaborators)
1 Fatal Martindale's 29th
1 Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
1 Fibrinolytic *
1 Fistula-Preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
5 FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
1 FPTase-Inhibitor *
6 Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Gastroprotective *
1 Glucogonogenic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
1 Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor *
1 Goitrogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
1 Gram(+)icide *
1 Gram(-)icide *
1 Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
7 Hemostat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Hemostatic Merck 11th Edition
1 Hepatocarcinogenic *
2 Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
15 Hepatoprotective *
1 Hepatotonic *
1 Hepatotoxic *
2 Hepatotropic *
1 HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor *
2 Histamine-Inhibitor *
1 Histaminic *
1 HIV-RT-Inhibitor Nakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
1 Humectant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
5 Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor *
3 Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
2 Hyperglycemic *
7 Hypertensive Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Hyperuricemic Martindale's 28th
18 Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 28th
14 Hypoglycemic *
1 Hypolipemic *
2 Hypolipidemic *
18 Hypotensive *
1 Hypouricemic *
2 ICAM-1-Inhibitor *
2 IKK-Inhibitor *
1 Ileorelaxant *
13 Immunomodulator *
11 Immunostimulant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Immunosuppressant Martindale's 29th
3 iNOS-Inhibitor *
3 Inotropic Martindale's 29th
2 Insecticide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
6 Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
2 Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Insulinic *
6 Insulinogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
1 Interferon-Synergist *
2 Interferonogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
1 Interleukin-1-alpha-Inhibitor *
1 Interleukin-6-Inhibitor *
1 Interleukin-6-mRNA-Inhibitor *
1 Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
3 Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
3 Larvistat Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
5 Laxative *
1 Laxative? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-91.
1 Leptingenic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
2 Leucocytogenic *
2 Leukotriene-Inhibitor *
2 Lipolytic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
1 Lipotropic *
1 Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor *
11 Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor *
3 Lithogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Litholytic *
2 Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Lyase-Inhibitor *
2 MAO-A-Inhibitor *
2 MAO-Inhibitor *
2 MAPK-Inhibitor *
1 Mast-Cell-Stabilizer *
2 Memorigenic *
1 Memory-Enhancer Science News, 138: 189, 1990.
2 Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
1 Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
2 Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor *
1 Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
2 Microvasculokinetic *
1 Miotic Martindale's 29th
3 MMP-9-Inhibitor *
2 Mucogenic Li, K.M. Effect of zinc sulphate on acetic acid-induced gastric ulceration in rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 657-659, 1990.
1 Mucolytic Martindale's 28th
1 Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
3 Mutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
1 Mycobactericide *
1 Mydriatic Merck 11th Edition
1 Myocardiotonic *
2 Myocontractant *
1 Myopic *
1 Myoprotective *
5 Myorelaxant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
1 Myotonic Martindale's 29th
2 NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor *
1 Natriuretic *
2 Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
2 NEP-Inhibitor *
1 Nephrotoxic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
3 Neuroprotective *
1 Neurotoxic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
3 Neurotransmitter *
6 NF-kB-Inhibitor *
1 NO-Genic *
4 NO-Inhibitor *
2 NO-Synthase-Inhibitor *
1 Nodulation-Signal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Odontolytic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
7 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
1 Osteogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 P21-Inducer *
1 P450-Inducer Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
1 P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
2 PAF-Inhibitor *
2 Pancreatogenic *
1 Paralytic *
2 Parasympathomimetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
1 Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
2 Peristaltic *
1 Peroxynitrite-Scavenger *
29 Pesticide *
1 PGE2-Inhibitor *
3 Phagocytotic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
1 Phospholipase-Inhibitor *
2 Piscicide ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
1 PKC-Inhibitor *
1 Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
2 Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor *
1 Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
1 Poultice Martindale's 29th
1 Preservative Merck 11th Edition
1 Priapistic Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
1 Progestational *
2 Proliferant *
3 Prooxidant *
6 Propecic *
1 Prostaglandigenic *
1 Prostaglandin-Sparer Fujita, T., Nakatani, E., Funaishi, N., Sakuma, S., Fujimoto, Y. Potent inhibition of prostaglandin inactivation in rabbit gastric antral mucosal slices by selenium ions in-vitro. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 655-657, 1990.
2 Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Ibewuike, J. C., Ogungbamila, F. O., Ogundaini, A. O., Okeke, I. N., Bohlin, L. 1997. Antiinflammatory and Antibacterial Activities of C-methylflavonol from Piliostigma thonningii. Phytotherapy Research, 11(4): 281-284.
1 Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor *
2 Protease-Inhibitor *
4 Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor *
2 Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
3 PTK-Inhibitor *
1 Purgative Martindale's 28th
2 Pyrogenic Conradson, T. B. G., Dixon, C. M. S., Clarke, B., Barnes, P. J. 1987. Cardiovascular Effects of Infused Adenosine in Man: Potentiation by Dipyridamole. Acta Physiol Scand, 129(3): 387-391.
4 Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
2 Radioprotective *
1 Refrigerant Martindale's 28th
1 Renotoxic Merck 11th Edition
1 Respirastimulant Martindale's 29th
1 Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
1 Schizophrenigenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Secretogogue *
1 Secretomotor *
5 Sedative *
1 Sequestrant Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
1 Serotoninergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Sialogogue *
1 Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
2 Spasmogenic *
1 Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
1 Spermigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Succinoxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
7 Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
1 Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Sweetener Merck 11th Edition
3 Sympathomimetic Merck 11th Edition
1 Taenicide Martindale's 28th
1 Teratogenic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
1 Teratologic *
1 Testosteronigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Thymoprotective Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Thyroid-Peroxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor *
4 TNF-alpha-Inhibitor *
2 TOPO-2-Inhibitor *
3 Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
3 Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor *
3 Toxic *
2 Tranquilizer *
1 Trichomonicide Martindale's 29th
1 Triglycerigenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Trypanocide *
2 Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Tyrosinase-Inhibitor *
1 Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
2 Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Ulcerogenic *
1 Uricogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Uricosuric Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Urinary-Acidulant Martindale's 29th
1 Uterorelaxant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Uterotonic *
1 Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
1 Varroacide *
5 Vasoconstrictor Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
16 Vasodilator McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
5 Vasopressor *
2 Vasoprotective *
1 Vasorelaxant *
4 VEGF-Inhibitor *
6 Vulnerary *
11 Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Hatano, T., Yasuhara, T., Yoshihara, R., Agata, I., Noro, T., and Okuda, T. 1989. Effects of Interaction of Tannins with Co-existing Substances.VII. Inhibitory Effects of Tannins Related Polyphenols on Xanthine Oxidase. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(5): 1224-1229
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.