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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
11 Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Hatano, T., Yasuhara, T., Yoshihara, R., Agata, I., Noro, T., and Okuda, T. 1989. Effects of Interaction of Tannins with Co-existing Substances.VII. Inhibitory Effects of Tannins Related Polyphenols on Xanthine Oxidase. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(5): 1224-1229
6 Vulnerary *
4 VEGF-Inhibitor *
1 Vasorelaxant *
2 Vasoprotective *
5 Vasopressor *
16 Vasodilator *
5 Vasoconstrictor Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
1 Varroacide *
1 Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
1 Uterotonic *
1 Uterorelaxant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Urinary-Acidulant Martindale's 29th
1 Uricosuric Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Uricogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Ulcerogenic *
2 Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
1 Tyrosinase-Inhibitor *
2 Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Trypanocide *
1 Triglycerigenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Trichomonicide Martindale's 29th
2 Tranquilizer *
3 Toxic *
3 Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Azuma, Y., Onishi, Y., Sato, Y., Kizaki, H. 1995. Effects of Protein Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors With Different Modes of Action on Topoisomerase Activity and Death of IL-2-Dependent CTLL-2-Cells. J Biochemistry, 118: 312-318.
3 Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor *
2 TOPO-2-Inhibitor *
4 TNF-alpha-Inhibitor *
1 Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor *
1 Thyroid-Peroxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Thymoprotective Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Testosteronigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Teratologic *
1 Teratogenic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
1 Taenicide Martindale's 28th
3 Sympathomimetic Martindale's 29th
3 Sweetener Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
1 Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
7 Sunscreen *
1 Succinoxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Spermigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
2 Spasmogenic *
1 Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
1 Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Sialogogue *
1 Serotoninergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Sequestrant Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
5 Sedative *
1 Secretomotor *
1 Secretogogue *
1 Schizophrenigenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
1 Respirastimulant Martindale's 29th
1 Renotoxic Merck 11th Edition
1 Refrigerant Martindale's 28th
2 Radioprotective *
4 Quinone-Reductase-Inducer *
2 Pyrogenic *
1 Purgative Martindale's 28th
3 PTK-Inhibitor *
2 Protisticide *
4 Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor *
2 Protease-Inhibitor *
1 Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor *
2 Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Ibewuike, J. C., Ogungbamila, F. O., Ogundaini, A. O., Okeke, I. N., Bohlin, L. 1997. Antiinflammatory and Antibacterial Activities of C-methylflavonol from Piliostigma thonningii. Phytotherapy Research, 11(4): 281-284.
1 Prostaglandin-Sparer Fujita, T., Nakatani, E., Funaishi, N., Sakuma, S., Fujimoto, Y. Potent inhibition of prostaglandin inactivation in rabbit gastric antral mucosal slices by selenium ions in-vitro. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 655-657, 1990.
1 Prostaglandigenic *
6 Propecic *
3 Prooxidant *
2 Proliferant *
1 Progestational *
1 Priapistic Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
1 Preservative Merck 11th Edition
1 Poultice Martindale's 29th
1 Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
2 Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor *
1 Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
1 PKC-Inhibitor *
2 Piscicide *
1 Phospholipase-Inhibitor *
3 Phagocytotic *
1 PGE2-Inhibitor *
29 Pesticide *
1 Peroxynitrite-Scavenger *
2 Peristaltic *
1 Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
2 Parasympathomimetic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
1 Paralytic *
2 Pancreatogenic *
2 PAF-Inhibitor *
1 P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
1 P450-Inducer Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
1 P21-Inducer *
2 Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Osteogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
7 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
1 Odontolytic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
1 Nodulation-Signal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 NO-Synthase-Inhibitor *
4 NO-Inhibitor *
1 NO-Genic *
6 NF-kB-Inhibitor *
3 Neurotransmitter *
1 Neurotoxic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
3 Neuroprotective *
1 Nephrotoxic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 NEP-Inhibitor *
2 Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Natriuretic *
2 NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor *
1 Myotonic Martindale's 29th
5 Myorelaxant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Myoprotective *
1 Myopic *
2 Myocontractant *
1 Myocardiotonic *
1 Mydriatic Merck 11th Edition
1 Mycobactericide *
3 Mutagenic *
1 Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
1 Mucolytic Martindale's 28th
2 Mucogenic Li, K.M. Effect of zinc sulphate on acetic acid-induced gastric ulceration in rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 657-659, 1990.
3 MMP-9-Inhibitor *
1 Miotic Martindale's 29th
2 Microvasculokinetic *
1 Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
2 Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor *
1 Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
2 Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
1 Memory-Enhancer Science News, 138: 189, 1990.
2 Memorigenic *
1 Mast-Cell-Stabilizer *
2 MAPK-Inhibitor *
2 MAO-Inhibitor *
2 MAO-A-Inhibitor *
1 Lyase-Inhibitor *
2 Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Litholytic *
3 Lithogenic *
11 Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor *
1 Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor *
1 Lipotropic *
2 Lipolytic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
2 Leukotriene-Inhibitor *
2 Leucocytogenic *
1 Leptingenic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
1 Laxative? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-91.
5 Laxative *
3 Larvistat Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
3 Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
3 Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
1 Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Interleukin-6-mRNA-Inhibitor *
1 Interleukin-6-Inhibitor *
1 Interleukin-1-alpha-Inhibitor *
2 Interferonogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
1 Interferon-Synergist *
6 Insulinogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
1 Insulinic *
2 Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
6 Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
2 Insecticide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
3 Inotropic *
3 iNOS-Inhibitor *
1 Immunosuppressant Martindale's 29th
11 Immunostimulant *
13 Immunomodulator *
1 Ileorelaxant *
2 IKK-Inhibitor *
2 ICAM-1-Inhibitor *
1 Hypouricemic *
18 Hypotensive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Hypolipidemic *
1 Hypolipemic *
14 Hypoglycemic *
18 Hypocholesterolemic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 Hyperuricemic Martindale's 28th
7 Hypertensive *
2 Hyperglycemic *
3 Hypercholesterolemic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
5 Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor *
1 Humectant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 HIV-RT-Inhibitor Nakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
1 Histaminic *
2 Histamine-Inhibitor *
1 HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor *
2 Hepatotropic *
1 Hepatotoxic *
1 Hepatotonic *
15 Hepatoprotective *
2 Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
1 Hepatocarcinogenic *
1 Hemostatic Merck 11th Edition
7 Hemostat *
1 Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
1 Gram(-)icide *
1 Gram(+)icide *
1 Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
1 Goitrogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor *
1 Glucogonogenic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
1 Gastroprotective *
6 Fungicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
1 FPTase-Inhibitor *
5 FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
1 Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
1 Fistula-Preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Fibrinolytic *
1 Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
1 Fatal Martindale's 29th
1 Expectorant Oriental Materia Medica (three volumes by Dr. Hsu and collaborators)
1 Estrogenic? Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
4 Estrogenic *
1 Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Erythrocytogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Ergogenic *
1 Energizer *
1 Encephalopathic Martindale's 29th
1 Emollient Martindale's 29th
3 Elastase-Inhibitor *
1 Dye Merck 11th Edition
2 DNA-Protective *
1 DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
19 Diuretic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
1 Disinfectant Martindale's 29th
3 Differentiator *
1 Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
1 Detoxicant (Alcohol) *
2 Detoxicant *
2 Dermatitigenic *
1 Depressant Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
2 Deodorant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
2 Demulcent Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
8 Cytotoxic *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.