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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
32 Antioxidant *
31 Cancer-Preventive *
29 Pesticide *
26 Antiinflammatory *
22 Antiviral *
22 Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
19 Diuretic *
18 Hypotensive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
18 Hypocholesterolemic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
18 Antidiabetic *
17 Antihistaminic *
17 Antimutagenic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
16 Vasodilator *
15 Antitumor *
15 Hepatoprotective *
15 AntiHIV *
14 Antiarthritic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
14 Hypoglycemic *
14 Antiedemic *
13 Cardioprotective *
13 Immunomodulator *
13 Antiulcer *
13 Antiaggregant *
12 Antispasmodic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
12 Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Shin*, K.H., Chung, M.S., Chae, Y.J., Yoon, K.Y., Cho, T.S. 1992. A survey for aldose reductase inhibition of herbal medicines. Fitoterapia 64(2): 130, 1993.
12 Analgesic *
12 Antiradicular *
11 Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor *
11 Antileukemic *
11 Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
11 Antiatherosclerotic *
11 Immunostimulant *
11 Antiallergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
11 Antihepatotoxic Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
10 Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A110, 1991.
10 Antiherpetic *
10 Cardiotonic Merck 11th Edition
10 Anticataract *
10 Antitumor (Lung) *
9 Antiaging *
9 Antidermatitic *
9 Antiarrhythmic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
8 Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
8 Allergenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
8 Antiseptic *
8 COX-2-Inhibitor *
8 Antiosteoporotic *
8 Anxiolytic *
8 Cytotoxic *
8 Choleretic *
8 Antihypertensive *
8 Antifeedant *
8 Antiproliferant *
7 Antitumor (Breast) *
7 Hemostat *
7 Antialzheimeran *
7 Antimetastatic *
7 ACE-Inhibitor *
7 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor *
7 Apoptotic *
7 Antiobesity Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
7 Hypertensive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
7 Antitumor (Colon) *
7 Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
6 Propecic *
6 Antiacne Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
6 Antirheumatic *
6 Antinociceptive *
6 Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor *
6 Antisyndrome-X Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
6 Antifatigue Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
6 Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
6 Antidementia *
6 Insulinogenic *
6 Antialopecic *
6 Antiflu Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
6 Chemopreventive *
6 Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor *
6 Vulnerary Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
6 Antiasthmatic *
6 Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
6 Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
6 Antiangiogenic *
6 Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
6 NF-kB-Inhibitor *
6 Calcium-Antagonist *
6 Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
5 Candidicide *
5 Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
5 Anticancer *
5 Antitumor (Skin) *
5 Antiprostaglandin *
5 Vasopressor *
5 AntiPMS *
5 Antimalarial Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
5 Antianaphylactic *
5 Antialcoholic *
5 AntiEBV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
5 Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker Zhu, M., Phillipson, J. D., Greengrass, P. M., Bowery, N. E., Cai, Y. 1997. Plant Polyphenols: Biologically Active Compounds or Non-Selective Binders to Protein? Phytochemistry, 44(3): 441-447.
5 Laxative *
5 AntiLyme *
5 Anticoronary Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
5 FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
5 Antistress *
5 Antilipoperoxidant *
5 Anticomplementary *
5 Antiparkinsonian Martindale's 28th
5 Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor *
5 Antimelanomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
5 Vasoconstrictor Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
5 Sedative Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
5 Myorelaxant *
5 Antitumor-Promoter *
5 COX-1-Inhibitor *
4 Antierythemic *
4 Antimenopausal *
4 NO-Inhibitor *
4 Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
4 Antilymphomic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
4 Anticlimacteric *
4 Antihepatitic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
4 Antiatherogenic *
4 Antiestrogenic *
4 Carcinogenic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
4 Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
4 CNS-Depressant Facciola, S. 1998. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications, Vista CA. 713 pp.
4 Antiglaucomic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
4 Antilithic *
4 Antipyretic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
4 Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
4 TNF-alpha-Inhibitor *
4 Antiepileptic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
4 Anticariogenic *
4 Antianemic Martindale's 28th
4 Anticapillary-Fragility Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
4 AntiRaynaud's *
4 Antitussive *
4 Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
4 Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor *
4 Antihangover *
4 Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
4 Antimaculitic *
4 Estrogenic *
4 Antimigraine Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
4 Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
4 Antigastritic *
4 cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor *
4 Antiprostatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
4 Beta-Blocker *
4 VEGF-Inhibitor *
3 Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
3 AntiCFS *
3 Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker *
3 Antiplasmodial *
3 Collagenic *
3 Sweetener Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
3 Anticarcinogenic *
3 Neuroprotective *
3 Differentiator *
3 Antitrypanosomic *
3 AntiCrohn's Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
3 Antinitrosaminic *
3 Antielastase *
3 Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor *
3 Antistroke Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
3 Antistaphylococcic *
3 Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
3 Neurotransmitter *
3 Antidecubitic *
3 Adrenergic Merck 11th Edition
3 Anticonvulsant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
3 Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
3 Phagocytotic *
3 MMP-9-Inhibitor *
3 Hypercholesterolemic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
3 Cosmetic *
3 Anticervicaldysplasic *
3 Antiischemic *
3 Prooxidant *
3 Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
3 Inotropic *
3 Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
3 Anticolitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
3 Antitumor (Prostate) *
3 Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
3 Antinephritic *
3 Antihemorrhoidal *
3 Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
3 Antiescherichic *
3 Sympathomimetic Martindale's 29th
3 Elastase-Inhibitor *
3 Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
3 Antihyperlipidemic *
3 Antiperiodontitic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
3 Mutagenic *
3 Antitumor (Stomach) *
3 Toxic *
3 Antisunburn *
3 5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor *
3 Bacteristat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Larvistat Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
3 PTK-Inhibitor *
3 Antiseborrheic *
3 iNOS-Inhibitor *
3 Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
3 Lithogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
3 Anticanker Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
3 Antihyperglycemic *
3 Antieczemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
3 Antifibrotic *
3 Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
3 Antileishmanic *
2 AntiMS *
2 Antihemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Protease-Inhibitor *
2 Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor *
2 Antiosteoarthritic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
2 Antiinfertility Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
2 Antiendometriotic *
2 Insecticide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Antianginal *
2 Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Clastogenic Friedman, M. and Dao, L. 1990. Effect of Autoclaving and Conventional and Microwave Baking on the Ergot Alkaloid and Chlorogenic Acid Contents of Morning Glory (Ipomoea tricolor Cav. cv.) Heavenly Blue Seeds. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 805-808.
2 NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor *
2 Antivaricose Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Antiretinopathic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
2 Ulcerogenic *
2 Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Myocontractant *
2 Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
2 Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
2 Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
2 Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
2 Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
2 Leucocytogenic *
2 11B-HSD-Inhibitor *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.