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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
2 Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
8 Carcinogenic *
1 Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
4 Cardiodepressant *
9 Cardioprotective *
4 Cardiotonic *
1 Cardiotoxic *
2 Catabolic *
1 Cerebrotonic *
1 Chelator *
6 Chemopreventive *
1 Chemopreventive (Breast Cancer) *
1 Chemopreventive (Colon Cancer) *
4 Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
15 Choleretic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
1 Cholesterolytic *
1 Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 Circulotonic *
2 Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
6 CNS-Depressant *
2 CNS-Stimulant Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
2 Co-carcinogenic *
1 Cold-preventive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
3 Collagen-Sparing *
2 Collagenic *
1 Collyrium Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Comedolytic *
1 COMT-Inhibitor *
1 Contraceptive Martindale's 28th
2 Convulsant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Copper-Antagonist Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
2 Copper-Chelator *
6 Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 COX-1-Inhibitor *
5 COX-2-Inhibitor *
2 Cyclooxygenase-Activator Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
4 Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor *
1 Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor *
1 Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor *
2 Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
11 Cytotoxic *
2 Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
2 Demulcent Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Deodorant Martindale's 29th
5 Dermatitigenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Detoxicant *
1 Detoxicant (Alcohol) *
2 Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
2 Differentiator *
1 Disinfectant Martindale's 29th
16 Diuretic *
1 DME-Inhibitor Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 134.
1 DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 DNA-Protective *
1 Dye Merck 11th Edition
3 Emetic Martindale's 29th
1 Emmenagogue Wealth of India.
1 Encephalopathic Martindale's 29th
1 Ergogenic *
8 Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
5 Estrogenic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
1 Estrogenic? Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
1 Ethanolytic *
3 Expectorant *
1 Fibrinolytic *
1 Fistula-Preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
8 FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
14 Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Fungistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
3 Gastroprotective *
1 Gastrostimulant *
2 Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor *
1 Glutathionigenic Martindale's 29th
1 Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
1 Hemopoietic *
1 Hemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
6 Hemostat Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 Hepatocarcinogenic *
2 Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
18 Hepatoprotective *
1 Hepatotonic *
2 Hepatotoxic *
2 Hepatotropic *
4 Herbicide *
1 HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor *
2 Histamine-Inhibitor *
2 HIV-RT-Inhibitor Nakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
2 Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor *
1 Hydrocholerectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
2 Hyperglycemic Merck 11th Edition
5 Hypertensive *
3 Hypnotic Schultes, R.E. De Plantis Toxicariis e Mundo Novo Tropicale Commentationes XXXVI. Justicia (Acanthaceae) as a Source of an Hallucinogenic Snuff. Economic Botany 44(1): 61-70, 1990.
1 Hypoammonemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Hypoarginanemic Martindale's 29th
13 Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
12 Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
2 Hypolipidemic *
16 Hypotensive Cunane, S. and Thompson, L. U., eds. 1995. Flaxseed in Human Nutrition. AOCS Press, Champaign IL. 384 pp.
1 Hypouricemic *
2 ICAM-1-Inhibitor *
1 IKK-Inhibitor *
1 Ileorelaxant *
6 Immunomodulator Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
13 Immunostimulant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
4 Immunosuppressant Martindale's 29th
3 iNOS-Inhibitor *
3 Inotropic *
2 Insecticide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
10 Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
2 Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Insulinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
3 Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Insulinotonic J. Agri. & Food Chemistry, 36: 1079.
1 Interferon-Synergist *
2 Interferonogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
1 Interleukin-6-Inhibitor *
1 Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
4 Irritant Merck 11th Edition
1 JNK-Inhibitor *
4 Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
1 Larvicide *
4 Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
7 Laxative *
2 Laxative? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-91.
1 Leptingenic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
2 Leukotriene-Inhibitor *
1 Lipolytic *
4 Lipotropic *
11 Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
1 Lithogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Litholytic *
3 Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Lyase-Inhibitor *
2 Lymphocytogenic Cunane, S. and Thompson, L. U., eds. 1995. Flaxseed in Human Nutrition. AOCS Press, Champaign IL. 384 pp.
1 Lymphokinetic *
2 MAO-A-Inhibitor *
6 MAO-Inhibitor *
1 MAPK-Inhibitor *
1 Mast-Cell-Stabilizer *
1 Memorigenic *
1 Memory-Enhancer Science News, 138: 189, 1990.
3 Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
1 Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
1 Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor *
1 Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
2 Microvasculokinetic *
1 MMP-9-Inhibitor *
2 Monoamine-Precursor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Mosquitocide *
3 Mucogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Mucolytic Martindale's 28th
4 Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
4 Mutagenic *
2 Mycobactericide *
1 Myoprotective *
6 Myorelaxant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
2 NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor *
1 Narcotic *
1 Natriuretic *
3 Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Neoplastic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
1 NEP-Inhibitor *
1 Nephrotoxic Martindale's 29th
3 Neuroprotective *
1 Neurotransmitter *
3 NF-kB-Inhibitor *
2 NO-Genic *
2 NO-Inhibitor *
2 NO-Synthase-Inhibitor *
1 Nodulation-Signal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Odontolytic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
6 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
1 Osteogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Ovicide *
2 Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Oxidant *
1 P21-Inducer *
1 P450-Inducer Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
1 P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
2 PAF-Inhibitor *
1 Paralytic *
1 Parasympathomimetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
2 Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
5 Perfumery *
1 Peristaltic *
37 Pesticide *
1 PGE2-Inhibitor *
5 Phagocytotic *
1 Phospholipase-Inhibitor *
1 Photoactive *
2 Phytoalexin Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Phytohormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Piscicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Pituitary-Stimulant *
1 PKC-Inhibitor *
1 Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
1 Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor *
1 Prebiotic *
2 Preservative Merck 11th Edition
1 Probiotic *
1 Probiotigenic *
1 Progestational *
1 Prolactinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.