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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
1 Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
2 Antitumor (Liver) *
4 Antitumor (Lung) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
1 Antitumor (Mouth) *
2 Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
1 Antitumor (Pancreas) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
7 Antitumor (Skin) *
1 Antitumor (Stomach) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
1 Antitumor (Thyroid) *
7 Antitumor-Promoter *
2 Antitussive *
1 Antitympanitic Merck 11th Edition
4 Antiulcer *
1 Antiulcerogenic *
1 Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
2 Antivaginitic *
12 Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
1 Antiyeast *
2 Anxiolytic *
1 Aphidifuge *
7 Apoptotic *
3 Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
1 Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
1 Arteriodilator Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
1 Ascaricide *
1 ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Autotoxic *
1 Bacteristat *
2 Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor *
1 Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
3 Calcium-Antagonist *
1 Calcium-Antagonist? Biochimica & Biophysica Acta, 1115: 69, 1991.
1 Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor *
19 Cancer-Preventive *
5 Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
1 Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
5 Carcinogenic Hutchings, A, Scott, AH, Lewis, G, and Cunningham, A. 1996. Zulu Medicinal Plants. An inventory. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. 450 pp.
1 Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
2 Cardioprotective *
1 Caspase-8-Inducer *
1 Catabolic *
1 Chelator *
5 Chemopreventive *
4 Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
12 Choleretic *
2 Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
2 CNS-Depressant *
2 CNS-Stimulant *
1 Co-carcinogenic *
2 Collagen-Sparing *
1 Comedolytic Martindale's 29th
2 COMT-Inhibitor *
2 Copper-Chelator *
1 Counterirritant *
1 COX-1-Inhibitor *
5 COX-2-Inhibitor *
5 Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor *
1 Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor *
1 Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor *
1 Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
8 Cytotoxic *
3 Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Demulcent *
1 Dermatitigenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
3 Differentiator *
5 Diuretic *
1 DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 DNA-Protective *
2 Emetic *
1 Encephalopathic Martindale's 29th
5 Estrogenic *
2 Expectorant Martindale's 28th
1 Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
1 FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
13 Fungicide *
1 Fungistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
2 Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor *
1 Glutathione-Depleting *
1 Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
1 Hemostat Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 Hepatocarcinogenic *
1 Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
10 Hepatoprotective *
1 Hepatotoxic *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.