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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
24 Pesticide *
20 Antibacterial *
19 Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
19 Antioxidant Huang, M-T., and Ferraro, T. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Cancer Prevention. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.2 p.21.
16 Antiinflammatory *
14 Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
14 Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
13 Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
13 Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Yoshikawa, M., et al. 1999. Medicinal Flowers. I. Aldose Reductase Inhibitors and Three New Eudesmane-Type Sesquiterpenes, Kikkanols A, B, and C, From the Flowers of Chrysanthemum inducum L. Chem Pharm Bull, 47(3): 340-345.
12 Choleretic *
12 Antiviral Amoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
12 Antispasmodic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
11 Antiseptic *
11 Antiradicular *
10 Hepatoprotective *
10 Antileukemic Life Sciences 55: 1061.
9 Antihepatotoxic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
9 Antiherpetic *
8 Antiaggregant *
8 Cytotoxic *
8 Antihistaminic *
8 Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
8 Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
7 Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
7 Antitumor-Promoter Cancer Research, 48: 5941.
7 Antitumor (Skin) *
7 Apoptotic *
6 Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor *
6 Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
6 Analgesic *
6 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor *
6 AntiHIV *
5 Antiallergic *
5 Chemopreventive *
5 Candidicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
5 Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
5 Antiproliferant *
5 COX-2-Inhibitor *
5 MAO-Inhibitor *
5 Carcinogenic *
5 Allergenic *
5 Antiarrhythmic *
5 Prostaglandigenic *
5 Tyrosinase-Inhibitor *
5 Antitumor (Colon) *
5 Antinitrosaminic *
5 Vasodilator *
5 Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
5 Estrogenic *
5 Antiestrogenic *
5 Diuretic Jim Duke's personal files.
5 Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 158.
5 Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor *
4 Antiulcer *
4 Antitumor (Lung) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
4 Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
4 iNOS-Inhibitor *
4 TNF-alpha-Inhibitor *
4 Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
4 Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 28th
4 Antiedemic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
4 Antiophidic *
4 Vulnerary *
4 Antiaflatoxin *
4 Cholagogue Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
4 Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
4 Anticarcinogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
4 Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
4 Anticancer *
4 Immunostimulant *
4 Allelopathic *
4 Antiprostaglandin *
3 Hypotensive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 NO-Inhibitor *
3 PTK-Inhibitor *
3 Anticomplementary *
3 Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor *
3 Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
3 Differentiator *
3 Calcium-Antagonist *
3 11B-HSD-Inhibitor *
3 Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor Naim, M., Zehavi, U., Nagy, S., and Rouseff, R.L. Hydroxycinnamic Acids as Off-Flavor Precursors in Citrus Fruits and Their Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.14.
3 Myorelaxant *
3 Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
3 VEGF-Inhibitor *
3 Antimelanomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
3 Ulcerogenic *
3 Antistaphylococcic *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.